Which countries in the Nile basin have agreements over the use of the Nile?
The 1959 Nile Waters Agreement between the Sudan and Egypt for full control utilization of the Nile waters. This agreement included: The controversy on the quantity of average annual Nile flow was settled and agreed to be about 84 billion cubic meters measured at Aswan High Dam, in Egypt.
Did the Nile River ever dry up?
In harsh and arid seasons and droughts the Blue Nile dries out completely. The flow of the Blue Nile varies considerably over its yearly cycle and is the main contribution to the large natural variation of the Nile flow.
What is Nile basin agreement?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is a partnership among the Nile riparian states that “seeks to develop the river in a cooperative manner, share substantial socioeconomic benefits, and promote regional peace and security”.
Was the Nile Basin Initiative successful?
Since it was established in 1999, the Nile Basin Initiative has registered commendable achievements in terms of maintaining the cooperation platform, generating knowledge and tools as well as building capacity to enable informed decision making on the management and development of the shared River Nile as well as …
How much does Egypt rely on the Nile?
Egypt relies on the Nile for 90% of its water. It has historically asserted that having a stable flow of the Nile waters is a matter of survival in a country where water is scarce. A 1929 treaty (and a subsequent one in 1959) gave Egypt and Sudan rights to nearly all of the Nile waters.
Who controls the Nile River?
The Nile River Basin extends to 11 African countries, but Egypt — one of the oldest civilizations in the world — has controlled the river and used the lion’s share of its waters for millennia.
What happens if the Nile dried up?
By 2040, a hot and dry year could push over 45% of the people in the Nile Basin – nearly 110 million people – into water scarcity. Even without these developments, population growth would drive water scarcity in the Upper Nile. The Nile’s 11 riparian states vie with one another for the river’s water.
How much of the Nile does Egypt own?
What are the aims of Nile Basin Initiative?
According to NBI, its primary objectives are to develop the Nile Basin water resources in a sustainable and equitable way to ensure prosperity, security, and peace for all its peoples; to ensure efficient water management and optimal use of the resources; to ensure cooperation and joint action between the riparian …
How many people are Dependant on the Nile?
300 million people
More than 300 million people rely on the waters of the River Nile. The Nile river basin contains over 10% of Africa’s landmass, in 11 countries: Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, Egypt, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea and Kenya.