What is purpose of cost classification?
Cost classification allows the manager to control processes and cut costs where needed, and perhaps send more resources to an area of the process that is lacking. It also allows him to review reports and advise accounting of needed adjustments in cost classification.
What are the classes of cost?
The total cost of a product or service is basically classified into material cost, labour cost and expenses as follows:
- i. Material Cost:
- ii. Labour Cost:
- iii. Expenses:
- i. Direct Costs:
- ii. Direct Material:
- iii. Direct Labour:
- iv. Direct Expenses:
- v. Indirect Costs:
What is basis of cost classification?
A climatic region is a homogeneous climatic condition which is the result of a combination of factors. The bases of Koppen’s classification are : (i) Temperature (ii) Rainfall. (i)The lofty Himalayas in the north along with its extensions act as an effective climatic divide.
How are costs classified in Management accounting?
In managerial accounting, costs are classified into fixed costs, variable costs or mixed costs (based on behavior); product costs or period costs (for external reporting); direct costs or indirect costs (based on traceability); and sunk costs, opportunity costs or incremental costs (for decision-making).
What are the elements of cost?
A cost is composed of three elements – Material, Labour and Expenses. Each of these three elements can be direct and indirect, i.e., direct materials and indirect materials, direct labour and indirect labour, direct expenses and indirect expenses.
What are the two classification of cost?
Fixed and variable costs. Expenses are separated into variable and fixed cost classifications, and then variable costs are subtracted from revenues to arrive at a company’s contribution margin.
What are the three classifications of cost?
So basically there are three broad categories as per this classification, namely Labor Cost, Materials Cost and Expenses. These heads make it easier to classify the costs in a cost sheet.
What are the three types of cost?
The types are: 1. Fixed Costs 2. Variable Costs 3. Semi-Variable Costs.
What is the basic concept of cost?
The concept of cost is a key concept in Economics. It refers to the amount of payment made to acquire any goods and services. In a simpler way, the concept of cost is a financial valuation of resources, materials, undergone risks, time and utilities consumed to purchase goods and services.