It would only seem logical that an introduction is a paragraph you are writing first. While for some assignments, this logic can be true, it is not so for research papers. In a research paper, introduction presents a topic in its entirety. To put it simply, this initial paragraph outlines your entire paper and — often — even mention the results you are planning to achieve in your work. With this in mind, it becomes clear why the most logical way would be to write an introduction for the research paper after your main sections, results, and conclusion are already finished.
But, even if you are writing a research paper introduction after all other essential parts are done, it is still easy to get lost in the process and make some mistakes. These mistakes in turn, could negatively affect your final grade. So, to save you from this trouble, we’ve created a full guide on how to write a research paper introduction. Simply follow our tips, and you won’t get lost in the tricky process.
Present your topic first
The topic of your research paper is the most important part. After all, it’s why you started with the research in the first place, right? So, given that subject is essentially the fundament of your work, it is crucial to lay it down in the very beginning of your introduction.
Also, it is important to remember that the purpose of any introductory paragraph is to grab your readers’ attention. Do not think that if your professor is paid to read this work, the attention-grabbing part is irrelevant. It is very — very — relevant, and failing to intrigue your reader will lose you precious points on the grading sheet. The best tip on how to intrigue your reader would be to look at the topic from different angles and try to highlight your subject from different perspectives.
As you do, start with general concepts about your topic and narrow them down in the process. You are not supposed to go too deep — you’ll do it in the main section of your research paper. But, you are to present your view of the subject, as well as its aspects (both general and narrow ones) that interest you. As you explain your perception of the subject, make sure you do not stray off. Keep your goal in mind and be simple.
Give a literature overview
Obviously, a research paper presupposes references to already written material on the subject — otherwise, it wouldn’t be called a research paper! You will be making all of these references in the main body of your work. Still, an introduction should have at least some information about the sources you ‘plan’ to use in your paper. This part of introduction should not be too long, but it is still a vital section that should not be omitted. In practice, you can present your view of the topic (as discussed above). And then, you can simply add a couple of words about other opinions on the same subject. That will do the trick just fine.
Highlight how relevant your research is
Nobody researches for the sake of researching. Ideally, the topic you choose should be either presented from a new angle no-one has covered before; or, suggest a new solution to an already existing problem. This is what makes your research relevant, and this aspect must be highlighted in your introduction. Ask the ‘so what?’ question. After, make sure to mention the answer in your introductory part.
Present your thesis
This is the final part of your introduction and, like any wrapping up part, it should impress your reader. In case of a research paper, a thesis is a fundament for your entire work. What are you trying to prove here? What is the ultimate goal of writing this paper? In other words, a thesis statement is the gist of your whole research. Yes, of course, it may be a bit challenging to cram a complex subject into just one sentence. Yet, this is exactly what thesis calls for.
A solid thesis should:
Present some general facts/info about the topic
Be laconic and precise
Highlight the importance of your subject
If yours has all three, you’re good to go! Now, there is only one part of introduction left to cover.
Finish with an outline
Even though major work on your introduction is finished by now, you are still to outline your paper structure. After all, some researches can be pages long and can feature multiple sections and subsections. If this is the case, you should definitely present a brief plan of your work. Don’t go into much detail — three or four sentences describing the main parts of your research are enough. If you are working on a relatively short research paper, this part is often optional. If you’re not sure whether you need to online your research, double-check with your professor.
Still need help?
Not sure you can do all of the above in just one paragraph? No worries — even the most talented and diligent students sometimes get lost when it comes to structuring their research paper introduction. Sure, googling ‘how to write research paper introduction’ is already a huge step forward. Still, if you experience writer’s block, you may lose a lot of time – time you could have used more productively.
So, why not contact our team of professional essay writers? After all, we are here to help! Hundreds of students like you have already hired our team — not only for writing a research paper introduction, but for completing whole pages of research for them. Our writers have extensive experience writing all sorts of research papers for any subject and academic level. Here, we will make sure the work you get is compelling, creative, and full of new ideas. Even if the deadline is pressing, our qualified team will gladly give you a hand. No matter how complex or how urgent the research may be, we’re here to help!
The conclusion is usually what stays in readers’ heads long after they had forgotten what the research was about. If written properly, it not only sums up what had already been said but offers a fresh perspective on the issue, portraying its importance in a broader context than the one discussed throughout your paper. Making an impression is what conclusion is all about, but achieving this objective can prove challenging.
Some useful pointers to how a strong conclusion should be written include:
Circling back to your opening argument and reexamining the research subject in view of all new information gathered by a present study. This can be done in several ways:
By briefly recapitulating principal findings of the study. Do it creatively, simply creating a list of your key points is not sufficient.
Write a strong sentence suggesting a more profound meaning your research could have for mankind. With the risk of sounding pretentious, this is bound to draw your readers’ attention and invite them to think further on the subject.
Concisely repeat your study main findings and recognize what still remains to be explored in order to fully understand the topic in question.
In contrast to the Introduction section, where you start wide and narrow the wide opening to your research question, in Conclusion, you do the opposite: use the data obtained in your study and extend their implications to a more general context.
The way any conclusion is written depends on the exact type of the essay you are writing. In persuasive essays, your conclusion is used to present a punch line; this statement is intended to persuade readers of the validity of your claims. In papers serving exploratory purposes, where thorough analysis of the subject has been done, its outcome is presented in conclusion, followed by directions for further research to be conducted in this particular field of study.
If your research included contrasting different opinions and views on a certain topic, your closing section should present a conclusion of what you think is the best position to take in the matter and a short summary of your arguments.
If your thesis raised an issue to be resolved by collecting evidence to its validity or invalidity, a conclusion should present a resolution of the dilemma. The broader consequences of the discussed problem should be demonstrated in conclusion.
All ideas mentioned in the course of writing your research paper should be briefly addressed in conclusion in order to connect them in a meaningful way and show their possible implications. Introducing new ideas in the closing section of your paper is strongly discouraged.
Keep it short: if you want to make a strong point, never make it too long or complicated. Two to five effective sentences will usually suffice. Keep in mind that what people read last stays with them and determines the overall impression they will have of your work. Therefore you need to ensure that a proper message is communicated in conclusion and that the intended purpose of your paper is accomplished.
Formulating a research paper conclusion
However confidently a student has written his/her research paper, writing a powerful conclusion may come as a challenge. Attempting to close an argument with a strong conclusion is often frustrating. The overall impression your paper will make (just as grade points it will accumulate) depend on a number of issues, a proper conclusion being an important one of them. What really counts in defining paper quality is:
The validity of your research thesis and the way in which a study has been conducted
Proper use of literature, covering all approaches that can be taken to a particular subject
Writing style displayed throughout the paper
Structural organization of your paper, with a natural flow of ideas from one section to another
Use of adequate formatting
Style of referencing that meets particular requirements for a research paper
None of these issues can be overlooked if a student aims at receiving a high grade. Paper structural organization (encompassing introduction, body, and conclusion) is critically important. Your conclusion should follow logically from the evidence presented; it should be compelling, impression-making and credible.
Before actually formulating a conclusion, you should stop for a moment and think about the potential importance your work could have for a broader audience. Are there any ways to implement the discoveries you made in everyday life so that they could affect the general population? If successful in convincing your teacher of the applicability of your findings, convincing everyone else is not far-fetched.
Differentiate between conclusion and abstract: conclusion serves a purpose of concluding the argument presented in your paper and synthesizing the data presented; abstract simply summarises your study. You are not supposed to summarize your entire paper in the Conclusion.
What to avoid when writing a research paper conclusion
Never start your Conclusion with: “to conclude,” “in conclusion,” or “to summarize.” If your research paper is well-structured, these phrases are completely redundant; your reader is aware that your flow of ideas is coming to its natural conclusion. You can, however, use similar formulation in giving an oral presentation of your research.
Stay confident; do not shy away from reaching a conclusion on the base of the evidence presented. Any doubts you might have should have been included in the Discussion section where you list all possible limitations to your study. They have no place in your Conclusion.
Finally, you can reinforce your claims by citing a renowned source which shares your point of view on the matter. If opting to do this, paraphrase their words instead of giving a direct citation.
With a bit of luck, this instruction will have pushed you a little closer to writing a great conclusion for your research paper. Should you require further assistance, please do not hesitate to contact a writing service whose team of dedicated authors can provide you with any help you might need. After all, even the best students need help now and then. Fortunately, our professional writers is always ready to come to your rescue.
An argumentative essay can be defined as that particular writing genre that requires students to investigate a certain given topic, gather information, generate and analyze the evidence, in order to establish, in concise fashion, the position towards a subject. It implies a type of work where one can develop an argument evidence-based, as well as to elaborate the stand taken towards the adopted position. People may loathe or love writing this type of essays, but bottom line there is no avoiding them. Sooner or later, the time will come for you to be required to come up with an argumentative high-quality essay which will have to reflect your full understanding of the essay’s particular topic, without leaving any sign of uncertainty or being nervous. The successful completion of such an essay will mostly depend on the ability to create the outline of the essay in a correct manner. Unsure of how to achieve this? Rest assured, this article will show just how easy this actually is!
The Structure of an Argumentative Essay Outline
While at this point it might seem complicated, as soon as you will have learned how to properly structure the outline of the argumentative essay, everything will appear much easier. Basically, your work should include different sections of equally important values. These sections, or parts, will play an important part in presenting the topics, developing the arguments, presenting the evidence and so forth. With all this being said, the main sections of an argumentative essay are:
The Development of the Argument
The Debunking of the Opponents’ Arguments
Although this structure might seem a bit vague, there is no need to worry. Each of these sections can be found thoroughly explained, as follows:
Much like in all other forms of writing, the introduction is the part where the basis or the foundation for building up the rest of the work is created. In case the intro is not structured extremely well, this will impact the rest of the essay in a negative manner. Thus, a solid argumentative essay needs to start off with an intro that is comprised of the hook, the background info and the thesis.
Hook: The hook is comprised by the first one or two sentences of the essay, and its main goal is to attract the attention of readers right of the bat. This is very important as whenever clients, professors or any interested persons will start reading the essay, its beginning will actually determine if they will continue reading it or leave it. Let’s pretend you are about to start reading something, yet the beginning is boring and dull. You will most likely not go forth, and this is why the hooks are of extreme importance. They can be found in all types of writings, making it much more likely for you to access those links with catchy sentences beneath the headline. As for a few tips on forming the hook, using famous quotes or anecdotes, posing an interesting question, setting a familiar scene for the reader or revealing a common misconception will always do the trick.
Background Information: After having created an attractive hook, you must proceed in providing useful background information for the subject of the essay. In order to make everything easier, this part of the essay should basically answer the following questions: “What will the issues to be debated be?”, “Which will be the target interested in your topic?”, “Where will the issue or subject be prevalent?” and “Why is the issue or the subject to be debated important?”.
Thesis: The thesis will be represented by the last one or two sentences that will summarize the main focus of the essay, and that will inform the readers what this will actually be about. The thesis should be more than a general statement on the ideas or issues that will be elaborated in the essay. It will have to establish a definitive and clear position that you will take during the argumentation process on a particular topic. The thesis will represent the last chapter of the introduction, you need to make sure to structure it correctly, in a unified, concise, specific and easily recognizable or clear manner. Common mistakes such as comprising the thesis as a title, a statement of an absolute fact, an announcement of your subject or as a unique essay of its own, should be avoided at all costs.
2. Development of the Argument:
As soon as you will have crafted a satisfactory and attractive introduction, you can proceed to the second part of your argumentative essay. Throughout this section, you will need to develop your arguments by using evidence and claims that support it.
Claim: When you will structure the outline of the argumentative essay, you will need to pay extra attention to claims. These are the central arguments of any essay and can be considered among the most important sections of academic papers. The complexity, effectiveness and overall quality of the academic paper will mostly depend on the particular claims you will be making. The main purpose of the claim will be to define the paper’s goal, scope, direction and also to support the particular argument. Naturally it’s quite easy making claims, but bare in mind that they will have to be believable to readers and here, evidence plays an extremely important part in any argumentative essay.
Evidence: Basically, each claim that you will be making throughout the argumentative essay will have to be supported by strong evidence. Thus, you will have to convince your readers of the validity and accuracy of your claims, and the best way to do so is by incorporating trustworthy and reliable evidence. This evidence needs to be based on actual facts, statistics or studies, never on personal knowledge or common anecdotes you just happen to possess. As soon as you have determined the outline of your essay, you will gain a pretty accurate idea on the nature of the claims you will be making and thus, you will be able to start researching reliable evidence to sustain them. The evidence should be the direct product of a thorough research process, which will prove crucial for so many aspects of essay writing. Besides providing you with solid material for supporting your claims, research will also play a substantial part in debunking your opponents’ arguments.
3. Debunking the Opponents’ Arguments:
When it comes to argumentative essay writing, most people tend to forget that authors simply cannot use all the entire space of the paper addressing their own arguments and piling up evidence after evidence. An argumentative essay shouldn’t be about proving in several different ways that you are right, as there is no major argument in that. Thus, after you have properly made your claims known to your readers, the best way to proceed would be to start elaborating these claims through pertinent evidence. Only after this will you be truly able to advance to the third part of the outline, the one where you will present the opposing arguments and where you will debunk them.
Regardless of your chosen topic, as well as of the stand you will be taking, there will always be an opposing side. You should first state and detail the opponents’ views, before presenting and using solid evidence driven from credible sources in order to debunk them. Much like in the precedent section, with each opposing argument you must also elaborate the nature of its inaccuracy, backing this up with evidence. This is how your readers will get more convinced on the correctitude of your claims. The ultimate importance of this section comes from the equal presentation of two opposing sides of the same’s coin, while at the same time underlining the reasons for which your argumentation is the correct one and providing you the opportunity of detailing this. At the same time, it would prove actually unethical for you to exclude from your argumentative essay those claims that oppose yours or are not that supportive in regard to your thesis.
Another extremely important aspect that should be taken into consideration whenever referring to opposing views and arguments, would be not to address their sources in an individual manner, of the “she said, he said” sort. Instead, you should go for the most formal manner possible, making valid references and bringing up reliable sources as well as any other relevant info, all of these, right before proceeding in refuting them.
As soon as you will have reached a well-structured introduction and you will have elaborating the claims of your argumentative essay with sustainable evidence and having debunked the opponents’ arguments via reliable proof, you will be ready to draft the final conclusion of the paper. You need to proceed with maximum attention to this final step of the writing process, as a wrong or inappropriate conclusion has the potential of ruining your entire work. It is also commonly known that the power and impact of a well-formed conclusion is usually undermined when it comes to essay writing. And this is the last thing that you as a writer would want to happen! Thus, a perfectly balanced conclusion should be comprised of three essential parts:
Restating the primary argument or premise;
Presenting one or maximum two general sentences that allow an accurate summary of your argument or of your initially stated premise;
Providing a general warning in regard to the possible consequences that can occur whilst the argument or initial premise is not followed or reporting the potential benefits that the implementation of your proposed solution might actually bring to society or the targeted community.
In matters of size, a proper conclusion should match or approach the same size of the introduction, while in matters of delivery, it will best work when complied in a short, precise and concise manner. You should always try to avoid addressing the same issue twice, as this usually leaves readers under the impression that your style and work are repetitive. Sticking to the actual point will deliver a strong and significative conclusion, that in the end will only add to the overall quality and value of your essay.
To sum it all up, writing a qualitative argumentative essay is not as complicated as it may sound and as long as the outline detailed above is followed accordingly, the final result should come under a pertinent, well organized and meaningful form. You should remember at all times the main idea behind this type of essay, which is that of presenting, developing and delivering your argument through solid, compelling evidence that will at all times back up your perspective. And to get things started, you do not necessarily have to wait for an assignment, as you can always choose an interesting topic, one that you care about in particular, and start practicing.
Let’s say you and one of your friends are having a dispute about a certain topic, such as the capital punishment. While one of you thinks it must be eliminated all over the globe and no one deserves to die, regardless of what they did, the other believes that in certain cases the most effective punishment is death. Seeing as none of you wants to change their opinion, you decide to write an argumentative essay on this subject. Nevertheless, before you start devising your arguments, you need to consider several aspects.
The Difference Between Argumentative and Persuasive Essays
Contrary to common belief, an argumentative essay is different from a persuasive essay. While the target of both papers is to demonstrate that their perspective is the most valid, the techniques they employ are different. Argumentative essays utilize logical arguments, certainties, and rationalization to support a viewpoint. On the other hands, persuasive essays generally resort to ethical interpretation and affective impact instead of certainties.
When it comes to the capital punishment, it’s pivotal to be capable of distinguishing between the two types of essays. You ought to steer clear of affective justifications like compassion, spiritual ideas, and general human morals. Instead, you should concentrate on logical arguments and rationalization in a straightforward way.
Argumentative Essay Subject Examples
Is it really necessary to conduct experiments on animals?
Do dreadful murderers deserve to receive the capital punishment?
Should expatriates benefit from more entitlements?
Is attending college as useful as society regards it?
Should partiality be completely removed from press work?
As a rule, the argumentative essay has the same outline as the majority of traditional papers. It should have an introduction, several body paragraphs as well as a conclusion. Every single part of the essay exerts a particular function in its overall structure.
The introductory phase follows the same outline as that of the persuasive essay, as described below:
Hook: The primary objective of the hook is presenting the subject in a compelling and comprehensible way. To this end, you can use a rhetorical question, a fascinating assertion or even a startling fact! Keep in mind that the general target is to catch the reader’s interest.
For instance: Is it right to affirm that ONE person’s existence has more value than that of another?
Apart from stimulating the reader to meditate on the idea you conveyed, this also fascinates them and makes them want to find out what you’ll say next. This way, you’ll be able to seize the reader’s attention!
Short Introduction and Hypothesis: After catching the reader’s interest, the next step is drawing them deeper into the discussion. Begin by presenting historical facts or merely broad ideas. This way, you’ll make sure that the reader is well-informed about your argument. Keep in mind that these phrases need to be in accordance with the subject!
The hypothesis assertion must be written at the end of the introduction, as it represents the very essence of your paper. Everything you’ll write next serves the purpose of sustaining this assertion. Here are a few important tips to devising the thesis statement:
Don’t forget that it’s supposed to be an assertion, not a query. So, illustrate it as a fact, not as a debatable notion.
This sentence ought to constitute a type of categorical assertion. It ought to represent an examined viewpoint devised by the writer for the purpose of demonstrating a certainty, utilizing substantiated research as evidence.
Avoid presenting a straightforward assertion which is evident. Your statement needs to be creative and authentic, an idea which hasn’t been approached by many. The whole argumentative essay needs to be devised with respect to this assertion. To put it otherwise, your statement mustn’t constitute a question to which you can respond in a single phrase. For instance: “The capital punishment permits the government to establish that it is a good idea to put an end to the existence of a particular person who committed evil deeds, in order to cease the financial bleeding of a country.”
The number of body paragraphs depends on the type of argument you want to introduce. It goes without saying that if your argument can be presented and demonstrated in just a few words, your paper should have a shorter size. On the other hand, if you want to present a very original viewpoint or one which can easily be disputed, it’s recommendable to study the topic more thoroughly. In this case, the size of the essay will obviously be longer. Take a look at how we explain the sections of each body paragraph.
Subject Sentence: The target of this phrase is to make the reader aware of your particular argumentative idea. Instead of explaining something, you should formulate a logical phrase that renders your idea obvious and comprehensible.
For instance: The capital punishment represents a financially performant manner of eliminating individuals who fail to contribute to the community. This may come across as pretty harsh. This is precisely how argumentative essays should be like – ruthless and direct! As mentioned earlier, such essays overlook feelings and, as a rule, present crude facts.
Examining the Primary Argument: This is the part where you explain “why.” Once you succinctly present your primary idea, you need to illustrate its validity, to allow the reader to understand what you mean. You can cover this part in either one or two phrases, in agreement with the amount of data you utilize to prove it.
For instance: The yearly detention payment per prisoner in the United States is of $30,000. Taking into account that the inmate also produced other forms of economic damage and did not contribute to society, they represent a threat to the population and therefore ought to be sentenced to death! While these phrases may strike you as ethically outrageous and insulting, that is the very purpose of an argumentative essay! You need to include rough facts!
Presenting Supporting Proof: It goes without saying that no assessment is complete unless you introduce supportive proof. The sole target of this phrase is to sustain your primary argument with genuine EVIDENCE of your assertion. In other words, it enhances its validity!
For instance: As revealed by the administration of New York, the standard cost of a confined inmate is $50,000 annually! Why should the state pay this amount of money for a person whose existence is meaningless and who doesn’t contribute in any way to society? The sentence is providing a conclusive and reasonable motivation regarding the authenticity of the examined assertion.
Outmatching counter arguments: No argument is beyond counterarguments. Unless you acknowledge the possibility of counterarguments, you’ll be delivering a weak argument! The target of this phrase is to acknowledge counterarguments while illustrating the reason for which your idea is more valid
For instance: No one disputes the fact that all individuals are worthy of receiving another chance. Nevertheless, from a financial perspective, this presumed second chance has a reduced potential of being successful. In this situation, assuming a risk may financially damage the country! You may notice that this counterargument is reasonable. Therefore, the reader is bound to acknowledge it. Nevertheless, through logical reasoning and systematic assessment, the sentence shows why the main argument is more valid.
Conclusive Phrase: After demonstrating your argument and disputing divergent opinions, you need to formulate a concluding sentence. This phrase doesn’t really bring anything new to your essay. However, it reinforces the arguments you’ve demonstrated. This confident assertion has the purpose of concluding your paragraph.
For instance: In conclusion, it would be financially absurd to preserve the existence of an inmate who doesn’t produce anything, but for whom the state has to pay. Such a sentence is brief and precise!
The conclusion is the final section of your essay. All you need to do here is to reiterate some ideas and offer a general conclusive assertion. Let’s see how this works!
Reiteration of the Hypothesis: As expected, here you need to reiterate your primary argument in a bold and self-assured way. Do not bring to light any new information!
For instance: As a result of the capital punishment, the state has the possibility of controlling the financial casualties produced by people for whom they would otherwise have to pay a lot!
Reiteration of Essential Ideas: Here you should recall the key arguments you introduced throughout your body paragraphs and reiterate them. This way, you’ll enhance their assertiveness.
General Conclusive Phrase: The most efficient technique of summarizing any paper is by formulating an assertion that illustrates the significance of your hypothesis and the outcomes that might emerge from ignoring this well-presented idea. This way, you’ll introduce some realistic substantiation to your argument, and your paper will be enhanced with a general powerful message.
For instance: In a country that is confronted with a harsh economic condition, financial efficiency is essential to its survival. By abolishing the capital punishment, the population’s well-being would be gravely affected, and cruel actions would increase in number.
Useful Advice on Writing an Argumentative Essay
Logic Outshines Feeling: Seeing as you’re dealing with an argumentative essay, never forget that your ideas must be directed towards logical thinking. Do not talk about feelings!
Add Counterarguments: Students often omit this phase, which diminishes their chances of success. A substantiated argument is not powerful enough unless you include a counter argument and show the reason for which your argument is more valid.
Have other people look at your essay: When you edit the essay all by yourself, your ideas will obviously seem reasonable. However, you need to make sure that your readers will instantly comprehend your logic. To this end, you should use peer editing. Ask another person to verify the coherence of your argument.
Argumentative Essay Tips Provided by Our Team of Experts
Regardless of what you’re writing an argumentative essay for, you should always concentrate on providing an argument. Argumentative essays must be well-organized. Furthermore, they must establish a powerful claim. The most essential section of your paper is the introduction.
Our team advises you to take your time when writing the initial paragraph. To provide context, you need to examine the subject from a general perspective before expanding on its significance. The reader ought to be stimulated to be as interested in the matter as you are. Your hypothesis assertion should be written at the end of the introduction. This way, you’ll make the most powerful impression. The hypothesis assertion ought to be suitable to your task.
Nevertheless, the emphasis should always be straightforward and explicit. In other words, unless you write a great introduction, you won’t be able to devise a flawless essay. Once you get to the conclusion, you should make a synthesis of the body of your paper. Reiterate the significance of your subject and recall the most essential ideas as well as your hypothesis.
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Are you interested in becoming a best-selling book or a freelance writer in a reliable company? Good for you that you are reading this post because this is where you will get your first lesson on important skills that every writer should possess. The objective of this post is to help the writers learn the essentials in writing.
Let’s start. Writing is not easy, this is the first thing that you should know. There are lots of people who did not succeed to become good writers because they ignored the essentials of the profession. A professional essay writer produces quality work because he follows the guidelines accurately and it requires a continuous learning process.
Reasons why writers fail
Professional writers dedicated a lot of time and effort in order to produce a quality write-up. Some people perceived this job as easy and anyone can be successful in this industry. Although this statement is not false, it does not mean that it is true either. Yes, each of us can write, but can everyone write an article for the New York Times, definitely not. Some reasons why others failed to become a good writer are as follows:
Those who become a writer, but consider it as an easy occupation and does not take it seriously usually fail because they lack the knowledge and has the low skill level.
One reason why some people are not successful is that they take it lightly.
They also have misconceptions about the profession.
Their clients are not satisfied or disappointed because the paper they provide requires major revision or should be rewritten completely.
How to become a good writer?
Those who take the profession seriously are successful on being a writer and could be earning big in the future.
A good writer normally undergoes training and special education to learn the techniques on how to write effectively.
A good writer should give attention to details, learn the techniques to attract readers, knows how to construct sentences well and should proofread their own work.
Keep in mind, writing is a profession and you need to learn the essentials before you start getting orders.
Skills a writer should develop
Below are 10 important skills that will help both the beginners and the experienced writers succeed in becoming a writer.
1. Make Multi-Level Descriptions
Make use of object correlatives to provide the reader a clear image of the plot, while creating a connection between the object or scene described and the emotions of a specific character.
2. Use Anecdotes
An effective way to attract the readers is to make the write-up fun to read and helps them to attract in your story.
3. Proofread Your Own Work
An effective way of proofreading your work is by reading it aloud and correct it if needed. It is important that before you submit it to an editor you should edit it on your own first.
4. Create Multi-Level Dialogs
Describe the setting
5. Be an Active Observer
Look for relations between what is visible and invisible to someone.
6. Create Scenes
Decide on a simple and one event to utilize as a narrative outline
Apply the chronology of a day or night, follow the hours, the sun and moon position and other factors around you as an easy and natural way to make scenes
7. Express things in unique ways
Learn to distinguish and avoid clichés
Look at the ordinary situations in a different angle
8. Understand the “Ladder of Abstraction”
The Ladder of Abstraction is the simple way to habituate a vital attitude towards writing and language.
9. Research the writing market
Read magazines, journals, and blogs you are interested in and the site you wish to send your work.
10. Develop a Publishing Mindset
You should view at publication, not as one event but a continuous process in which you will develop an entire mindset.
Imagine what will be the editor’s reaction upon receiving your submission.
Accept rejection and learn from it.
Keep organized so that you can submit pitches continuously and multiple submissions.
For those who are just starting their professional career in writing, hope you will be able to develop the above 10 important skills to help you to advance to a higher level. Those who are already into writing and has been doing this for years will take some helpful pointers to take their career to another level.
Aside from the essential guidelines, it also contains specific guidelines to help you achieve each skill. They create an outline of the strategies utilized by experienced writers to create an excellent content for different purposes. Keep the above tips and important skills in mind if you want to become an effective and successful writer. Experience is an important factor but developing the right skills is more vital in producing the right paper needed by your clients or for your personal blogs.
Various schools have different format requirements to essays and other writings. If you study liberal arts and humanities, your school will normally use the MLA (Modern Language Association) style. It suggests a title page, in-text citations, as well as footnotes and endnotes, and the bibliography at the end of your paper.
The general rules of the MLA format are as follows:
Font: Times New Roman;
Font size: 12;
Margins: 1 inch;
Paragraphs indented with half an inch (can be done with the Tab key);
Longer titles of referred works are in italic;
All pages (except the first one sometimes) are numbered and marked with the essay author’s name in the upper right corner.
TITLE PAGE AND HEADING
The MLA standards do not require you to have a separate title page in your essay unless such a requirement is expressed by the advisor. If your paper is required to have a header, then normally it should follow these rules:
the name of your school on the third line (two lines skipped);
your essay’s title (and subtitle, if there is one) are placed one-third of the page lower;
several lines lower you write the following (in this particular order): the author’s name, the advisor’s name, the name of the course, the date of completion, – each on a separate line.
If the advisor tells you that a title page is not necessary, then a header will do. The header, however, also has to comply with certain requirements of its own. It should include the following information (in this particular order):
the author’s name;
the advisor’s name;
the name of the course;
the date of completion.
Normally, there are no special formatting requirements to the header. Just as with the rest of your writing, the recommended font is Times New Roman 12, and the spacing is double. After this, you write the title of your essay in the center. No quotations or italics are used in the title, unless any other works are referred to. Remember that the author’s name still needs to be placed in the upper right corner. Note that the requirements to the header can be modified by your advisor for the sake of the paper’s readability.
To improve readability, the MLA style recommends to format section headings as follows:
The Modern Language Association also calls such citations parenthetical. They are required to be used when you are quoting a piece of text from an external source – directly or indirectly (paraphrasing). The general MLA guidelines for in-text citations are as follows:
common knowledge or a well-known quotation is not to be regarded as an in-text citation;
all in-text citations should be mentioned in your bibliography at the end of your paper;
the citation should directly follow the quote;
a parenthetical citation consists of two elements: the author’s name and the page number. They are separated by a comma. Either or both or these elements can be omitted, if they were mentioned in the sentence proper.
These guidelines may seem a bit confusing, so here are some examples:
author’s name and page number:
as a full-scale citation: Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying (Kraiser, 98);
with the author’s name in the sentence proper: Kraiser suggests that role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying (98);
with more than one author: the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass & Varonis, 84);
with more than three authors: the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass et al., 84).
the title of the referenced work and page number: If you are citing an article with no known authors, you are to cite the title. If you deem the title too long to be cited in full, you can abbreviate this title. Example: Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (The Effect of Familiarity on the Comprehensibility of Nonnative Speech, 32) – or (EFCNS, 32).
author’s name and no page number: The listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message (Gass & Varonis).
The first thing to know here is that the MLA style does not use the term ‘Bibliography.’ Instead, this section of the paper is called ‘Works cited.’
Each citation should have hanging indents. Here are examples of common works cited entries in MLA style format:
web article with author’s name: Last name, First name Middle name initial. “Title.”Website title. Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. URL. Date Month Year accessed.
Example: Dean, Cornelia M. “Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet.” The New York Times, New Yor Times, 22 May 2007, www.nytimes.com/2007/05/22/science/earth/22ander.html?_r=0. Accessed 12 May 2016.
web article without author’s name: “Article Title.” Website Title. Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. URL. Date Month Year accessed.
Example: “Review of An Inconvenient Truth, directed by Davis Guggenheim.” rogerebert.com, Roger Ebert, 1 June 2006, http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/an-inconvenient-truth-2006. Accessed 15 June 2016.
Book: Last name, First name Middle name initial. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year Published. Print.
Example: Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth Or Reality?: The Erring Ways of Climatology. Springer, 2005. Print.
newspaper article: Last name, First name Middle name initial. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [City], Date Month Year, Published: Page(s). Print.
Example: Revkin, Andrew C. “Clinton on Climate Change.” The New York Times [New York City], 17 May 2007. 11-12. Print.
journal article: Last name, First name Middle name initial. “Article Title.” Journal Title Series Volume.Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Example: Gowdy, John. “Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability.” International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, vol. 14, no. 1, 2007, 27-36. Print.
NEED SOME WRITING HELP?
All these MLA rules and regulations can be a bit confusing. Even if you write a stunning essay, a failure to comply with the tiniest of the guidelines may stand in your way. If you feel unconfident, consider addressing a custom essay writing service for professional help. They deal with essays every day, so they know how to make sure that no small detail is missed.
A profile essay has a lot in common with informative papers, as the purpose of both works is to present information about a person, event, or any other subject. Differently from most other assignments, it would be wise to treat profile essays as journalism work — mostly because this paper should be both factual, informative, and descriptive. Additionally, it should be engaging and interesting to read, so a certain degree of entertainment cannot be taken off the counts. Finally, it should present your own perspective on a certain subject. All of these factors should make the reader want to go over your profile essay.
Now that we have established what a profile essay is, it’s time to figure out how to write it. We’ll be quite honest here — writing this type of paper is not an easy job because you have to present a character, make your setting attention-grabbing, and convey your subjective opinions clearly. At the same time, writing a profile essay is a rewarding (even fulfilling) experience — especially, if you manage to get it right. So, how do you do that, exactly?
Follow a good lead
The first rule of writer’s club is to steal from the best. Sure, you cannot do the actual stealing, but there is nothing wrong with looking for inspiration from reliable sources. Check out several already published works — they should serve as great samples and offer you the so-much-need inspiration. Plenty of magazines publish profile essays (Esquire, New York Times, etc.), so you can easily start there.
Sure, you will be reading profile essays of famous people, and it is quite likely that your own story will be very much different. Still, you can try to determine what makes these essays better than the others. Pay attention to how the characters are presented, which details are used to make the story more colorful, etc. Also, do not forget that quality profile essay should be establishing some sense of connection — if for example, you are reading a ten-paragraph paper, by the end of paragraph two, the reader should already feel like he/she ‘knows’ the person.
Carefully consider your subject
Choosing the subject is one of those things that can make a difference between a successful and a boring essay. Sure, if you can write about an accomplished person (scientist, entrepreneur, veteran) — that’s great. Still, if you are writing a profile essay for college, you should better avoid describing celebrities (that is, unless you know them personally). Choosing someone you know and can properly describe would be a much better choice. Plus, writing about a ‘small’ person can be as exciting as writing about the President (and vice versa). Here, everything depends on you, as a writer.
Interview the person if possible
Unless you are writing about a dead person, an interview is a crucial step in writing a successful profile essay. And, even if you are writing about someone who’s already dead, there is always a chance to talk to the person’s relatives. Once again, when writing profile essays for college, this step is often optional. If however, you are working on a serious journalist project, completing an engaging profile essay without prior interview is barely possible.
As you get ready for the interview, make a list of questions in advance. This may seem like a no-brainer, but many beginning writers fail to properly prepare for the interview with their subjects. To make sure the conversation goes smoothly, you should, first of all, limit the number of yes/no questions on your list. Ask something your interviewee will have a chance to dwell upon. Leave a couple of yes/no questions just in case your subject is not in a talkative mood — they should help warm him/her up. And, of course, do your homework — find out as much about the person as you possibly can. No one enjoys talking about things that are readily available online.
The writing process
Now, comes the most important part — turning all of your thought process into words. If you have paid attention to the preparatory stages, the writing usually goes smoothly. Still, it is important to remember that your goal is not only to provide some factual and informative overview of a person’s character but to offer your own evaluation as well. Which is why, similar to all other essays you have written before, a profile essay will feature a distinct thesis statement. You will base your main body (and its supporting evidence) on this statement. So, try to make it interesting and compelling.
Next, remember that profile essay is not a transcript of you interviewing the subject (if you did that at all). This is a narration, and it flows as such. Just like any story, it should be properly subdivided into the beginning, the middle, and the end. It is also important to remember about logical transitions between all of these parts. In other words, you cannot just jump from one topic to another. There should be a natural and logical flow to your story. While it is also possible to use topical approach (revealing one topic fully and them moving on the other), most essay writers choose to combine topical and narrative writing techniques in their profile essays.
Most importantly, remember that your ultimate goal to engage the reader. So, you should both entertain and inform — if you manage both of these, your profile essay will definitely be a good read! The best tip here would be to use small details — they create a sense of exposure, of actually being a part of the story.
That’s pretty much it — the rest depends on your imagination and creativity. Good luck writing!
Even though you might not pay a lot of attention to it, your resume’s format is important. Perhaps it is equally important as the information from within. The format you choose can make a big difference on how a hiring manager or recruiter sees you and even more importantly, how the applicant tracking system goes through the sections of your resume. In other words, the format of your resume is gives the first impression on a personal and professional approach.
Why are Formats Important?
Getting a good job is no easy task, especially when for every application there are at least another 5 people with similar resumes. This is where a good resume format steps in. It can really make the difference when it comes to capturing the hiring manager attention. With limited time on their hands, recruiters can only scan your CV so it’s very important to make sure all the important info is visible and easy to access. Make sure you don’t get lost in words and descriptions of previous job duties and keep all the relevant data on display.
Different Resume Format Templates
When dealing with CV formats there are three main categories: Functional, Chronological and Hybrid. Each of these three categories has a precise purpose and focuses on different aspects of the applicant’s professional background.
This is the most traditional resume format out of the three we specified above. At the same time, it’s preferred by hiring managers for the way it shows the professional experience of the applicant in a orderly manner. Even though it is name chronological, the order of the listing of education and work experience is in reverse. Both professional experience and education achievements should be listed with the most recent one on top. For example, if you went through primary school, colleague, university and now you’re studying for a master’s degree, the master’s degree should be the first one on the list. Followed by the university, college and then the primary school. This way of displaying information has two main advantages. First, it makes it easier for the recruiter to spot the most relevant work experience and the latest educational achievement. The other big plus of the chronological resume is that it detracts attention from your first jobs, when you were still trying to find your way in the work field.
The chronological format is suited with most job applications since it’s standard and displays all the relevant info that any recruiter might need. With a special focus on growth, development and exact dates when everything happened, it helps the recruiter to form a clear idea on your personal and professional background. Opposed to other formats, this one really makes the applicant employment background stand out. This makes it one of the most straight-forward resume formats, making it very simple for the hiring manager to process it.
Setting up a Chronological Resume
It’s vital for the hiring manager or recruiter to be able to reach you through all possible communication ways. So, make sure you include all possible ways that can be used to reach you. Don’t forget to include a home address as well as the email address. Regarding the email, make sure you have an appropriate one. Actually, even before building your resume, create a professionally-looking email address and leave your childhood one behind. Since social networks are becoming powerful tools in recruiting, make sure to include your Facebook, LinkedIn or Twitter.
The ‘About me’ Statement
Even though this is not a mandatory part of a resume, having a summary statement can really prove to be very useful. Make sure not to confuse this with the objective statement. The summary statement has the goal of summarizing your work experience and vale in the field of work. It is based on accomplishments and skill as opposed to the objective statement that focuses on what you aim to achieve and learn. This is the part where you can get the recruiter attention right from the start. Use this opportunity and explain your main accomplishments and what recommends you for the job. Finally, the summary statement is like a billboard for your resume. This is the first thing that the eyes of a hiring manager will land on, according to studies. So, make sure you make the most out of it and include all relevant info but also make it sound really well.
A final tip about composing your summary statement Is to look at it like a hiring manager would. Try to put yourself in his shoes and, while being as objective as possible, try to figure out what’ll catch his eyes. If you enjoyed any type of promotions at your previous jobs, make sure to mention them here.
The same as with the work experience, the forms of education you graduated must be listed in a reverse-chronological order. A modern trend when it comes to putting down education in your resume is that, in the situation you have 5 or more years of experience in certain field, you can leave out the education part altogether. After all, the focus is on what are you capable of and the set of skills you can bring to the company. Not what you study in the university, 8 years ago.
This section is like the SEO optimization of your resume. Make sure to use as many keywords as possible and focus on hard skills rather than soft ones. This means that you should mention any program you know how to operate, any specific domain you are best at within a company or anything like that. Try to steer clear from general stuff like people skills or hard working since these are mostly personality traits. Soft skills also have their role there, however, since the whole process is being done as fast as possible, there’s little room for general stuff like that.
The functional format for a resume is basically everything the chronological format isn’t. Instead of putting the focus on your previous job experience, it promotes accomplishments and skills. Its popularity is lower compared to the chronological resume format and it doesn’t really work for any individual. If your career path is quite traditional, you should only try a functional resume format after you gathered at least 10 years of experience a specific field and you really have strong skills to show.
It’s quite obvious that this resume format works best with non-standard career paths since it focuses on skills more than past jobs. So this is a format that works great for individuals that jump from one job to another quite frequently or that have been outside traditional work for quite some time, a freelancer for example. The role of the functional format is covering the gaps between jobs or the fact that stability what defines the applicant and shift focus on the know-how and skills.
If you want to make an impact using a functional resume, you need to be really focused when composing it. Not to mention that, if you decide to go with a functional format, you really need to possess some impressive skills and competences. Also, even though it doesn’t focus on dates as much as the chronological format, you should also include dates here, just to make sure it doesn’t look like you are trying to cover something up regarding your work experience.
Composing a Functional Resume
As you might have guessed, this part of the resume stays the same and is equally important, no matter what type of resume format you go with. So make sure your contact info is accurate and that you have a professional-looking email address.
Here’s where the massive differences appear compared to the chronological format. This section is the star of the resume and the most important one. While at the chronological resume ‘Work Experience’ was the main section, in the functional one it is being replaced by qualifications. Here’s where you should carefully note all the projects you were involved in and what knowledge comes out of that.
Even though to an untrained eye, Skills might be the same as Qualifications, that’s not true. The qualification contains all the important positions and roles you were responsible of in the past and the Skills section should be filled with what actual skills and know-how developed over the years. Again, this part is pretty much similar in all resume formats so don’t worry if it looks a lot like the one in a chronological format.
This section goes towards the bottom and its presence is only necessary in the resume in order not to let the recruiter think you have something to hide by not displaying and previous work experience. You need to be honest and open about where you previously worked and remember, you’re focusing on the skills but you don’t have to lie about where you worked before, even if it was for a short period. As long as you have a good explanation for that to expose in the interview, you’re golden.
The third and final type of resume format is a hybrid in the sense that is basically a mix of the previous two formats we presented. It takes elements from both the functional and the chronological format and combines them for a resume that emphasize on skills and work experience at the same time. So, if you are an individual with a great set of skills and you also have an impressive work experience, this is the format for you.
Hybrid Resume Set-Up
As stated above, this section is constant through all types of resumes and all you have to worry about is making sure your contact info is up to date. Adding as many social network connections is also a good idea, especially LinkedIn.
Qualifications or a Summary Statement
Going for one or the other will lean your resume towards a functional or chronological format. If you go with the summary statement you put more focus on work experience and accomplishments but the qualification section puts the spotlight on your skills.
Just like other formats, this section is a must in all resumes and, besides giving you the possibility to showcase your skills, it helps a lot with the ATS in terms of keywords.
Here you can list the previous jobs you had. Make sure you include any promotions and always include dates so that the recruiter can easily track your progress in the field of interest.
Start with the most recent form of education you completed and go down reverse-chronologically towards the first. Make sure to note any special contests or prizes you have won during your educational process.
Picking the Best Resume Format
This step is very important in the recruitment process. It can determine how the hiring manager perceives you and what personal and professional skills are highlighted. So, you need to evaluate the history of your career and what goals you have for future jobs.
The chronological resume format is the most general one, suiting the needs for almost all individuals. If you have a traditional career path and been in the same industry for the most part of your career and wish to go on in the same field, this is the right choice for you. Also, it is the best-suited format if you have no major employment gaps.
The functional resume turns to new graduates or people that wish to change their working field since it focuses on your skills rather than work experience and history. It is also good for people that have some gaps between their previous jobs.
Finally, the hybrid format is best if you have quite some work experience but with certain gaps and your skills are better at representing you rather than the work history. It will diminish the job gaps and any lack of experience but does not hide them entirely.
Resume formats and ATS
An ATS is a tool that most companies use to filter and rank the applications they get for the vacant positions. The evolution of technology made it very easy for applicants to send their resume so this means a lot of applications for recruiters that can, sometimes be overwhelmed. This is where an ATS steps in and takes part of the workload from the recruiter.
The vast majority of them are compiling the CV’s that were sent for a certain job and allow the hiring manager to better keep track and organize them using keywords. That’s why it’s essential to have the proper keywords inserted in your resume so that the ATS can identify them and pick up your CV for the recruiter to be able to view it.
Another very important aspect when it comes to making your resume more ATS-friendly is having a zip code and location so that recruiters can select local candidates first. The work experience format is also important as some ATS have a certain pre-defined order it can read. This usually goes like this: Company, job position, dates of employment.
After you’re done with choosing the resume format and filling your personal and professional info, you shouldn’t use the same CV for any job you apply to. Rather than doing that, try to customize it a bit for each job you apply to, especially if they’re not in the same field of interest.
Only after all these steps are completed you can consider your resume to be completed. Of course, it will take you more time on each application, however, this will definitely improve your chances of getting the job you want. So, focusing more on the right resume format will mean a switch for your job applying technique, from quantity to quality.
The University Of California (UC) has an enrollment of above 250,000, with each of its nine schools having approximately twenty-five thousand undergraduate students. UC Berkeley, UC Santa Cruz, UC Merced, UCLA, UC Irvine, UC San Diego, UC Riverside, UC Davis, and UC Santa Barbara. Six of the campuses were among the top 50 colleges as ranked by the US News & World Report’s 2017. Two of the six that stand out are UCLA and UC Berkeley which were at position 24 and 20 respectively. As evidenced by the rankings, UC prides themselves in having the most esteemed state university system in the US.
Every year they accept new applications. University of California schools share the same application portal, which means that if you have the money, you can apply to multiple schools. Their application stands out since it is usually a month before the common application, with the deadline on the 30th of November each year. The application entails answering eight individual awareness questions of which you will be required to answer four of them. Each question has a 350-word limit. Initially, the questions although personal may appear challenging. However, at EliteEssayWriters, we will guide you deal with the essays accordingly.
The University of California Schools Entry Essay Prompts
Note: As mentioned above, you can only make one application to all the nine campuses under UC. This, therefore, implies that your essay will be open and not specific to one campus. However, if you are applying to a particular capus, then you can be school specific.
Writing any essay requires some level organization, tackling UC essay prompts is no different. There are eight questions of which you are expected to answer four. To identify which ones to answer, divide the eight prompts into three classes: “possibilities,” “avoid at all costs” and “definites.”
“Possibilities”: You get a hint of what needs to be done, though a bit uncertain but you can organize your idea and come up with an excellent essay eventually.
“Definites”: You are certain of what is required, and can comfortably organize your thoughts into a great essay.
“Avoid at all cost”: You have no idea of what is required and therefore would not want to attempt the prompt.
Now that you’ve divided the prompts as directed above, focus on the ones that you can comfortably write an essay on, outlining the main points. The idea is that you will work on the “possibility” and the “Definite”. “Definite” is not based on liking the subject of the prompt, although it does count, but rather on the availability of the narrative. You may like a topic but you don’t have content.
The above process will guide you identify the four questions that you will do. The goal is to reproduce an essay that reveals your intricacies, breadth of character, and highlights some of your key strengths.
The cited process may not work for everyone. There are different approaches that one can use, therefore, don’t limit yourself. However, regardless of the approach that you use, certain factors remain constant:
There is no need to rush. Answering questions at a first glance is not the right approach. Identify the prompts that you want to work on, then highlight the main ideas. Only write the prompts with the most material.
The essay is about you, it’s only logical that it should reveal what is essential to you.
The Eight Essay Questions
1. Refer to an incident(s) that demonstrates your leadership skills whereby you have influenced others positively, assisted resolve disputes, or have been part of a team and contributed to team effort.
The admissions officers are looking at your leadership skills. Just the title of a position is not enough, so, you need to show them how you cultivated creative pressure, group action and mentorship in the organization. Leadership goes beyond the school setting and is not limited to titled positions.
Take an example of being a chess club member. This doesn’t necessarily imply that you did not participate in a leadership role. You may have organized a fundraiser or tournament for the club even while just being a member. The goal is to show the admission officers how you utilized your position to be a positive influence on others.
Examples of essay responses to the prompt:
You were a member of the Chinese organization in your school. There was a culture show being organized. Being motivated by ethnic heritage, you devoted most of your lunch breaks to organizing the show. The goal was to ensure a smooth presentation. You collected tickets, coordinated performers, and refreshments. However, there were a few setbacks such as a performer not showing up and refreshments not arriving on time. You did not take up a leadership role in organizing the event but exhibited some good leadership. The culture show was a success as both nights sold out, and attended equally by hundreds of non-Chinese and Chinese people – all those people coming together and celebrating the Chinese ethnic heritage.
There is an orphanage club on campus where you were the president. Among your responsibilities was distributing clothes to the homeless. On one occasion, you held a conversation with someone who narrates the story of how his life took a turn for the worst when he fell ill and eventually had to pay an exorbitant medical bill. Shocked and deeply touched by his story, you decide to do medicine with the goal of making it affordable.
When you were a camp counselor you came across two kids who had trouble getting along. In a bid to solve the conflict, you spent a long time before bed speaking to them at a personal level to know more about their family situation and personal lives. Understanding both their situations put you in a position to help them resolve the conflict by guiding them reach a compromise. In the end, they became role models to other campers.
2. We all have a creative side which can be expressed in a variety of ways: artistically, problem-solving, innovative thinking and original, just to mention a few. How do you express your creative side? Describe.
Creativity goes beyond the traditional being artistic or a poet. Creativity here refers to problem-solving, artistic expression, and novel thinking skills among others; in the sense that you are to express creativity as applied to all academic fields. While answering the question, the goal is to focus on how you employed your creative skills to tackle everyday tasks. For instance, the stress on problem-solving is meant to help you draw experiences from seemingly ordinary everyday chores such as coming up with a contraption to help you rub your tennis elbow.
Examples to demonstrate creativity:
Formulating non-textbook ways of proving math solutions.
Incorporating new quantifiable systems in technology to assess voter tendencies in politics.
In history, you can write a journal detailing Hitler’s invasion with a unique perspective.
English – When writing your next short story, you scout for locations that offer inspiration to you.
Uncovering more affordable ways to offer care to HIV/AIDS patients in science.
The above are all examples that highlight creativity. Your essay should demonstrate in detail how you intend to use your creative skills campus and beyond.
3. What do you consider to be your greatest skill or talent? Describe how you have nurtured and demonstrated the skill or talent in your life.
This question is not about the long list of awards that you’ve won in the past, although, you still have to highlight them. The question is not looking for the superficial aspects but rather the deep meaningful aspects. Describe the activity that you have won awards in, and are dedicated to highlighting your personality and character traits, and how they have played a part in your success. Examples are compassion, tenacity, and honesty. The goal is to demonstrate to the admissions officers how valuable the activity is and dedicating your time is justifiable. Let your individual strengths stand out while describing the activity. Show the beauty and sense of the activity, convincing them that the activity is worth every second that you spend on it.
Do not shy away from the question if you don’t have any awards. The question looks at what you consider to be your greatest skill rather than what others consider to be a talent or skill. Importantly, address how you’ve nurtured and demonstrated your talent or skill. Examples: How long do you practice? Is it on a daily basis for a couple of hours or minutes? Or is it once or twice a year for long hours? Why divide your time that way? Have you ever shown your talent to other people? What awards have you won?
Examples that demonstrate talent or skill:
You’re not just a member of your school tennis team but a star, considering that you’ve played the sport since you were seven. You are the varsity MVP and have led the team to win a number of awards such as first place in the regional conference and second at the state level. Other than success on the pitch as captain, you have resolved conflicts between players and motivated the team when morale was low. You can also highlight how you have gained teamwork and leadership experience while being a member of the tennis team.
You are a flute player who has not won any awards in any competitions or played in honor audiences. However, you have found a way of using your music in a special way sharing the love of music with others. An example is playing each week without fail at the local senior center.
4. Have you been presented with a major educational opportunity? Or faced an educational barrier? Describe how you took advantage of the opportunity or worked to overcome the barrier.
Educational opportunity is not limited to scholarships. The idea is to look for opportunities that have enhanced your educational experience and made you better prepared to face life. Good examples include enrolling in an academy that directs you towards a specific profession, having a particularly instructive dialogue with an adult or participating in an honorary enrichment program.
You can only write about only one of the two. Should you opt to highlight the educational barriers that you have faced, then the essay should reveal how you intend to assist others facing a similar situation. This is because they can learn a thing or two from your experience. Therefore, show the personality traits or skills that you employed to overcome the barrier, and how the whole experience has impacted and shaped you into the individual you have become. Show the admissions officers that you intend to use your experience to aid others.
An example that demonstrates how you took advantage of an educational opportunity:
Having applied and gotten accepted into a specialized program in your school, you got a chance to work intensively in a STEM discipline such as computer science or engineering. The opportunity gave you an internship at a local engineering or computer software company. You also get to meet other elementary school goers and work with them in budding computer science and engineering programs.
An example that demonstrates how you overcame an educational barrier:
You were a student in a school that did not have honor classes, and as such, enrolled for online lectures in a discipline that you were passionate in such as human geography. Later on, you take the step of speaking to your school administrators regarding introducing higher-level courses for high-achieving students. They agreed to assist by talking to the local community college to start a program for students like you.
5. Which is the most important challenge that you have confronted and what steps have you taken to overcome it? How has this particular challenge impacted your academic achievement?
The concept “challenge” is wide and applies to various contexts such as financial difficulties, personal ailments, disabilities and circumstances at home. In this prompt, you are required to connect this hurdle to your academic situation, in that, the hindrance should have directly impacted your academic performance.
The notion of “Academic achievement” has much more to it than just the grades attained in exams. It can purport your intellectual objectives, how you balance your homework with your part-time job or it could simply signify the tension in the associations between you and your friends and teacher as a result of time constraints. Critically assess the challenge first before concluding that it’s related to your academic performance.
Ensure that you’ve discussed the lessons learned from the challenge and include the details of how you have grown and matured so far. The current context of the challenge may not be of importance as you may be overcoming it right now, you may have been defeated or you are working with it. The following two examples may be a highlight of what has changed as a result of this challenge:
Your parents’ dramatic and eventful divorce that left you and your siblings terribly scared, mostly affecting your little sister who was in elementary school. She was always distressed and sad and lugging more and more in her school work. You had no choice but to take care of her, paying more attention to her than your school work. The stressful situation made you commit to taking care of your family no matter what. You decided to focus more on computer science anticipating majoring in it in the hope of saving enough for her college. This challenge strengthened your resolve making you more efficient and achieving performing better in class.
Your most significant challenge while growing up was your race. Your teachers saw no value in your opinions and they did not believe in you as it was apparent through their preferential treatment of students from other races. Trying to find a solution for the discrimination, you consulted with students from your race formed a relationship forming a network that availed resources to others who faced the same challenge.
6. Reflect critically on an academic subject that inspires you. Define how you have furthered this fascination inside and/or outside of the classroom.
Begin with reflecting on which subject you take delight in studying. What things have you done to acquire more knowledge about the subject, in and outside the classroom? Have you read an inspiring book and presented it as a discussion material to your during their office hour? What do you plan on doing to advance in the particular subject if you do not plan on majoring in it? Suppose you were to come up with a class that is similar to your preferred subject, what name could you give the class? What curriculum would you create for the class to follow through? It is important to include relevant accomplishments related to the subject such as internships, volunteer involvements, research, projects presented to the school board, etc. You should also include an explanation of how the love that you have for the subject influences what you do and how you do it. The following are examples to highlight this aspect:
AP United States government class was very interesting to you that it influenced and drove you to campaign for a Congressional candidate looking to displace your district’s incumbent. You solicited for votes in the local community, labored at the campaign headquarters and collected voter data while you were executing several administrative duties. Even though you found the work to be very demanding, you enjoyed and cherished the sense of fulfillment that came from undertaking historical events.
The ability for cells to recreate and heal fascinated you so much that you decided to take the AP Biology class to learn more about the regenerative power of cells. In due course, you gathered the courage to address biology professors at your local university. One notable biology professor responded by agreeing to assign you as an assistant in his next research for the following few months on a particular microorganism named C. Elegans.
After the AP Computer Science was concluded, a year later, you were still intrigued with developing apps and games. Later on, through the self-taught knowledge on several programming languages, you became good at it that you were able to be hired as an intern at a local start-up where you could apply your skills for commercial applications and earning a good pay from it.
7. What actions have you taken to make your community and your school a better place?
Your community, including your school, could be any size starting from the small local grocery next door, the pet adoption center nearby or it could be the baseball team that usually practices near your home. Your community can as well be complex being as large as your country or ethnic group. You should demonstrate what role you play in the particular community and what reasons make you want to identify yourself as belonging to that community. You should briefly highlight the details of what motivates you to offer the service to your community and show the positive impacts that have resulted from your services so far. You should not shy from writing about your actions because they did not yield grand results, what is of particular concern is that your actions were genuine and the scale of change is not of concern in this context.
You should also discuss the lessons that you’ve learned from others in the course of offering your services and your projections on what you might be able to learn from other community members as you will be continuing to offer the service. The following are a few examples to demonstrate this:
You are passionate about classical music and you formed a club to teach instrumental and classical music in the elementary school in your neighborhood. Because the junior members of your community did not enjoy such services, you desired to expand their exposure to musical classes, as once done for you by high school senior when you were in middle school. You tried to influence the elementary school to create a music program to teach the juniors as you encouraged them to fiddle with the instruments that you availed to them. The approval of your proposal is not vital because despite that you have achieved to teach children what they could have otherwise not learned.
The services that you offer to the library may have seemed ordinary at the start, but with time, you came to the realization that you were enabling the interchange of knowledge as well as guarding the intellectual properties of the scholars in your community. You came up with ways of livening up the environment in the library by managing time for arts and crafts and by organizing schedules for evening puppet shows to entertain and preoccupy kids whose parents were at work. The associations with the kids grew into strong mentorship and mutual respect bonds.
8. Apart from what you have discussed in your application, what do you consider to make you be notable as a strong candidate for a chance to be admitted to the University of California?
This question is the most open-ended in your application. You are free to discuss any topic as an answer for this prompt. You should, however, take note that the form you choose to present the content of your focus can be summarized into two brief sentences that illustrate how your candidacy is unique.
The following process is the most recommended process that can be applied to address such open-ended prompts, which can also be applied to any other prompts:
Take a plain sheet and write down all the ideas that flow into your mind immediately after reading the prompt which could include feelings, phrases, and keywords.
Focus your ideas on one topic such as your habitual five-second pause before responding to a prompt in a conversation either in writing or talking.
Draft an outline for your essay and plot out content for the introduction, body, and conclusion. You should also consider thinking about how to structure the paragraphs.
Now you should be ready to compose your essay but before you start, you should pack into two sentences the perception that you would like to create in the mind of the admissions officers after reading the essay. Taking credit from the example earlier on, are you able to force yourself to collect your thoughts before responding to anything? This can help you to avoid blunders and undesired hostility in the event of hot verbal confrontations. This ability can also enable you to maintain strong relationships with the staff members of, say, the clubs that you head and also aid you in maneuvering through the political environment that you will be dwelling in in the near future.
Throughout your essay, you should dedicate your effort to creating the image that you conceived in the above step four. A minimum of 50% of your content should be directly or indirectly addressing the aspects that you touched in the two-sentence précis. Doing this will enable you to concentrate your focus on the personality you wanted to render to the admissions officer and avoid wandering off track into describing other less significant anecdotes.
Some prompts are very specific and focus on a particular topic. For such prompts, you could apply the above process in reverse to ascertain that your essay has achieved the purpose you set out for it. If you have concluded the essay, give it to somebody else to go through it and then have them summarize it in a few sentences. If their summary matches with the idea you wanted to pass across, then you’ve achieved the purpose of writing. If the disparity is wide, then you should review your narrative and analysis to make sure that they relay the message that you originally intended to convey.
The following are two examples of topics for this particular open-ended question from which you can build upon your essay:
A rock in the forest that you have become fond of that has become your favorite inspiration spot for writing most of your English essays.
An odd ability or a bothersome pet that has come to your rescue at unexpected times.
Good Luck with Your UC Essays!
Landing an admission into any of the UC schools is not an easy task considering the thousands of applicants that submit their application each year with many of them scoring highly. This is the reason why being excellent in tackling personal-insights prompts is vital for depicting yourself as a worthy contender. Tackling these prompts can be somehow challenging but they can be very rewarding at the end of the day. Take into consideration the tips and advice offered herein and you will be on your way to any of the University of California schools.
College-level education requires you to produce papers in which you take a stand either for or against a specific thing. These essays are called argumentative, meaning that you argue a point and present supporting evidence to back your claim. If appropriately written, argumentative essays are highly-organized papers composed with rhetorical finesse focused on a particular point you consider worth arguing. At first-attempt writing, such a paper can seem like a difficult task. However, there are simple rules to be followed to write an excellent argumentative essay. One of those is the need for a decisively formulated thesis statement. A thesis statement represents the basis for your argument, foundation stone for the whole paper, an element which connects all the others.
What is a thesis statement?
Quite simply, it’s the essence of your essay conveyed in a single sentence. It introduces your essay topic, declares your position on the subject, and gives reasons for it. For example: “Physical education should not be mandatory in college because it’s a waste of students’ time.”
The topic is physical education, your position is against it, and the reason is that you think that students can spend their time more usefully elsewhere. Conversely, you could argue that: “Physical education should be mandatory in college because it benefits students’ health”. The topic remains the same – physical education, your position is in favor of it, and the reasons are its beneficial effects on students’ health. Why do we label this statement as argumentative? Essentially – because there is more than one possible view on this subject.
Let’s consider these claims: “The World War II lasted from 1939 to 1945″, or “Plants get their green coloring from chlorophyll.” Can these sentences serve as a basis for an argumentative thesis statement? It’s highly unlikely. They express facts which are not arguable. So we’ve come to the second point to take into account when formulating a thesis statement for an argumentative essay: the topic should be debatable. The more controversial topic you choose, the more you will be able to argue your point passionately and to make an impression on your reader. Luckily, there’s no shortage of provocative, highly-debatable topics to choose from.
If we have agreed not to argue indisputable facts, we can discuss another critical point, namely a way in which one can argue ethical issues. When formulating an argumentative thesis statement for an ethical issue, it’s imperative to be very specific. Stating a moral claim in a general manner practically makes it a fact and facts are not arguable.
For example: “We should try to help other people whenever we can” is obviously ethically sound advice against which it would be hard to argue. On the other hand, stating that “We should try to help people with special needs because they are unable to take care of themselves” is debatable. The contrary could also be argued: “We should not try to do everything for people with special needs because they are equally capable of doing it themselves.”
The third and final part of an argumentative thesis statement is supporting your claim with a strong reason. It explains why you believe that your statement is true. Building upon your thesis statement, you will later clarify your reasoning in more detail and support it with factual or other evidence. Formulating your position in a brief and precise way, which is a typical requirement for a thesis statement, allows your readers to get a clear picture of what you stand for and to be compelled to continue reading either because they support your opinion or because they strongly oppose it. Whichever your case is, an argumentative thesis statement is meant to elicit a reaction that defines readers as either for or against what you argued.
You usually introduce the support part of an argumentative thesis statement with the word “because.” By providing a reason for your claim, you disclose your attitude on a particular topic to the audience. This facilitates the understanding of all other parts of the essay by defining its central point and expressing your position beyond any doubt. If your point is made clear in the thesis statement, it shouldn’t be too hard for the reader to follow your argumentation throughout the essay.
You usually give a single reason in support of the claim made in the thesis statement. Listing more reasons would only burden it, which makes your argument weaker. However, this puts you in a position where you have to choose the most compelling argument of all, the one that would be the hardest to find fault with or to refute. Sometimes this is quite simple, as is the case with topics you feel passionate about and you are 100% sure of why you feel that way. In all other instances, it requires a little bit more thought and consideration before you can come up with a single reason that makes your claim almost indisputable. But since this is the element around which the whole essay will eventually revolve, it’s imperative to get it right.
In short – an argumentative thesis statement is a sentence that conveys your exact position on a specific topic and the reason for it. It encompasses an indication of the topic, followed by an argument and its justification. It’s a critical element of the essay, so you should only formulate it after careful deliberation.