What is the method of planting maize?

What is the method of planting maize?

The method of Planting: Planting is done either by hand or mechanically, and it may be done on hills or in rows, on ridges or on flat land. 1-3 seeds of maize are planted at 75-85 cm spacing between rows, and 25-40 cm spacing in a row. Wide spacing results in more weed growth and increases erosion.

What is the cropping pattern of maize?

Sowing: There are three distinct seasons for the cultivation of maize: the main season is kharif; whereas its cultivation during Rabi in Peninsular India and Bihar and in spring in northern India is done. Higher yields have been recorded in the Rabi and spring crops.

What is the spacing for maize planting?

In order to attain better weed control and high maize performance, farmers are encouraged to plant maize at a spacing of 75cm x 25cm or at closer spacing of 50 cm x 25cm with one plant per hill.

How do you grow maize for better yield?

Other crop management practices to increase maize yield

  1. Maintenance of an optimum soil pH ensures nutrients are readily available and maximizes growth.
  2. Use of lime to increase soil pH, and gypsum to improve soil structure and calcium saturation, will help to increase maize yield.

Which fertilizer is best for maize?

The standard fertilizer recommendation for maize consists of 150 kg ha−1 NPK 14–23–14 and 50 kg ha−1 urea (Dugué 2010). Composite soil samples were collected at 0–20 cm depth after plowing and before fertilizer application.

Which type of soil maize grow well?

Old alluvial is the best soil for the maize growth.

What is average maize yield per hectare?

around 6 tons per hectare
Among the developed countries, average yields in the United States range around 6 tons per hectare. In the Republic of South Africa, where a large portion of the maize is produced on large-scale commercial farms, average yields range from less than 2 tons to almost 3 tons per hectare, depending on weather conditions.

How many bags of maize can 1 acre produce?

Through a maize growing budget for one acre, I will demonstrate that to produce 60 bags, a farmer would require to spend Ksh 59,094 and hence a production cost per bag of Ksh 984.

Which month is good for planting maize?

For market and demand reasons, it is better to start your maize farm within the early planting season. The optimum planting date is between 15th March and 15th May. It is important to understand that the fertility of a soil determines the need for fertilizers or not.

Which is better NPK or DAP?

The farmers objected arguing that they wanted to use the fertiliser they trusted — DAP. Actually, NP fertiliser is more concentrated in nitrogen but weaker in phosphate. The argument by extension officers that the NPK fertiliser is superior to DAP because the latter does not acidify soils is highly debatable.