To truly ace your marketing essay, you are to have a complete grasp not only of the subject you are about to discuss but of the discipline in general. And, of course, you are to understand what makes a good essay and what are the top ways to write one. So, let’s go over all of these aspects together.
Writing about marketing
To write about marketing, it is important to understand what is the ultimate purpose of the discipline. To put it simply, marketing a thorough study that analyzes a variety of market segments in regard to their potential financial profit. Just like any other academic paper, a solid marketing essay starts with a compelling thesis statement. In other words, you have to choose your topic and decide which particular aspects of it you will be discussing in your paper.
This, however, is only the first step of the way. The initial idea you have for your paper may be quite compelling; still, it won’t do you any good if you fail to support it with factual stats and data. This, in its turn, presupposes a lot of researching and narrowing the topic down.
Then again, you have to remember that a marketing essay is still an essay; that is, it has to be crafted in an engaging way. No matter how important the stats and the data may be for this paper, writing skills are vital, too.
Working within already established frameworks
You will unlikely be working on a topic no one analyzed before. So, starting within an already developed framework of information on the subject is always a nice idea. One of the best ways to start your research is to look at currently operating companies, analyzing their products and marketing strategies. This will help you come up with a relevant thesis statement and will give you a better insight into effective marketing and business tactics. Plus, it is always great to base your marketing essay on practical insight rather than theoretical information.
The next step on your research stage is collecting enough material to support your ideas. The number of sources will mostly depend on the particular topic you are working on, so if you are not sure how many you need, consult your professor. All in all, ‘the more, the better’ principle does not always work here. A general guideline is to have one new source for each page of your text. However, you can do with less — especially if you place emphasis on quality, not quantity of your sources.
So, how do you choose quality sources? For starters, you are to remember that blog posts do not qualify as academically acceptable resources. It does not mean that you cannot search for information online, though. You simply have to consult specialized search engines (Google Scholar is a nice start) and databases.
Search for the latest information available on the subject and try sticking to articles that have been published by reputable universities. Scientific materials are also a nice idea, and most of them are easily available online. Newspapers and books can also be a valuable source of information. Remember, a good marketing essay interprets and analyzes a variety of sources available to you.
Once you have found enough academically valid sources, you will have a way better insight into the topic you are dealing with. So, you should by that point be able to come up with a compelling thesis for your essay — that is, take your rough idea and turn it into a comprehensive statement. Further on, you will build your paper on this statement.
Another useful writing tip would be to create an outline before you actually sit down to writing. Think of the outline as of the plan for your whole paper. You are not supposed to make it very detailed; however, jotting down the main points in the most logical and easy to follow order is a great idea. It will help you stay focused while writing, limiting the possibility of a writing block to a minimum.
Make sure to include factual evidence in your outline. This is where all of the frameworks you’ve been analyzing come in handy. Also, don’t forget to mention how the info you are analyzing is relevant to the present-day business environment.
You can also include some actual case study examples into this part. They will help you expand and explain your main idea — that is, your thesis. Below, you will find more tips on working with case studies for your marketing essay.
Working with marketing case studies
Case studies are the best way to figure out how the topic you are analyzing is relevant to the present day business environment. Referring to a case study is also a great way to start your introduction. This way, you will have a chance to jump straight to the point — that is, highlighting the reason for your research and its relevance. This is a fresh and intriguing way to introduce your topic and hook the reader — which is the ultimate goal any introduction should aspire to.
Once you are finished with an introduction, you can start structuring your body paragraphs. Here, it is important to remember that each paragraph has to convey one clear thought. It does not mean that you have to describe a new case study in every new paragraph. You can, however, dedicate a paragraph to a separate aspect of the same study. Don’t worry — there will always be a few to focus on.
Once you have revealed all of your arguments (and supported them with actual case study evidence), you can move on to the conclusion. This part highlights the results you’ve come to and restates your thesis statement. It is important not to leave any questions unanswered here. At the same time, it is imperative not to introduce any new information. So, before writing a concluding paragraph, you will have to go over your main body again to make sure nothing is left out. Remember, a good conclusion once again highlights the practical importance of your work and places emphasis on the possibility of future research.
Revising a marketing essay
Ideally, you should start revising your work the next day after finishing it. This is the best way to spot out any logical inconsistencies in your paper and see if all of the questions you asked have clear, comprehensible answers. The best tip here would be to focus on the contents of your essay first. Only after you’re 100% satisfied with the message you are conveying, can you focus on the spelling part of your work.
Minding an academic format
Marketing essay has to follow all the rules of academic writing, and formatting is an essential part of it. Your professors will usually specify which format they expect you to comply with (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.). If they do not, you can choose any formatting style you like — as long as you stay consistent. This goes for a variety of formatting details — from choosing the fonts and spacing to citing external material and referencing the bibliography page.
This is pretty much everything you need to know to write a great marketing essay. If however, you still feel a bit over the top, you can always consult professional essay writers to get the job done.
Proofreading is a big deal. It always comes along the writing process, unlike the popular belief among students that they are done writing once they finish their last sentence, add the last author to the Bibliography or create an effective call-to-action for their essay. In reality, proofreading and editing are the last stages you should never leave out of sight when writing.
If you used to believe that proofreading is all about looking through your documents only to check whether you have not made any major mistakes, you should know that this belief could not be further away from the truth.
The thing is that proofreading is extremely important, and can make all the difference in the quality of your writing. As an attempt to assist you in learning how to proofread and edit your papers correctly, we have composed this guide. So, keep reading to learn what proofreading is and how you can proofread your texts right.
The definition of proofreading
If talking about the meaning behind the notion of proofreading, then you should know that its main point is in checking any text for any possible mistakes. Since we are not machines, errors are inevitable. According to the Undergrad.Stanford, the most common mistakes include missing commas, dangling modifiers, misspelt words, capitalization or apostrophe mistakes.
It goes without saying that by simply proofreading your articles you could have avoided all of these mistakes. Most commonly, we make such errors when rushing to finish the text, which happens more and more often among the students.
However, given a wide range of possible mistakes, one can make when writing the question remains: how can one proofread his writing and how hard is it to do? There are many important steps in proofreading and you cannot simply scan the document to find flaws is in it. Besides, there are many aspects to pay attention to including the flow, readability, grammar, punctuation, spelling, the correctness of the facts, etc.
So, if you want to do the proofreading process right, make sure to save our steps, as they will help you go through the process without forgetting any of the important issues.
Take your pen and a hard copy of your writing and get ready to check every little detail in the piece, all in attempt to increase your text’s quality.
11 tips on how to proofread your writing
We strongly recommend you utilizing our tips step by step in order to achieve the highest quality of a piece possible.
Give it some time. It is best not to start proofreading right after you finish composing the piece. Your brain is still focused on all the ideas you just wrote and you still know all the best parts of it by heart. So, you need to do something else before getting back to it. They say you need to take a short break in case you do not have too much time to change focus, go for a walk, sleep, or at least switch to a different assignment. Then once you forget what you talked about in the piece, you will be able to look at things from a different angle. And also, it might be a good idea to ask someone to proofread your text for you. A different person seeing the text for the first time in his life is able to see flaws and errors which you might miss because is way too familiar to you. So, ask your friends or fellow students to help with this task.
Print a hard copy.
By taking a distance from the piece you are writing, you get to look at the text in a new way. That’s why printing it out and changing the text’s layout is helpful. So, consider proofreading your text on a hard copy. There is a certain magic in using this old school method of writing comments on a piece of paper, marking things you want to work on again, and pointing out which parts need to be removed or replaced. Editing it on the screen and editing it in a hard copy is different, as hard copy adds a personal touch to all the process. And finally, sometimes when you change the layout you can see what the best way to change the meaning of your writing is.
Divide it into different parts.
If you want to save some hassle, you should split the text into different parts and check them at a different time. This will increase the efficiency of your proofreading and therefore, the quality of your final piece.
However, this is only applicable if you are proofreading a longer document, as it might be hard to split a one-page essay into several parts. Take breaks in between the checks to refresh your mind and gain a new perspective on the things you are talking about in the piece.
Make sure of technologies.
As you see from our description, proofreading can be quite time-consuming especially if you do it right. That is when the cutting-edge technologies come to the rescue. Thanks to the growing concern of the proper grammar and punctuation and serious lack of time, developers have presented several amazing solutions that can save you much time and effort. And when we say “several”, we mean a tremendous amount. Some of them are free of charge, some of them are not, some focus on checking the grammar, while others check punctuation too. But there is one thing common to all of them.
With these solutions, you can proofread texts with just a click of a button. All you basically have to do when using these proofreading services online (proofreading agencies) is copy the text you wrote and insert it into a special field. It’s that simple! So why not taking advantage of it today?
Know your mistakes.
We all have some common mistakes we make. And by knowing them, you can easily avoid making them in the future. Therefore, once you start proofreading your text, consider keeping a log of all the errors you make. If this idea does not sound too appealing to you, you can always register with one of the online systems offering you such services.
Thus, whenever you make a mistake the system will register it and offer you a report in the end of each text. Once you identify what mistakes you make most frequently, consider dedicating some time to learning the rules, studying the subject or seeking the assistance of your tutors, so that next time you are working on a creative piece of writing, you won’t face the need to fix all the mistakes again. You will just write bearing in mind one common mistake you make at a time. Imagine how much time you will save this way!
Learn the punctuation.
Well, this one is tricky. We usually pick up punctuation rules when reading different works by famous people. However, even though it seems like the easiest way to learn, it is also not quite dangerous. The writers often add commas and other punctuation marks wherever they stop to take a deep breath, they have their own vision of how their text is supposed to be read. However, the actual rules might be very different from their vision. That is why, you need to learn the proper way and make sure that you put them where they are needed. The rule is that if you are not sure about something, look it up in the textbook!
Ask someone to read your text for you.
Another great trick that can do real wonders for you is reading the text out loud. When you hear the text being read, it is completely different than when you see it on paper. You can read the text out loud yourself, only slowly. However, the effect of someone else reading it to you is much greater. This way, you get to hear how a person not familiar with your text sees it. Does he understand where to stop? Does the text sound wholesome? Can you see how each part flows into another?
These are the questions you need to ask yourself and the person who reads the text to you. Besides, remember to ask for advice. People looking at your writing at a different perspective might have great tips for you on how to improve your writing. So, trust them and let them be a part of this!
Read it to yourself.
You should also take some time to read a paper to yourself. You need to hear it slowly, a sentence after sentence. Such an approach will give you a chance to analyze whether your writing has met your expectations and also whether what you had in mind came true on paper.
Do not jump from one part to another, but rather try to analyze each section with all the seriousness. Thanks to knowing what exactly you meant to write in this particular part, you can literally hear whether it came out right. So, read it aloud to yourself too.
Read the paper from end to the beginning.
This idea might sound a little out there to you, but it can really do wonders to you. This way instead of following the flow of your text, you can focus on each one of the sentences. Students get to analyze their grammar, punctuation, spelling and other things thanks to being able to focus on different small sections.
And look at it this way: if it was your first time ever reading about this idea, would the meaning of each sentence be clear enough for you or would you need additional research to understand what this is all about? Each sentence should be clear enough so that even a newbie in a topic will understand it. At least, this should be your goal.
Keep it simple.
When you write things you are a real expert in, it is easy to forget that your readers might see this term for the first time in their lives, and it is your job to explain it or use a simpler word instead of a professional notion.
That is why, when proofreading, you need to make sure that there are no unclear words in your paper. It is not a good idea to make things too complicated for your readers, so keep it simple and clear.
Or if you cannot find another word to substitute the unclear one, make sure that you footnote the definition or add it to a special section in your paper (for example, in a thesis). Do not assume that the readers and you are on the same page, because in most cases this is not true.
Use correct citation format.
Most students struggle with this part so much and it is understandable: each school has its own citation format. Thus, getting confused is very simple.
Therefore, we strongly recommend you to seek assistance of your tutors in this. Ask them to provide specific expectations (preferably in one list) so that when the time comes you will know how to write properly.
Once you receive that list, equip yourself with proofreading marks and be ready to fix all the errors in your text!
Just to recap, we wanted to mention that proofreading is not a dull activity made mandatory by your school. It is an effective tool that helps you increase the quality of your writing and makes you a better speaker in the end. And even though it might take up some time in the beginning, once you learn the drill, you will do it on the fly. So, do not feel intimidated with it, but seize an opportunity to make the most out of this activity for your own good!
The informal essay, unlike most of the other essay types out there doesn’t come as a task, homework or something mandatory. Instead, it’s a piece of work that you write for pleasure or simply because you feel like putting some experiences down on paper. Nonetheless, like any other type of essay, it should reveal your ability to express your point of view on certain events or experiences in an informal style. The main feature of an informal essay is the lack of academic requirements or rigid structure and, above everything, revealing the true style of communication that each individual has.
When reading an informal essay, the readers should be left with the impression of a casual conversation. One very important thing in such an essay is to maintain the sense of personality in writing it and, just like a reflective essay, it should contain you most of all. When reading an informal essay, the reader should be able to understand you and your point of view of the matter, event that is discussed in the essay.
The subject for an informal essay can be an actual experience or a fictional one, it’s not really important as long as the style of such an essay is being respected. Before getting started, you should take some time and shape out the story you’re going to follow. Call it your first draft if you may, but it has to be done so that, once you get to the actual writing you will have a steady flow. Simply start with an introduction and build up your story as you go. Remember, there’s no real need for emotions or personal impressions on the story, it’s an informal essay, there are no rules here. But even if there are no strict rules on how to compose an informal essay, there are still some techniques that you can use to make sure you work is as accurate as possible.
This technique will allow you to underline the important elements and events in your story while compressing anything that is not relevant or you don’t want to bring out in the spotlight. Exactly as a painter focuses on the main object and leaves the background blurry, you should do the same with the main piece of your story.
This rather special technique can be used in an informal essay especially to make a statement about your work. Since it’s an informal essay and there are no strict rules, you can easily place the events of 2002 after the ones of 2014, for example. It may also add to the mystery of the final work but you should still be careful about how much time inversion you use as you may damage the entire structure and lose the reader if you’re not careful. This technique will also allow you to present the most important piece of information first and then come with the details or the events that lead to it. This can be a great hook to get the reader interested on the story and then keep him along the way.
Creating Suspense in an Informal Essay
Even if it’s not an academic piece, since you started writing it you clearly want people to read it and be interested in it. Well, a good way to do so is to learn how to build-up suspense in your essay. It’s true, it’s quite a challenging task and there is no simple or clear recipe on how you can achieve such things, however, you can always use the following suggestions.
One of the most important parts in creating suspense is to have an overall feeling of uncertainty floating all around your essay. If you manage to give the reader the feeling of something unknown, a thrilling experience of some sort, something that can not be predicted, then your work is half done. The technique is called foreshadowing and is very helpful in writing good fiction stories that keep readers hooked. Of course, it’s just as useful in composing an informal essay that aims to create suspense as a form of keeping the reader interested on what is about to happen next.
Withholding some parts of the information or not revealing all the facts that lead to an action in your essay will also help a lot in the build-up of suspense. It’s like never giving all the information to the reader but rather trying to let him guess what’s going to happen next, never being too certain about it.
Narrowing the Plot
Of course, having a lot of interconnected stories and jumping from one point of view to another can be a great addition to your informal essay and the entire suspense build-up, however, you don’t want to get too tangled in a lot of interconnected stories. That’s why narrowing the plot at some point is a great tool to give the reader the impression that he or she is finally getting a hold on things and where the entire story is going. Remember, you want to challenge your readers but at the same time you don’t want them to lose interest because the entire essay lost its purpose or plot.
Some Helpful Informal Essay Topics
Due to their informal nature, the informal essays are not limited to certain topics or themes and you can write about almost anything. But in case this wide offer of topics is the thing that keeps you from getting started, you can use some of the above-mentioned suggestions.
A properly written introduction for an argumentative paper can make a difference between a successful essay and an average one. This opening statement, if written properly, acts pretty much like a court statement — from the very first lines of this statement, you get a chance to hook your audience and persuade them in your point of view. To do so, you are to present some background info, highlight your subject’s importance, and clearly express your opinion — all in one, relatively short, paragraph. While the theory sounds simple, the practice is often the opposite of that. So, are there any tips on how to nail an introduction for an argumentative paper? Some of the following suggestions might, in fact, prove helpful.
Hook your reader in
The purpose of any introductory part is to hook your audience in. To put it simply, you will have to make your intro interesting for the reader. The best way to achieve this very effect is to start with an interesting statistics or a quote. Alternatively, you can appeal to emotion (to a certain degree — do not forget that this is an academic paper we are writing). For example, if your goal is to convince readers of the dangers of smoking, you could lead with the fact that cigarettes kill thousands of people each year — more than HIV and tuberculosis combined. An approach like this kills two birds with one stone — it shakes readers up, making them interested in your story; and, it introduces your topic, as well as your personal perspective on it.
Provide background information
Background information should not be too detailed, but it should give readers enough insight into your subject. While writing an argumentative essay for high school or college, it is easy to forget this part because your only reader will probably be your professor, who, in turn, knows more about the subject than you do. Still, it would be unwise to skip the background part because it will help you smoothly introduce the topic, leading up to your thesis statement. As a rule, background information includes a quick overview of the subject. In some cases, you can quickly describe what other people have already said or written about this issue. In most others, a quick historic brief will do just fine.
Introduce thesis statement
Now that you hooked the reader, introduced the topic and given enough background for the reader to understand what you will be discussing, it’s time to state your thesis. You can say that this is the most crucial part of your introduction because all of your main body arguments will either support or refute this statement. Simply put, a thesis is a single sentence that sums up the main point you are trying to make in your argumentative essay. Since this is an argumentative paper we are talking about, the statement should be compelling and arguable. A proven fact cannot act as a thesis. Ideally, you are to think that the reader disagrees with your position on the subject.
Things to avoid
First of all, you are to avoid personal constructions (not only in your introduction but throughout your whole paper). Even though you are supposed to present your position on a particular subject, you should not write something like “I will prove that…” Use formal language, acceptable for academic writing. Next, an intro cannot be too long — it briefly presents the topics and leaves all supporting evidence for the body part. Finally — and most importantly — an introduction is not the place for your results. Even though your goal is to prove your thesis statement valid, you cannot rush to conclusions and state exactly how you plan to achieve this purpose.
Each essay you are supposed to write ought to include a primary stance, a key viewpoint, or a crucial communication. The argument(s) you include in the essay ought to mirror this primary standpoint. The assertion that states your attitude regarding this primary viewpoint constitutes a thesis statement.
What length should it have?
A thesis statement should condense your thoughts into no more than 1 or 2 phrases. It ought to showcase the subject of the essay as well as your personal stance. The thesis statement ought to inform the audience about the meaning of the essay. In addition to that, it should aid in steering your writing and preserving your emphasis.
Questions Related to the Thesis Statement
Where should it be placed?
You ought to deliver the thesis in the first section of the paper. If the essay is a short one, include the thesis statement in the introduction. If your paper has a larger size, place it in the second paragraph. By adding the thesis statement at the beginning of the essay, you can illustrate your attitude and grant the audience a feeling of guidance.
Advice: To be able to draft an adequate thesis statement:
Do not add it in the central part of the paragraph or past the introductory paragraphs.
Try to be straightforward and particular. Do not use ambiguous terms.
State the purpose of your essay. However, steer clear of sentences such as “The purpose of this essay is …”
Is it particular?
As mentioned earlier, a thesis statement ought to be very straightforward and particular. Usually, your thesis is improved as you re-examine your arguments. In other words, your thesis will progress and acquire meaning as you attain an enhanced comprehension of the direction in which the argument is heading.
Advice: Verify the thesis:
Does it include two broad assertions tied vaguely by a coordinating conjunction (like “and,” “but,” “yet,” etc.)?
Would the connection between the two assertions be more adequately indicated by a subordinating conjunction (like “by,” “notwithstanding,” “due to,” “as,” etc.)?
Do the two assertions entail an imprecise and unconcentrated thesis?
If that is the case, think of a particular emphasis. Afterwards, move on with additional progress.
Is it too universal?
The thesis statement of any essay ought to be restricted to what you can achieve while sticking to the designated word count. Model the subject so as to proceed directly to its “substance.” Being particular in your essay represents a much better approach compared to including universal aspects that are not very relevant. In other words, you should explore more than just the surface area.
Instead of being generic, extensive and trivial, your thesis statement ought to be concentrated, narrow and fresh. Take a look at the comparison between the initial thesis (too universal) presented below and the three potential adaptations (more concentrated, showcasing distinct approaches to the same subject).
Nowadays, horror films have severe issues.
Seeing as the modern technological advancements have enabled movie producers to showcase more explicit scenes, horror movies have influenced young individuals to be more predisposed to brutality.
The obscene brutality in “bloodbath” horror films is demeaning to both males and females.
Nowadays’ horror films do not succeed in providing the same level of affective catharsis as the ones produced in the 1930s.
Is it obvious?
The thesis statement of your essay must be as obvious as possible. The same goes for the rest of your content. By drafting a straightforward thesis statement, you’ll be able to ensure that the audience comprehends its precise meaning.
Advice: For your thesis to have a high level of straightforwardness:
Steer clear of technical terms, except for when you want to draft a technical essay. Always steer clear of slang words, except for when you know for sure that your readers will understand such terms.
Steer clear of ambiguous terms like “fascinating,” “detrimental,” “captivating,” “abnormal,” or “hard.”
Steer clear of abstract terms like “population,” “principles,” or “civilization.”
Unless you make sure that you provide a clear explanation, such terms cannot send any explicit message to the audience. You must never infer that the significance of a phrase is evident. First of all, you must verify if it’s necessary to explain the words you use (such as “radicalism,” “conservative,” “mercantilism,” or “culture”). Afterwards, think about where it would be better to define such terms. Avoid making the assumption that both you and the reader attribute the same meaning to a certain word, like “culture.” In order to steer clear of misinterpretations, you need to be as particular as possible.
Make a comparison between the original thesis (lacking particularity and straightforwardness) and the adapted version (considerably more particular and straightforward): Initial thesis: In spite of the fact that the gray wolf is an easily frightened and mild critter, people are gradually eradicating it. (If this animal is so mild, why are people eradicating it?)
Adapted thesis: In spite of the fact that the gray wolf is, in fact, an easily frightened and mild critter, people are gradually eradicating it because they unjustly regard it as a ferocious and bloodthirsty beast.
Does it comprise an observation regarding your attitude on the given topic?
The thesis statement ought to represent more than a mere presentation of the subject. It needs to disclose your attitude concerning the subject as well as the way in which you intend to examine/assess it. To put it otherwise, rather than merely uttering a universal certainty or making use of a superficial pro/con assertion, you need to establish what idea you wish to communicate.
You should do more than just introduce the subject. You ought to make sure that your unique and particular standpoint is obvious. In doing so, the reader will understand the reason for which your perspective on the topic is meaningful.
Initial thesis: In the present essay, I will talk about the connection between fairytales and the first years of childhood.
Adapted thesis: Fairytales represent more than just meaningless narratives for children. These stories can help in explaining the mindset of youngsters.
Steer clear of generic or pro/con sentences that make complex matters seem very simple.
Initial thesis: People need to rescue the dolphins.
Adapted thesis: Due to the fact that the Earth’s health may rely on zoologic variety, we ought to preserve the dolphins.
If you want to make a (personal) judgment call, you can narrow down and explain your logic. “Simply because this is what I think” does not constitute an adequate basis for an argument.
Initial thesis: Communism represents the best type of political system for Kenya.
Adapted thesis: If the state seizes the Kenyan industry, the industry will have an increased level of productivity.
You should do more than just communicate a certainty. Your thesis must include more than an already demonstrated certainty. For the paper to have relevance, you need to proceed with your thoughts.
Initial thesis: During Nixon’s presidency, there were many shocking incidents.
Adapted thesis: A large number of scandals that were made public during Richard Nixon’s presidency disclosed a series of fundamental issues of the United States.
It’s not possible to devise an entirely comprehensive thesis statement before completing the essay. The thesis statement will unavoidably become different once you start reexamining and expanding your perspectives. There is nothing wrong with that! At first, you should draft a provisory thesis. As you proceed with writing the essay, you ought to reconsider the original thesis.
Is it authentic?
No matter what you do, steer clear of universal arguments and formula assertions. Such techniques are good for creating an outline for your paper, but will undoubtedly annoy the audience. Proceed with reexamining the thesis until it mirrors your genuine viewpoints.
Advice: The point of your essay ought to be of importance:
You should know how to reply to the “So what?” question regarding your thesis.
You should be capable of justifying why your point is valuable enough to present it in an essay. Why should the audience be interested in what you have to say?
Make a comparison between the theses presented below.
The utilization of statistics has both benefits and drawbacks (an incomplete formula)
By cautiously exploiting information, an investigator can utilize statistics to back up a specific assertion.
To guarantee precise coverage, reporters need to comprehend the true importance of the statistics they present.
Seeing as advertising companies willingly and unwillingly exploit information, each customer ought to know how to analyze statistical assertions.
Do not use formula and universal terms. Seek tangible topics and active verbs. Change any “to be” verbs you come across. Here are a couple of examples that illustrate the way in which particular word uses emphasize and elucidate the significance.
Initial: “Culture represents …” (The term of “culture” is ambiguous. The reader is unaware of its meaning.)
Adapted: “Males and females will understand the way in which …”, “journalists can produce …”, “religious fanatics may demean …”, “European professors need to determine …”, “both regular citizens and politicians can aid in solving …”
Initial: “broadcasting industry”
Adapted: “the novel class of journalists,” “advertisers,” “uncompromising press correspondents,” “thriller films,” “television series of the month,” “comedy shows,” “national radio broadcaster,” “top hits” …
Initial: “is, are, was” or “to do, to make”
Adapted: Replace the original version with any great action verb like “to produce,” “to dismantle,” “to break,” “to rebel,” “to detect,” “to overturn,” “to denote,” “to undergo,” etc.
When writing the thesis statement, you must utilize your own words. Do not use quotes! If you devise a unique, imaginative and unforgettable thesis statement, it will leave a lasting impression on your audience. If you copy or reproduce the words of others, it will diminish your authority in the eyes of your readers. If you wish to be more believable, you need to catch the interest of your audience by using your personal opinions and words.
An adequately-devised thesis statement mirrors adequately-devised viewpoints. It indicates that you are clever, dedicated and passionate about the topic.
Too many students get frustrated anytime they have to write a personal essay. This is quite understandable — for an inexperienced person, writing about oneself can seem tricky at first. After all, you cannot just research the subject online or in your local library. Of course, on the one hand, a personal paper allows a considerable degree of flexibility. On the other one, though, it is still an academic paper, which means it should follow a specific set of guidelines. Here, we will try to analyze them one-by-one. Here are the main thins you need to remember when writing an essay about yourself.
Always start with a story
The first thing you will have to do is come up with a story. Obviously, it will have to be a story about yourself. The best news is, you are allowed to exaggerate — a bit. But remember that it has to be a real story nonetheless, and it should put you in the best light possible. After all, most personal essays are written for college admission committees, which is why it is up to you to highlight your strengths as an applicant — without too much boasting.
Once again, it may sound tricky at first, but in reality, it’s not that difficult. Just think of an event in your life (big or small) that helped you see yourself in a different light, taught you something, or made you understand things you did not understand before. A personal essay can deal with overcoming the difficulties, accepting your success, or — in many cases — realizing what you want to do in the future. However, remember that the last topic is quite an obvious choice for a personal college admission essay; so, it will be harder to impress the admission officers if you stick to this option.
Keep your goal in mind
Differently from the majority of academic assignments, a personal essay should focus on one subject — that is, conveying your strong personality traits in the most comprehensible manner. Still, this does not mean that you can simply jump from one topic to another (for example, you helping a sick animal and then — you visiting your granny in a nursing home). Remember the first tip — you are to tell a single story. Surely, you are free to use as many details as you need, but you have to make sure the main thought is conveyed clearly.
Depending on a particular topic you choose, it might be possible to start an introduction with a personal anecdote. This should help you hook the reader and make your message easy to understand.
Steer clear of cliches
Even though you are to portray your strong skills and traits, everyone understands that you are still a human being. Try to remember that, too. In other words, don’t try to be high-almighty — while focusing on your strengths, make sure to draw attention to the weaknesses, too. You can easily achieve that through contrast, thus killing two birds with one stone — showing that you are a human being with an adequate self-esteem and giving your essay some style and structure.
Common personal essay topics that highlight both strengths and weaknesses often have to do with failure that eventually leads to success (losing one football game, practicing a lot, and winning another one); unfortunate events (a dead pet and the following extracurricular activities in the local vet clinic); or trips that changed your world outlook (a short mission to a third-world country). Sounds familiar?
Don’t try to cover a vast timeline
Of course, this will mostly depend on the required length of your essay, but you still have to understand that you cannot cram all of your childhood experiences up till the present day into a short academic paper. Ideally, you should choose an event that lasted no longer than a day; or, at least, if the actual chronological timeline is longer than that, you should stay really close to the point you are trying to convey.
If for example, you are talking about your dog’s premature departure, don’t bury the lead — start your paper with the pet dying; don’t start talking about puppy years. This little trick will help to create tension and will get the reader emotionally involved in the story.
Paint, don’t tell
The devil is in the details, and you are to use as many as you can. When dealing with a short personal essay, you can choose quality over quantity. In other words, make sure the details you include are vivid and descriptive.
The best way to achieve this effect is to start brainstorming as soon as you choose the topic. What do you remember about the day in question? What was the weather like? How did you feel? What did your mom look like during breakfast?
Also, remember that an introduction is the most important part of your work, and it should include the most vivid details (to hook the reader). Rather than stating your age, hobbies, and interests, paint a vivid picture with your words. But of course, make sure that this picture is directly related to the story that follows.
Don’t make it chronological
This is not a classic piece of literature, so you do not have to build suspense. In fact, it could be a great idea to start your storyline from the middle or even the end. If for example, your topic is “How I ruined Last Christmas,” do not feel obliged to start with setting up the lights. Instead, you can jump straight to the mess you’ve made or your relatives’ reaction when they saw what you did.
Add every detail to a bigger picture
In the ruined Christmas example above, don’t forget that a fallen tree is not the main point of your story. But what is? Maybe, it’s how you learned to appreciate the people around you? Or maybe that’s when you decided to start volunteering at the homeless kitchen? Whatever it is, make sure every tiny detail you include in a personal essay adds up to a larger picture — that is, the message you need to convey.
Technical writing tips
It might seem that a couple of pages will not take you long, but you still should not spend a lot of time procrastinating. At the very least, brainstorm the topic in advance.
Mind the format
Even though you are working on a personal essay, it does not mean that you can format it any way you like. This is still an academic work, and it should follow academic formatting requirements. When applying to college, make sure to check them out. Pay a special attention to:
Font (as a rule, Times New Roman is a universally recognized standard)
Font size (usually 12-point, but once again — it can differ)
Interval (typically, 2)
Margins (1-inch is a common academic standard)
Mind the timeframe
Once again — don’t postpone writing a paper. Even if you have chosen a topic well in advance, the writing and editing process is still quite time-consuming. Plus, every school has submission deadlines, right?
Get support from your family
No, it does not mean that mommy should write or proofread the paper for you. Still, when working on a personal essay, it can be very useful to ‘interview’ your relatives. If for example, you have already chosen an event to describe (like that ruined Christmas we talked about), do not be afraid to ask your family members some questions. What do they remember? How did they feel?
Don’t stop looking for inspiration
There is nothing wrong with being inspired by another person. Surely, you can’t steal other people’s ideas, but you can make some of them work in your personal essay. Even a simple Facebook post with a nice hook can sometimes show you great ways of impressing your audience.
Mind university requirements in mind
Even though you are writing an essay about yourself, it still does not mean that you should ignore university requirements completely. Here, it is important to pay attention not only to the format, but also to the qualities each college is looking for in their students. Obviously, it would be a great idea to try and focus on qualities that are relevant for this particular educational establishment. This leads us to the next point — if you are applying to several colleges at once, you will have to tailor your personal essay for each position rather than send out one and the same generic work.
Avoid complex words
It’s ok to be smart, but it does not mean that you should use a thesaurus for every adjective you write. Instead, try to be natural. And, of course, never — ever — use the words you do not really understand.
Pay special attention to introduction
This is the first part anyone will read, and it is crucial to get it right. Once again — remember that your goal here is to hook the reader, and avoid using cliches – they will achieve exactly the opposite. Try to think of something more creative instead — include a quote, some stats, or simply jump straight to the point.
Not sure where to start? We can help!
Sure, writing a personal essay can be intimidating. If you doubt your own writing skills, or if you simply postponed the deadline for too long, do not hesitate to get in touch with our professional essay writing team. We can craft a top-notch personal essay for you in no time. Just give any relevant details about your college and past experience, and we will gladly do the job for you!
By definition, “to synthesize” means to merge various components into a whole. Therefore, a synthesis essay is a paper which combines various ideas into a whole for the purpose of demonstrating a concept, which is referred to as the thesis. To write a synthesis essay, you often need to examine a source.
When drafting a synthesis essay, analyzing a designated passage or a prompt is of the essence. To analyze the text properly, you need to understand its objective, its rhetoric, as well as the argument supported by the writer. To put it simply, you must respond to the question “So what?”. Afterward, you are required to devise your own thesis, and write your paper in accordance with it.
Synthesis Essay Subject Examples
The prompt of a synthesis essay needs to be open to discussion. For instance, Andrew Jackson’s opposing perspectives on Native American populations enjoyed a high level of support back in the day. Nevertheless, nowadays they are considered dreadful. In accordance with your task, you may be required to opt for the main text. Select a text which may include contrasting perspectives.
Here are a few good subjects that are controversial:
Standard of living
How to Devise the Thesis
After deciding on a subject, go through your sources and determine your personal stance. To gain a proper comprehension of a source, you need to examine it in detail. After organizing your assertion or argument, create the thesis.
For instance: The fact that Andrew Jackson was terrified of the Native American populations denotes the bias and narrow viewpoints of the settlers.
How to Devise the Plan for the Synthesis Essay
Coming up with a plan will aid in preserving the structure of your synthesis essay. If your paper is made of 3 sections, divide your plan into 3 categories. Add substantiating proof, secondary arguments and particular ideas in the suitable divisions. Each and every one of your ideas must, in some way, demonstrate the assertion in your thesis. Additional data or ideas that are beside the point can obstruct your work. Still, if that certain data contradicts your primary claim, you ought to recognize it, as it may strengthen your ideas. Do not introduce any source without reading it first! When presenting the sources, steer clear of summaries. A synthesis must constitute an assessment, not a resume!
Primary idea 1
Primary idea 2
Primary idea 3
Primary idea 1
Proof (cite a work)
Assessment of Proof
Primary idea 2
Proof (cite a work)
Assessment of Proof
Primary idea 3
Proof (cite a work)
Assessment of Proof
Reiterate the primary idea and respond to any unresolved questions.
The Format of the Synthesis Essay
When selecting a format for your synthesis essay, you need to consider the requirements imposed by your instructor. The most widespread formatting styles are MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian. APA is generally utilized in Education, Psychology and Science disciplines. MLA is used in essays that pertain to the fields of Humanities. The Chicago/Turabian formatting style is employed in Business, History as well as Fine Arts. Purdue Owl represents a formatting guide which concentrates primarily on the MLA and APA format styles. Easybib constitutes a reference multifunctional instrument that can be utilized for your external sources.
Here are the main requirements:
Write using a Times New Roman 12 pt. font. Utilize double spacing.
Margins should be of 1”.
In the upper right side of each page, you must insert your surname and the page number.
Use centering on headings.
In the header, you must add your name, the teacher’s name, the course number as well as the date (dd/mm/yy).
On the last page, add the Works Cited section.
Here are the main requirements:
Write using a Times New Roman 12 pt. font. Utilize double spaced 1” edges.
In the upper area of each page, you must add a page header.
In the top right of the page, add the page number.
The paper must include the following sections: Cover Page, Synopsis, Main Body, and Bibliography.
How to Draft an AP English Synthesis Essay
AP English Language and Composition represents a highly meticulous study program for which you must deliver papers which show a profound comprehension of the topic. The truth is that even if the essay you write for your AP test features flawless syntax and organization, you might still get no more than 1 out of 9 points if you fail to support, dispute or qualify your assertion. This may seem very hard, but you can do it! Prior to enlisting in any AP course, it’s advisable to go through the study program summary and familiarize yourself with the examination.
When writing an essay, concentrate on the 3 sections of the AP study program: argument, synthesis and rhetoric assessment. The argument represents the simplest branch. You need to devise your assertion and discover particular substantiating proof. Persuade the audience that your claim is correct. For the synthesis part, you need to study numerous viewpoints and detect both a consensus and a controversy between works. This phase is essential to establishing your personal claim.
The rhetorical assessment involves the author as well as their purposes. What did they intend when writing the work? Which is their target audience? In what way does the author appeal to the reader? In what way does the author organize their claim?
Synthesis Essay Recommendations
When it comes to the 3 AP Lang writing sections, 2 acronyms are useful:
Recommendation 1: SOAPS
Text instance: The discourse held by Andrew Jackson in front of the Congress regarding the movement of the Native American populations towards Western territories.
Speaker: After establishing the orator, examine for prejudice. Utilize any previous information you may know about the orator. For instance: Andrew Jackson was prejudiced against Native American people. Therefore, any speech held by him will most likely discriminate against these populations. Occasion: Establish the moment and location of the text. Afterward, establish why it was written. If you aren’t certain about the motivation, make a supposition and base your claim on it. For instance: During Andrew Jackson’s presidency, the Congress relocated the Native American population towards the West for the purpose of clearing the territory for settlers. This plan was devised by Jackson. Audience: Who was the communication aimed at? For instance: The discourse was aimed at an assembly. Purpose: What is the message of the communication? For this part, examine the tone of the communication. For instance: By referring to the Native Americans as barbarians, Jackson attempts to put these populations in a bad light, so as for the Congress to ratify the Indian Removal Act. Subject: Identify the primary idea and the claim.
For instance: The president wants the Congress to ratify the act because he thinks the Native American populations are uncivilized and barbaric.
Recommendation 2: Logos, Ethos, and Pathos
As you’re probably well aware of, Logos calls on rationality, Pathos calls on feeling, and Ethos calls on ethical philosophy or trustworthiness. Nevertheless, to pass the AP Lang test, you need to have a greater comprehension of these elements.
In the eventuality that the communication utilizes certainties, numbers, and explanations, the orator is appealing to Logos. A highly efficient method of persuasion is including different supportive data. A communication that utilizes lively illustrations and powerful words indicates the utilization of Pathos. Pathos is used to establish an effective connection between the audience and the claim. It is very difficult to influence the perspective of an individual who is connected to a topic through a powerful feeling.
The situation in which the communication tries to prove the orator’s dependability or trustworthiness represents a straightforward appeal to Ethos. For instance, Jackson had the possibility of appealing to Ethos by pointing out to his position as President of the United States. Appealing to Logos, Pathos and Ethos frequently results in the utilization of logical aberrations.
Recommendation 3: DIDLS
DIDLS represents a reliable shorthand for the entirety of textual assessments. When going through a text, you should attempt to spot the following elements: Diction, Imagery, Details, Language and Sentence Structure. Include your findings in your assessment.
Writing an academic paper can be a tricky and challenging task. And the most challenging part of it is that a student often does not know where to begin, where to go from there, what to do next, etc. Having a good command of the subject-matter of your paper is a great thing, but it is not enough for writing a top-performing research paper. If you want to write an A+ research paper, you need to plan all the work carefully. Here is our step-by-step guide on preparing a stunning research paper to win an excellent grade.
STEP 1. PICK A TOPIC
It is very important to choose the right topic for your research paper. On the one hand, the topic of your research paper must be interesting for you, on the other hand, it should pose a bit of a challenge. In other words, developing this topic should be such an engaging task for you, that you can keep your enthusiasm up until your research paper is ready, even though the most tedious parts of the process. These two factors will predetermine your zeal to complete this work.
Try to be as specific as you can. For example, “Military History” is not a good topic, it can be narrowed down to “Military History of the 20th Century”, and further down to “Vietnam War.” Naturally, before you begin your research, your topic needs to be approved by your teacher or professor. Then, you will be given an assignment on this topic. If some details happen to confuse you, re-read them. If necessary, ask your teacher or professor some extra question, but don’t leave any unclarities unattended.
STEP 2. CONDUCT A PRELIMINARY RESEARCH
There are two common places to look for information:
The Web. The first most obvious thing to do here is to go online and surf the Internet. Remember, however, that a serious research is not about simply typing your topic in Google, hitting enter, and looking through several of the first search results. Unfortunately, the information found on the Internet is not always reliable and needs to be double-checked at all times.
Some websites are more trustworthy than others. The websites with .edu domain name extension will be the most reliable for your research because this extension is used exclusively by educational institutions who have no interest in posting unreliable information, quite the contrary. ,” websites with .gov extension are also reliable, but these domains are reserved exclusively for governmental institutions. So, they should be treated with a bit of caution, because – for obvious reason – the information presented on these websites may be politically biased.
You may be misinformed that websites under .org domains are normally also trustworthy because these domains are allocated for non-commercial organizations. This was true back in the day. Today, however, pretty much anybody in the world can register a .org domain and put a website there with (almost) any information on it.
Domains with other extensions can also be registered by pretty much anybody, so those websites cannot be relied on, unless you are 100% positive – for example, with britannica.com – the website of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
As you dig deeper with your online research, you will learn how to tell the trustworthy sources from the ones to be doubted.
Libraries. This may seem old-fashioned, but the books from the library are sure to have only reliable information.
The introduction of OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog). This is a resource that allows you to instantly check the availability of printed materials in your local library or any other library of your choosing: books, encyclopedias, and dictionaries, magazines and newspapers, governments publications and reports, almanacs and atlases, etc., – down to the yellow pages ans telephone directories.
Read what you can find and evaluate the relevance of those sources. Bookmark the selected resources. Some people find it more convenient to have everything on paper and print out the selected web pages. Others prefer the digital format and make scans of their printed resources.
As you gather your resources, remember to put down all the necessary bibliographical information: author, title, publisher, place and date of publication, pages numbers, URLs, dates of creation and modification of web pages and dates of your access. Have it written on or pinned to your printouts or scanned copies, It is critical because a resource is worthless when it cannot be properly cited.
STEP 3. STATE THE THESIS OF YOUR RESEARCH PAPER
Give your topic and your gathered resources a good brainstorm and put your preliminary conclusion in one sentence. This will be your thesis statement – the highlight of what you plan to prove with your work. Your research paper will primarily consist of arguments to support your thesis statement.
STEP 4. PUT TOGETHER AN OUTLINE
First of all, remember that this outline will not be the final one, but only a draft at this stage. You are free to modify it on later stages of your work.
The outline should consist of an Introduction, a Body, and a Conclusion. It must be detailed, but all the points must directly relate to the topic of your research paper. Here is an example of a research paper outline:
Definition of Alcohol Poisoning
Significance of the Study
Definition of Terms
Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning
Effects of Alcohol Poisoning
How to Deal with Alcohol Hazards
At this stage, the purpose of shaping an outline is to help you organize the fact that you have gathered and your ideas on the topic into a logical structure. A detailed and comprehensive outline is arguably the most important step in putting together a decent research paper. Therefore, make sure that the points are organized in such a way that they smoothly flow from the previous to the next. Let us take a closer look at what should be stated in the three main parts of your outline (and, consequently, your research paper).
Introduction. This is where you state the thesis of your paper as the purpose of your research. It is also a good idea to mention why you find this topic important, how you relate to it, and how you approach it. You also briefly explain how you see your work (what kind of work it is – a factual report, a review, a comparison, analysis, etc.) and what your major points will be. The main goal of your introduction is to engage your reader.
Body. Here you present your arguments to support your statement. In is recommended that each of the arguments, in turn, has three supporting arguments. It is a good idea to place the stronger arguments closer to the end.
Conclusion. This is where you re-tell your arguments in brief form and re-word your thesis statement explaining how you have come to your conclusion.
STEP 5. SYNCHRONIZE YOUR NOTES WITH YOUR OUTLINE
Put all your gathered resources in order in accordance with your outline. Double-check your factual data and analyze it. Don’t forget the opposing opinions, because they may be helpful in making your conclusion more convincing in the end.
This is not just another step in putting your research paper together, it is more than that. This is the stage of digesting all you gathered information. It is during this process that you will most probably learn something new about the subject, and this is actually the entire point of the whole thing, the real goal behind this task.
Putting all your findings and ideas together in an organized manner will help you make them look and sound more convincing – that is, when presented in both written and oral form, either.
Thoroughly sort out the pieces of information that are not relevant to the topic, even if you like them. Also, by all means, avoid information that you are not sure you understand on a proper level. You don’t want to give ground for questions that you will not be able to answer.
Once again, make sure that all your reference materials are properly cited. Make them ready to be transferred directly into your Bibliography section in the correct format. If you don’t this will look like a case of plagiarism, and it is a very serious allegation. It can render your research paper invalid, all your spent time and effort will be in vain, and your academic future will be put to question. As for your original ideas, make sure they are worded originally as well. If necessary, run your notes through some online plagiarism checking tools.
A good tip to organize your notes effectively is to highlight them in different colors. For example, if a certain note belongs to “Effects of Alcohol Poisoning,” it can be marked with II-B where II means the second section of your research paper, and B stands for the subsection. You can use longer codes if your research paper has more levels of subdivision. This will help you to quickly put your notes in the proper places on future stages as you compose the actual draft of your research paper. This is just an example of how notes can be organized, you are welcome to invent your own unique way of organizing your notes if you think it works for you best.
STEP 6. MOVE ON TO YOUR FIRST DRAFT
Now that your outline is ready and your notes are properly organized, you can move on to putting together the first draft of your research paper.
Start with your Introduction and read through all the notes that you have prepared for it. If you marked your notes the way we have suggested earlier, the ones having to do with your Introduction should be marked with I.
Remember to combine different ways of citing your sources. You can quote them directly or indirectly, you can paraphrase them, or you can summarize them. Actually, it could be a good idea to have some of your notes paraphrased beforehand and have the paraphrased versions directly in your notes.
All your notes need to be put together in accordance with your outline. If you prefer the digital version, give your notes meaningful filenames including the indexes that we suggested earlier (for example, IA3b, 2C, etc.), so that you could find them easily to copy and paste them into the draft of your research paper. Once your first subsection is ready, you can save it under the name “1A” and move on to “1B” and so on and so forth. Writing you research paper in such small bits makes you less prone to procrastination and facilitates the process a great deal.
Remember that this is only your first draft, and your task at the moment is not to have all the blanks filled and build a research paper ready for submitting. If you find yourself stuck at some point, you are free to leave it for later and return to it when you feel ready. Just remember about such point. In order not to forget them, you can mark them in a certain color or with an uncommon symbol or a combination of symbols that you do not normally use throughout your research paper – for example, “#” or “^~^.” This will help you to find these gaps in future when you are ready to return to them. Remember to remove the symbols once the gaps are taken care of.
STEP 7. PROOFREAD AND EDIT YOUR OUTLINE AND YOUR DRAFT
This is the time to once again double-check the factual data included in your research paper. If necessary, re-arrange your ideas so they would accord with your outline better. Through this process, always bear your reader or listener in mind and remember that your text needs to stay convincing.
Check if you are using all the terminology properly, use dictionaries and thesauruses for this purpose. Also, use special spelling- and grammar-checking software or online service. Those can be found on the Internet, and some of them can be used free of charge.
If you are not sure about your writing style, you can check out some guide on academic writing. Be encouraged to find someone with good writing skills and let this person look through your draft. A fresh look can be extremely useful. Remember that this person has to be trustworthy because your research paper is your intellectual property. Also keep it in mind that, while all the possible recommendations should be paid attention to, they still should be treated with a healthy dose of criticism. It is still your paper, and you are not obliged to introduce all the suggested changes.
It is helpful to ask yourself and answer the following questions:
Is my thesis statement clear and comprehensive?
Is the outline followed accurately with no point overlooked?
Does every paragraph begin with a strong and engaging introducing sentence?
Do my argument flow into one another logically?
Is every argument well integrated into the text?
Are my arguments convincing to prove my thesis statement?
Are they illustrated with examples?
Are there any run-on or unfinished sentences?
Are the sentences not too long or too short?
Did I make sure that there are no grammatical or spelling errors?
Did I avoid using contractions (“we’re”, “don’t,” can’t,” etc.)?
Is there any misused or overused terminology?
Did I avoid personal constructions like “I think,” “I assume,” etc. instead of the preferred third-person construction?
Did I cite all my sources properly, so I would not be suspected of plagiarism?
Have I made my point clear in my research paper?
Have I kept my paper objective while still interesting and engaging?
Does my paper look complete?
Carefully work through this checklist.
STEP 8. PUT THE FINISHING TOUCHES
Re-read your assignment to make sure that you are fully aware of your professor’s expectations to fulfill them. You should understand by which point your research paper will be evaluated and ensure that all those points are met.
Proofread your paper for the very last time to be 100% positive that there are no grammatical, punctuational or spelling errors, missing or duplicate words, etc. Make sure that it looks neat and tidy.
All research papers are to be submitted in printed form, so be recommended to have it printed on a good printer and on a good quality paper. Even such a small detail as the tactile feeling your paper gives to your reader can influence your reader’s experience and their overall impression.
It is best to have the final variant of your research paper ready about two or three days before you have to submit it. Once it is done, try your best to distance away from it. Remember that we are all our own fiercest critic and the process of perfection can last forever. So, once you have decided that your research paper is done, try and keep yourself from returning to it or even thinking about it. Switch to some other tasks or just relax, and remember about your paper only on the day when you are to submit it.
High school, college, and even university students from all over the globe are writing persuasive essays. However, most of them are not proficient when it comes to adequate literary organization. Unless you devise a comprehensible structure, the viewpoints expressed by your persuasive essay will not have value. At this point, you might be asking yourself what a persuasive essay actually is. By definition, to persuade means to convince. Obviously, we’re talking about an academic paper in which you must try to use your personal perspectives to try and change the audience’s viewpoints on the subject. To increase your appeal to the reader, you need to utilize the rhetorical techniques called ethos, logos, and pathos.
If you want to find out how to write a good persuasive essay, you’re looking in the right place! While any form of essay has particular requirements, standards and guidelines, when dealing with a persuasive essay you should generally utilize the 5-paragraph structure. The primary target of this paper is to present an argumentative evaluation on a specific subject. This type of assignment can help you expand your analytical reasoning skills. It makes for a great way of learning how to explain your assessment using a structured organization.
The Format of the Persuasive Essay
As described earlier, persuasive essays are typically written using the conventional 5-paragraph structure. A lot of high school students are taught to use this structure in their papers in order to stick to national conventions, particularly in the US. Nevertheless, it’s impossible to examine and elucidate certain subjects in only five paragraphs. If that is the case, you can be flexible. In the majority of high schools, your capability of writing such an essay will be evaluated in class. In general, students are asked to write assignments that take between half an hour and a whole hour. Nevertheless, in various university programs, this traditional format is seldom utilized. Furthermore, the variety of content you need to study and assess is considerably lengthier and more intricate. In other words, the structure of the paper depends a lot on the subject and the type of question you are required to answer to.
Examples of Persuasive Essay Subject
In general, you’ll be required to choose a perspective in an argument or to support a specific viewpoint against critiques. Here are a few of the most widespread topics you might be asked to write an essay on:
Is it right to legalize cannabis for therapeutic reasons?
Is it fair to penalize individuals for illegal downloads of songs, movies or video games?
Is it ethical to allow abortions?
Should gruesome murderers be given the capital punishment?
Should cigarette advertisements be banned from television?
While these are merely a few of the general questions you may be asked to reply to, they make for a great way of learning how to write an efficient persuasive essay. In general, your assignment will involve a subject related to your class or specialty. No matter the topic, the structure is the same for any persuasive essay.
Examples of Persuasive Essay Subjects for College Students
As opposed to high school subjects, college subjects are more difficult to find. In middle school or high school, students are merely required to assemble a well-organized paper. On the other hand, in college things are more challenging. Seeing as the majority of college students are already familiar with common standards, the focus is on delivering original content instead of reformulating thoughts. As a result, if you write a persuasive essay on a subject like marijuana, death penalty or firearm control, you won’t get a flawless grade. When selecting an argument for your paper, try to think of something exceptional, a topic that not many people discuss. To put it simply, if your teacher is not impressed after taking a look at the first page, your grade will probably be mediocre.
Take a look at a couple of remarkable persuasive essay subjects for college students:
Is it justifiable for the government to keep track of private data through Google?
If an illegal expatriate has an empty rap sheet and a good work history, should they be allowed to stay in the country they immigrated to?
Are social networks a good way of enhancing an individual’s socialization abilities?
Are film critics partial when rating a production or do they utilize deficient standards?
Do technological breakthroughs diminish the usefulness of personal skills?
As indicated by various university teachers, the examples above constitute some of the most outstanding persuasive essay subjects and can give rise to fascinating discussions. Apart from being unique, these topics also allow for the utilization of a large array of knowledge to strengthen your ideas. Therefore, if you wish to build perfect arguments when writing a persuasive essay, don’t hesitate to follow these examples!
Persuasive Essay Structure (Model)
The outline of your persuasive essay should look more or less like the template presented below.
Focus on delivering a powerful introduction
Short description of both sides
Talk about your perspective on the argument
Hypothesis assertion indicating the reasonability of your entire argument
Body First paragraph:
An explanatory subject phrase that illustrates your idea directly (affirming the first argument)
Offer proof that is reasonable and relevant
Combine proof with clarification
Include a conclusive assertion regarding the entire paragraph.
An explanatory subject phrase that illustrates your idea directly (affirming the second argument)
Offer proof that is reasonable and relevant
Combine proof with clarification
Include a conclusive assertion regarding the entire paragraph.
An explanatory subject phrase that illustrates your idea directly (affirming the third argument)
Offer proof that is reasonable and relevant
Combine proof with clarification
Include a conclusive assertion regarding the entire paragraph.
Reiterate the hypothesis
Provide a summarized explanation of each justification
Write a general conclusion that stimulates the reader’s thinking.
Hook Assertion: The best way to start writing any persuasive essay is by creating a confident hook assertion. When reading this phrase, the reader should feel enthusiastic about your paper. It goes without saying that the hook statement needs to be connected to your subject of persuasion.
Short introduction/context: The size of this section depends on the amount of information and assessment you intend to offer. You should include a separate phrase for each of your topics of assessment.
Thesis Assertion: This part represents the main argument/idea of persuasion of your paper. As a piece of advice, postpone your thesis statement until after you’ve completed the body paragraphs. This way, you’ll be able to know for sure what your essay is about before devising your thesis.
Writing the thesis at the end of your paper makes for a much simpler method. It would be considerably harder to align your arguments to match the thesis, and it might diminish the value of your assessment and the validity of your arguments.
Subject Phrase: This phrase should present your argument. Make sure you include terms of accentuation, as these powerful and reassuring words have a great potential for supporting your assertion.
Argument: This part represents the bulk of your paper. State your main argument explicitly.
Clarification/Proof: This section includes the assertions that can truly persuade the reader. Such statements comprise either certainties or data assessment. Their purpose is to support your core argument and demonstrate its validity.
Conclusive phrase: Once you finish clarifying your supported argument, use a conclusive phrase to summarize your idea. Use the most effective terms you can think of! You should regard this as a brief but useful synopsis. The number of body paragraphs depends on the topic of assessment, hypothesis or the paper standards like a number of words or page length. Nevertheless, this constitutes the most common essay outline.
Reiteration of the Hypothesis: Once you demonstrate your hypothesis in the body paragraphs, you need to reiterate it in the conclusion. Try to paraphrase it in the most efficient manner.
Sum Up Essential Ideas: Offer a succinct explanation as to the way in which your primary arguments supported your hypothesis assertion. Demonstrate once more that your explanations are rational and coherent.
General Conclusive Assertion: You need to make certain that the audience comprehends the worth and significance of your paper and the argument you examined and explained. Your persuasive essay will not be a success unless the reader seriously reflects upon your argument.
MLA and Chicago style formats are generally recommended for this type of essay, seeing as they offer the best material alignments, edges, headlines as well as other paper elements. Do not utilize vocabulary excessively! While it’s advisable to show some diversity, overusing vocabulary is never recommended. Play it smart! Go over the paper again to check that you’ve demonstrated your hypothesis. If you believe a certain point has been demonstrated in a somewhat different way than you intended, modify the thesis correspondingly. Illustrate the reason for which your perspective is more plausible than the opposite one. While the main purpose of a persuasive essay is supporting your viewpoint, counteracting the opposing perspective is a plus!
Have someone go through your essay. This way, you’ll see how your arguments are perceived by others.
Persuasive Essay Grading Criteria
When grading persuasive essays, professors generally follow certain criteria. While each specific criterion has its particular directions, to get an excellent grade, you need to know how to properly combine them.
Emphasis: Does the hypothesis assertion express a definite perspective instead of showing impartiality? Are the ideas on track? Is the thesis supported in a perpetual manner?
Positional Support: Is the thesis supported adequately? Does the essay writer introduce at least three different substantiated ideas? Is the authenticity of the thesis validated by the writer’s arguments?
Structure: Is the shift from one thought to the other harmonious? Are transitional phrases used correctly? Are the arguments introduced in the right order?
Conclusion: After going through the entire paper, is the reader able to gain a complete understanding of the writer’s perspective? Does it have the potential of stimulating the reader to change their perspective and submit to that of the writer?
Understanding: Are grammatical mistakes kept to a minimum? Does the author use an adequate combination of brief and lengthy phrases? Are punctuation marks positioned properly?
A Model of Persuasive Essay
Take a look at the following persuasive essay. This is a great piece of writing that deals with the subject of morality in downloading multimedia content illicitly.
Up to the present day, the world has evolved to a great extent. Nowadays, the internet grants us access to everything we want. All across the globe, individuals spend countless hours on their computers, smartphones or tablets, engaging in different virtual pastimes. In this very moment, there are many people who are playing video games, looking at websites or downloading multimedia content online. While some of the endeavors above are entirely legitimate, downloading or torrenting music or movies is against the law. Taking into account the harmful outcomes presented in the following paragraphs, individuals who download copyrighted content online ought to be penalized.
When producing and revising their projects, artists spend a large amount of money. In addition to being tax payers, they are required to pay certain fees prior to launching a product. Moreover, recording music videos and movies does not come cheap. Consequently, when you download their works of art online, you cause them substantial problems and some may even lack the necessary funds to devise new products. When being confronted with such a situation, the artist may quit this job and look for other means of making a living. As a result, the entertainment business might go downhill in the course of time, which would be unjust to musicians and actors.
As indicated earlier, downloading multimedia content online may demoralize some of the actors and musicians who depend exclusively on their artworks to make a living. Their projects are unsuccessful in producing a sufficient sum of money to support future works of art. Unless the production sells well, the artist might not have enough money to carry on. Other people in this line of work may get the impression that their entitlements to intellectual property rights are being violated and nothing can be done about the guilty party. As a result, people who download artistic creations free of charge ought to be penalized. This way, artists will be aided in advancing in their activity.
Illicitly downloading works of arts represents the means to the ethical decline of today’s society. By performing such actions, one shows children and young individuals that it is alright to take someone else’s possession and utilize it without their prior approval. This is not any different from theft. Sadly, guardians and other mature individuals are the ones who are the most engaged in such operations. Thus, youngsters are stimulated to reproduce their behavior. Other people download movies or music and offer them for sale as counterfeit DVDs or soft copies. This is why the majority of youngsters are reluctant to listen to the advice of mature individuals because integrity represents an attribute they do not place much value on.
Illicitly downloading multimedia content online is also detrimental to the financial progress of a state. Songs and films represent the biggest income earners in the entire show business. The authorities are very dependent on that income when it comes to supplying the assets needed in a state. Nevertheless, illicit downloads make certain that movies and songs do not generate any revenue. As a result, the administration experiences shortages. Thus, it is not capable of supplying the required resources. Moreover, the financial position of the state is deteriorated, which forces the administration to loan money in order to attend to the necessities of the population.
To sum up, illegally downloading works of arts online may damage the society, the population as well as the state itself. Demoralization of the musicians and actors, menaced financial progress and ethical decline in society represent only some of the many harmful outcomes of stealing multimedia content. Consequently, people who download movies and music illegally must be punished.
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Reading a book or watching a movie for college doesn’t sound so bad, right? Especially, when the professor tells you that you can choose your own angle in analyzing the story in question. Well, it does sound fun until the final pages of the book (or the final scenes of the movie) — that is, right until the moment you realize you have no idea what to do next. Sounds familiar? Read on, we’ll show you how to deal with this task!
Analytical Essay: The Essentials
You have probably heard the term ‘analytical essay’ before. More than that, you most likely have written one or two already. In a nutshell, an analytical essay is an in-depth analysis of a particular idea or observation.
In other words, an analytical essay focuses on one idea or thought and provides an informative piece of writing on the subject. For example, you are to write a paper of guns. This topic may involve a lot of things: from weapons history to the controversies of being an owner. So, you will have to choose a narrow angle and think of a relevant argument to make the paper interesting. This argument is going to be your thesis.
Choosing Topics for an Analytical Essay
Any idea can be a great fit for an analytical essay. No, really — any fact or event that can be supported with evidence may be a basis of a solid paper. After all, it’s our ability to observe and analyze that gave humanity the chance to develop, so the skills to writing an analytical essay are inherent for most people. So, it is not surprising that there are so many different subtypes of essay analysis — and we’ll quickly go through them in the paragraphs below.
Rhetorical Analysis Papers
Despite its a bit confusing name, rhetorical analysis essays deal with facts and logic. Its primary goal is to prove a fact or an idea to a person (in your case, a reader) who is uncertain or skeptical about some notion. Mostly, rhetorical analysis essays are assigned to science students. Here are some examples of typical essay topics:
Fundamental laws of economics
Essay on literary analysis
This type of analytical essay is the most widespread one in high school and college. All of your papers on Hamlet and Frankenstein were literary analysis papers. A literary analysis can focus either on a specific idea in a given piece of fiction or even take one little event in the storyline and analyze its impact on the overall plot. Here are some topic examples for a literary analysis essay:
The role of science in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
Historical parallels in Orwell’s Animal Farm
The role of society in King Lear by Shakespeare
It’s all in the name here — a process essay focuses on a process that leads to certain transformation. Think of ‘before — after’ pictures you see online and describe what happens in between the two. And, of course, remember that the essay should have a purpose, so the choice of a process in question should be well-thought. Here are just a couple of examples:
The Cycle of History
The character analysis essay is basically the same as the process essay because it focuses on the transformations a certain character goes through the plot line. Even though the analyzed objects are different, the logic is exactly the same: you analyze character development from the beginning till the very end of the story. For example:
Frankenstein’s Monster Evolution in Shelley’s Novel
Hamlet’s Path from Nobility to Insanity
Holden’s character development in Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye
Another essay type with a pretty descriptive name. When analyzing poetry, you are to focus on a poem’s structure, style, content, symbolism, and historical meaning. The specific aspects to focus on may differ slightly as long as you can make the reader understand this particular work of art. For the essay title, you usually take the poem’s title and the author’s name. As simple as that:
The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
Success is Counted Sweetest by Emily Dickinson
Rudyard Kipling’s If
Casual Analysis Papers
What would you answer to a million ‘whys’ a child asks you? Basically, the same as you would when writing a casual analysis essay. After all, not every question has an explicit answer; so, you are to come up with the best explanation you can. Sometimes, this type of essay is also referred to as the speculative analysis essay because instead of operating the facts only, it also allows a lot of space for your own thoughts and theories. Consider these topics as an example:
Why is violence becoming more and more common on TV?
Why do children get addicted to video games?
Why are obesity rates so high in the US?
As you can see, the list of topics to discuss here will be endless — the examples above give you just a general idea of what a casual analysis essay is.
Getting ready to write
Even if you are a natural-born writer, make a note of some preparatory steps that will help you ace an essay. They will help you save a lot of time and trouble in the writing process:
Brainstorming & Choosing a Topic
Choosing a topic is always the first step — not only when you are free to choose your own topic, but also — when you are already given one. After all, there can be many different angles to one and the same issue, and you should pick yours before you start writing.
Making sure the topic is relevant is another important sub-step when figuring out your essay topic. If a chosen subject puts you right to sleep, your readers will unlikely find it interesting either.
Coming up with a thesis
Choosing a strong and arguable thesis is the most important step in writing any type of essay, including an analytical one. Most often, it will require a certain degree of preliminary research — especially if the assigned subject is new to you. So, try to get some general idea about the topic and see if it has some arguable areas. For example, a history essay thesis may focus on the effects of a certain historic event — a battle, for example. A strong thesis does not state something obvious (like, ‘we won’) but digs into the events that might have led to the victory or the outcomes of winning.
A relevant and controversial thesis is another thing to focus on. There is no point in proving your point of view if no one really argues with it; just like there is no point in persuading your audience in things they have zero interest in. Take our history battle as an example and think big: what would modern society look like if the outcome was different? This should give you some insight on what a relevant thesis should be.
Researching supportive evidence
While preliminary research will be useful in figuring out a topic, the best way to come up with a strong thesis is to dig in a little deeper. Plus, you will need all the information you can get to support your argument in the body paragraphs, so get ready to make some notes while reading.
Choosing the right type of evidence for the right type of paper is what makes your essay credible. So, when analyzing a work of fiction, you are to operate quotes from the original source. When dealing with a paper on science, you should choose other scientific works as the supporting evidence.
Creating an Outline
Many students ignore this step, which costs them a lot of time. Sure, figuring out the structure of your future paper takes some time, too. The good news is that writing based on a plan is way quicker than thinking about every new line on the go.
Sure, the number of paragraphs and the overall logic of the essay will be different for different types of essays and majors. Still, no one ever discards the essentials (that is, introduction — body paragraphs — conclusion).
Outline and Structure of an Analytical Essay
This is the part of the paper where you introduce the topic and give readers the general idea of what the essay will be focusing on. It outlines the topic, the scope of your work, and presents your thesis. It is also common to start an intro with a hook to make your reader interested, but this part is optional. The structure of an intro looks like this:
Hook statement or a neutral introduction of the general problem
Description of a narrowed down problem that will be analyzed in your paper
Transition statement before the thesis statement
The thesis statement
Essay body paragraphs
The purpose of the body is to prove your thesis. Depending on the paper, there can be a different number of body paragraphs, but we will focus on three as the most common practice. Each body paragraph focuses on a certain fact or event that supports your thesis. Obviously, each of them should also follow a certain logic and structure that usually goes like this:
Topic Sentence: a brief sentence that presents your supporting evidence.
Analysis: In greater detail, you are to analyze the statement and elaborate on how exactly it supports your thesis. Try to make the analysis detailed but to the point. Sure, this can be a tricky part, but ideally, 2-3 sentences are enough to provide analytical info for your topic statement.
Evidence: The only way to support your analysis of the statement is to present some evidence. Think of the structure above as ‘statement — explanation — proof,’ and make sure all three always go hand in hand.
Concluding sentence: If you have done a good job with the topic sentence, explained it properly, and presented some facts to prove the idea, just one concluding sentence is enough to highlight the significance of the entire paragraph.
Now, repeat with the remaining two paragraphs!
Remember that a single body paragraph should give a quick detailed overview of the problem. Ideally, the reader should have no questions left after reading this section. So, take a good critical look at your logic to see if the information you provide is really enough.
Also note that ‘the more, the better’ is not always the case with a good analytical essay. It all depends on the topic and the angle you choose. Sometimes, you will need ten body paragraphs; sometimes, two will be enough.
The conclusion wraps up your entire paper. It quickly summarizes the relevance of your topic and the facts you operated in the process. In the ideal world, a conclusion dots the i’s and crosses the t’s of your paper. The structure is usually like this:
Rephrased thesis statement
Quick summary of the key points
Concluding statement with the results of your work
More Tips and Tricks
Choose relevant arguments
It is imperative that your supporting evidence matched your thesis. If in the course of writing, you drifted apart from the logic of your thesis, chances are — you will have to rewrite the thesis (or the topic sentences).
As we write, we make dozens of typos and other mistakes, so proofreading is always a must. As you do, pay attention not only to spelling and punctuation but also to the overall logic of your work. Also, do not start proofreading as soon as you’ve finished writing. Take some rest and come back to the assignment in a couple of hours at least.
Get someone to help you
Sometimes, getting a pair of fresh eyes can be very useful — especially, if you have little experience as an essay writer. If you want to make sure your ideas are clear enough, ask someone else to read your paper.
Writing advice from a pro
The problem with analytical essays is that most textbook definitions are pretty vague. After all, an analysis is an important part of essay writing, which is why the thin line between summary, reelection, and criticism can be very confusing for most college students. In a nutshell, an analytical essay means digging into the subject as deep as you can. Forget about what, where, and when. They are superficial. Focus on why and how.
My tip when working on an analytical essay is to ask yourself a couple of simple questions. The first is, how to write it? Next, who is your audience? Then, what are those people really interested in? If you answer all three correctly, coming up with an A+ analytical essay will be easier than it probably sounds at the moment. When it comes to the actual writing, mind your tone and word choice. Stick to the original plan (have one before you start — making notes during the research should help you with that). Don’t shift from one thought to another — keep your logic consistent and easy to trace. This kind of skill will help you through college years and will prove incredibly useful in your future profession. Mary, an essay expert at Elite Essay Writers
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