What was Pius II known for?

What was Pius II known for?

Pius II (1405-1464) was pope from 1458 to 1464. He is remarkable for the contrast between his early life as a writer and poet of the Renaissance and his later life as a conservative pope. Pius II was born Enea Silvio de’ Piccolomini (often in Latin, Aeneas Sylvius) at Corsigniano, Italy.

Who is Piccolomini?

Piccolomini (pronounced [pikkoˈlɔːmini]) is the name of an Italian noble family, which was prominent in Siena from the beginning of the 13th century until the 18th century.

Who was the pope in 1459?

Pope Pius II
Pope Pius II (Latin: Pius PP. II, Italian: Pio II), born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini (Latin: Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 19 August 1458 to his death.

Who was pope in 1460?

Pope Pius

Pope Pius III
Consecration 1 October 1503 by Giuliano della Rovere
Created cardinal 5 March 1460 by Pope Pius II
Personal details
Birth name Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini

What did Pius II Commission?

Pius II was a patron of humanists, and he commissioned the architect Bernardo Rossellino to transform his native village of Corsignano into the town of Pienza. Rossellino’s buildings and town plan in Pienza represent one of the earliest examples of Renaissance urban planning.

Who burned Skopje?

In 1689 it was burned to the ground by Austrian forces to eradicate a cholera epidemic, after which it declined until a revival in the 19th century with the building of the Belgrade–Thessaloníki railway. By treaty Skopje was in 1913 incorporated into Serbia, and in 1918 it became part of the new Yugoslavia.

What building is Pope Pius II closely associated with?

Pienza and Its Buildings Pope Pius II commissioned Bernardo Rossellino to build a new city center in Corsignano, which was renamed Pienza. Its main buildings were the cathedral, the Piccolomini palace, the Episcopal palace, and the civic palace.

Who became pope in 1458?

Pius II
On Calixtus’ death Enea Silvio was elected pope as Pius II (Aug. 19, 1458). As pope he had one main purpose: to organize a grand crusade to drive back the Turks, who, having captured Constantinople in 1453, were threatening to overrun the rest of Europe.

Who was the pope after Alexander the sixth?

Pope Alexander VI
Papacy began 11 August 1492
Papacy ended 18 August 1503
Predecessor Innocent VIII
Successor Pius III

Is there a Pope Pius XIII?

Lucian Pulvermacher (born Earl Pulvermacher, 1918–2009) was a traditionalist schismatic Roman Catholic priest and a modern-day antipope. He was the head of the “True Catholic Church”, a small conclavist group that elected him Pope Pius XIII in Montana in October 1998.

What was the main purpose of Conciliarism?

Conciliarism, in the Roman Catholic church, a theory that a general council of the church has greater authority than the pope and may, if necessary, depose him. Conciliarism had its roots in discussions of 12th- and 13th-century canonists who were attempting to set juridical limitations on the power of the papacy.