What was Athens social roles?
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
What were the social roles in ancient Greece?
In ancient Greece, the social system started off fairly simple. Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents.
What impact did Athens have on society?
The ancient Greeks created the world’s first democracy. Athens started out with a monarchy and then advanced to an oligarchy until it finally reached a democracy. The democratic government consisted of 6,000 assembly members, all of whom were adult male citizens. The assembly voted on issues throughout Athens.
What did Athens focus on?
Ancient Athenians were a thoughtful people who enjoyed the systematic study of subjects such as science, philosophy, and history, to name a few. Athenians placed a heavy emphasis on the arts, architecture, and literature.
What were the two ancient civilizations that actually had citizens?
Pocock have suggested that the modern-day ideal of citizenship was first articulated by the ancient Athenians and Romans, although he suggested that the “transmission” of the sense of citizenship over two millennia was essentially a myth enshrouding western civilization.
What were Athens and Sparta fighting for?
One of the most important wars in the Ancient World was the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). The conflict was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire.
What are the pros and cons of Athenian and Spartan societies?
What are the pros and cons of Athens?
- – CON: Much of the city’s accommodation is pricey.
- + PRO: Though harder to find, more affordable options exist.
- + PRO: Incredible historical sites.
- – CON: Crowded during holiday season.
- + PRO: Amazing food.
- + PRO: Robust public transport system.
- – CON: Not the best city to drive in.
What did Athenians value most?
Athens Values While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated.
How were slaves in Athens treated?
Slaves in Athens often worked with free citizens, although they were not paid. They could also live outside their master’s home. It seems that most slaves in Athens worked in their master’s households and were treated fairly. Most female slaves in Athens did things like bake bread, cook, and weave.