To create a new blank document:Click the Microsoft Office button.Select New. The New Document dialog box appears.Select Blank document under the Blank and recent section. It will be highlighted by default.Click Create. A new blank document appears in the Word window.
How do you start typing on Microsoft Word?
Typing and Editing TextStart typing your text.To start a new paragraph, press Enter.To add extra space between paragraphs, press Enter twice.To move the cursor in a document, click where you want to insert it or use the keyboard arrow keys to move it.To edit text, click in the word you want to change.
How do I get the sign on my HP laptop?
On a laptop with a numeric keypad, press Ctrl + Alt + 2, or Alt + 64. On an English keyboard for the United States, press Shift + 2.
How do I use the Fn key on my HP laptop?
Press fn and the left shift key at the same time to enable fn (function) mode. When the fn key light is on, you must press the fn key and a function key to activate the default action.
How can I write on my laptop without the pen?
All you need to do is UN-wrap it and plug it to your any of the standard USB port (or use any standard USB C to USB adapter to use it on Type- C ports). Check its website for more details :AirBar – Get touchscreen on your notebook! This is the way by which you can draw. Its precision is so good.
How do I use the pen on my HP laptop?
Open the HP Pen Control app by clicking the HP Pen Control icon in the system tray, or type HP Pen Control in the Windows search box. Click the drop-down menu for either button to open the list of button functions. Select the desired action for the button. Play music.
Can you use a pen on a touch screen laptop?
Assuming your laptop has a capacitive touchscreen, (which it most likely does), pretty much any stylus that’s compatible with a smartphone or tablet should work. Just keep in mind that a plain or “dumb” stylus that doesn’t do any more than your finger. You can use anything to touch a resistive touchscreen.
What can I use to write on a touch screen laptop?
A stylus allows users to write on their touchscreen laptops.
How do touch screen pens work?
A capacitive touch screen uses an electrostatic field that registers contact when the field is distorted by a conductor. A capacitive stylus functions exactly like your finger by making screen contact via electrostatic field disruption.
How do you use a touch screen laptop?
Enable and disable your touchscreen in Windows 10In the search box on the taskbar, type Device Manager, then select Device Manager.Select the arrow next to Human Interface Devices and then select HID-compliant touch screen. (There may be more than one listed.)Select the Action tab at the top of the window. Select Disable device or Enable device, and then confirm.
What is Airbar?
Airbar gives your non-touch windows 10 notebook touchscreen functionalities. The sleek, lightweight device emits an invisible light field over a laptop screen that senses your finger touch. Many people instinctively touch their laptop screens to select something, but realize it’s not a touchscreen.
How do I know if my laptop is touch screen?
Open the Device Manager in Windows. Click the arrow to the left of the Human Interface Devices option in the list, to expand and show the hardware devices under that section. Find and right-click the HID-compliant touch screen device in the list.
What is the advantage of a touch screen laptop?
Touchscreen laptops often come with excellent brightness and better colour accuracy, vibrancy and reproduction compared to standard ones. Most models with this feature also have displays with higher resolution. Touchscreen displays are glossy so they can respond to touch better than matte ones.
Which is better 2 in 1 or laptop?
For tasks such as office work, browsing the internet, or watching movies, 2-in-1 laptops are perfect. On the other hand, for tasks that require more resources such as video editing or gaming – a more traditional laptop with a graphics card is recommended.
Which touchscreen laptop is best?
The best touchscreen laptops at a glance:The best touchscreen laptop: HP Spectre x360 13.The best touchscreen Chromebook: Google Pixelbook Pro.The best touchscreen 2-in-1: Microsoft Surface Pro 7.The best touchscreen laptop under $500: Dell Inspiron 14 7000 Series.
I have always been motivated by helping others achieve their goals. The rewarding nature of the job, combined with the potential to enjoy stable work opportunities have motivated me to pursue a career in nursing that I hope to continue growing in for the entirety of my professional life.
What do you learn from working in a hospital?
Working in a hospital definitely does. It teaches one the art of loving life and appreciating the beauty associated with it. It teaches us empathy. Since empathy is an acquired skill and the neural circuitry a malleable palette, we can train our brains to be more empathetic.
How do I get experience in a hospital?
5 Tricks to Get the Medical Work Experience You WantWork out what you want – and do it early! Contact lots of people. Ask your local medical school. Don’t limit yourself to hospital medicine. Be persistent. 3 Surprising Things I Learned From Medical Work Experience. 3 Things I Learned From My Hospital Work Experience.
Why is experience so important?
One of the greatest feelings in life is that of respect. With it, your life can feel more important and meaningful. Education and experience allow the individual to build respect from other people for the “trade” that they do. What you learn and experience can often determine your success or failure in life.
Why is it important to learn from experience?
Students learn not to fear mistakes, but to value them. Experiential learning is designed to engage students’ emotions as well as enhancing their knowledge and skills. Playing an active role in the learning process can lead to students experiencing greater gratification in learning.
Why it is important to learn from the experience of others?
When we’re open to learning from others, we benefit from their experience as well as our own and we can inherit their wisdom and knowledge. Research shows that we learn best from others when do certain things: Exchange roles: Learning is a two-way street.
What can you learn from someone?
For example, we can learn from people:how to communicate well,how to engage your audience,how to appear professional,how to explain complex things in a simple way,how to ask good questions,how to network,how to make people feel valued and respected,how to motivate others,
The conclusion is usually what stays in readers’ heads long after they had forgotten what the research was about. If written properly, it not only sums up what had already been said but offers a fresh perspective on the issue, portraying its importance in a broader context than the one discussed throughout your paper. Making an impression is what conclusion is all about, but achieving this objective can prove challenging.
Some useful pointers to how a strong conclusion should be written include:
Circling back to your opening argument and reexamining the research subject in view of all new information gathered by a present study. This can be done in several ways:
By briefly recapitulating principal findings of the study. Do it creatively, simply creating a list of your key points is not sufficient.
Write a strong sentence suggesting a more profound meaning your research could have for mankind. With the risk of sounding pretentious, this is bound to draw your readers’ attention and invite them to think further on the subject.
Concisely repeat your study main findings and recognize what still remains to be explored in order to fully understand the topic in question.
In contrast to the Introduction section, where you start wide and narrow the wide opening to your research question, in Conclusion, you do the opposite: use the data obtained in your study and extend their implications to a more general context.
The way any conclusion is written depends on the exact type of the essay you are writing. In persuasive essays, your conclusion is used to present a punch line; this statement is intended to persuade readers of the validity of your claims. In papers serving exploratory purposes, where thorough analysis of the subject has been done, its outcome is presented in conclusion, followed by directions for further research to be conducted in this particular field of study.
If your research included contrasting different opinions and views on a certain topic, your closing section should present a conclusion of what you think is the best position to take in the matter and a short summary of your arguments.
If your thesis raised an issue to be resolved by collecting evidence to its validity or invalidity, a conclusion should present a resolution of the dilemma. The broader consequences of the discussed problem should be demonstrated in conclusion.
All ideas mentioned in the course of writing your research paper should be briefly addressed in conclusion in order to connect them in a meaningful way and show their possible implications. Introducing new ideas in the closing section of your paper is strongly discouraged.
Keep it short: if you want to make a strong point, never make it too long or complicated. Two to five effective sentences will usually suffice. Keep in mind that what people read last stays with them and determines the overall impression they will have of your work. Therefore you need to ensure that a proper message is communicated in conclusion and that the intended purpose of your paper is accomplished.
Formulating a research paper conclusion
However confidently a student has written his/her research paper, writing a powerful conclusion may come as a challenge. Attempting to close an argument with a strong conclusion is often frustrating. The overall impression your paper will make (just as grade points it will accumulate) depend on a number of issues, a proper conclusion being an important one of them. What really counts in defining paper quality is:
The validity of your research thesis and the way in which a study has been conducted
Proper use of literature, covering all approaches that can be taken to a particular subject
Writing style displayed throughout the paper
Structural organization of your paper, with a natural flow of ideas from one section to another
Use of adequate formatting
Style of referencing that meets particular requirements for a research paper
None of these issues can be overlooked if a student aims at receiving a high grade. Paper structural organization (encompassing introduction, body, and conclusion) is critically important. Your conclusion should follow logically from the evidence presented; it should be compelling, impression-making and credible.
Before actually formulating a conclusion, you should stop for a moment and think about the potential importance your work could have for a broader audience. Are there any ways to implement the discoveries you made in everyday life so that they could affect the general population? If successful in convincing your teacher of the applicability of your findings, convincing everyone else is not far-fetched.
Differentiate between conclusion and abstract: conclusion serves a purpose of concluding the argument presented in your paper and synthesizing the data presented; abstract simply summarises your study. You are not supposed to summarize your entire paper in the Conclusion.
What to avoid when writing a research paper conclusion
Never start your Conclusion with: “to conclude,” “in conclusion,” or “to summarize.” If your research paper is well-structured, these phrases are completely redundant; your reader is aware that your flow of ideas is coming to its natural conclusion. You can, however, use similar formulation in giving an oral presentation of your research.
Stay confident; do not shy away from reaching a conclusion on the base of the evidence presented. Any doubts you might have should have been included in the Discussion section where you list all possible limitations to your study. They have no place in your Conclusion.
Finally, you can reinforce your claims by citing a renowned source which shares your point of view on the matter. If opting to do this, paraphrase their words instead of giving a direct citation.
With a bit of luck, this instruction will have pushed you a little closer to writing a great conclusion for your research paper. Should you require further assistance, please do not hesitate to contact a writing service whose team of dedicated authors can provide you with any help you might need. After all, even the best students need help now and then. Fortunately, our professional writers is always ready to come to your rescue.
Students frequently face a challenge of composing a research paper outline. As a standard requirement that you need to accomplish before actually starting to write a research paper, an outline portrays intended structure and purpose of your paper. It demonstrates your knowledge on the subject and provides an insight into the position you plan to take when discussing this topic. It serves both as a writing plan for the author but also as a readers’ guide simplifying the process of finding any pertinent information for which they might be looking. Although the usefulness of a research paper outline is indisputable, the actual writing of an outline can be perplexing. We would like to provide some pointers as to how you can do it most efficiently. Academic success in case of their implementation is undoubtedly attainable.
Prerequisites of writing a research paper outline include:
Selecting an adequate topic. Choosing the right topic to write about is essential; although, your instructor will not always leave it to your discretion. Frequently you are tasked with writing on a pre-assigned topic, but if that is not your case, you are free to decide on it yourself. An attention-grabbing controversial topic you feel strongly about would be a solid choice. Furthermore, it should allow you to express your writing finesse and not bring out your shortcomings as a research paper writer. If you find yourself in doubt, you can always consult a professional writing service for suggestions on a topic or even for commissioning a custom-made research paper outline.
Argument statement. Once you have decided upon your topic, figuring out your particular point of view is the next logical step. Your argument should be something you can relate to, something that would allow you to sound persuasive when presenting your claims and supporting evidence. Focus on your research paper purpose, and your thesis statement goal. Restating the obvious or repeating facts well-known to everyone is not going to grab anyone’s attention or leave an impression on readers. A good argument statement is discussion-provoking: it motivates people to get involved and express their opinion.
Determining your target audience. If writing for academic purposes, your only reader could be one of your professors. Even so, understanding what a reader expects from a paper you are about to start writing is essential. Try guessing your professor’s point of view. Is it the same as yours? Is it polar opposite? In any case, your argument should always be strongly supported by factual evidence if you want to convince your reader of its veracity. Predict any opposing arguments you might be faced with and prepare to disprove them in your paper. Also, the language used (more precisely, how formal it is) depends on your intended audience. Using colloquialisms can be acceptable in informal types of writing, but it is strongly discouraged in academic texts.
Researching the topic. Successful writing of a research paper relies on conducting comprehensive research beforehand. A systematic examination of available resources is required so that you can find abundant evidence to back up your claims. Upon establishing a broad base of supporting evidence for your argument, you will need to foresee all possible counter-arguments and find evidence that refutes them. A thorough investigation of your topic will allow you to view it from all angles and avoid falling into any traps that may lie ahead.
Systematizing references in a paper. Organize any references you found during the research phase according to how they relate to your thesis statement. Put the essential ones on top and give them priority when writing the paper.
Composing a comprehensive outline for your research paper
Once all preparatory work for writing a research paper outline is completed, and an appropriate research topic selected, you are actually ready for composing an outline. This outline represents a basis upon which your entire research paper will depend. It is a foundation for everything you will later put in your research paper. There are three essential elements to an outline: introduction, body, and conclusion. The complexity degree of outlines varies from elementary level containing just a sketch of what you write in the paper, to more elaborate ones detailing all segments of the future paper. A superior quality research paper calls for a meticulously planned and studiously written outline. For you to have an idea of what a simple outline should comprise of, here are its minimal requirements:
Introduction: attention-grabbing opening, determining the target group, stating your argument in the form of a thesis statement
Body: two-three arguments that support your claims
Conclusion: recapitulation of your main arguments, implications of the research, eliciting a response from the audience
Let us now examine each of these segments more in-depth.
An introduction is intended to give the readers a taste of what they will come across in the remainder of the text. It should be formulated using powerful sentences with the intention of motivating the audience to keep reading. The captivating, appealing, and educational material is bound to stir up interest. The following elements are essential for a winning introduction:
Hook: the attention-grabbing part of the outline, one to five sentences in length, remarkable, and inciting interest; it is what convinces your readers that the paper at hand is worth reading.
Determining the target group: before starting to write your paper, you need to be sure for whom you are writing it. After having decided on the target audience, all that is left to do is to persuade them that reading your paper will be exciting, informative, or somehow beneficial for them. Be sure that they can relate to what you are writing.
Formulating the thesis statement: at this point, you define the position you are going to take when discussing the topic. Try to explain the validity of your argument. But remember – keep it simple, do not lose your readers’ attention with abstract theorizing and ambiguous speculations.
The body of the outline is its central element. It contains the bulk of information you are trying to convey. Its length depends on the intended size of the research paper itself. Each paragraph of the body is meant to provide supporting evidence for a single argument. If there are multiple arguments to discuss, then you write the body of the outline accordingly. The ideas should be noted one by one, each followed by substantial evidence to its validity. Never say anything you cannot prove or leave a question hanging in the air opening a possibility to counter your argument with an opposing one. Give relevant references and use the required format of in-text citations.
Foreseeing possible opposing arguments works to your advantage. Leave nothing for the reader to object to your paper. Be aware of your paper’s weaknesses and list them as limitations to your study. In that way, your readers will have nothing to object. It will also show your appreciation of the complexity of the topic you are writing about, and depict you as a studious scholar.
Never overlook the importance of your writing style. It should remain consistent throughout the paper. Without repeating yourself unnecessarily, try to keep the general tone constant but use variations in writing techniques to keep your readers interested. Do not expect your paper to be groundbreaking. Your professor has probably read tons of similar ones. Try to stand out though, either by shedding some new light on an old issue or by arguing it from a slightly different perspective. No matter how well acquainted your professor might be with the subject, the paper should be informative so that a layperson could understand, at least to a certain degree, about what you are writing. Explain all the terms and notions you introduce in your paper; do it briefly and if necessary point your reader to a more detailed account thereof that they can find in some of the papers you are referencing:
Conclusion recapitulates all the arguments given throughout the paper to create an overview of what has been said and supported by evidence. Write a brief but impression-making summary of your paper with intent to make a lasting impression on your readers. Do not go into lengthy justifications of your ideas as you had already done that in the preceding parts of the paper. Shortly recap and make an effort to incite a reaction in your readers motivating them for action. They do not have to agree with your argument, provoking a response is just as desirable. The point is to make an impression and call for action.
Always keep in mind the aim you are trying to accomplish with your research paper. In academic circumstances the most important thing is to demonstrate your capability to argue a point convincingly, support it with sufficient evidence and write a research paper accordingly. A well-written outline brings you a step closer to this aim. Keep detailed notes during all phases of your research and if stuck do not hesitate to ask for help or consult more literature on the subject.
Your introduction basically makes or breaks your whole essay. It will determine whether the reader will continue reading to listen to what you have to offer. A catchy introduction is all what you need to keep your readers hooked. It should be clear and simple enough for the reader to understand what you are saying but it should also spark some curiosity as to what else they can find out from you.
There are many ways you can easily come up with a catchy and interesting introduction without having to think about it too much and this is what will be discussed here in length.
Why Writing a Great Introduction Matters
You have already figured out that you need to have a great introduction, but it may not be clear as to why you need this.
Think of it as a first impression kind of thing. If you are meeting someone for the first time, you want them to see the best out of you right from the moment they first glance at you to the very first words you utter. All these need to be the best you can give and that is what your essay introduction should do.
Whenever you find an article that seems interesting, you will decide whether or not you will continue reading it through the very first lines you read. If it does not seem interesting enough or it seems to give away a large portion of the information in the very first lines, chances are you will not finish reading it.
It takes time to understand and master how to create a great introduction; however, you will need to practice a lot using different essays since it is the only way you will learn.
The 3-Step Strategy: How to Write an Introduction for Your Essay
Make Your First Sentence Catchy
Human beings crave mystery. They enjoy reading something that will create an image in their minds and leave a pleasing memory. That is exactly what your very first line should accomplish. It can only be three or four words, but should create an even bigger image in the minds of your readers.
Of course the kind of introduction that you opt for should be in line with the kind of essay that you are writing. This means that there are some kinds of introductions that will not work in some essays and you need to remember this.
Your tone and language from the very beginning should explain the kind of essay that you are writing. No matter the kind of style you opt for, you need to ensure that you remember your topic and execute it with that in mind.
If you are writing on a serious topic such as an argumentative essay, you need to get straight to the point in a concise manner. Do not write general statements that do not clearly point to what you will be discussing. The best way to do this is by using some statistics which will validate the statement that you will make. Remember the voice that you should use in such formal essays, it should be second or third person.
Informal essays such as an evaluation need you to approach the topic from a direct angle which is why you can use first person when writing. There is more freedom here since you can choose a short tale, a saying or even a question that you will answer in your discussion later on.
Important points to note when writing an informal essay introduction include:
Making a conclusive statement. A lot of students confuse creating mystery and leaving the reader hanging. Some introductions, instead of making the reader want to know more due to curiosity, leave the reader with so many unanswered questions. To avoid this, make statements that are conclusive. If you want to create curiosity, then the reader should be asking “then what?” and not “so what?”
Do not use direct definitions. Do not directly define a word using the dictionary definitions of the same. It makes your work boring and very difficult to read. If you choose to start with a definition, simplify it or incorporate it in a relatable example, this makes it easier for the reader to understand.
Your introduction should be concise and concrete. General, sweeping statements make a rather boring introduction and chances are that your reader will stop reading at the end of that sentence. It is better to choose a particular aspect of your discussion and start with that. Give valuable information that the reader will want to find out more about. Use credible statistics or citations that will add value to your work.
Introduce What You Will Be Writing About
Here you need to reveal what your paper is all about. It should give valuable information to the reader about what you need them to know about your topic and why it is important for them to do so. Narrow down your point of focus to something of interest that your readers need to know and expound on it.
For example if you are writing about a certain book, it is better to focus on key characters in the book and their impact to the events of the book rather than giving general information about it. This allows the reader to know more about the book in an interesting and relatable way such that even if they have not read it, they can relate with what is being discussed.
If you choose to focus on a number of lead characters, then you need to get more information about them so that you give concrete information about how they made the whole book better through their roles. Do not go overboard when examining the characters and end up mentioning every single character in your story. This will confuse your evaluation essay and make it obsolete so only pick the important characters to help you develop your essay.
Examine them in a simplified way but make sure that you are actually adding value to the reader. If unsure of what to write about, you should compose a draft, read it through then modify it depending on what you want to achieve.
Write A Great Thesis Statement
A thesis statement is a window to what you will be talking about in your essay. It offers a glimpse into your topic and outlines the parts that you will be covering in the essay.
A thesis also brings together your whole introduction and basically gives it meaning. This means that without it, you will just be writing a bunch of words that no one will understand or read since nobody want to spend time reading something that will not add value to them.
A no point should your thesis statement deviate from your topic. It is better that it be short but easy to read and focused to the main point.
Points to note when writing a thesis statement:
Do not state the obvious. A thesis statement should inform the reader about what you intend to discuss in that paper. This means that it should impart knowledge to the reader so making vague and obvious statements about the paper will not work in your favor. Make it objective and short. Anything else can be discussed in the body.
Showing rather than saying. A lot of students opt to say what they mean rather than showing it. Saying is usually done through unnecessary definitions and explanations that may give your work volume, but it will not be beneficial to your readers in any way. For example when you make a statement that says that something is best, the reader will wonder why you chose this. Illustrating how your option is best will communicate what you want and leave the reader satisfied with your introduction.
Having done this, you can then put together your introduction in a crisp and clear manner that will answer all the initial questions that your reader may have when they are reading your work. Illustrate and say what you mean so that your introduction can basically have enough substance to explain to the reader why they should continue reading your essay or any other written work.
Why You Should Consider Ending With The Introduction
You may say that the definition is in the name, which basically means that you should always start with the introduction. There are certain instances that this is required and others when it is not.
Writing your introduction after you have written your whole essay may be the best way to ensure that it is objective and clear. This is more so helpful when you are dealing with a topic that you are not well conversant with since you may not really know how best to handle it.
It will give you a creative idea of a line you can use to start your essay since you will have covered the topic conclusively. However, for you to pull this off, you will need to start your essay long before it is due. This will give you ample time to think about what you will write in the body before you can come up with a catchy introduction for your essay. However, if you find this difficult to do, you can always go the traditional way of starting with your introduction then later on write the body and conclude.
Now you know what you should include in your introduction; however, you also need to know what not to include in your introduction for it to stay sharp and readable:
Detailed thesis statement. As stated above, this is the introduction of your topic and what it is about. However, you should not completely explain what you will be discussing since this is the best way to pre-empty your essay. You will end up mentioning everything in the beginning such that you won’t have anything to discuss in the body or end up having to repeat what you have already said.
Too many examples. So you have learned that you need to illustrate what you are saying to keep the interest of the reader. However, do not overdo the examples and the illustrations since this will make your introduction confused and bulky. Keep it short and simple such that whoever is reading it may understand what you are talking about from the very beginning.
Don’t leave the reader hanging. Curiosity is a great thing; however you should not develop questions in the mind of the reader that you will not be able to address later on in your body. This will leave the reader feeling confused and you will lose their interest instantly. Technical details. Don’t mention numbers or any technical data – no matter what your essays is about. Remember that stories are the most powerful way to penetrate the human mind, so aim for something that sparks interest in your reader’s mind. Go for something unique, give them a hint and expand from there.
Giving your essay a great introduction is the best thing you could do for your readers and also yourself especially if you are writing a paper for school. Find out the best ways to bring out the best things about your essay in the start since this is what is going to grab the attention of the reader.
If you are having problems creating a great introduction for your essay, you can ask for help from our professional essay writers who will point you towards the right direction. You can also read more articles and books to find out different ways of how to write an introduction which you will later on use in your essays.
Just like any other academic paper out there, a communication essay has to follow certain educational guidelines. While it may sound redundant, the goal of an essay for a communication class is to actually communicate some ideas — ideally, in a way that would persuade the audience and make them agree with you, the author. The first step, traditionally, is deciding on a topic. After that, you will have to think which point you are about to prove. Got there? Good! This point is going to be your thesis statement.
Now, it’s time to get some research done. After all, this is an academic paper you are working on, which means it will have to be supported by some valid academic sources. After you have collected enough material to prove your point of view, look for the best order to present your arguments. This structural order is going to be an outline for your paper — or, in some cases, its first draft.
While many students ignore writing an outline, crafting one does more good than harm. It may sound like a waste of time, but in practice, it helps you structure the paper in advance and stick to it while writing. This, in its turn, helps with the writing block and keeps the overall logic of your work more consistent.
An outline structure presupposes an introduction, main body paragraphs, and conclusion. The standard academic pattern is a five-paragraph essay — that is, at least three paragraphs in the main body. If it helps, think of an essay as of a story that has a beginning, a middle, and an end.
The introduction states the main idea of your paper (that is, your thesis). However, the main purpose of this paragraph is to hook the reader and make him read further. So, feel free to include any interesting stats, quotes, or questions right from the start. In this case, your thesis statement will be placed at the end of your introductory paragraph.
As it was already mentioned, an essay should have at least three body paragraphs. Make sure each one conveys a new thought (argument). At the same time, they all have to be linked together; even more — they have to contribute to your thesis statement. Remember, the goal of any essay is to prove your point of view, and the main body is where you do it.
A conclusion never includes any new information. Here, you sum up what you already have written in body paragraphs (in other words and more briefly, of course) and restate your thesis statement. Make sure you do not ‘jump’ to conclusions, though. All of the information you include here has to be directly related to the material you analyzed in the above paragraphs. Do not just state “it becomes obvious that the [thesis] is correct” — especially if the reasoning in your body paragraph was not so obvious to the reader.
Finally, do not be surprised if you do not really like your first draft. Sometimes, it takes two or three to truly ace it.
The saying goes, he who laughs last laughs longest. It simply means that it does not matter what happened in the beginning or the middle, the ending is always the most important. A similar thought can be applied when you are writing your essay or any kind of writing, whether formal or informal.
The conclusion holds a lot of importance in the essay since it is what the reader will read last in the given publication. It should leave an image in the mind of your reader or even a thought that they will use to remember what your piece was about. So, how do you go about making that conclusion as interesting and impactful as the rest of your essay? How do you write an essay conclusion?
What’s The Goal of a Conclusion?
Everyone knows that a conclusion is used to wrap up an essay or any other piece of writing. What most don’t realize is that you cannot use the same conclusion for different kinds of essays. Your essay should guide the direction that the conclusion is going to take and how to go about it such that you achieve the best conclusion possible.
There are a number of things that any good conclusion should do:
Wrap up your essay without leaving anything out.
Inform the reader that you have achieved the purpose of the essay.
It gives the reader closure.
Deliver an impactful message.
Trigger a spark of idea inside the reader’s mind.
Now, there are different techniques out there that can be applied to almost any type of essay or text that you write. Let’s see some core principles as well as ways to deliver your message impactfully and meaningfully.
How To Summarize A Thesis Statement
Basically a thesis statement is a sentence that summarizes the ideas in a paper. It gives what you are writing some direction such that your paper is clear and concise. You should have a really catchy introduction, something that is easy to read such that you can easily explain what your paper is all about; however, needs not pre-empty all the ideas of your paper otherwise it will completely nullify what you are doing.
The next part is the body which is where you deeply discuss all the topics and ideas of your paper. It should be clear and straight to the point without filler words which may bore the reader hence they may not read through your work. Ensure that you cover everything here before moving to the summary or conclusion otherwise you may end up making it too long hence it may not make sense.
The last and again very important part is how you choose to summarize your thesis statement or conclude it. Many people usually restate the ideas in the paper to make the conclusion, but this is unnecessary and will not bring about the effect that you want. What you need to do is summarize what you have said and tie up any lose ends that you may not have covered in the paper. You may choose to do this by posing a question to the reader or by using a quote or any other means that you feel will bring out the effect that you intended.
Create A Catchy Yet Meaningful Essay Conclusion
Your conclusion should not be a rephrase of what you talked about in the body of your paper. This is because it will only leave the reader with unanswered questions and once they realize that the conclusion is no different from what they were reading, they may choose not to complete reading it.
However, if you choose to go a different direction and address any ideas that may not have been very clear in your body, you will get a completely different result. This is done best by reading carefully through your whole paper as if you were not the one who wrote it and try to identify any questions that you may have which you will use to summarize and conclude your paper.
Take those questions and creatively address them in your conclusion. Stay focused on the task so that you may not lose the reader and you will have yourself the best conclusion possible.
Grab The Attention Of The Reader In Your Ending
You have put a lot of effort in ensuring that your introduction and the body is the best it can be so you need to maintain this when you are concluding. This means that you have to maintain the reader’s total attention when concluding and there are two ways you can do this.
End how you started. If you started with a quote or saying then you need to end your paper in a similar way. Do not choose quotes or sayings that are so distant in meaning from the ones you had started with. Go with something simple and similar in meaning so that the reader may be able to connect the two.
Rhetoric questions. This is by far the easiest and most common way of concluding a paper. You coax the mind of the reader to think about something or influence them to take some decision on a given matter.
It is not a must you conclude your paper in the mentioned ways, you can go with whatever you like or feel that it will give you the best outcome. The main point is to ensure that you have ended it in an interesting way for the reader.
Essays That May Need A Different Kind Of Conclusion
The mentioned ways of concluding apply to most essays and not so much to others. Some essays dictate that you conclude in a different manner due to the nature of what is being discussed. Some of these include:
These essays require that you take a particular stand in a given topic and you actively and consciously discuss why you decided to take that point of view.
The conclusion to this kind of essay can be like what has been discussed above; however, you will need to give it a little boost just so that you may not leave the reader hanging.
Throughout the body of this essay, you will be discussing and proving why your stand on a subject matter is the best. The conclusion should also reflect that. What this means is that your conclusion should explain to the reader why the stand you have taken is important and why you believe that it was the correct way to go. By doing this, you will be justifying your whole essay without simply restating the points you had covered.
You should also paint a picture to the reader of how the different the situation may be if everyone chose the opposite of what you are standing for. Do not discuss this in too many details otherwise you will start writing a whole different paper. The idea is to coax the minds of your readers.
Unlike most essays, a narrative is a story that you are telling to your reader. You are not discussing or trying to explain a point. This is what makes it so different, which means that the conclusion will also be different.
It will not make sense if you tried to capture the main ideas of your narrative in your conclusion as this will only confuse the reader. The better way of going about this is by giving the moral of the story. A rhetoric question can also be used in this case but you have to be creative in the way you put it across.
It should be short and simple, do not get into too many details when concluding. It should leave the reader with a thought or an image at the end; this is the best way to end a narrative properly.
And Now For Our Conclusion
The ending of your essay should culminate your ideas. It should leave your reader feeling informed and not confused as is the case in most essays. Make your conclusion descriptive, emphasizing the core message while maintaining a light wording. Simplicity is important when concluding so as to keep the reader interested to the very last word. However, if you are having some difficulty concluding your work, you can rely on our experienced and qualified essay writers to come to your aid. They will give you ideas that you can use to end your paper and hence successfully complete it.
A follow-up letter can be an essential form of business communication in a variety of situations. After an interview, a great business meeting, or after making a good business contact at a trade show, a follow-up letter is an effective means of consolidating a relationship between the recipient and yourself. It provides a platform for the continuation of communication, as well as an opportunity to accent specific points discussed at the previous encounter. A well-written follow-up letter can make all the difference between success and failure. But, of course, to achieve this purpose, the letter should also be properly spelled, grammatically correct, and carefully structured.
A follow-up letter is often written during the early stages of a relationship and therefore the writing style needs to be fairly formal. At the same time, it is aimed at people, so it should have a distinctly human touch. So, the trick is in the balance of personal and professional.
Then again, thorough proofreading is essential to the success of your letter. So, before you begin to write, make sure that you have the tools available to make the letter worth sending. These tools include but are not limited to a grammar checking tool, a comprehensive spell checker, and a dictionary. By using Elite Essay Writers, you receive all of these essentials and more in our seamlessly integrated interface.
Some tips to help write a better follow-up letter in any situation:
You are using a follow-up letter to re-iterate your attributes and the positive aspects of a new relationship for each party. If you are representing your business, your goal is to make a short sales pitch. Although if you are applying for a job, you must remind the potential employer of your key skills.
Don’t retrace your steps: you can avoid this by offering new insights to add to your appeal.
Make sure that your follow-up letter is sent within two days of the encounter; this will help to keep things fresh and will promote the continuity between your performance in the last meeting and your letter.
In your letter, be sure how you would like to proceed from this point on.
Do not convey any negative sentiments in your follow-up letter
By using these tips and Elite Essay Writers’ powerful English editing capabilities, let’s look at an example of a follow-up letter, and then improve on it.
Original Follow-up Letter
Johnny! I loved speaking at your event couple of weeks back. As I said then, I would be interested in the new conferences, too. I believe I could help you cash in more money if you invite me to the next event of the same kind. Plus, I am happy to share some tips on promoting the upcoming events in the social media — after all, this is totally my thing. But, I must say, I am a bit concerned about your event manager and me not seeing eye to eye when it comes to outlining promotional campaign. Dave
The Same Follow-up Letter after Elite Essay Writers
Hello John, Thanks for hosting such an amazing event, as well as the opportunity to be a speaker at your last conference. I truly felt that the speech was a success, and the feedback from you and the audience was inspiring. As a matter of fact, this feedback gave me plenty of new ideas — ideas I would be thrilled to share at one of the upcoming conferences.Speaking of the upcoming conferences, I would be happy to share some insight and professional connections when it comes to promoting new events in the social media. As you know, this is my area of expertise, and should you need any assistance, do not hesitate to contact me directly.Best Regards, David Smyth
In the first example, we see a rough draft with ideas. In the second examples, we describe the same information but use professional language. As you can see, our program provides a unique solution for your letter writing. With our professional writing and editing team, your sentences will not only be checked to prevent errors but will also be enhanced using synonyms, adverbs, and adjectives. Your letter will become expressive and persuasive. We have already helped hundreds of professional writers from all over the globe to craft amazing follow-up letters and, as a result, strengthen their professional network.
Even if you write within a specific discipline, like law or medicine, we can still offer a solution that would be fully tailored to your needs. We currently have four specialized Elite Essay Writers modules available: Business Writing, Creative Writing, Legal Writing and Medical Writing. With Elite Essay Writers, any letter, business communication, or job search text you need to compose will be the best it can be.
Some students are completely satisfied with average grades. Why wouldn’t they be? C’s are still a passing score. They even say that the students that usually get C’s are more flexible and prepared for the difficulties of our life better than those who get straight A’s. Just wait for some time and check if it’s true. On the other hand, you may want your family to be proud of you today or, moreover, be proud of yourself. That is why you should grab the opportunities now when you are still a college student.
#1 It Is Vital to Have the Right Topic
There are two options for how you get a topic: to pick it yourself or to be assigned. In both cases, the topic should be closely related to the subject. It is actually pretty good if you have an opportunity to choose a topic, although it is quite a difficult task even for the most brilliant students. It shouldn’t be on the surface, and you are to be interested in it. If you find a topic that meets these requirements, it will be quite easy to write about. The main problem is to find it. You may consider some life aspects you are interested in from the standpoint of your subject. There is always a way to make your topic unordinary and interesting, either for you or your reader.
Mind that the topic should be brief and accurate. Don’t try to cover too broad areas, general truths, and phenomena that have been well-researched before. A unique topic which can have a real applied significance is much beneficial for you than some general chattering. If you have been given a topic, it’s rarely original. But it doesn’t mean that you are to write a cliched paper. You can look at it from an entirely new point of view. You aim not to surprise (or even to appall, which some students mistakenly do) your teachers with your arguments, but to show that you are able to think outside the box.
When you are writing on your own topic or the one that has been given to you, you should be open to the new conclusions. One of the most widespread mistakes that students do in the process of writing is establishing the bottom line before the arguments. In such a case, you get very limited, because you only search for information that proves your point.
The research that is worth conducting can lead you to the most unexpected results. Besides, it is much more fun to be in a constant search of new facts than to use the facts you already know to manifest something you already know. The result you determined before the actual research is in general useless, as it presupposes no real analysis. Don’t be afraid to challenge yourself and be ready for discussion and reasonable objections. The latter will only show that you’ve touched upon the issue that can’t leave your reader independent.
#2 Never Stop Researching
The thought that all the process of studying is about the grades may be just misleading. On the one hand, it is. But again, if you all you want is to pass, you’ll get a C. There are much more behind A’s. Excellent grades are based on the following:
whether you’ve got new knowledge;
to what extent you’ve mastered it;
and if you can use it.
All these factors are apparent from the way you do your research. As a result, research becomes one of the most important aspects of your performance.
Some students mistakenly believe that at some point they won’t have to research their papers anymore because they’ll have enough knowledge to cover all study-related topics. They couldn’t be more wrong! You get a lot of advantageous information while researching. You can use it in your future work. However, you are always to add something new each time. That is how you progress: you enlarge your scope of knowledge and process information each time you get new facts. For this purpose, you are to use primary sources. New ideas can be developed with the help of secondary sources and interaction with other researchers. Now, you can discuss your topic with other students, for example. Please, mind that, as we’ mentioned above, the discussion may (and sometimes should) take the form of argument, because it is the truth that usually springs from it.
#3 Work on a Clear Thesis
There is always some room for change. You can choose your point of view at the problem and your attitude. You can even choose your topic in the process of writing. It usually happens not because you get bored of what you have been writing up till now, but because you’ve got some better ideas on the subject, no matter how distant they are from your initial point. But is there a final destination? If you don’t see the difference between searching and researching, creative musings can last forever, you know. But if there is a deadline, you have to stop at some point. It seems that the thesis statement is created for the most devoted seekers. You have to sum up the final ideas at the very beginning. This has nothing to do with the case that we’ve already discussed when you know exactly where your research is going. In that case, your mind gets fixed at a particular thought and makes you throw away any additional, ‘undesirable’ information. Here, you refine your main idea to see where your research should (not must) lead you and, in the final draft, to show your reader that it actually makes sense. This is more like a part of planning than a strict prescription for the future work. Besides, you can change your thesis too, if eventually, you don’t find it substantial anymore. Although, try to avoid it. Remember that it is always better to stick to your plan than to switch from one thing to another all the time.
#4 Don’t Neglect the Outline
If you can write a proper term paper without an outline, there are two possibilities of what actually happens. First, you are a natural-born genius with an incredible memory and outstanding writing skills, which by the way miraculously exclude writing an outline. Plus, you have plenty of experience in writing this kind of papers. Looks true? More likely, you THINK that you can go without an outline because of the lack of experience. Remember that all the credible researchers you are about to cite in your paper use outlines to write their research articles, all the speakers outline what they are going to say first, and all the authors outline their plots. In other words, EVERYTHING that is being written is to be planned ahead with the help of an outline. Otherwise, it either won’t lead you anywhere or will take you plenty of time and effort to complete. For your term paper, a proper outline should be more than an enumeration of the paragraphs. Every point, including the introduction, the main body (description, analysis, and argument), and the conclusion should be summarized in a couple of sentences or/and with the help of bullet points to give a more or less full picture of their content.
#5 The Introduction: Your Work in Miniature
It is curious that there are many arguments as to when students are to write the introduction. It seems obvious for many people that, if it is the first thing in the paper, it should be written before all the other parts. Others see the introduction as the scope of their paper, so they tend to write it after the whole research is almost completed. The third type writes the introduction at the very end, simply paraphrasing the conclusion. The latter approach can have disastrous consequences. You have to understand what the final draft of the introduction is in the core. It is introducing the reader to something you already know. But this is true only for the last version. So, what you are to do is to write your introduction beforehand: it should be revealing your topic, giving some general information about it, stating your thesis, and explaining the major notions that are going to be under consideration. Then, you have to return to the introduction over and over again, checking if its tiniest detail is influenced by your research. Thus, the introduction is being edited during the whole process of writing and only that way it can correspond with the paper perfectly.
#6 Writing the Main Body: Develop Your Ideas and Give Arguments
Don’t mix up your research paper with a persuasive essay. Every paragraph in the main body of your work should contain either convincing facts or/and strong arguments. Mind that what seems a universal truth to you might not be as obvious to your reader. So, support each point you mention. It is not enough to write “It is well known that…” in the majority of cases (although you can use it once or twice in your work). You should only repeat those if really needed. Some paragraphs are to relate the theory you use with a practical sphere in which you may have some experience. Of course, you shouldn’t write about yourself, as if it is a reflective paper.
#7 Decent Conclusion
The conclusion is an important part of the sentence. No matter how scrupulous your teachers are, they may start reading your paper from the end just because they are interested in what you’ve come to. Your conclusion should obviously contain a summary of your work. But besides this, it should include elements that will make it more valuable.
First of all, it is important to re-establish your main thesis. Secondly, you may add one new fact that will appear at the end. It should be interesting to the reader but not critical for the research. Otherwise, why haven’t you mentioned it before? Besides, you can leave some issues opened for the further discussion.
#8 The Importance of Being ‘Stylish’ or Much Ado about Quotes
The style of a term paper presupposes much more than an accurate choice of words and avoiding short forms. It is about structure and format. We have discussed structure in the Outline section. As for the format, it is crucial to find out which one is required long before the deadline. If you don’t do it, you can waste loads of time to learn about the format you need. It is better to do it gradually and thoughtfully. For this purpose, you can use various tutorials and manuals, like YouTube videos, Purdue materials, etc. The format also influences citation. Credible quotations are obligatory to use, but there is usually a certain percentage of them that should be present in your text. Plus, your teachers are more interested in your understanding of other people’s ideas than in the ideas themselves. So, you have to work with quotations and analyze them, instead of stuffing your work with never ending quotes. Use only reliable sources and never copy and paste from different web pages.
#9 No Empty Talk Allowed
A term paper should contain the least number of stop words possible. Your sentences should be short and informative. You also should avoid passive voice and unnecessary massive grammar constructions. Remember that your term paper is not about volume. It is about conveying proper ideas and quality research.
#10 Proofreading Is Half a Job
Different students imagine proofreading differently. Unfortunately, some of them rely too much on new technologies. Grammar and spelling checkers are a great proofreading tool, but using them is not nearly enough for a good result. A very small amount of students re-read their works at least once after they are finished. So, you may ask why you should do it if the majority does not. The point is that your teacher will understand you anyway, but let us not underestimate the factor of respect. It is really disrespectful to leave annoying grammar mistakes and misprints for your teacher to correct. Besides, you really should evaluate how your sentences sound. They may be correct but not laconic. You may need a proofreader because sometimes it is difficult to see your own mistakes. Your friends, group mates, or family, can help you with that. If you think that it is too much to ask for, switch papers with a fellow student who is writing a term paper too. This way you will be even.
#11 Give Your Title Another Thought
Your title should reflect the content of your work. Moreover, it should be as laconic as possible. If you can’t put everything you want in the title, try a double one. The second part of a double title may sound more creative than the first one or contain a question. You can ask other people for fresh ideas if you are out of them.
Writing a philosophy essay may seem a daunting task, especially if you understand that a quality piece of writing is always a result of hard work and determination. Preparation and research stages are simply crucial here — after all, nothing good was ever accomplished in half an hour. So, we’ve collected a list of tips on philosophy essay writing. If you pay close attention to all of these do’s and dont’s, you’ll have a chance to create a truly stellar work that shows your complete grasp of the topic in question.
One of the most important points to remember when writing a philosophy essay is that this paper is very much different from most other types of academic assignments. You cannot approach it as you would a research paper or a literary analysis, for instance. Neither should you treat this work as a factual report on what others before you had to say on the subject. Obviously, a philosophy paper cannot deal with the latest findings on a topic — because, in case of this particular work, there will be no latest findings on the subject. It does not mean, however, that a philosophy paper should be a collection of your personal ramblings on the subject. Instead, it should be a rational, factual defense of a chosen thesis. What does that mean, in practice?
First and foremost, it means that you should have a thesis. If it helps, think of it as a position you take. After all, each notion will have at least two sides of the argument to it. So, your goal is to choose one and try to make your reader agree with the position you take. Obviously, you will have to provide reasonable ground for that — but we’ll get to that later.
At this point, you are to focus on what you are about to prove. It may sound simple, but in practice, choosing a thesis statement is a challenging thing to do. When you are given a task to write a philosophy paper, you usually have some general idea of the thesis you are going to prove. You should, however, see these thoughts exactly as they are — general, rough ideas for your work.
The difference between a rough idea and a thesis is that the first one is not clearly formulated — not yet, anyway. A thesis, on the other hand, is a statement that can be clearly and FULLY expressed in a single sentence — two sentences tops. If right now, you cannot formulate your ideas in one or two sentences, it means that your thesis still needs a lot of thinking over.
Once you formulate the thesis, you are to start looking for ways to convince the audience in your point of view. To put it simply, you will have to provide rational ground for your ideas. Think of the process as presenting a series of arguments backed up by some factual evidence. It is important to mention that students make quite a lot of mistakes on this stage. Some think that if they agree with the thesis, the readers will, too — by default. So, they do not put much thought into their arguments and the evidence for them.
The approach, however, is a faulty one. The fact that you agree with one side of the argument does not mean everyone else will. If everyone agreed, there would be no argument at all. So, the safest path to writing an A+ philosophy paper is assuming that your reader is as intelligent as you, but does not share your views on the subject. This is the only way to come up with some really impressive arguments and the evidence to prove them. In other words, think of readers as your opponents — and do not underestimate them.
Another common mistake a lot of students make is trying to cram all possible arguments on their subject into just one academic paper. They believe that including a lot of argumentation will highlight the simple fact that they’ve done a thorough research on the subject. While the latter one may be true, you have to remember that research for the sake of research is NOT the point of a philosophy paper. Here are some other reasons why this approach will not work:
plenty of arguments approach the subject from plenty of different perspectives, which makes it very hard for the reader to keep track of your reasoning;
when presenting a vast list of arguments to prove your point of view, you will inevitably include both strong and weak perspectives on the subject. As a result, you may create an impression
that you simply cannot see any difference between them, which will reflect negatively on your grade.
finally, having too many arguments to prove just one thesis within one academic paper will not give you a chance to present enough reasoning behind your ideas. This, however, is the
ultimate goal of a philosophy essay. Plus, a paper with a variety of ‘thin’ arguments will only look superficial, which will, once again, affect your academic result — and not in a good way.
So — we cannot stress this enough — it is important to carefully choose your topic. Even though you will have to analyze a lot of material on the subject, only the most important and convincing parts should find their way to your paper. At the same time, it is important to remember that your reader will only have access to the information you include in your work. So, if you’ve been influenced by some piece of writing that has been omitted in your paper, do not expect the reader to understand this.
To put it simply, you cannot expect your readers to read your mind; the only thing they will be reading is the paper, and it is simply essential to make your point clear. Neither will your readers have a chance to ask any additional questions if they find your reasoning unclear. So, your paper will act as a stand-alone document. This may sound challenging, but it is not necessarily a bad thing. All you need to do is present your arguments clearly, coherently, and make sure any evidence you include in your paper does not raise any objections to the issues you are trying to prove.
In a nutshell, a philosophy paper should be clear, intelligent, and grammatically correct. Logic and precision are critical here. This is, in essence, what a philosophy paper is about.
Now, let’s take a look at the things you should AVOID when writing a paper on philosophy.
Top mistakes when writing a philosophy paper
We already covered several widespread mistakes when writing a philosophy paper. Here is a fuller, more detailed list of DON’TS you should watch out for.
Long intro. Your reader is usually your professor who knows quite a lot on the subject you are about to discuss. But, even if you are writing a paper for a more general audience, you are still not supposed to take too much time (and space) to introduce the problem. It will only create an impression that you are trying to fill in the requested word/page count, nothing else. Even more so if you start rambling about how important your problem is and how philosophers have been arguing about it for centuries. While this may sound unusual for academic writing, you may want to skip introduction for good. Jump right to your thesis statement and be done with it.
Wordy citations. Too often, students include way too much external material in their work. Once again, this creates an impression that you are simply trying to fill in the pages. The goal, however, is to present your own interpretation of the subject. Sure, you will need to refer to external sources now and then; however, you should only include quotations when it is absolutely necessary. The general rule is not to include over 10% of total work volume in quotes. However, you’d better even include less — if possible, of course.
Not taking a side. You cannot take a neutral position when writing a philosophy paper. Remember, your goal is to convince the reader in your point of view, and this means you should have a very specific viewpoint, to begin with. You cannot just state that many great minds have been debating over the issue for decades, and you are not qualified enough to present your humble opinion. Even if this is how you really feel, try not the make this kind of attitude reflect in your work. Stand YOUR ground.
Not taking it seriously enough. Some debates may sound silly; but, you have to remember that no debate ever starts without a good reason. The simple fact that you do not understand what the fuss is about usually means that you do not truly understand your topic. If this is your case, you might go back to the research stage. Of course, you are not obliged to be dead-serious, but you still should not take the topic too lightly.
Leading with a question. Even though rhetoric questions can be a great way to engage the reader, you should better avoid them in a philosophy essay. Neither should you present any arguments that pose an indirect question or are based on generic assumptions. Here is an example: if you state that abortion is murder and, therefore, immoral, you expect the reader to just simply accept that the abortion equals murder. This is one of those traps many beginning writers fail into — believe the reader will share their points of view, no questions asked.
Attacking the opponents. A very important thing to always bear in mind when working on a philosophy paper is that you can never — ever — attack your opponents. Even if you strongly disagree with a particular stand on the subject, you still have to present a rational, reasonable ground for your perspective. Your philosophy essay is totally not a place to call names — no matter your feelings on the subject. The goal here is to show why exactly your opponents are mistaken, not to offend them. Name calling will have the exact opposite effect — it will only show your reader that you cannot properly stand your ground. Which will, once again, affect your academic score — and not in a good way.
Additional tips on writing a philosophy paper
Even though writing a philosophy essay is a challenging task, it is still a piece of writing. This means there are plenty of ways to tackle it, just like hundreds of students before you did. Here are some useful tips that should help you save a lot of effort on the writing stage and boost your chances of receiving a top mark.
Careful structure and organization. The best way to achieve this effect is to prepare an outline for philosophy essay and stick to it while writing. Even if you have managed to write essays without an outline before, this is not the best idea for this particular type of paper. Remember, every argument you make should logically follow the previous statement you made. In other words, there should be a logical progression to your work. Ideally, you should prepare a detailed outline for your paper a couple of days before you start writing. This way, you will have a chance to revise your thoughts anew and spot out any logical errors and inconsistencies your future paper may have.
Proper word choice. First and foremost, you should, by all means, avoid slang and jargon in any form of academic writing. Then, there are the terms. If there are any particular notions you do not understand, a dictionary is your best friend. Then again, there is the spelling. You cannot rely on your text editor corrections — even though they can be pretty helpful. So, it is important to allow yourself some extra time for editing and proofreading.
Factual support for your claims. Once again, you cannot expect your reader to agree with you. On the contrary, imagine that the reader is constantly disagreeing and doubts every single assertion you make. So, you’ll have to provide a lot of evidence — preferably, factual one — to convince the audience in your point of view. Whenever you are to make a statement, ask yourself this simple question: “why should my reader accept this?” Also, try to make sure you are not building your paper on generic assumptions — this is a very misleading course, as a rule.
Proper referencing. Plagiarism is a very big deal in the academe, and even if you do not plan to plagiarize, the instances of unintentional ‘stealing’ are not uncommon. Unintentional plagiarism may include not giving a proper reference to the original author, for example. You may also fail to properly paraphrase ideas you’ve come across while your research, which will also be detected by the plagiarism checking software. While the latter one can be double-checked online for free, the first mistake has to do with not paying enough attention to the academic formatting requirements. Double-check with your professor which format you are supposed to comply with and stick to it.
Reasonable defense of your arguments. To put it simply, you are to expect objections to every statement you make. Imagine that those objections will be made by an intelligent reader, and get ready to answer them intelligently. By anticipating objections and including opposing arguments in your paper, you have a chance to structure a truly impressive piece of writing. The trick here is a healthy reaction to criticism. Do not expect everyone to agree with you and do not feel bad about opposing viewpoints.
Ruthless editing. Finally, you are to be your own worst editor. There is always room for improvement, and you should never think of your first draft as the final piece. Chances are, you will have quite a lot of rewriting to do, so don’t feel sorry about removing any parts of already written information. Once again, it is important to allow yourself a couple of days for the editing stage.
If you take all of the above suggestions in mind, chances are — you will come up with a truly top-notch philosophy paper. If, however, you still feel that the assignment is way too challenging for you, there is no shame in asking for help. Sometimes, turning to a essay writer can save you quite a lot of time. And, if philosophy is not your major, this might be the most reasonable thing to do.