How To Write A Good Conclusion Paragraph

April 29, 2021
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The conclusion paragraph is what you end your essay or other paper with. This is where you give your reader a brief recap of what they have just read. Of course, you want to have your paper well-written, and that includes the conclusion paragraph. A good conclusion paragraph is basically the one that solidifies the main point of your writing. Obviously, this means that your main point should be included in your conclusion paragraph. You have probably already written an introduction paragraph that you are particularly fond of. As an option, you can just paraphrase it and make it into your conclusion. But let us go into more detail.

Your introduction paragraph is your main source for writing your conclusion. For example, if your writing begins with something like “For me, there are only three movies that were released in 2016.” Then, your conclusion will have a sentence like “The three movies that made 2016 worthwhile in terms of cinema are Zootopia, Arrival, and The Jungle Book.”

If your paper is longer than a typical essay, just recycling your introduction will not be enough. You will have to return to each section or paragraph and summarize it in your conclusion. For instance, if your writing was about pets, then different sections of your paper are most likely dedicated to different kinds of pets. This is why, it is only logical to mention all kinds of pets in your conclusion: “Cats, dogs, goldfish, and parrots are for different tastes of animals lovers, but they can be equally good pets.”

It is good to end up with something thought-provoking. You can offer the readers to research more on the topic themselves. For example, “Many people remain surprisingly unaware of how larger corporations control the food markets.” You can suggest or even encourage other activities – such as, “It is not so hard to make a difference. Just go to the nearest pet nursery and pick the cutest little furball!”

To crown it all, the purpose of a concluding paragraph is to wrap up the concentrated gist of your whole paper. This is how your essay is finalized to leave the readers with a sense of fulfillment and satisfaction when they finish it.


  • The final note on which you leave your reader
  • The concentrate gist of your whole body of writing
  • The proof that you had made the point that you were going to make when you started this writing
  • The demonstration that you have backed up your thesis
  • The closure of the paper’s subject


  • The mirror reflection of your paper’s introduction
  • A general opening line that grows more specific as the reader reads the introduction of your paper;
  • In the concluding paragraph, on the contrary, you move from the specific to the general


If we had to draw a scheme of an essay, here is where the conclusion would be:

Introducing paragraph ➔ Thesis statement ←➔ Main body ← Concluding paragraph


  • It closes up your essay to leave your reader with everything clear and understood and with no questions left
  • The topic section of your conclusion paragraph is supposed to paraphrase your thesis statement
  • It is to demonstrate that you have fulfilled the task that you have set for yourself
  • Avoid simply replacing the words from your thesis statement with synonyms. This would be an instance of redundancy, which is a mistake
  • The very essence of your thesis statement needs to be brought in a new light
  • The conclusion must have something of its own to give to the reader – a direction for thought or a suggestion
    • The supporting sentences of the concluding paragraph do not bring anything new to the table, they recycle what has already been said If you have caught some inspiration when writing the concluding paragraph, you must remember to restrain yourself from putting new ideas in there. Instead, allocate this new idea its own separate place in the main body, if you can. If this seems impossible, then it should be left out for now – who knows, maybe it can be a basis for another brilliant essay?
  • You should not overlook any paragraph idea from your main body in your concluding paragraph
    • All the main points should be condensed in the conclusion, nothing should be left out
  • The final sentence of your conclusion paragraph should leave your reader feeling completely fulfilled and satisfied
  • The final sentence should bear the message that you have said everything there was to say on the topic
    • Underline the significance of what you were talking about
    • Give your reader an entirely fresh perspective on the topic
    • Conclude with an optimistic tone
  • Your readers should be left in a good mood upon having read your writing


  • Always ask – So what?
    • Re-read every statement and ask the question – So what? Does it make any difference?
    • Think well about this question before you come up with a reply

For example:

  • The point here is that having a pet at home is fun.
  • So what?
  • Well, having fun makes you feel better.
  • Who cares?
  • Fun is a positive emotion and experiencing it for a prolonged period of time on a regular basis increases your overall satisfaction with life, and – consequently – your productivity at school, work, etc.
  • Revise what was said in your introducing paragraph
    • This closes the logical “loop” for your reader giving them the sense of fulfillment
    • If you started out with a hypothetical course of events, you could restate this by claiming that this is your evidence to solidify your argument and that it speaks in favor of your standpoint.
    • Use key words and phrases from your introduction to building the aforementioned “loop”. Parallel images and mirror metaphors are also a good idea.
  • Sum it up
    • Summing it up does not only suggest repeating what you have already mentioned in the main body of your writing
  • Link all the main points from your main body into a wholesome conclusion that makes a point
    • All these main points should be organically connected to the evidence that supports them, and this organic connection has to be revealed in your conclusion paragraph
  • To keep your reader focused, you can drop something provocative – like a quotation that you stumbled upon during your research for this paper
  • Your conclusion should also answer the question, “Now what?” Remember to suggest your reader what they should do with the information they have just obtained. This can be a way to solve an existing problem, a direction for further study, or a combination of the latter and the former
  • Your concluding paragraph also has the mission to put your work on the map of other research in the given field
    • For example, a paper about the heritage of Malcolm X should be placed on a background of African American movement as a whole. You should hint on what influenced him and how he influenced the activists that came after him.

Finally, WHAT NOT TO DO:

  • Start off you concluding paragraph with a common introductory phrase that can be avoided, such as “in conclusion…,” “to sum it up…,” “as we have found out…,” “to crown it all…,” etc. As good as it may sound in oral speech, it gives the text the unnecessary extra feeling of formality and giver the reader an impression that the essay writer was looking just to add any words for the sake of it.
  • Resort to pathos – an emotional appeal, unless it is in the spirit of the rest of the paper.
  • Introduce new ideas or facts / supporting evidence that you have for some reason not mentioned in the main body of your paper.
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Tops 50 Literary Essay Topics

April 29, 2021
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Literature courses are usually all about reading and then writing about what you have just read. Sometimes, it’s quite hard to comprehend what you are reading about, let alone to write an essay and analyze everything. Luckily for you, this article will summarize all the literary analysis topics and ideas you might come across and it will provide insights that will help you a lot when you start writing a good-quality literary essay.

Handy Tips for Composing Good Literary Essays

Before we go to the themes and topics you can approach when writing a literary essay, let’s first take a quick look at some basic rules that you need to keep in mind when writing about literature. It’s nothing too complicated but remembering these rules and applying them when writing could definitely change the end result. Here are 3 things you’d want to take into consideration:

  • Make sure you follow the proper format when writing about literature. A good essay example in this direction is that of titles that should be written in Italic and if we’re referring to poems and short stories, the titles should be between quote marks.
  • If you add quotes to your essay, always make sure you mark them down correctly with the exact location of the quote you are referring to in the original paper.
  • Try to avoid quoting directly or borrowing arguments from other literary essays or analytical papers. It could be considered a form of plagiarism by some of the teachers and you don’t want that.

One final thought before jumping into the subject of topics and ideas for your literary essays. Keep in mind that the topics and fine details are important but you need to have a strong understanding of the basics in order to have a good product. In other words, you need to have a straightforward introduction, a well-defined body, and a strong and comprehensive conclusion.

How to Write Perfect Shakespeare Essays

If you’re studying English, there’s no way in the world to do that without going through the work of William Shakespeare and that’s the main reason we will be starting this article with a list of Shakespeare-based essay topics. Romeo and Juliet is perhaps the most used topic by students all over the world, however, there are still a lot of good essay examples that you can use. Here are some helpful topics if you need to write a Shakespearean literary analysis essay.

Romeo and Juliet

Even though there are a lot of essay examples on this subject all over the internet and the feeling is that you can’t possibly find a new topic on the subject, here are some ideas that you can use to start your paper.

Fate’s Role in Romeo and Juliet

It’s common knowledge that Romeo and Juliet are the first star-crossed lovers in literature. And there are all kinds of clues that Shakespeare introduced all over the text that their love story was, up to a point, sealed by fate.

Dark and Light in Romeo and Juliet

Light and dark, both from a contrast point of view but as well as moments of their love story are present throughout this literary piece. Actually, it is embedded in the entire language of the play and even the character of Romeo has these characteristics present while dealing with contradictory feelings.

Time in Romeo and Juliet

Another very interesting subject for a good-quality essay is the matter of time and the love story between the two characters. Romeo comes to visit during the night and always makes promises of a return in the future. All these happen in a play that has a total timeline of around a week, symbolizing how short our time really is.

Love in Romeo and Juliet

Even though it might seem to be a predictable topic at first glance, love is and will be the ultimate theme and symbol of Romeo and Juliet. The tragic destiny is that the bond of the couple has become a theme for romantic fatalism and that’s the reason it is the number one topic in the literary essays written about Shakespeare’s work.


The competition between Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet in which piece of work of Shakespeare is the most assigned in English courses is tight, however, we’d like to consider Hamlet to be in the second place simply because of the sheer volume of essays written on Romeo and Juliet. If you’re going to focus on this monumental play written by the English genius, here are some topics that should help.

Hamlet and Mortality

If you look closely at Shakespeare’s work, you will notice that a lot of the characters end up dead. Hamlet makes no exception to this rule and there’s so much to analyze and speculate about mortality in this play that you should be just great and write a pretty big essay on this topic.

Misogyny and Women in Hamlet

The play takes place in a time when women did not have too many rights or a certain place in society. You can clearly see that in characters like Ophelia or Gertrude that are not treated well at all. They’d make the main subject of an essay regarding the place of women in the society of those times.

Hamlet and the Theme of Madness

If you’re going to write an essay on Hamlet, you can’t leave out the motive of madness. Just like an essay on Romeo and Juliet couldn’t go without the theme of love, madness is one of the essential characteristics of the play.


The shortest of the mandatory Shakespearean plays, Macbeth is just as full of symbols and meaningful themes and motives that can easily turn into a good literary essay. Here are just a few that you can focus on when writing a piece on Macbeth.

Ambition and Its Corrupting Influence

The main character of this play is in the middle of a quest and there are several moments when he alone decides that the ends justify the means, a theme that can be exploited as an essay topic. Alternatively, you can focus on Lady Macbeth that has quite the same philosophy when it comes to her goals.

Witchcraft in Macbeth

The prophecies issued by the three witches are the main reason why Macbeth is set into action. This theme is often left aside when considering good essay topics in the favor of Lady Macbeth sleepwalking. You could really build something interesting if you choose such a topic since the world of the supernatural is always appealing and attractive.

King Lear

Another great play by Shakespeare that can be the base of a lot of essay topics. Many of those that had the honor to play the king in this piece have sustained that it’s one of the most intriguing roles due to the king’s slow descent into madness, making him one great essay topic. Apart from that, madness itself is a great approach if you’re going to write a literary essay based on King Lear.

Sonnet 18

You wouldn’t consider a sonnet to be a good essay topic, however, Sonnet 18 is so succinct and rich in meaning that it can actually give you at least two or three essay topics. First of all, you have adoration and love, which can be a very inspiring topic. Besides that, you have the ever-present theme of jealousy that can, again, make a great topic.

Essays Beyond Shakespeare

It’s natural that the literature world doesn’t end with Shakespeare but it certainly starts there. In the following rows, we will analyze other relevant essay topics derived from big titles of other famous English writers.

Night by Elie Wiesel

This memoir of the holocaust and the events that surrounded it is quite difficult to read for students, the reason why it is often avoided. But what can you do when your teacher requests a Night essay? Well, obviously, you need to start looking for some good topics that will help you develop the structure of the piece you’ll be writing. We’ll give you a helping hand with that by letting you know that you definitely have to touch the subjects of religious faith and the inhuman side of people that are put in extreme situations. When you’re not dealing with fictional literature, it may seem easier to find good topics so the list can go on.

Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer

The story of the 22-year-old McCandless Christopher also known as Alex Supertramp, who decides to abandon society and the modern world to take a 2-year trip into the wilderness of the US. There are a lot of topics and themes that can be extracted from this book. Among them, the escape from society, rebellion against the rules, and sheer power of nature are the favorites when deciding to write a literary essay.

Essays on Ancient Greek Literature

The literature from those times gained a timeless stamp due to the fact that it is so old and is still present in the educational system and did not lose any of its value. From another perspective, since thousands of years have passed between the time these works were written and the moment you have to write an essay on them, the vast majority of topics have already been approached in other works. But even so, there are some things that can be done to bring something new into literary essays based on ancient books.

The Republic – Plato

Plato is, without a doubt, one of the most influential philosophers in the Western World so you can imagine that writing a paper on his very powerful ‘The Republic’ is not at all an easy task. Before you start writing anything, you should take some time and understand the philosophic approach that Plato had. After that, you will be able to find a lot of topics about ‘The Republic’ such as human nature, fight for power, and hierarchy.

Antigone – Sophocles

Another great mind of those times, Sophocles had some really interesting views that he shared in his masterpiece ‘Antigone’. If you’re looking for topics and themes to write about, you can easily go with civil disobedience, human law, and even faithfulness and honor.

Literary Analysis Topic on the Subject of Race

The subject of race was of a great interest to a lot of writers and a lot of books have this subject as a central piece. If you’re looking to write an essay that touches the subject of race, you should definitely take the following works into consideration.

Waiting for the Barbarians – J.M Coetzee

‘Waiting for the Barbarians’ is quite a powerful piece of work that even brought the author a Nobel Prize for Literature. Talking about such an award-winning work, if you were to do a summary of it, you should definitely approach the topic of tension between the fictional town-colony and the surrounding population.

Heart of Darkness – Joseph Conrad

This is the story of Marlow and his journey on the Congo River. On his journey, he meets an ivory trader called Kurtz and there are a lot of themes being explored in the book: imperialism, racism, and even how civil the western society is compared to the indigenous population.

Huckleberry Finn – Mark Twain

Mark Twain is very famous for his fictional pieces that really appeal to a lot of true characteristics that can be found in the society. Huckleberry Finn makes no exception and it includes a lot of characters that depict the political class and the struggle that the population was left with. If you were to write a piece on this book, themes like slavery versus freedom or man versus nature are a must.

To Kill a Mockingbird – Harper Lee

This is another example of a great classic. Like a lot of other great pieces of the 20th century, Harper Lee’s book is focused on the South of America and it explores a lot of subjects of justice and race.

Profound Literary Analysis Topics in Women’s Literature

We approached this subject a bit when we were discussing Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’, but it’s time to go deeper into the subject and check out some books dedicated to gender and the place of women in society.

The Works of Alice Walker

Alice Walker is a great literary figure of the 20th century, being the author of a lot of notable books and short stories. From all her portfolio, two works are the musts when it comes to literary analysis.

The Color Purple

Perhaps the most famous work of Alice Walker, this book won a lot of awards for the way it approaches themes like racism, sexism, and modification of traditional gender purpose in the society. All these topics can be successfully used for in-depth literary essays as well.

Everyday Use

This is a short story that approaches the subject of heirloom possessions that are being passed from one generation to another. These are also the main themes and topics that can be used if we are talking about essays since the differences between generations are something quite hot nowadays.

Jane Austin’s Works

Even though she departed early, the talent she has shown was tremendous and the breakthroughs she managed to obtain were incredible for a woman living at the end of the 18th century. She explored the role of women in that society and focused on how much hard work they had to do in order to secure respectable places in society.

Pride and Prejudice

Wealth and social position are just two of the main themes and topics of this book that follows the story of Elizabeth Bennet that must choose between two men. One is a better individual from a moral and physical point of view while the other has a better social position. The topic here is clearly about how wealth can change someone’s standards and it also makes a good essay starting point.


Yet another book that fits perfectly in the pattern we were discussing above, Emma is the tale of a woman that is more interested in seeing her sisters married. This book explores the constraints placed upon women in that period and the symbolism of marriage in that society.

The 19th and 20th Century Period

A lot of the literary works that are now studied by English students were completed in the golden era that included the 19th and the 20th centuries. Everything from extraordinary novels to short poems is providing insight into topics that define the Anglophone world and can as well be used in a lot of literary essays.

Sherlock Holmes – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Part of ‘The Adventures of the Speckled Band’, Sherlock Holmes arose as a very influential character among teachers and students. Essays on the topics of good versus evil and overall order in chaos are among the favorites when writing an essay on this short story.

Lord of the Flies – William Golding

Yet another awesome example of what the golden period of writing had to offer to readers and essay writers alike. The topics approached in this title are shaping around the dangers of group thinking and how irrationality and rationality are sometimes in conflict that is then expanded into morality or immorality.

The Princess Bride – William Goldman

A very entertaining book that was also transformed into a movie touches the topics of the arbitrary nature of history and time and how love tends to conquer all in the end.

The Rocking Horse Winner – D. H. Lawrence

Lawrence is one of the geniuses of the 20th century in literature and this short story is the best demonstration of his skill. It tells the story of a family that struggles and the main themes that are being explored are greed, money, and a bit of fiction.

Of Mice and Men – John Steinbeck

This book captures the struggles of medium-class individuals during the Great Depression. The central theme is the following of dreams and how powerful the human spirit is when it has a clear goal to fight for.

A Streetcar Named Desire – Tennessee Williams

Considered by most the best-known American dramatic play, it approaches the themes of fantasy and reality in an eternal conflict as well as the era’s tendency of women to depend on men.

Topics and Themes for Analysis of Poetry

Stephen Crane gave the world ‘War is Kind’, a collection of poems that touched deep and powerful themes such as war, violence, and human greed and all the inspiration came from his personal experience with the American-Spanish and Greco-Turkish wars.

John Donne, a total opposite of Stephen Crane, focused his work on sonnets that approached the topics of love, death, religion, and social criticism. It’s true that they lived in different times as well.

Contemporary Literature

If you’re thinking it’s a pity you were born in these times because no good books are written anymore, you are mistaken. What we now consider big classics were not so hot during their times either and that’s the cycle of literature, to become valuable a certain time after the book is released. So, if you want to go with contemporary literature for your essay, here are some suggestions.

Reservation Blues – Sherman Alexie

Depicting the story of a young group of men that get their hands on an enchanted guitar that once upon a time belonged to a legendary bluesman, the book touches sensitive subjects of the Native American life such as endurance, overcoming everyday obstacles, and poverty.

Montana 1948 – Larry Watson

Set in Western American state of Montana, this novella is about a family that struggles to survive in the tough conditions they have to face. Themes of loyalty, family obligations and bonds or even justice are approached by Watson and they can be great sources of inspiration for good essays.

The Lovely Bones – Alice Sebold

This book follows the story of Susie, a young woman that dies but her spirit leaves the body and watches over the investigation of her case. Obviously, the recurrent themes here are justice, mortality, and grief.

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How to Write the Stanford University Application Essays in 2018

April 29, 2021
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Stanford University is a premier institution in the California Bay Area. Ever since its inception over 150 years back, it has continued to make strides in bringing up refined scholars. The institution boasts of a student fraternity that is abreast with startup opportunities. They also exhibit a great entrepreneurial spirit that characterizes their student life. As regards STEM, the university has placed tremendous focus that no other institution on the east coast has matched. Even as they do this, they still offer great humanities majors.

Stanford has continued to set trends, attaining the status of the most selective university. Its current admission rate is set at 4.65% for the class of 2021. Aside from this, it has also attained the status of the 2nd largest campus worldwide. It sits on a vast 8000 acres. The enrollment of students that are pursuing undergraduate courses has reached 7000. No wonder Forbes ranked it the 2nd in the nation as at 2017.

When a student applies for enrollment at Stanford, they are required to give a valid response to 7 different short questions. They are also required to respond to 4 longer essay questions. This forms part of the admission process. Well, if you are doing a freshman application at Stanford and are getting jittery, worry not. EliteEssayWriters is your friend. We are here to give you the best tips that you can apply to have the best outcome in the upcoming Stanford application essays.

How You Can Write the Stanford University Essays

The Short Response Questions

  1. What are some of the challenges that society faces in contemporary time? (50 words)
  2. How did you spend your summer holidays? (50 words)
  3. What significant event in history do you wish to have experienced and witnessed? (50 words)
  4. What three words describe you? (50 words)
  5. What do you read, listen, or watch, when it’s up to you to make the choice? (50 words)
  6. What experience are you looking forward to at Stanford? (50 words)
  7. If you had an extra hour in a day, how would you utilize it? (50 words)

It is important to note that each of your response to the questions should adhere to the 50-word limit. The answers should be brief, succinct and straightforward. They should also be genuine answers that reflect utmost honesty. As you write each of the answers, ensure that you collect your thoughts well. Identify the different facets of your personality that the answer will reflect. You can also do well to vary your answers to avoid focusing one or two major themes.

Be wary of inappropriate responses as they will spell doom to your application. Write with your audience in mind. Ensure that your responses are best placed to bring out a positive reaction in them. While at it, refrain from overanalyzing matters. Most students fall into the trap of overthinking what the admission officers would want. This will make you hinder you from showing your personality. Your individuality is what matters. It’s your selling point and it is what sets you aside from others who are also doing the application essay.

Let’s consider the questions one by one:

What are some of the challenges that society faces in contemporary time? (50 words)

This question requires you to present the various challenges that are present in contemporary time. You can approach this question from various angles. You may consider giving a traditional answer. However, add a creative twist to it. While choosing an answer, ensure that you avoid uncertain or whimsical topics that may not even add up as challenges. Focus on objective topics that have public appeal. These could include global warming, waste management, gender inclusivity, training, and development, etc. These are popular topics, however, ensure that you present them in a unique way. If you present it in a simplistic manner, you may lose on the originality and freshness of the idea, thus, making it lose appeal to the reader.

In another sense, you could suggest ways of overcoming the challenge that you have presented. It is quite disinteresting to merely mention that the challenge exists. Show that you are proactive by highlighting ways in which the challenge could get the needed awareness. By doing so, your answer will surely captivate and catch the eyes of the readers, who in this case are the admission officers. You will stand out from the rest of the applicants and thus increasing your stakes at getting admission. For example, if you spoke in a general way as regards a challenge such as food sustainability, you would lose the reader in the process. However, if you focused on the specifics and the extras, and even went to the extent of making suggestions on how to bridge the gap of food production, demand, and sustainability, you would, in essence, be showing that you are a proactive thinker.

How did you spend your summer holidays? (50 words)

Answering this question should be a piece of cake. It should be pretty straightforward because you know what you were doing on your summer holiday. Anything you did is admissible. But, you can do well to show versatility and diversity. Show that you are a person with varied interests.

For example, you can write out the following list:

I attended and participated in the USA leadership conference, went on a vacation in Florida to catch up with family, did some volunteer work at the local food joint, went for a hiking expedition, upgraded my culinary skills and developed my STEM skills through a boot camp.

This variety of activities makes you admirable in the eyes of the admission officers. They would see that you are an all-round person who is up to develop their professional skills, education and still spares some time for leisure. Another approach to this would be to choose a few of the above activities and expound on how you carried them out. Here’s an example below:

I often thought that family vacations are quite short but appear too long. I spent some quality time with my family down at the beach in Malibu. After some great time, I returned home to make my debut as a volunteer in the local food stores, where I acquired valuable experience. Just after that, I had the privilege of attending the national leadership conference where I honed my skills as a leader. I must say I had an awesome holiday!

The above brings out the main points with a twist of a narrative structure. However, be conscious of the space. Use lead-in sentences in your write-up to increase the appeal. For example: For the previous summer holiday, “I mostly spent my time undertaking…” Remember that you only have 50 words at your disposal, therefore, use short lead-in sentences.

What significant event in history do you wish to have experienced and witnessed? (50 words)

This prompt requires you to think of a historical event that you’d wish you could have experienced and witnessed. If nothing comes to mind, you don’t need to worry. You can trace anything that you learned in your school years, especially in your history classes. Google is also your friend. You can run a quick search of the top historical marvels. However, note that you will not be the only one doing that. Many other applicants will also be trying the same. So strive to be as unique as possible. Search for the extraordinary things that not everyone would think of. For example, the Colossus of Rhodes, or perhaps witnessing the construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. If you are a car aficionado, you could write about witnessing the first vehicle been assembled. If you are a fan of politics, you could write about witnessing the American Revolution. If you are a religious person, then you can write about witnessing the life of Jesus while He was on earth or perhaps to experience the rule of King Solomon.

The event that you choose isn’t of much relevance. Even so, you shouldn’t settle for something that is obscure as it will dilute the historical touch. Also, some historical moments may need more than 50 words to write, thus, exceeding your word limit. Here’s an example that highlights a unique event:

I have always been intrigued by the Great Wall of China. My initial encounter with this marvel was through documentaries. I just wish that I could have been present at the time to witness the logistics and the actual construction of the wall. It must have taken great minds to come up with such a marvel, I would love to know the motivating factors that led to the construction of such a huge wall.

It isn’t necessary for you to have a direct connection to the event. However, you should examine why you picked the specific event so that you can plan your response effectively. By doing this, you can make your response more captivating to the reader.

What are the best five words that describe you? (50 words)

This might sound simplistic but the impact is far-reaching. You could use some creativity to try and convey a hidden meaning. For example, (Sturdy, Thoughtful, Resilient, Observant, Natty, Gracious.) The individual qualities all add up to make the word strong from their first letters. You could employ the use of alliteration. For example, (Strong, sturdy, soft-spoken, sweet, sophisticated). Whatever the case, try as much to apply some creativity. Avoid the use of simplistic words in your work. In case you get stuck, seek the input of your associates, peers, or even parents.

What do you read, listen, or watch, when it’s up to you to make the choice? (50 words)

This prompt is purely about the media. As compared to the previous prompts that have been given, this year’s had a slight change. The previous ones revolved around mentioning your favorite books, authors, artists, films, websites, magazines and newspapers. This year’s prompt is more open-ended. There was no specific material that was mentioned.

When answering the question, you are at liberty to use lists that add up to the 50 words. Alternatively, you can narrow down to specific materials and dwell on them. It is advisable to avoid educational material and highly advanced literature material. Unless they are your favorite, steer clear of them. Try to find the perfect balance between things that are pure fun and those that are in the confines of educational material.

An example of a list is as follows:

Read: Nichomachean Ethics, The Rings of Saturn, A Midsummer Night’s Dream Watch: Citizen Kane, Mad Max: Fury Road, The Godfather. Actuality: Pokémon and the likes. Listen: Jim Brown, Chris Della, Lindsay Anderson

This is a sample format. You hold all prerogative to choose your own structure. Such a prompt can give invaluable information about a person. You don’t need to toil by explaining each and every point. The list is self-explanatory. Though if you so wish, you can use both techniques, that is, lists and explanations.

What experience are you looking forward to at Stanford? (50 words)

The premise of this prompt is to answer the question, “Why Stanford?” You have to meet your end of the bargain by digging as much information you can about Stanford. Here’s a free point, Stanford loves trees! Utilize everything at your disposal to come up with a well-researched response to the question. Use online resources, journals, and educational materials. You can also ask the school’s Alma Mata. You could also check out the traditions and notable events that Stanford does and hosts. This could be your selling point.

For example:

  • The Primal Scream

At every final’s week, Stanford students engage in the legendary primal scream. They shout as loud as they can in the middle of the night. This is done especially when they have been studying for long periods. The experience is somewhat strange, though the students claim it’s satisfying. You could use this event in your response and mention that you are looking forward to it with much zeal.

  • The Gaieties

Stanford students have a habit of performing the Gaieties play. This play is performed purely for entertainment purposes. Most of the students engage in it to goof around. They make it as fun as possible by performing funny acts and plays. They probably do this to take a break from the demanding school life. If you were active in theater arts or were a choir singer, then you can try it out. You can add your personal involvement in these activities while you were in high school.

  • Death at the Circle of Death (Hiking the Dish)

Every campus has the proverbial circle of death. It is the roundabout that bears the most traffic and is usually near the main quad. The main quad can be a great experience to write about. You could mention that you are looking forward to riding your bike through the circle of death even when you know the chances of being successful is thick. Concerning hiking the dish, you could include it in your response. If you would like to experience the 15 minutes loop of hills that are near the campus, then mention it in your response. While at it, don’t mention obvious stuff like how the perfect weather will be a bliss (the admission officers already know that).

  • The Freshman Introductory Seminar

This is the best academic leverage you can use in your response. Scan through the school catalog and try to see something that gives you inspiration. Identify something that will make you look forward to opportunities and also classes at Stanford. For example, Nanotechnology or the Kantian Ethics, etc.

  • Attending Cardinal Nights and the Likes

Cardinal nights are every student’s delight. Going out with friends, to the carnival, to a musical, a play, a movie or even theme parks, is the highlight of any student’s leisure activity. If you are the kind of person who loves fun experiences over the weekend but are not a party animal, then the cardinal nights are for you. Indulge the readers on how you look forward to having the best time over the cardinal nights. Do your research and find out the popular cardinal nights that have happened in the past.

  • The Stanford Improv Comedy Group (SIMPS)

If you feel like you are funny enough to crack an audience with laughter for long periods, then a comedy troupe can be a great place to be. If you also enjoy watching funny shows, this could be your reference point. Write about how you will be looking forward to the SIMPS for their electric and funny performances.

  • Watching the Full Moon at the Quad

Stanford students have a practice of going out the main quad at least once a year to engage in their longest tradition, that is, giving a rose to someone followed by a kiss at midnight. It is usually done in the month of January. The event can get a little crazy than the normal traditional one but still provides a great break from the mainstream school activities. Mention that you would be looking forward to preserving the old tradition.

  • Observing Secret Snowflake

This is a strange but awkwardly great tradition that Stanford students take part in. It is in the form of a play, where students mimic a secret Santa. This is not your normal Santa who comes with gifts. This one comes with dares of varying extremes. This gives it the thrilling twist. You could also write that you are looking forward to this experience to explore your creative side.

  • The Frost

Music fans could have a field day writing about concerts, and other musical performances. You could write about how you are eagerly awaiting to see some free concert in Frost. This amphitheater has in the past boasted about hosting top musical figures such as Zedd. Talk about joining the club that makes the Frost experience an epic one. Make it seem that you are interested in participating in the student and college life activities.

  • Fountain Hopping

The most popular activity in Stanford has to be the fountain hop. You can even search on various search engines and you would find that the results never fail to mention Stanford. This could add up as a fun activity that you would mention that you are looking forward to in Stanford. Ensure that you describe that general outdoor atmosphere and you are sure of leaving an imprint on the mind of the admission officers.

The above are indeed some great activities that can be mentioned as part of the activities that you are looking forward to in Stanford. Make an effort to write in a stylish way. But refrain from mentioning anything that is unlawful, immoral or illegal. Remember that your main aim is to tell the reader why you are looking forward to that specific event; not just giving an explanation of what it is or why it is bound to be great. Also, don’t include the experience of others, or why others would look forward to it. It is you who should look forward to it and thus, your sentiments are the most crucial in this regard.

Select an activity that you are well sure that you like and are looking forward to. Most students tend to focus too much on the general events such as the social life in the hostels, research opportunities, and interesting curriculum. They are okay but remember that you are out to make an impression and to stand out from all the other applicants. Thus, you should strive to traverse the basic stuff and make your essay an extraordinary one.

If you had an extra hour in a day, how would you utilize it? (50 words)

On this final question, scan through what you have already written. Identify the aspects that could complement the responses that you have already written without making it mainstream. Again, steer clear of basic activities such as sleeping. The prompt above gives the opportunity for various types of responses. You could write about a specific deficiency or flaw. You could even settle on something marvelous that you would like to do. For example, doing an artistic painting, bonding with family or friends.

To illustrate: If you wrote that you aspired to study literature and had a liking for children story books, you could write:

“My mornings are always fast-paced; from putting my homework together, packing some snacks for school and dashing out with possibly a forgotten item. If I had an extra hour, I would try to slow it down to avoid the rush and the chaos that follow (like putting on one earing, leaving behind my reading spectacles). I would even spare some time to meditate; at least that’s the thing that I always never have time for in my normal 24 hour days!”

You can use quotes if you wish to have a vivid description. However, remember that you are on a limited word count. The above example shows a flaw that many people have (of keeping time) and is relatable to at least something in the application.

Due to the fact that these prompts are short, you shouldn’t expect the admission officers to place a lot of scrutiny on them. They’ll probably scan through yours and get to the next one. Therefore, don’t break yourself while trying to craft the perfect response; though it’s a good show to demonstrate that you put in some effort in the work. If you settled on a particular theme, make sure that it reflects in your whole essay.

Brief Extracurricular Elaboration

Briefly describe an extracurricular activity that you engage in or any work experience you might have. (50-150 words)

Most Common Application Essays are limited in the sense that they don’t give enough word counts to express oneself. Thus, be decisive and use this short essay to give as much information as you can on the extracurricular activities you may have been involved in. You could pick one of the school activities that you may have had a hand in creating. Select also those that were unique to your school only.

A quick tip: aim to show passion. It makes a greater impact. Choose one of the least impressive clubs or societies and shed it in a glorious way and how you were passionately participating in its activities.

A good example could be of sharing an experience of a job that entailed working with kids. Such a job requires one to cultivate patience. Relate how you were able to be patient all through. Another example could be of writing about some religious society, taking music lessons, playing for a cricket team at some tournament, etc. Showing commitment is quite important as it gives you the requisite content.

A word of advice though, don’t try to write about multiple topics at once. The word limit will render it impossible. Such an exercise would be in futility. It will also be making your work redundant since you will be repeating what was previously mentioned.

For example: My debut in working was at Lord Apparel in December 2013. I was drawn to the job since I wanted to save for college. I applied, got shortlisted and after getting done with the interview, I was impressed by a couple of things. First, they were kind to work around my academic schedules. Second, they gave me an off on Sunday for church and also to spend time with my family. Their type of business was mostly retail, thus, it gave me the opportunity to interact with many people, different organizations, and various environments. At the same time, learned how to manage stock, keeping the register, selling apparel, etc. Consequently, it has inculcated vital management and scheduling skills by…

You can continue to describe what you learned. Show your personality in every instance you can. For example, show that you are a family person and that you spare some time for them. Or you could show that you are a prudent person who knows how to plan by virtue of working to save for school.

Essay Questions

Essay Question 1:

The Stanford fraternity is largely curious and motivated to learn both in the classroom and outside. Reflect on a thought or experience that motivates you to learn. (100-250 words)

This is one of the longer prompts of your essay. It literally takes you back to your classroom experiences, school experiences, or home study times. Try and do an honest soul searching to see which of the above gave you the best learning experience. Narrating this experience should give you a sense of fulfillment; just like any nerd. But it shouldn’t be a cause for worry because after all, you are going to the Home of Nerds! This prompt is your platform to showcase all your study experiences and intellect.

To illustrate: You could give an example of how you decided at one time to teach yourself some physics concept in preparation for some physics test. You can then add some analysis: As far as enjoying learning is concerned, I discovered that I enjoy laser physics so much. It intrigued me just how much laser physics surrounds human life, from x-ray machines and magnetic resonance imaging. The impact that it has had on the medical field is immense. Laser physics has also been used by various security technologists to enhance access security of vital premises. Bank strong rooms are normally ridden with lasers which serve to protect. An intruder tries to get through and the lasers detect his movement and raise an alarm. The wonderful aspect about all this is that I read it all by myself. I did some study by using printed material but later resorted to YouTube tutorials. Each time, I was able to understand a certain concept by myself, a sense of accomplishment engulfed me. I felt that I had reached the epitome of intellectual independence. I worked diligently through various practice questions. I, however, noticed that I was quick to self-correct. I began to realize my mistakes and why I was making them in the past. This in a way made me prepare well to avoid the same mistakes in the future. Generally, I can say that it improved my study habits. I also understood why it was important to master knowledge by oneself.

The response above shows a genuine passion for studying without focusing too much on the narrative.

Here’s another similar response that is laced with creativity:

“How are Pianos Made? While I was in fourth grade, I got into a curiosity contest. I won and this victory opened the gates for me to co-host. I was invited to co-host one of the curiosity contest episodes at a refined piano factory in New Jersey. It was then that I discovered myself in a whole new way. I discovered what lies in the world apart from textbooks and their teachings. The piano factory, G-clef Piano factory, was full of life. It had so much heritage, and they openly displayed their wares which have been stunningly been top for decades. Admittedly, I felt a new awakening inside me that was geared to a music side of life. From nowhere, I got the determination to make pianos my form of art. I quickly acquired a piano and my every morning meditations were made in front of it. I can rightly say that this is the working of my curiosity. It yielded knowledge that I’m forever indebted. It also opened my mind to the limitless possibilities that the world presents. It was only a case of expanding my perceptions and letting the rest flow. In all respects, knowledge theorists posit that the more we know the more we don’t. I fully support this notion as I have experienced it on a personal level. What arose as a harmless curiosity, gave rise to a journey of self-discovery that hopefully will end up in self-actualization. It even led to me pondering over social matters, like inequality and social stratification. Why are these two so prevalent today than they were a century back? Is there a way to totally reduce carbon emissions in the atmosphere? I hope that in the end, my curiosity will pay off by enlightening me and others, to make the world a better place.

The response above was presented by a Stanford student, class of 2020, Philosophy major. The student presented the essay so well. The admission officer that read the essay was probably impressed by the hunger for knowledge that was prevalent. The childhood application that the writer used was exceptional and was probably what engaged the reader in the first place.

As you embark on writing your own essay, avoid some basic phrases such as: “It made me happy because…” or “A point that made me exceptionally happy about studying was…” The writing style that you choose is crucial. It is the make or break point of your admission into the Stanford student fraternity. If you doubt this, then compare the two examples above. Notice how the essay becomes interesting and engaging when the writer uses an effective style; that of ‘showing rather than telling’.

Just like all college essays, the premise is on introducing yourself to the admission officers in a wholesome way, telling them your best qualities and experiences and why the experience chosen is of much significance to you. While at it, kindly desist from pompous language, excessive flattery, and don’t waste a lot of time giving the logistics to your school of thought, get straight to the point.

Essay Question 2:

Majority of Stanford students live on campus. Come up with a write-up to your future roommate that will assist him/her and us to know you better. (100-250 words)

This essay aims at bringing out the social side of you. It steers away from official and academic activities and brings in a relaxed atmosphere in which one can write about themselves. All it requires is for you to write about your personality. The approach is quite open compared to other application essays which are more specific. For example, an essay that has this topic, “Talk about a mentor figure in your life who was there in your low moments.” If you analyze this topic well, as much as there is an element of your personality that will come out, the focus is more on the mentor. Stanford envisioned a situation like this, hence the reason as to why they added a second essay that requires you to exclusively talk about yourself and express your personality.

The main objective of Stanford is for you to display the perfect image of your character that will be distinct from all the essays that will be submitted. If you are not sure of what to write, picture yourself in front of the panel of admission officers. You are given the chance to introduce yourself and present your pitch without using any of your accolades, awards, and certifications. What is the first thing that will come to mind? Or let’s picture another scenario. If this was a real letter to your roommate at Stanford, what important thing about you would you like to tell them if they are going to live with you? Another case could be as follows: Imagine you are being interviewed as Stanford alumni. What topics would you gladly present?

Reflect on this questions deeply. Gauge whether there is some meaning that you would want to share. You can have a look at the third prompt to ascertain what really matters and why it matters to you. This could be a great substitute for the roommate prompt. If your response is bound to be non-causal, then format your essay as a formal letter or a just an ordinary two paragraph essay.

In the case where there are no important topics to cover on the less casual side that you want to convey, you can use a little tact. You can create your miscellaneous essay to cover what you desire.

Arguably, this is one of the few prompts that are actually enjoyable to write. They have a twist of entertainment and seriousness too. On the side of the admission officers, it is a great prompt to read since it presents an array of different topics that border on weird and fun. Some guides encourage students to use this prompt to explore their peculiar sides. They advised them to write about their interests, hobbies and generally their weird personal sides. But they strongly discouraged them from covering controversial themes such as politics. You might not want to rub someone wrongly by joking about a certain political outfit or by openly showing favor or disfavor to a certain political ideology.

If you want to put the essay in the letter format, simply open with a brief and succinct greeting, like: “Hi! I’m glad to meet you!” Don’t be too casual or too stark. Find a balance in between. For you to come up with content, you can craft a list of fun facts about yourself. The essay is meant to be fun, so, ensure that you don’t fall short of fun things to say.

Sometimes, it can prove difficult to create good material that reflects your personality. It is even harder when you have to do it on a computer. But you can take your time throughout the day to think retrospectively about what you enjoy.

The following are sample notes that you can write at different times of the day. This might require you to use a reminder or to make a mental note:

I love The Ted Talks; they are quite inspiring. How can I stop chewing on my ballpoint cover? I hate doing the dishes. My birthday party rocked because of the lovely food, and my love for cooking! My favorite apparel store is Levi Strauss; I always get great discounts on quality jumpers. Before I retire to sleep, I love watching animated comedies, I guess it’s why I get funny dreams nowadays. I’m always attracted to handy tools, I always purchase them for no reason at all, and I probably got this trait from my dad. I love steak. When I sleep, I turn into a rock; meaning that you’d have to blow trumpets to wake me up, but the good thing is that I’d never be disturbed by noises in the night. I love Sylvester Stallone movies.

We hope you noticed how long you can write in this section. When it comes to writing about oneself, there is no limit to what you can say. One could literally write volumes about themselves because everyone is good at describing themselves.

Mention some of the activities that you might carry out together. You can also mention some critical things that you would want your roommate to know. This in a way lets you stay on course with your prompt. Avoid redundancy. Don’t put some random facts next to your explanations. You can just put some few traits and habits and elaborate on each. You can even go ahead and top it off with, “Can’t wait to meet future roomie!” This can bring out a great essay.

Here’s an illustration of an essay that brings out the personality of the author and also uses the list format:

*Breathes in*…Allow me to make a toast! First and foremost, I’ excited to live with you roomie. I never had the experience of having a sibling, so I know this will be as close as it gets! I wanted you to know…

  1. I’m basically a free spirit with a heightened sense of integrity. I wish I was brilliant just like Obamas and the likes, I would really love to have shared some of their traits. All in all, I place more focus on personal values and aspirations and I’m passionate about achieving the best outcome for everyone in everything that I do. I find joy in helping others; sometimes I get obsessed with it, but I don’t count it as a flaw. I’m quite positive in my thoughts and outlook on the future – this is simply me in just a few words.
  2. I like to unplug from mainstream activities by writing. I have an exercise regime that I honestly don’t follow to the letter (who does anyway) but I’m quite conscious of the need to exercise. You would find me taking an early morning or late evening’s walks or jogs. I already even picked a spot for my walks, the campus fresh forestry. I would be honored if you join.
  3. I tend to have an addiction to coffee and late night chats. I also have a thing with pastry that makes me feel complete.
  4. I’m quite the fashionista. Fashion is my passion (see what I did there). I believe that one’s sense of style is a powerful message to everyone we meet. Thus, I make sure that people get my message loud and clear. I even have a fashion blog to write away my fashion ideas, designs and generally to have a conversation on fashion with the readers. I’d like to add some of the cultural aspects of the blog and that’s why I can’t wait to get to Stanford. And guess who will be my first respondent on this? (You guesses it right).
  5. I’m always honored to be surrounded by awesome people, with you being top of the list. I’m sure that my life at Stanford will be epic with you around. I’m really looking forward to joining Stanford, having even visited it at least 5 times before applying for admission. I even made an entry to my journal about the high prospects that I have with regard to joining the reputable institution.

I’m deeply happy to share my Stanford moments with you, Cheers, Name (official or nickname)

This is just an example of what you could write. It is not to be taken as the ultimate way of writing this essay. There are many ways in which you choose to write the essay. The example above is good to guide you through. You can rightly see how displaying your passions can have a great impact. It shows that you are versatile and diverse as a person. We are sure that you’ll look back at this time with your roomie laughing at how weird you sounded. We experienced it too!

Essay Question 3:

What matters and why does it matter to you? (100-250 words)

This prompt has one ulterior motive, which is for the applicant to directly mention what matters to them as persons. A typical admission officer would want to see the story behind the story. The passion, motivations, and drive that is characteristic of you besides from the normal academic sphere. This is the test that ultimately seals the deal. Passing this test directly translates to an admission as you will be regarded as a good fit for the institution. Therefore, you would want to put your best foot forward when writing this essay. Write intelligently with a touch of diversity of interest and skill.

A closer look at the prompt reveals an open avenue for giving captivating responses. It asks the million dollar question, ‘WHY’. This is arguably the most important part of the essay. The other part that dictates you to highlight what matters to you, anything can work. Any response can be sufficient. Even the most obvious ones.

As an example: you could write that you love helping others. This is mostly so cliché. In another light, you could convey the same message in an effective and tactful way. You could talk about some mentors that you interacted with in your nanotechnology club who made an effort to reach out to you. They even went to great miles to create more time and expend on extra training so that you can gain vital skills as a member. Try to bring this story in a light that shows how you ended up building your confidence and was inspired to help others in the same way. This will draw a parallel to the WHY question.

You could also write about how you fostered the creation of a suicide awareness and anti-bullying club. This was after you saw the plight of students in the school who were falling to both vices at an alarming rate. Don’t forget to answer the WHY question. Refrain from making it sound like a speech. You can read it aloud to ascertain that it has objectivity.

No doubt choosing a topic that is meaningful and which you have personally participated in brings is key so long as you don’t over-dramatize it. However, historical concepts and physics laws can apply. If you choose to go this direction, you should be wary of the implications. There is a high possibility that it could get cold and abstract. Even so, it presents an opportunity for you to shine and show your intellectual prowess. This can be a great place to showcase comedic and writing skills if you haven’t already highlighted them in the essay.

To illustrate: You may talk about the microwave. It is a symbol of efficiency in life and this represents your overall outlook on life. You endeavor to get tasks done swiftly. It is all up to you to come up with a creative twist by incorporating an object and any other interesting thing.

Here are some questions that we normally receive from many students: Q: Is it mandatory that we write about what we want to major on in campus in this prompt? A: You don’t need to and it is not mandatory. However, you can utilize the opportunity to write if your interests haven’t been indicated clearly Q: Is it a must that it centers on one impactful activity? A: The prompt doesn’t specify that you choose a meaningful activity though you have the option of touching on a few areas if you can form a connection between them. Q: In what way can I talk about my internship/research in this essay? A: It is definite that many students have either done an internship or undertaken a research at some particular time. It also follows that they would like to talk about it in the essay. If the first two essays were not properly detailed, then you can utilize this prompt to talk about it. However, as you do so, don’t dilute focus on yourself and the meaningful aspects.

Do you feel that you are still stuck? Well, you can settle on the sentiment that what you spend your time on is deemed as what you love. We know that this cannot be helpful if you spend most of your time on gaming, school activities or even sleeping. However, if you spend some substantial time in activities such as organizing your room, you can use it to your advantage. Reiterate that you are a person who loves order and organization. Let this be your selling point. Indulge your reader as to the sight of order in your room gives you the perfect balance in both mind and spirit. It also makes you partake activities in their rightful schedules.

You can easily turn around the essay to become one of life balance in family, school, extracurricular activities, friends, social circles, recreation, etc. Maintain that the key to a meaningful life is by having a perfect balance between all these aspects. Just like your room which stays orderly, your life should reflect the same.

Final Sentiments

The key to success with your Stanford application essay is creating an incentive for yourself to move you to work. Also, writing about topics that you genuinely love can give you the most content. Start writing the essay early to beat the time factor.

Stanford is known to be passive and laid back, but don’t reflect the same in your essays. The admission officers are mandated to see if you are a good fit, so use this to your advantage. Avoid any controversial topics, clichés and bring out your personality.

All in all, we hope that you will be successful in your application essay! Best wishes!

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Reflective Essay Topics

April 29, 2021
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A reflective essay is an academic piece of writing that aims to observe, examine, and describe an individual or personal experience that the author has had. When writing such essay, you need to keep in mind that the focus is on your deeper, inner emotions rather than the event. The key is to make your essay actually reflective and the key to achieving that is to put your own personality in it. After reading such an essay, the reader should have a clear image of you and your feelings.

Structure of a Reflective Essay

A reflective essay has a similar structure to the other types of essays out there and it’s mainly formed by an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.

Introduction – this is the part of your work where you have the opportunity to introduce the thesis statement of the essay. It should reveal the main theme of the essay but not completely since you want to keep it wrapped in some mystery so that you catch the attention of the readers.

Main body – the thesis statement is expanded, detailed, and told in perspective so that the reader can put themselves in your shoes and see the events through your eyes.

Conclusion – it’s basically a summary of the main points presented above.

Reflective Essay Topics

Since in this type of essay we’re mostly talking about our own experiences, we’re going to split the topics according to certain kinds of personal experiences.


Relationships are often associated with the strongest emotions. This makes it quite easy to write a reflective essay about a relationship issue and describe the emotions and feelings you had. Even more than that, writing a reflective essay about relationships and feelings might help you understand some past things that happened to you and get some closure if you didn’t.

  1. A contradictory conversation that made you angry
  2. A moment when you felt discouraged and disappointed by something that someone said
  3. When you first heard that someone was proud of you
  4. The moment you realized you’re in love
  5. When you met a family member for the first time
  6. The birth or adoption of a sibling or child
  7. Watching someone you love and care about lose their memory due to dementia
  8. When you apologized to someone and really felt it
  9. When you were extremely embarrassed
  10. When you got caught lying and tried to cover it
  11. When you wanted a thing that wasn’t yours
  12. An argument with your boss, teacher or an authority person
  13. When you got punished by your parents
  14. When you were crying and someone comforted you
  15. When you were a child and played with your friends
  16. A time when you were so close with someone you felt like their sister or brother
  17. When you were helped by someone or you helped another person
  18. A big reunion with your family or when you met new relatives
  19. A very special trip that you took with a friend
  20. When you laughed uncontrollably with someone
  21. When you realized that your parent or another figure of authority was not perfect
  22. When you first spoke in public
  23. A time when you went on an adventure with your friends without your parents knowing
  24. When you shared a secret with a friend or someone shared a secret with you
  25. When you were really scared

Outdoors and Nature

In a reflective essay, it’s always better to connect to a deeper layer of yourself and what can go deeper than the connection you feel with nature? You can write about an actual experience you had in nature or you can simply imagine being in a field of wild poppies, getting caressed by the sun. Here are some topics that cover the nature and outdoor themes.

  1. Standing on the beach, watching the ocean with your feet in sand
  2. Admiring the sunset
  3. Looking over a valley from the top of a hill
  4. Admiring a bird in flight
  5. Gently smelling a wildflower
  6. Picking-up berries and wild fruits
  7. Taking a hike through a forest
  8. Climbing a mountain
  9. Standing on the seashore playing with sand
  10. Swimming in a mountain lake
  11. Standing on a bridge looking down at the water
  12. Skiing with the wind in your face, amazed by all the snow
  13. Outdoors running
  14. Trail hiking
  15. Fooling around in the mud
  16. Simply walking through the rain
  17. Hiking in the desert among the dunes
  18. Scuba diving
  19. In the mountains, backpacking
  20. Climbing
  21. Hunting
  22. Visiting a historic battlefield
  23. Walking or sitting in a field of wildflowers
  24. Watching how a nest is built by birds
  25. Seeing an insect, snake or spider
  26. An encounter with a wild animal in its natural habitat
  27. Visiting the zoo
  28. Quality time with your pet
  29. Watching the clouds form for a big storm or tornado
  30. The experience of an earthquake or natural disasters

Relevant Places for Your Memories

Sometimes, a place about which you have some really good and strong memories will be enough for you to experience a boost and write some very good reflective essays. Here are some examples:

  1. The room where you grew up
  2. Your hometown
  3. A particular place in school, the lunchroom perhaps or a specific spot where you used to hang out with your friends
  4. Your favorite store in the mall
  5. A former workplace
  6. The house of your grandparents
  7. A coffee shop or a bookstore that you loved to visit when you were young
  8. Your old car, the bus you took to get home from school or any other means of transportation
  9. An amusement park
  10. The football field where you used to play with your friends all day long
  11. An ice skating rink
  12. Your favorite place to eat
  13. A vacation place that you liked in particular
  14. The place where you work
  15. Your online personal spaces

Significant Events

Both special and ordinary events can be turned into a very good reflective essay topic. It’s enough to just think about that important moment and all the meaningful experiences surrounding that event will come to life. At the same time, one-of-a-kind events or experiences are also very likely to make excellent topics.

  1. Big Holidays – Christmas, Thanksgiving, Easter, 4th of July, Valentines, etc.
  2. Visiting the zoo or a museum
  3. Even ordinary daily chores such as walking the dog, studying with friends or preparing dinner
  4. A surprise birthday party that you threw for your best friend
  5. Renovating your room or an entire house
  6. When you were left in the dark because of a blackout
  7. A severe blizzard, flood or any other extreme weather event
  8. A surprise neighborhood party where you got the chance to meet new people
  9. A concert or award ceremony you attended
  10. Taking care of someone who was sick or needed your help
  11. A church service
  12. Going on a vacation or a trip
  13. Changing the city you live in
  14. Going to another school or getting a new job
  15. Starting your first job, getting your first paycheck or your first new car
  16. Getting married or engaged
  17. When you were lost
  18. Something that made you proud
  19. A sporting activity you watched or took part in
  20. Going on a very special date
  21. A surprise you got from someone or that you prepared for someone special
  22. An unexpected gift
  23. Eating something you considered very bad
  24. A time when you were sick, went to the dentist or something similar
  25. A nightmare or a dream that stayed with you for a while
  26. When you lost something valuable or when your laptop broke
  27. When you were a victim of robbery or assault
  28. A time when you stood up for someone else
  29. When you skipped school or any other type of responsibility
  30. When you first voted

Questions That Should Help Develop Your Reflective Essay

Developing the reflective side of your essay might be hard at times simply because you have to speak about the way you felt and that’s never easy. It’s sometimes quite hard to admit certain feelings to yourself, not mentioning doing so in an essay that others will read. With that in mind, we would like to aid you with some questions that you can use for developing the essay. Based on the questions you choose, the answer can be your thesis or you can build your entire essay in such a way that it answers one or several of the following questions.

  1. What were the emotions I felt? Why?
  2. What did I notice during that experience? What made me focus on that thing especially?
  3. What did I learn from this experience? How did I determine that?
  4. Did I get surprised by something during this experience? What was the specific thing that surprised me?
  5. Is there something I learnt from this and what do I need to change in order to improve things?
  6. Are there any past experiences that are similar to this one? How is the present experience compared to those past ones?
  7. How does this experience modify the way I look towards the future?
  8. How did this experience change me? Is it a good change or a bad one?
  9. Was this a turning point? In what ways?
  10. Is there something that I could do differently?
  11. Could this be an analogy for something else? What are the metaphors I can identify in this experience?
  12. Can I use this experience to help someone else?
  13. What exactly happened there? Is this in any way different to how I perceived things?
  14. Can this be applied to improve my career or life?
  15. What are the skills that I can underline from this experience?
  16. What are the questions this experience made me ask myself?
  17. Was I challenged to think differently because of this experience? Does it have any effects on race, social class, faith or gender?
  18. Did this experience change the way I think and analyze things?

What Are the Different Types of Assignments?

Reflective essays can be about imaginary or real experiences. They assist you in learning and applying those experiences in real life or in similar situations you will face in the future. And here are some examples of different assignments.

  • During English class, you can be asked to write a reflective essay on a novel, movie or poem in order to assist you in understanding the way this creation interacts and bonds with your experiences
  • In history class, the teacher may ask you to write such an essay about the meaning of an important battle or another historical event so that you can better grasp its outcome and benefits
  • In medical school, students may need to write reflective essays regarding their patient experiences so that they can self-analyze and improve those relationships
  • Reflective essays could be especially helpful in psychology classes where it can help you grow and understand your beliefs or why you choose to act in a particular way
  • Perhaps the most used form of reflective writing is having a journal. No matter if it’s a task or you just do it by yourself, it will help you know yourself better and look back to register your own personal growth
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Persuasive Speech Outline Template

April 29, 2021
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What makes people follow others? A valuable idea is important enough, but it matters much more how this idea is conveyed. An unsuccessful speaker may fail to convince people of fundamental truths. An outstanding speaker, on the other hand, may persuade you to believe that two and two make five. Being able to give compelling and persuasive speeches seems like a natural gift. But is it so in truth?

Partly, yes. Some people can boast the inborn ability to persuade others. Often, they just speak from their hearts, and people listen. However, it doesn’t mean that without proper knowledge and practice they can lead an army of followers or push their ideas in front of the board of directors. A persuasive speech is not only about passion; one should learn how to do it right. The initial stage of creating a compelling and persuasive speech is to state the main idea and to convey it gradually.

If you’ve ever tried to get more information on how to write this or that paper, chances are you did come across the celebrated website of the Purdue University. According to Alan H. Monroe, a professor at this university, it is reasonable to employ the basics of psychology to create a top-notch persuasive speech.

Basing on the Motivated Sequence Outline Template conducted by professor Monroe, we are going to introduce you the principles of making your persuasive speech sparkling and truly convincing.

The Persuasive Speech Outline in Detail

There is a high number of cases when you can use the outline formulated by Alan H. Monroe. The speech includes several of stages:

Stage #1 Spark the Interest

It is critical not to overwhelm your audience by making them guess what your point is. You are to make them sure that your speech is worth their attention from the very beginning.

The introduction of your speech should be breathtaking to grab listeners’ attention at once. It is to include a powerful opening passage and a précis of what you are going to talk about.

There are many different options to begin a successful persuasive speech. You may include some arguable or surprising statements or make a joke if your topic allows such liberties. Your ultimate goal at this stage is to make your audience intrigued and interested.

For instance, you can surprise your listeners by stating:

  • Blueberries help you to get smarter.

Or tell a story about your life:

  • Do you know that a simple cup of coffee can change a person’s life? I never believed it until I came to a cafe a couple of months before. I saw a little kitten under my table and decided that this one deserves to live with people who would take care of it. I wanted to search for someone who would shelter this little creature. But after a couple of hours, I spend with the kitten I understood that it is capable of finding a master on its own. Surprisingly, it turned out to be me.

You can also ask your audience:

  • Have you ever taken a course on emergency risk management?

The previous examples should lead to your point, but don’t have to concern your topic. You can choose the other way and stick to your topic from the very beginning. If you are going to talk about the impact of sugar on a human body, you may start your speech as follows:

  • One may think that he or she can exclude sugar from their ratio by stopping consuming sweets. If you think so too, you are bitterly mistaken, as sugar can be found in the products nobody considers to be sweet, like sauces, dairy, and even bread.

At this stage, you are to demonstrate that your words are worth more than your audience’s attention – they are worth to be trusted. The opening passage has to touch your listeners’ feelings. This is the first step to make your speech sound reliable.

Stage #2 Reveal the Problem

After you’ve got smoothly to the point, you should reveal it in a very specific way. A persuasive speech could be considered as a call for an action. And the action is to be caused or predetermined by a particular issue to be resolved. It means that you are to persuade your listeners that there is something that needs their reaction.

It can be done in a variety of ways:

  • State what exactly needs to be reacted on.
  • Illustrate the issue with vivid examples. The main aim is to create the image of the issue under consideration.
  • Use the particular data to illustrate the problem. It can be anything specific, like statistics or testimonies.
  • Give a detailed explanation of what could happen, if your audience ignores the problem and why it concerns them.

For example:

Consuming sugar is tremendously dangerous for our health. However, excluding it from the diet is next to impossible. Only a couple of decades ago, the maximum amount of sugar that is to be consumed by different groups of people were disclosed. Lobbying the sugar industry still influences the sources of information about it, that is why the institutions are somewhat vague about it. That is why monitoring your ratio is up to you, which makes you entirely responsible for your health. For the sake of creating a successful speech, at this stage try to avoid any hints of how the problem could be solved. The audience should get even more intrigued than before, so don’t lay your cards on the table until the last stage. This what makes you a leader or a problem-solver in the eyes of the audience.

Stage #3 Solve the Problem

At the key stage of your speech, you are to give a solution. It should be clear how the audience can apply it. You don’t have to create images anymore. Tell people what to do precisely. You need to make them sure that this is going to make a difference.

  • It is only now you start giving unquestionably direct instructions.
  • Go into detail about how they can solve the problem.
  • Show what the effect of their actions is.
  • Demonstrate that the solution you offer will have a clear effect.
  • Be ready to prove your point. Create the feeling that you are a hundred percent sure you are right. Try to foresee any counter-argument that can compromise your point.

For example:

It only takes you three weeks to form a habit. And healthy nutrition is a habit you need to implement.

Stage #4 Give the Perspective

Now, you are to demonstrate the difference that is to be made by your solution. Depict what your listeners’ lives would be like if they follow your instructions. On the other hand, you may choose to tell them what would happen if they don’t. That is how we get a positive and a negative perspective.

  • Show the positive effect of their actions. Try to convince the audience that the future would be much brighter if they listen to you.
  • Show what the negative consequences of the lack of action are. Don’t leave any room for doubt – tell that without doing what you said, the consequences will be horrible.
  • Prove your point by demonstrating the contrast between the future of those who listen to you and those who don’t. Focus on the need for the immediate action. Depict what will happen if the listeners don’t take it, and then what will happen if they do.

For instance, focusing on the positive effects of your solution, you may:

Tell your audience how they would feel if they reduce sugar in their ratio and that they will benefit from it in different spheres of life (will be more concentrated to work, slimmer, healthier to take care of their families, etc.)

If you want to show the negative consequences or set the contrast, provide the vivid example of diseases caused by sugar, ask if this is the future they want.

Stage #5 Appeal for an Action

Finally, you are to make a “yesterday you said tomorrow” performance. Tell the audience that there is no time to hesitate anymore and it is now when they must act:

Don’t let the corporations ruin your health and life! Take responsibility for yourself and your future. Take a 21-day no-sugar-challenge. Feel free to ask any questions, and we will provide you with all the information you need.

The Final Word

One of the essential elements of a successful persuasive speech doesn’t depend on the outline you choose to follow. You have to repeat your message numerous times. If you are not sure someone would listen to the same arguments, again and again, mind there are known ways to do it well. Repeating implies paraphrasing of the same ideas. Thus, instead of saying the same one more time, use different words for the same information. This is the best way not to let your listeners lose track of what you are trying to convey without making them bored or suspicious.

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Descriptive Essay Topics

April 29, 2021
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Write about what has happened to you on the morning of the 25th.

First of all, calm down; this is not cross-examination, and it is definitely not the kind of writing we’ll be dealing with here. Everything is much simpler.

For example, dwell upon your winter holidays.

You are not a pupil, so don’t write about your visit to grandma or something like that. Create a 750 word paper about places, events, and people you dealt with. Try to avoid stereotypes and create your own story! It may seem a hard task, but if you follow this guide, you’ll have an opportunity to write an original paper.

It may seem like the type of assignment you may get. To write about something that happened to you is clearly not a hard thing to do. Though, there are certain patterns that you are to follow when you write a descriptive essay. Read them carefully and try to stick to these rules.

In certain cases, it is quite hard to be descriptive and creative at the same time. There is no point in denying that you don’t want to plagiarize yourself and write about your holidays for a hundredth time. It may be written good, but such topics are already done. You can create a more original piece of writing.

If you don’t feel creative enough for this, you may use these extraordinary topics for your descriptive essay. They offer more space for discussion and description making your writing more interesting and unusual.

A Guide for Descriptive Essay Writing: Some Basic Tips

Of course, you cannot write a descriptive essay without using description techniques within it. It is inevitable, but you may need something beyond this.

There are certain rules you must follow while writing it.

  • Determine the reason why you write an essay.
  • As any type of writing, a descriptive essay has an ultimate goal.
  • Define the reason why you write an essay. Do you want to simply tell about something, or do you have another intention? If you are not certain about the way how to include your feelings and thoughts into the essay, find out more about objective and subjective description.

Sort out the details you want to use

Describing things is important in any descriptive essay, but don’t use them for just any reason. They can make your essay boring and uninteresting to the reader.

There is a vivid example when too many details are interpolated to the text.

I came back from a vacation that lasted four weeks. I came home at midnight. As I opened my new wooden door with a chrome key, I did it in an ordinary way. I was shocked when I opened it and looked at my room. There was a complete mess in it. Everything was broken and out of order. As soon as I realized, what I have seen, I understood that my apartment got robbed. I took out my mobile phone of the latest model and called the police. They said that officers will visit me in ten minutes. I took off my leather coat and decided to take a look at other rooms in my apartment.

This piece of text had too many details. Readers don’t need to know what kind of door you have or what the design of the key you opened it with is. These details don’t bring anything useful to the text, as they are absolutely unnecessary.

Be sure about your senses

It doesn’t concern all the senses, but mostly the main ones: smell, taste, sight, touch, and hearing.

One cannot write a descriptive essay without writing about the things seen. Nevertheless, write about other feelings to make your essay more creative. The image of the things you write about can become brighter to your readers.

Think over how you would describe eating a delicious pizza. Dwell upon the texture of the dough, the ingredients, and their smell. Try to describe this hot masterpiece for your readers to imagine it clearly. This will produce a better effect on your audience.

You may get hungry for pizza now, but you have a vivid example of how to write a descriptive essay. Though, you still need things to write about.

There are 20 topics below that may be useful for you.

20 Extraordinary and Original Descriptive Essay Topics

Keep in mind that you are to move away from primitive topics that you write in school (they are both clichéd and boring).

Choose one of these.

5 Extraordinary and Original Descriptive Essay Topics about Places

Of course, you may write about your dining room, kitchen or bedroom but that’s not really interesting. Choose something more original. Try to use some of these topics about extraordinary places.

  1. A plant or a factory. Imagine industrial sounds, the process of construction, smells, and atmosphere. Descriptions of talks between workers are also very original.
  2. An antechamber. Think over the situation, when several people, who don’t know each other sit in one room. What do they do? What do they talk about? How do people perceive strangers?
  3. A toilet in a gas station. Describing such place is very challenging.
  4. Graveyard in the evening. Describe the season, weather, and the atmosphere. Is it gloomy or mysterious?
  5. A line to the rollercoaster. Dwell upon how waiting in the Sun changes the mood of people. Are they angry, disturbed or disappointed? Describing these issues will play an important part in your description.

5 Extraordinary and Original Descriptive Essay Topics about Objects

You might think of writing about an armchair or something that is present in your room at the moment. But it is hard to make such an essay interesting. You’d better write about something more extraordinary, like examples below.

Have problems with Your Descriptive Essay? Try these descriptive essay topics.

  1. The content of your pocket. Describe how the items look. Write about their importance. Are there any things that have a great value for you?
  2. A picture or a photograph. Write about a painting in the photo. Do the images have special meaning to you? What is the story behind them?
  3. A toy from your childhood. Write about your favorite toy when you were a child. Why did you like it? What is it made of? How does it feel to hold it in your hands?
  4. The street you see out the window. Create a description of a street you see from your window. What kind of people and transport are there? What are the shops there? What kind of noises do you hear? Are there any unusual monuments or buildings?
  5. A tattoo. Does it have any meaning? What is the style of a tattoo? Describe its color, concept, and part of the body it is made on.

5 Extraordinary and Original Descriptive Essay Topics about Experiences

Don’t think of writing about your graduation from high-school. These topics are too boring and used. If you want to create a descriptive essay about your personal experience, it may be unusual and specific. If you want to capture your reader’s attention think of writing something like these.

  1. A scary, comic or unusual subway ride. Write about how scary it felt to be alone in the dark subway. Or you may write about how you took the wrong bus and came to some place you don’t know. Perhaps a musician playing in the subway created the right mood for you.
  2. Being alone in the company of strangers. Write about your feelings. How did people react to you? What did you do to get acquainted with people around you? Where did this situation take place? What were your relationships with these people after that?
  3. A visit to a hospital. Write about the sounds you heard there, doctors’ and patients’ behavior. Think about your feelings. Were you scared, calm or nervous?
  4. Being lost in a new place. Mix the feelings with a description of a place you got lost in. Was it a city, village or a supermarket? What were the sounds that surrounded you? Was there anyone to help you?
  5. Seeing a ex-girlfriend/boyfriend. Think over your reaction when first saw this person after a long time. What was your attitude to this person? Did it change with the time? How did your ex react on you? Was the place where you met this person special for you?

5 Extraordinary and Original Descriptive Essay Topics about Processes

Cleaning the kitchen or washing the dishes can be seen as a process, but they are too ordinary and mundane to write the whole essay about them. Pick up the topic that gives you room for discussion and description.

  1. How to be a first-year student in college. Write about experiences you’ve had. Make a guide for students who might be in a similar situation. Dwell upon how to get new friends, how escape homesickness, how to be successful in studying etc.
  2. Training in the gym. Describe the process of training in the gym and exercises you do. Write a guide list telling how to train successfully without harm for your health. Within this topic, you may write about physical and mental activities.
  3. How to get ready for the exam. Write about your methods of getting ready for an exam and tell about successful strategies in studying large amounts of information. Such essay can be extremely helpful for students on each academic level.
  4. How to end unhealthy relationships. If you know the best way how to break up with a girlfriend or boyfriend, write a guide for those who might experience the same situation. It is possible to do it by phone, or through the social network. Perhaps you know some other ways to do it? Write about them.
  5. How to escape from online criminals. In case you know ways of protecting private information online and these ways are affordable to everyone, write about them. This topic is highly acute today, and your essay will certainly attract a lot of attention.

Descriptive essay through descriptive topic

As soon as you pick the topic that suits you most, keep in mind the reason why you write your essay, focus on the most important details to tell about in your text and do not neglect the importance of senses and feelings in your essay.

Following these tips, you may get from an original topic to extraordinary and successful essay. If you have trouble writing your essay, look for special essay-writing resourses online. There are lots of professional essay writers that can cope with any essay in no time. Don’t panic if you cannot get your descriptive essay right. There are people online that can offer you a helping hand when it comes to writing a descriptive essay.

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How To Write A Good Introduction Paragraph

April 29, 2021
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Writing an introductory paragraph is easier than it may seem. The key to a successful intro is knowing the components that go into it. Much like a watch has components that, when put together, make it work properly, an introductory paragraph must have its own individual components for it to work.

Step 1: Topic Sentence

The first step needed is to create a topic sentence. Your topic sentence should foreshadow the rest of the essay by telling the reader the main idea of your paper. The topic sentence should also capture the reader’s attention or “hook” them into your essay. You want to give them a reason to continue reading. You can accomplish this by starting off with a quote, questions, or breaking a social stigma with an interesting fact. If for example, you are writing an essay about coffee, then you may start it off like this: “Half of Americans are drug addicts as caffeine has become the most widely used drug in the world.” Another way to compose a topic sentence is to separate your individual ideas. For example, “Coffee is an addictive drug because it stimulates the nervous system, causes increased alertness, and can be addictive.” This allows you to create paragraphs around these ideas and lets the reader know what lies ahead.

Step 2: Give More Detail

Leading off the topic sentence, you should now tell the reader a little more about the essay. This is a fine line, as you don’t want to give too much away. Briefly describe your topic without going into any details that will be discussed in your body paragraphs. For example, leading off of our first topic sentence example you might want to say “Half of Americans are drug addicts as caffeine has become the most widely used drug in the world. With shops such as Starbucks popping up on every corner, coffee has been pushed into the limelight. Due to its growing popularity, many people have become dependent on coffee to get through their day”.

Step 3: Conclusion Sentence

Lastly, you’ll want to close your introductory paragraph. This sentence should both tie up your topic and act as a transitional sentence that leads into the next paragraph. If you wanted to lead into a paragraph describing the addictive nature of coffee, you might say “As more people are becoming dependent on coffee, caffeine has positioned itself as an addictive drug.” Don’t forget throughout your writing to add buzz words that can convey your argument in a better ways. For instance, “I want to tell you about the coffee industry” could be turned into “Let me paint you a picture of the coffee industry.” Be careful not to overdo this as too many buzz words can make it harder for the reader to understand your argument. Following these easy steps will not only make things easier, but help you order your thoughts to write better essays. And that is what, essentially, helps you get high grades!

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How to Write a Good Hook for Your Essay

April 29, 2021
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Creating a hook for your essay is one of the most important factors of writing. Whether you are writing short or long essays, you want to capture the attention of your reader. Essays should not be boring, so the goal is to make your reader actually WANT to read more. This is important as even the most interesting topics can lose their touch when there is no hook. This is why hooks can be such an effective tool.

Hooking your audience is not only used in analytical essays, but in creative writing, screenwriting, and books. Many famous authors have used hooks to draw readers so that they would keep reading. Here are just a few examples of hooks used throughout famous literature:

“It was a pleasure to burn.”

—Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451

“If you’re going to read this, don’t bother.”

—Chuck Palahniuk, Choke

“If you really want to hear about it, the first thing you’ll probably want to know is where I was born, and what my lousy childhood was like, and how my parents were occupied and all before they had me, and all that David Copperfield kind of [stuff], but I don’t feel like going into it, if you want to know the truth.”

—J.D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye

College and high school essays, although can be difficult, need a hook. Usually, this will come at the beginning of your essay, in your introductory paragraph. This should clarify your topic while still remaining interesting to the reader. The easiest way to begin thinking of hooks is to do an outline. Look at your entire essay and ask yourself these questions:

  • What essay am I writing?
  • Who is my audience?
  • What tone is appropriate?
  • What are my requirements?
  • How should I structure this essay?

Here are some hook ideas that can be implemented into your essay


You can use these types of hooks when discussing literature including essays, books, authors, short stories, fables, etc. Starting off with a quote should convey the meaning of the rest of your topic in an exciting manner. Just having a quote from the literature won’t work. Make sure it works well with your thesis statement, which is a statement that conveys your ideas in one or two sentences. For example, if you are writing an essay on the importance of the seasons in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, you might say:

“Life starts all over again when it gets crisp in the fall”. These words by F. Scott Fitzgerald….

Or if you are writing an analytical essay over Romeo and Juliet, you might say:

William Shakespeare said it best when he started his most infamous play “For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo.” These words never were more true as……

Quotes don’t just have to be from the literary work itself. Many times, quoting the author or other influential people can be very helpful for creating a hook. Again, quoting from a person should align with your topic and the thesis of your essay. Don’t use quotes that are irrelevant as they can convolute your arguments. If you are writing on Buddhism and its religious aspects, you might start off:

The Dalai Lama once said “My religion is very simple. My religion is kindness.”

Sometimes finding the right quote can be difficult, but your time researching will be paid off with an intriguing hook.

2. Questions

One of the most widely used hooks in essay writing is to ask a question. A well-constructed opener will ask your reader a question and make him/her want to find out the answer. Make sure your question is complex enough to not be answered with a simple “yes” or “no.” These questions can even sometimes have no right answer. Your job to simply analyze the question to the best of your knowledge while engaging the reader in critical thinking. For example, if you are writing a topic on the marijuana and its impact in the United States, you might ask:

Are drugs stimulating to an economy? This question has continued to resurface in America as the legalization of marijuana…..

These types of hooks can be used in a vast amount of essay topics.

3. Anecdote

These types of hooks can be used in more informal writing. They can especially be used to start a self-reflection essay or a bibliography. An anecdote should be a short and interesting story pertaining to your topic that stresses a human emotion. Many times in writing this will be humorous, but don’t be afraid to use other strong emotions such as sadness. Anecdotes can spark your reader’s interest by bringing the writer on a more personal level. If you are writing about the dangers of laid-back parenting, you could write:

Running around in my neighborhood and getting into mischief was easy. As long as we were home before dark, our parents really never worried where we were. With this kind of easygoing parenting, my brother and I were able to learn from our environment…….

Or if you are writing a comparison on stay-at-home parents vs. working parents, you could add:

My parents were never around. Both of them had multiple, full-time jobs. Because of this, I had to grow up quickly, and I trusted no one. These types of characteristics can be found in many at-risk young adults……

4. Facts

These hooks are used for more analytical essays or essays that deal with large amounts of information. An interesting fact should pertain to your topic and intrigue the reader. Providing the fact could surprise the reader with something they did not know or make them ask questions in their head. Many times these will be used throughout the bodies of your paragraphs, but when used correctly, can also be effective in the introduction. If you are writing a paper off of the 2008 financial crisis, you can start off:

As more than half the world lost 19.2 trillion dollars, 2008 was the worst year for financial companies.

5. Create a Scene

Some audiences can be visual learners and do better when the author paints a picture of the scene. As a writer, this can help create a clear image for the reader while establishing your topic. Describing the scene in detail is key for an effective hook. This could be a particular character and their features or a place and its surroundings. If you are trying to immerse the reader in a topic such as pollution, you might begin the essay like this:

There was a lake that once was beautiful. It was where the neighborhood kids would gather and swim during the summer or ice skate during the winter. Now, it’s filled with trash. Bottles float on the surface, bags of trash underneath the murky water that smells when you get too close. These effects of pollution…..

6. Revealing Misconceptions

Much like stating a fact, revealing a misconception can help surprise the reader and grab their attention. This can be done by taking a commonly accepted idea and giving contradictory evidence. By shattering the audience’s common beliefs, this can instantly hook the reader by teaching them something new. For example, if you are writing about the similarities and differences between general living now and the middle ages, you can say:

Many people believe life expectancy for the Middle Ages was early, around 30 years of age when actually it was around the age of 64. Middle ages have higher infant mortality rates, but many people who would make it into adulthood lived a long time.

7. Thesis Statement

Lastly, you can always start with your thesis statement. This should be one to two sentences that summarize the main arguments of your paper. Thesis statements act as a hook to show the readers your ideas first. This is usually used in a college-level essay or high-level analytical essays. One way in which a thesis can be written is to take your ideas and split them based on your essay structure. This acts as a way to show the readers your exact arguments in the following paragraphs. If you are writing a topic on the effects of milk on the growth of children, you might have a thesis that says:

Milk has many benefits for children including high calcium, vitamins & minerals, and has shown positive effects on long-term heart disease.

Going this route makes planning your outline that much more important.

Depending on the style of your essay, your requirements, and the formality involved will be which hook you should use. Remember, the hook is just the beginning of your essay, but it can still be a critical point. A truly good hook can make your writing interesting for anyone to read.

Finally, if you are little experience designing hooks – or writing essays in general – do not forget that there are plenty of essay writing services (including ours) that can help you. This can save you both time and trouble; not to mention, improve your academic result.

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How to Write a Critical Lens Essay

April 29, 2021
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In many situations, students face the provocation of efficiently devising a critical lens paper. This type of essay represents one of the most common assignments for both high school and university students. A lot of students are puzzled by this task and end up writing a regular essay instead of a critical lens one, which is a pretty serious error. This is why it is essential to be aware of the dissimilarities between ordinary essays and critical lens essays, which is precisely what we want to teach you in this article.

General Information About Critical Lens Essays

Critical lens essays represent a type of paper demanded by a large number of American educational institutions. When you face the task of writing a critical lens essay, you are given a quote, and you are required to convey your individual perspective regarding it. You can either express your agreement or your disagreement with that specific quote. Regardless of whether or not you embrace the statement, you need to offer motivations regarding your personal viewpoint. When drafting a critical lens essay, you need to carry out a rigorous investigation of the quote, while taking into consideration the specific context of the publication from which the statement was extracted. The primary target of this type of paper is to evaluate your analytical thinking abilities. If you want to come up with an efficient critical lens essay, you need to read, comprehend, assess and examine the entirety of the topics that pertain to the context.

When drafting a regular critical lens essay, the primary phase involves creating a proper outline. The outline represents a general picture of the whole paper, presented succinctly. During this step, you need to determine the format of your paper. When writing this type of essay, you need to be enthusiastic enough to reply to the primary topics approached by the particular quote. In case the given fragment entails more than a single topic, you’ll be required to approach every single topic separately. This way, you’ll make sure you address all of the topics in a holistic manner.

The Structure of a Critical Lens Essay

When devising a critical lens essay, you need to attempt to accomplish three different targets, namely clarification, assessment, and interpretation. To ensure that the thoughts you wish to convey have an adequate flow and unity, you need to ponder on your opinions and devise a strategy attentively. Before commencing the writing process itself, you need to undertake a couple of preliminary phases. For example, you need to detect the elements used in literature, such as symbols, vocabulary, topics or style.

First of all, the process of writing a critical lens essay involves offering a response to the perspective presented in the given quote. Afterwards, you ought to attempt to give a justification for that viewpoint using your own words. As expected, this type of paper needs to comprise an introduction, a body as well as a conclusion. The conclusion must summarize the entirety of the topics approached in the body paragraphs of your paper.

The Format of a Critical Lens Essay

The primary phase of the process of drafting a critical lens essay is devising the introduction. Here you need to specify the given quote in particular. In doing so, you are also required to indicate the essay writer as well as the book that contains the quote. For example, the opening phrase of your essay could look like this: “As revealed by Johnson, other individuals define our personality.” In other words, you should mention the quote at the beginning of your introductory statement. After that, you need to reword or paraphrase the quote. In doing so, you are required to acknowledge and interpret its significance. This way, you’ll be able to convey the message of the quote while using your own words. When dealing with a critical lens essay, you ought to avoid using the first person. The best way to go about it is to use the third person.

Once you’ve finished the introduction, you need to take care of the body of the essay. To begin with, you need to reiterate the explanation you’ve offered in the introduction. The use of literary concepts is encouraged. The next phase involves an additional interpretation of the notions of literature. This step has the purpose of making a correlation between your perspective and the context. Here you may also summarize the intrigue of the book that includes the quote. Your target is to make sure that the discussion doesn’t stray from the context.

The Conclusion of a Critical Lens Essay

Last, but not least, you need to devise a conclusion for your essay. Here you are required to summarize the entirety of the issues you’ve approached in the paper. Moreover, you must reiterate your personal perspective and indicate the proof that substantiates it. Make sure you reread the essay requirements before completing this phase.

Popular Critical Lens Essay Topics

  1. The writer’s hidden message is more important than the visible one.
  2. The fight between good and evil is present in any book.
  3. We become better people by prevailing over challenges.
  4. The primary purpose of literature is to make opposition.
  5. We can see better when surrounded by darkness.
  6. Other individuals define our personality.
  7. Our courage is calculated based on our obedience to ourselves.
  8. In books, characters are defined by feelings instead of rationality.
  9. A fascinating tale in one town may be regarded as ludicrous in a different place.
  10. Books have the purpose of stirring up our hidden emotions.
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Cause And Effect Essay: The Ultimate Guide

April 29, 2021
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A cause and effect essay basically concerns the origin of various problems and their potential consequences. The ultimate goal of such paper is to focus on the reasons why this or that event took place and what its results are. Such kind of writing is excellent for gathering and organization of information about one or another event. While dealing with this type of paper, you will be able to delve into the problem and trace the causes and effects: evident and hidden, internal and external.


Like most papers, cause and effect essay is usually structured in a classic way. Usually, it consists of an introduction and then goes the body. The essay finishes with a conclusion. Despite this, the specifics of such essay presupposes separation of the body into two or more parts. As you get down to writing this type of essay, try to follow the cause and effect essay outline as it is the most important item that can guarantee you are getting your essay right.

Chart of Cause and Effect Topics According to their Complexity

Cause and Effect Essay – The Easy Level

American History

  • Civil War in America and its causes – the problem of slavery, uncompromising policy, a conflict between the people and the government
  • Civil War in America and its causes – the beginning of war, establishment of authority, abolishment of slavery

The Political Science

  • Magna Carta and its Causes – Nobles demand Monarchy’s responsibility, rise of taxes under King John’s rule
  • Magna Carta and its Effects –the modern democratic establishment, more power to the people

The English Language

  • Decline of Spelling in Schools and its Causes – decay of memorization technique studies
  • Decline of Spelling in Schools and its Effects – why fewer students choose writing career


  • School Bullying and its Causes – domestic violence, and social rejection
  • School bullying and its Effects – mental and physical injuries, and educational problems

Cause and Effect Essay – The Medium Level


  • Poverty and its Causes – inability to get education, inappropriate life decisions, and birth rates in poor families
  • Poverty and its Effects – lowering of life level, the reasons why society is moving downwards into poverty


  • Riots and their Causes – poverty as the riots ignition factor, social unrest and lack of control within social networks, legislative corruption
  • Riots and their Effects – risk of blows against the state, criminalization of society


  • Brand Loyalty and its Causes – successful marketing, stable advertising rates, and patterned messages
  • Brand Loyalty and its Effects – better sales, rising prices, and higher profit


  • Big Bang and its Causes – what detonated the matter to create such an explosion, different views on the birth of the Universe
  • Big Bang and its Effects – relevance of effect to the cause of the Big Bang, what are the alternative ways for the Universe to evolve aside from the Big Bang

Cause and Effect Essay – The Difficult Level


  • Mental Illnesses and Their Causes – the history of mental illnesses in family, and bad heritage
  • Mental Illnesses and Their Effects – low-life reality, discomfort within family and its continuous effects

Studies of Environment

  • Climate Change and its Causes – contamination of environment, and higher levels of the Sun’s activity
  • Climate Change and its Effects – severe weather prevails, the ocean level is getting higher


  • Obesity and its Causes – genetics, influence of environment, and advertising of fast-food
  • Obesity and its Effects – shortening of life, mental illness rates are getting higher


  • Singularity and its Causes – success in artificial intelligence technologies
  • Singularity and its Effects – robotization of humans, humanization of machines

Topics for Cause and Effect Essays


  • Global Warming Caused by CO2 Emissions
  • Melting of Glaciers and Its Causes and Effects
  • Industrial Contamination
  • Oil Pollution Caused by Oil Industry
  • Causes and Effects of Drinking Water Pollution
  • Causes and Effects of Blast Fishing and Extinction of Species


  • US invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan and Its Effects.
  • The Questionable Effects of the Community Reinvestment Act (RCA).
  • Increasing Homeownership in the US and its causes.
  • Cause and Effect of the Growing Debt and President’s Reaction to It.
  • The Decrease of Military Activity in Afghanistan and Its Causes.


  • Social Reaction on Same-sex Marriages
  • The Effects of Changes in Gun Regulation and Its Effect on Society
  • Causes of Legal Abortion
  • The Unexpected Effect of the Need for Sustainable Communities
  • US Nation’s Obesity: Its Causes and Effects


  • Causes and Effects of the Global Financial Crisis and Ways to Get out of It
  • Causes and Effects of Consumerism
  • The Effect of Hurricane Sandy on Economics
  • “Obamacare” and Its Effect on the System of Healthcare


  • The Effects of Cyberbullying as a Result of the Internet Accessibility
  • State Control of the Internet and its Causes
  • Effects of Social Networks on Modern Way of Life


  • Causes and Effects of Genetic Engineering
  • Legalization of Marijuana and Its Effect on Recreational System of Colorado & Washington
  • Cause and Effect of Cultural Imperialism
  • Globalization: Its Causes and Effects

You have to organize your cause and effect essay before you get down to writing it. Think about the structure of your paper. Professionals always search for connections between causes and effects of different events. The most prolific writers explore all the links between cause and effect. In case such details are ignored, their absence or lack of explanation can affect the quality of the paper. If you have problems with writing your cause and effect essay, visit our site. The team of professional essay writers is always ready to help you with that in no time!

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