Abortion Essay Writing Guide

April 29, 2021
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Abortion is a controversial issue that has been at the center of public debate for decades. It is a multifaceted problem that can be discussed from different aspects, including legal, ethical, philosophical, moral, religious and medical. Also, abortion is a highly sensitive subject that leaves no one untouched. Everyone has an opinion or a personal experience related to abortion. The debate on abortion can take various forms, and likewise, there are different types of essays that can be written on the subject. This article offers an overview of the most common types of essays on abortion. A detailed description is given for each particular type, including its structure, outline, basic information on its contents, and tips for successful writing. Examples of well-written sample essays are also provided.

Essays on abortion can be divided into several categories which will be discussed below. The types include argumentative essays, persuasive essays, research papers, cause and effect essays, satirical essays and expository essays.


The argumentative essay is a type of writing which requires extensive investigation of a topic. The writer needs to collect and evaluate information and take a stand on the subject. Literature and previously published texts need to be researched with great scrutiny. This leads to a writer having in-depth knowledge on the subject and understanding different standpoints expressed by various authors. Based on that the writer can take his/her own position and then back it up with evidence. All argumentative essays involve stating a clear thesis and adhering to strict rules of reasoning. What argumentative essays are all about is establishing a position and then trying to convince the readers of the validity of one’s points of view. Factual evidence is given to support one’s opinion. To be able to do that, the writer should have explored the issue from various angles beforehand, collected facts, expert opinions, and statistics to support his/her claims.

Research and data collection are the first steps when writing an argumentative essay. After a topic and a position on it have been determined, the author goes on to develop an outline of the future essay. This allows for the basic structure of the essay to be established. The structure of the outline is as follows:

  • A thesis statement: the topic is reviewed in a general way setting the stage for the discussion that will ensue.
  • A smooth transition is made between the introduction and the body of the article, and later between the body and the conclusion.
  • Paragraphs forming the body of the article contain all relevant arguments, supported by different types of evidence, statistical, logical, factual, experiential, etc. Opposing views are also introduced with the evidence.
  • In the conclusion, the thesis is addressed once again and argued with regard to evidence presented.

When outlined in this way, the structure of an argumentative essay seems quite clear, but even so, when attempting to write an argumentative essay on abortion, you could have specific issues concerning that particular subject that need further explanation.

Abortion is a highly sensitive subject with people usually having strong feelings towards it and quite polarized opinions. A person is either strongly for abortion, therefore considering it as a question of personal freedom, or strongly against it, seeing it as a crime. Writing an argumentative essay is not about making statements but investigating them and finding supporting evidence for each of them. Before you can start doing that, it is important to choose and define the topic of the essay carefully. There is an almost indefinite number of possible topics you might choose, but they all come down to either looking at the problem from the pro-life perspective, which means being against abortion; or, from the pro-choice point of view, meaning being in favor of its legalization. When you decide on the perspective you would like to take, in-depth systematic research of the existing literature is needed to make an objective evaluation of the subject. No facts should be presented without backing evidence or testimonials given by recognized authorities on the subject. Since abortion is such an arguable topic, with two firmly opposed sides, both of them should be given careful consideration in your essay. But, as mentioned before, you are supposed to take a side and to give supporting evidence to your views, along with presenting the opposite opinion and arguments for it and then refuting it with evidence.

If, for example, you were to write an argumentative essay on why abortion should not be fully legalized, you would want to highlight four or five arguments supporting your opinion, backing them up with statistics, official standpoints of prominent figures and authorities, and other evidence. If you write your essay from a pro-life position, you could argue that a fetus is actually a human being from the point of conception, and, as such, has a right to live; it can feel pain, therefore, abortion causes suffering. These statements should be reinforced by medical evidence in the form of analysis of sonograms, which clearly show that after three months of gestation, human embryos are fully formed; they have a beating heart and a developed nervous system allowing them to feel the sensation of pain. By the time most abortions take place, the fetus can move his legs and arms, has fully developed fingers and toes and is a vibrant and thriving human being inside the mother’s womb.

This would be the first argument in favor of the position you are taking when writing an argumentative essay. Another three or four solid arguments should follow. Next, you could look at the issue from the perspective of possible medical and psychological consequences for a woman. The procedure of an abortion potentially has significant health risks along with possible mental health issues following the psychological trauma of abortion. Another point is religion. The position of most major religious denominations has been made clear over the centuries and can be used as an argument here. A further point can be made with protection of human rights, rights of all humans including developing ones, which are usually referred to as fetuses.

When embarking on a journey of writing an argumentative essay, it is helpful to divide it into four or five sections beforehand and then simply add content to each section. This forms the outline of your essay and can make the process of composing your paper much easier. The outline starts with an introduction in which the topic is first addressed in a general manner. After that, the author should explain the importance of the subject, or why it is worth investigating. Finally, a thesis is formulated, with a short elaboration on it. So for example, if your subject is “Why abortion should not be legalized,” you would give a brief introduction of the problem and clarify your point of view by explaining why you believe that it should not be legalized. You could argue that it represents a murder because a fetus is already a human being from the moment of conception. You would point that out in the introduction section of your argumentative essay on abortion.

In the following section, which belongs to the body of the essay, you would start introducing arguments which favor your position and continue with disproving the opposing arguments. It is not ethical to only give evidence which proves your point. In the interest of objectivity, it is necessary to include evidence to the contrary. So, in this example, you would present the arguments of those who support the legalization of abortion, and then give evidence as to why they are mistaken. You could say that although a woman should not be coerced into raising an unwanted child, there are better options she can resort to instead of abortion. There are numerous couples whose desire for having children is denied by problems with infertility, and who would be willing and able to adopt a child and give it a loving home. By acknowledging the opposing views, you make your essay less arbitrary and more objective. You recognize, in part, the validity of views that are contrary to yours but go on to explain how they can be addressed without resorting to abortion. This makes an even more powerful point. The body of the essay usually has several paragraphs. In each paragraph, a single general idea is discussed, while keeping a logical link between the discussion of each idea and the thesis statement formulated in the introduction section.

The closing section of your essay is the conclusion. Since it is the part of your essay which would make the strongest impression on the reader, you should formulate it to be effective as well as logical. It should follow naturally the presented body of evidence, and make a synthesis of all the facts given in the body of the essay. No new information should be presented in this section. You restate your thesis, repeat the most important arguments and motivate your readers to continue thinking about the subject, suggesting an approach to abortion which would make the person considering it think more thoroughly about it, weigh all the options and only resort to it when absolutely necessary.

If you decide to support the opposing position, that abortion should be fully legalized, the structure of the argumentative essay stays the same. You state your thesis, write about the subject from the perspective of pro-choice advocates, and give arguments that support your point of view backing them with factual evidence, statistics and information coming from reliable sources. You can use articles written on this topic, opinions from renowned experts; give a historical overview of the issue, etc. Make sure to include enough evidential support for your position, as well as substantial refuting arguments for the opposing standpoint. An essay outline is essential to give an organized structure to your writing. In the introduction section, you would state your thesis about fully legalizing abortion and then go on to discuss it in terms of every woman having the right to decide for herself with no interference from society or the legal system. The body of the essay would present evidence to larger numbers of illegal and unsafe procedures being performed in countries with restrictive law policies towards abortion. Statistical data on complications following illegal abortions should further advance your cause. Other pro-choice arguments should ensue, discussing the issue in the context of health, demography, personal liberties, legislation, religion, etc. You can mention the expert opinions that fetuses that are not yet viable outside the womb cannot be considered to be independent human beings and that it is wrong for the government to decide on issues pertaining to a woman’s body on her behalf.

Your essay than continues with the presentation of opposing arguments on which your opponent’s position relies upon. Abortion is really a matter of perspective: when you consider it from the perspective of a developing fetus, you can argue that it has every right to live and thrive inside the mother’s womb and to be born and have a life of its own. Conversely, from the mother’s perspective, she has the right to have her privacy protected and not to be intruded on by the government, as well as the right to make decisions about her own body. You can discuss issues of congenital diseases and birth defects, age and socioeconomic circumstances of a mother, maternal physical and mental illnesses that could affect the unborn child and so on.

All the issues you dealt with in the body of the essay should be summarized in the conclusion section. Once again, this is the place for you to make your argument even more effective by restating the most important facts given throughout your essay, perhaps with a punch line that would make your view of the matter stand out from all other possible points of considering the problem at hand. You could refer to unwanted pregnancies that are in fact consequences of rape or incest, or situations when a child is bound to be born with a serious and debilitating health condition.

To sum up what is said on writing an argumentative essay, it consists of stating your position and then giving a comprehensive list of supporting and contrasting arguments with those in favor of your point of view, prevailing over those opposed to it. What you are doing is essentially trying to convince the reader of the validity of your opinion, while simultaneously discrediting the opposing opinions. Covering the issue with strong arguments is crucial, while also giving an evidence-based presentation of the other side’s arguments, and then invalidating them convincingly. In argumentative essays on abortion, you give arguments supporting both opposing opinions. Here is a plan you can implement when listing the pros and cons concerning the subject of abortion in an argumentative essay:

a) Introduction, followed by two pro-points supported by evidence, then a con-point which is refuted and conclusion;

b) Introduction, followed by a con-point which is disputed, then two pro-points with supporting evidence and conclusion;

c) Introduction, three con-points which are disputed and conclusion;

d) Introduction, body of the essay consisting of two parts – in the first part three counterclaims are presented accompanied by refuting evidence, and in the second part, three claims are given with evidence to support them. All this is followed by a conclusion.

e) A pattern in which claims and counterclaims are given in an alternating order: introduction, a claim followed by supporting evidence, a counterclaim with refuting evidence, another claim with evidence, another counterclaim, and so on. The conclusion is given at the end as always.

The patterns a) – c) are suitable for short argumentative essays on abortion while patterns d) and e) are more suited for advanced college essays.

Always bear in mind that your opinions should be well supported by factual evidence, rational justifications, and testimonials given by experts, if available. Also, some counterarguments would need to be proven incorrect, or refuted; and others – shown to be irrelevant to the subject, or rebutted. Both approaches can be valuable in discrediting the other side’s argument.

These suggestions on how to write an argumentative essay on abortion cover all the basic elements required to be successful. Should you, however, need additional assistance you can turn to sample essays on abortion that are readily available online and can give you a starting point for your own writing. You can follow the structure of these essays to ensure that your composition has all the necessary components presented properly. If you would like to find arguments for the debate on abortion, there is a wide array of those in the already written material. All that is left for you to do is to decide on the position you would like to take in this matter, whether it is the pro-choice or the pro-life argument that makes more sense to you.

Samples of argumentative essays each discuss different aspects of the abortion issue, some of them take a historical perspective, some discuss the problem from the legal point of view, yet others focus on human rights or even medical issues. These samples can provide a good basis for your work, an example of how an argumentative essay is supposed to be structured and which content is the most suitable for this type of essay. Abortion is obviously a multifaceted subject, and these examples can be your guide leading you in the right direction after you have decided on the position you would like to support. They offer a comprehensive overview of the subject, covering all possible angles some of which could have never crossed your mind before but are certainly worth mentioning.

The abundance of material available on the internet sometimes makes it hard and time-consuming to find what you are looking for, and it is easy to become overwhelmed. Free argumentative essays on abortion that are now available online can be time saving and inspiring, thus, allowing you to compose a well-structured and convincing essay in just a margin of time you would need if you were to start from scratch. It can be helpful to review already existing work to refine one’s own standpoint and come up with a strategy for writing the assigned essay. After you have checked the sources used in sample essays for authenticity and reliability, you can also use them in your own work, instead of going through tons of books and articles printed in scientific journals.

Samples of argumentative essays can be used throughout the process of writing an argumentative essay on abortion. Also, when you have completed your work, you can compare it against the example essays to check if an important issue had been left out or if a significant line of arguments had been omitted. For instance, the issue of abortion can be covered from the medical point of view, including mental and physical health issues of the mother, as well potential risks to the health of the fetus. Or, you could approach it from the legal point of view, with statistical data on numbers of illegal and unsafe procedures in countries with restrictive legislation compared to those registered in countries with more permissive laws concerning abortion. Or, focus on the demographic point, discussing the overpopulation problem and the one-child, or two-children per couple policy which exists in some countries. Regardless of the perspective you choose, the arguments should always be logical, well-established and supported by expert opinions, statistical data as well as originating from reliable sources.

Here are some pointers on how you can successfully write an argumentative essay on abortion:

  • Research the subject thoroughly. You could be keen on starting your essay immediately, or you could feel it is a waste of time to investigate the topic extensively. It is actually never a waste of time. If you do not have sufficient knowledge and understanding of the subject, you will not be able to distinguish between reliable and unreliable sources of information on the Internet and to reject those that are complete fiction or a matter of an author’s personal biased opinion, which is not based on evidence.
  • Take your time. Never skip steps in a rush to get the work done. Your urge to get on with it is perfectly understandable, but you should try not to start writing until you have made extensive notes, covering all the major sides of the topic you wish to discuss. Go through your notes once again; check if there is anything you would like to add or if there are any unnecessary repetitions. Scrutinizing the material another time could produce more ideas or even induce you to continue your research if you find that your notes are not covering all the angles.
  • The introduction is crucial. Beginnings are always the hardest. You may even feel as if you were not up to the task, not competent enough or that the work that lies ahead of you exceeds your abilities. Forcing yourself to come up with ideas while staring at an empty piece of paper is never helpful. For starters, you can use one of the introductory sentences from existing papers. Once you get started, and your own work starts to flow, you can go back and change the opening line into something original. The introduction could contain some political or moral views, but avoid opening your essay with religious aspects of the subject as your readers could be easily upset or offended by those. There is no need to avoid the issue completely. You are free to discuss it in the following segments of your paper. Assure your readers that you have considered the topic in a serious and meticulous manner, which you can achieve by providing statistical data, references to reliable and well-trusted sources and by paying attention to the counterarguments as well as to arguments supporting your position.
  • Base your essay on facts. There are two sides to any story, and both of them must be portrayed impartially. You are writing an argumentative essay, so you need to set aside all prejudice and use only factual evidence to reinforce your claims. Being professional in presenting the evidence is imperative, because any attempt to bend the truth is bound to end in disaster, and only make you look unprofessional. Use the information you gathered. You have already learned how to write an argumentative essay from two opposing perspectives, so you are ready to start working on the main part of your essay – the body. This is where the bulk of advice for writing an argumentative essay lies, so pay close attention to the following:

If you decided to address the abortion issue from the pro-choice perspective, you would examine the problem from the angle of a pregnant woman. Perhaps the best policy is to avoid starting the essay with the issue of human rights since you can easily be trapped into the debate of whose rights are more important, those of a mother or those of a fetus. It is much safer to open with some medical information on pregnancy and abortion, as well as on safe ways to end a pregnancy before full term. This can be accompanied by statistical data but beware of boring your reader with tons of statistics. Try to apply just the right dose of statistical information to prove your point, but then use examples or personal stories to make the reading more lifelike and enjoyable. Here are some of the reasons a pregnant woman might want to induce miscarriage and not bring her pregnancy to term:

  1. The continuation of pregnancy poses a great risk for the mother due to complications of the pregnancy or illnesses that might be exacerbated by pregnancy.
  2. The risk of death during childbirth is significant for either the mother or the child or both.
  3. There is a genetic abnormality in the fetus which will make it not viable after birth or condemn it to a life of suffering.
  4. The pregnancy might be a result of rape or incest and bringing it to term, and raising the child afterward would pose a tremendous strain on an already traumatized woman.
  5. The woman is too young for motherhood, both from the health perspective (given that such an early pregnancy might cause reproductive problems later on and put a young woman’s health at serious risk), and from the socioeconomic perspective, because a teenage mother is not capable of providing for her child, and they would both most probably be living in poverty without financial means to provide them with opportunity for education.
  6. The mother is mentally ill and cannot be expected to take good care of her child. Also, some mental illnesses are highly hereditary, so there is a strong possibility that the child would be affected.

There is also the controversial argument that the world is already overpopulated and that bringing an unwanted child to life is irresponsible since resources in some parts of the globe are getting scarce. You should be very careful if you choose to use this argument and expect to find some strong opposition.

You could also argue that fetus is not considered to be an independent person before birth, and therefore ending a pregnancy cannot be considered a murder. If the pregnancy is terminated early enough, the fetus is still not capable of experiencing pain, especially if nonaggressive methods of abortion are used. Therefore, it is up to the mother to make a choice. She should not be punished for conceiving an unwanted child since this can happen even with regular use of contraceptives.

The above-mentioned arguments are some of the most common claims you could make when writing an argumentative essay from the pro-choice perspective. Of course, you can think of other examples and add to the list.

If you decided to write your argumentative essay on abortion from the pro-life perspective, you should look at the issue from exactly the opposite angle, considering abortion murder and substantiating your claims with some of the following evidence:

  1. Abortion is a medical procedure that can have serious consequences, both immediate and long-term, including heavy bleeding, damage to the woman’s reproductive or other organs, sterility and even death.
  2. Abortion is physically and psychologically traumatizing. A woman can regret having an abortion for the rest of her life. She is at great risk of mental health problems, depression or even suicide.
  3. Since so many couples struggle with infertility, a woman carrying an unwanted child can easily find loving parents for her baby and avoid having an abortion.
  4. Most major religions are opposed to abortions and consider them a sin. Of course, not everyone is religious, but still it is an argument worth mentioning.
  5. The unborn child, like any other human being has rights but is unable to stand up for him/herself, so he/she needs protection from legal institutions.
  6. Philosophically speaking, if abortion is easily accessible and done without giving it a lot of thought, what does that tell us about the value of human life? Here you can call upon your readers to think for themselves and perhaps to consider the issue more deeply than before.

Bottom line, take a side. If you did not have strong feelings before starting to investigate the issue of abortion more thoroughly, this is the point when you have gathered enough information to decide which side to take. You might have even changed the opinion you previously had in light of all the evidence you had never seen before. But now you really have to pick a side and to either write from the pro-choice or the pro-life perspective. You need to be sure why you have chosen a particular point of view, and believe in it yourself if you want to convince your readers of its legitimacy. In the closing part of your essay, you will recap some of the arguments given throughout the body of the text, possibly adding a personal touch to the concluding section allowing your readers to understand exactly why you decided to support this particular viewpoint.


A persuasive essay is an essay in which the writer takes a stand for or against something and tries to convince the readers to accept it as true or compel them to do something. A persuasive essay can be created on the basis of any idea that you strongly believe in. There is no room for the opposing point of view; if you are ambivalent yourself, there is no way you will be able to convince anybody else. You should be very well informed on the subject. If not, you should try to expand your knowledge using multiple sources, all legitimate ones, such as expert opinions, statistical facts, logical reasons, etc. Knowing how to compose a persuasive essay is a skill everyone should learn since it can be widely used in a number of situations; for example, if you would like your boss to give you a raise, you would need to persuade him with strong arguments that you actually deserve it. Even if your readers previously thought exactly the opposite, you can learn how to convince them in the validity of your position and ultimately induce them to change their opinions.

In a persuasive essay on abortion, as mentioned before, there are two opposed sides and no middle ground between them. So after carefully reviewing the available literature and giving it some thought, it is time for you to decide on a thesis that would most accurately represent your own opinion on the topic. The thesis should be formulated in a single sentence and yet reflect a strong position. If for example, after going through all the factual evidence, you decide that abortion is just the wrong thing to do, you can write a persuasive essay from the pro-life position, proving that abortion is murder and, therefore, should be legally sanctioned as such. You can prove your point by asserting that a fetus is a human being from the point of conception and, therefore, has a right to live and anyone trying to deprive it of its right should be treated as a criminal.

In this type of essay, the introduction contains a hook which is used to secure the readers’ attention. It can be a quote, an unusual fact, a question, an anecdote or even an exaggerated statement meant to induce a psychological shock, an emotional reaction which would compel your audience to continue reading. When writing an essay against abortion, it can be a quote from the Bible, citing the commandment saying “You shall not kill.” Or, it can be a medical fact on how the fetus already feels pain at six weeks gestation or a sentence taken from an interview you conducted with someone who underwent an abortion and later regretted it.

When writing the body of your persuasive essay, each paragraph should begin with a strong assertion, a mini-thesis of a sort, which would reinforce your claim from different angles adding to its persuasiveness with each succeeding paragraph. Do not forget to add a paragraph including concession statements. A concession is a form of anticipating what your readers might say against your opinion. You acknowledge it and then prove that the particular argument is not valid, or not applicable to the case you are presenting. The concession is not a weakness; it actually adds to the strength of your opinion since it shows you to be open for debate and willing to recognize that there are more sides to the matter than the one you are taking.

Apart from having a strong opinion on the subject, you must be able to communicate it in a logical and professional manner. As easy as it may seem to simply articulate your opinions, you have to follow certain rules if you want to persuade your readers that you are absolutely right. To do that, it is necessary to back your views with supporting evidence in the form of personal experience, statistical facts, and logical justifications. Especially when your statements involve something that is not instantly obvious or common sense, you should be prepared to support it with strong evidence. The evidence you rely on should be factual and objective; otherwise, it will hardly be plausible to your audience. Also, remember to keep your sentences short if you want them to convey a strong message. Only use one point per sentence; otherwise, you will only weaken the argument you are trying to make.

Persuasive essays are relatively short, the body of the essay usually comprising of no more than three paragraphs, out of which two are used for your claims supported by evidence, and one for a counterclaim, followed by refutation thereof. In your pro-life essay on abortion, you could go into detail describing the cruelty and inhumanity of abortion techniques. Pay close attention to conveying the medical information accurately; they are gruesome enough for the average reader to become appalled with and start supporting your position. In the next part of the body, you can portray the fetus as a developing human being, able to experience pain from an early gestational period. It has a beating heart starting at six weeks gestation. Go on to describe the intrauterine development of the bodily systems, explaining when a fetus starts to hear, sleep, open its eyes, has a sense of taste, etc.

You can continue by introducing the religious issue into your essay, citing the commandments and interpreting abortion as murder, therefore being a capital sin. The fetus originates from two human beings and can only be human, nothing else. Also, it is human from the point of conception, although the opponents argue that it cannot be considered a human being before it is viable outside the womb, or before it can exist independently. Nevertheless, its humanity from the conception on cannot be questioned.

After stating your two strongest claims, go on to mention the most common counterclaim and try to refute it with evidence, expert opinions, statistical data, etc. You could make use of the statistics on abortion which show the most unwanted pregnancies to happen in women of young age, of low socioeconomic background, low education, that are in abusive relationships, or currently have no partners at all. One might argue that these are not the best conditions to bring a baby to life. On the other hand, is abortion really the best solution? Should the society not do more for these women in dire need? For example, they can be offered free housing, help with childcare, educational opportunities, jobs. Since every abortion carries a risk of complications including future sterility, this might be a woman’s only opportunity to become a mother.

To be persuasive while writing this type of essay, the topic you have chosen has to appeal to you personally. It should be something you feel strongly about and will, therefore, be able to argue it passionately. It should be a highly debatable topic, with two strongly opposed sides. Make sure that your position potentially has enough arguments that support it. If the counterarguments are overwhelming, you should choose another subject to write about.

As mentioned before, persuasive essays are relatively short, so after writing a solid introduction and three segments of the body of the paper, you should summarize the crucial elements of your argument and emphasize once again what you want your readers to believe, what you want them to feel or what action you want them to take. This makes the conclusion part of your essay. Use it to refresh your readers’ memory on the important points you made throughout your essay and then add a personal comment at the end. You can close with a quotation which sums up what has been discussed and calls for more in-depth thinking or for taking action to make a difference on the subject. You could end it with a personal note, elaborate on why you took a personal interest in this matter or why it is important to you.

Although writing a persuasive essay on abortion can be a complex task, since it is a highly sensitive issue and everyone tends to feel strongly about it, you should try to be very clear in your points of view. Repeat the most important ones in conclusion, and do it in a meticulous and explicit way. Go through your essay once more, check if there is a nice and natural flow of ideas, if your arguments are relevant to the subject and well supported by evidence and if your conclusion follows your argumentation logically. Also, make sure that the counterarguments have been dealt with objectively and refuted beyond doubt. In the conclusion section of the essay on abortion, you would want to underline the importance of your point of view and induce the readers to start looking at the issue from your perspective.

Revise your essay both regarding content and form. Correct any spelling or grammatical errors, and make sure the writing style is satisfactory. You may need to rephrase something, rearrange the paragraphs in the body of the essay, rethink some evidence and possibly remove a particular argument for being unconvincing or substitute it with another. Remember your task is to persuade the audience of the validity of your claim. You are allowed to appeal to the readers’ emotions as well as their common sense and logic.

What has been said on persuasive essays against abortion can also be applied to persuasive speeches against abortion. Similar to writing an essay, when drafting a speech, you also start with an outline, divide what you would like to say in a few segments, each explaining your position from different angles but in a well-defined and persuasive manner. When speaking against abortion, you open with a thesis, give supporting evidence to your claims in the main part of your speech, and close with a recapitulation, a short summary of your position and a call for action. When drafting an outline for your persuasive speech on abortion, do not forget to ask a few questions and then attempt to offer plausible answers to them in the course of your speech. You can talk about statistical data concerning the number of intentional terminations of pregnancies that are performed each year, different legislations on abortion all over the world and how they reflect on the abortion practice. You can bring up the issue of the procedure safety about maternal health; refer to the possible immediate and long-term consequences etc. There is also the issue of human rights of the fetus to be discussed. You do not want to appear bigoted or blindly conservative and oblivious of the instances when abortion is indeed a necessity. Discuss those cases further, talk about the physical and mental health problems of a mother, cover all the angles and leave no stone unturned, so to speak. Remain objective and rational while occasionally also engaging the audience emotionally.

There is an abundance of persuasive essay samples online. They can come in handy when preparing to write your own essay of this type. You can use them to extract ideas or to find reliable sources of information on the subject. To illustrate how a persuasive essay on abortion should look like, here is an example:

Abortion is a term used to describe a purposeful ending of a pregnancy by means of fetus or embryo removal before it is viable to survive outside the mother’s womb. It is also called an induced miscarriage in contrast to miscarriages that occur spontaneously. It used to be illegal in most parts of the world but is gradually becoming legalized. The turning point in changing the legislation on abortion was the infamous Roe v Wade case in which it was ruled that the state was not entitled to interfere with a woman’s right to privacy or to prevent her from having a pregnancy terminated at request. Regardless of the procedure now being performed legally in the U.S., it remains a controversial and highly debatable subject. There are even attempts to reverse the ruling and limit the availability of abortion. The public opinion is divided into two opposed groups, the pro-life and pro-choice advocates. The pro-life supporters argue that a fetus is a human being entitled to all the rights other human beings have and that abortion is the wrong thing to do from the moral, religious and human rights perspective. Conversely, the pro-choice groups insist on a woman’s right to decide over her own body without the interference from the government.

Termination of pregnancy has been a common practice for centuries. This was, however, not regulated by law. Nowadays, abortions are legal and available on demand in most of the developed world countries. Legislations vary from country to country and, sometimes, within a single country. In the most permissive legislations, abortion is allowed on broad grounds including on a woman’s request, without any medical indications. Other countries only allow it in special cases including the pregnancies resulting from rape or incest, or cases when the fetus has severe congenital malformations. 97% of the countries, however, allow the pregnancy to be terminated when the mother’s health is at risk.

Although those in favor of abortion claim that a fetus feels no pain, that it is merely a “clump of cells”, this can be challenged as Doctor Maureen L. Condic, a professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy at the University of Utah, explains that embryos cannot be reduced to collections of human cells, they can grow, to mature, maintain a delicate physiological balance, and adapt to changing conditions. The embryos may not resemble a human being at the beginning, but Dr. Condic raises the question if our respect for human life should really depend on its appearance.

The real-life stories of women faced with the dilemma of whether to terminate their pregnancy or not can be heartbreaking. Helen found out that her unborn son had a terrible congenital disease which would make his life filled with pain and misery. The laws on abortion gave her the right to decide if he was to be born or not. This, of course, was not an easy decision. The responsibility for this choice was overwhelming, and Helen had to make it. What would any of us have decided in a similar situation is hard to tell.

To conclude, we could argue that the issue of abortion is a highly sensitive and debatable one. No one is left indifferent. Whether it is legally accessible through the health system or performed in illegal unsanitary facilities by unskilled people, it is still the reality of life. There are always circumstances under which women would resort to abortion. Everyone has their own opinions on the reasons that can be considered substantial enough to warrant a termination of pregnancy, no matter if they are economic, medical, social, or even personal. However, human life is precious and worth preserving with utmost care, so that a decision to terminate it should never be made lightly or without thinking.

This essay example could be used when writing a high school level essay on abortion, while a more advanced educational level requires substantiating it with more factual evidence and discussing them in more detail.


A research paper analyses a chosen subject from a particular perspective and argues a point. It involves going through tons of literature, scientific articles, books, encyclopedias and other sources but it cannot be reduced to presenting a collection of those. When it is finished, a research paper represents your own views on a certain topic, strongly supported by meticulously collected facts and pieces of information. You draw upon what you already know about the subject and try to determine what experts in the field have to say about it.

There are several steps in successful writing of a research paper:

  • Precisely defining the topic of your research paper. For example, a topic defined as “Abortion should be prohibited by law” is not considered good enough because it lacks precision. A better one would sound something like “Abortion should be prohibited by law since it involves killing a fetus that is already a human being.” In this way, the topic is narrowed down and made more precise. When trying to determine the specific topic you would like to write about, you can resort to literature or personal experiences of people who had confronted the issue. Next, you need to explain why you chose to investigate that particular aspect of abortion, to clarify why you regard it as an important subject.
  • Defining your thesis. It should be a debatable issue that involves facts which are verifiable and can be either confirmed or refuted. Keep your language professional and avoid using expressions like “I think” or “if you ask me,” etc. An example of a thesis on abortion could sound like “It is morally wrong and illegal to perform abortions since a developing fetus can already be viewed as a human being.”
  • Writing an outline. It serves as means of organizing your notes and making a list of everything you would like to include in your essay. You can divide your topic into subtopics and determine what each of them would contain. The outline consists of an introduction which has a thesis statement at the end, the body of the paper containing several points of argument such as information on legislation, statistical data, medical facts including the explanation of intrauterine fetal development, and a conclusion. The introductory section is supposed to be short and powerful in order to catch the readers’ attention and induce them to continue reading. The body of the paper further discusses the main idea suggested in the introduction, and the conclusion summarizes all the main points made throughout the research paper and proves the postulated thesis. So if you have chosen to write a research paper against abortion, you would need to explain your standpoint, look for trustworthy sources of information on it, and use real-life stories of those who had undergone the procedure. Based on your outline, you can define research questions that you would like to answer in your paper. They could include the question of human rights, if, in fact, a fetus’s right to live should prevail over a pregnant woman’s right to choose. Or, you could raise a legal question, if making abortion illegal would only raise the number of operations being performed in an unsafe manner; or, the religious question of what the Bible has to say on the subject.
  • Composing a draft. Focus your attention on the content, as this version of the text will later be revised and any grammatical or spelling mistakes corrected.
  • Writing a final draft. This version should meet the style requirements, and be free of any spelling or grammatical errors. It should only encompass ideas that are relevant and well supported by factual evidence. The required format of the paper should also be respected which includes adding citations and references, and a title page if requested.

Hopefully, these instructions will assist you in writing your own research paper. If however, you still find that the task exceeds your capabilities or time limitations, you can always order a research paper online.


A cause and effect essay is a paper in which ideas are organized in such way as to determine why certain things occur, what is their cause, or what possible consequences could something have, what are its effects. Sometimes, there are lots of causes of a single effect, or conversely, different effects can be the outcome of a single cause. When writing this type of essay, your first step would be to determine whether you would like to focus on a cause, such as abortion, and then investigate its possible effects, like health-related complications or psychological issues such as grief, remorse or depression. Or, think if you would like to focus on abortion as an effect, and to examine the factors leading to it. The essay can have the purpose to inform or to persuade, and you would write it accordingly.

When discussing causes to an event, you should stay focused on those narrowly related to the event, and ignore any possible remote or indirect causes for which it could be rather difficult to prove that they played a role in the event. As always, you should support your claims with factual evidence, give examples to clarify your point and offer personal observations to elucidate your ideas further. Pay close attention to the terminology you use, qualify something as a cause only if there is strong evidence to support that qualification; otherwise, speak only of correlation or things occurring simultaneously or in succession but with no clear causal relationship. This is usually a five-paragraph essay, opened with an introduction, followed by two paragraphs discussing cause and effect separately and one in which these are combined, and ended with a conclusion. The instructions for writing a cause and effect essay seem rather straightforward, but should you require further assistance, you can find it online.


This sort of essay uses satire to criticize or ridicule the subject of discussion or make it absurd. Primarily, it is not meant to be funny or to amuse the audience, as much as it is intended to get your readers interested in what you have to say, humor being the shortest way to get someone’s attention. A satirical essay uses hyperbole or exaggeration to accentuate things you would like to emphasize. Irony is also useful, in a way that saying the exact opposite of what you mean in an ironic way expresses your opinions even more effectively. Make jokes but be careful not to cross the line of good taste and risk offending the audience. When writing about a highly sensitive topic like abortion, you should be extra careful when using humor and irony. You could however quite easily get away with statements like “sex should be forbidden by law,” to point to the absurdity of certain claims that are usually made in connection with the termination of pregnancy.


Expository essay is a type of essay in which a specific idea, or several ideas, are investigated, backed up with evidence, developed further into an argument which conveys the author’s point of view on the subject. The means of accomplishing this task include providing definitions, contrasting opposing arguments, listing examples, analyzing what led to an event, etc. It can be written with very little preparation, as it usually does not require extensive research. It is more about your own thoughts on a subject, reinforced by real-life examples or other evidence. When the structure of the essay is concerned, this is a classic five-paragraph essay that starts with an introduction, develops into a three-paragraph body of the essay, and ends with a conclusion. If you are writing on the topic of abortion, you could define your thesis statement as “Abortion should be prohibited because it denies the fetus its human rights.” After composing an outline, you should think of illustrative examples that prove your point. Real life stories can be very useful in this type of essay, but be sure to connect them to the thesis consequently. Try to make your conclusion logical and to the point; it is likely to leave the greatest impression on your audience. If you follow these instructions carefully, writing an expository essay will not be a difficult task for you.


After choosing a subject of an essay and doing thorough research on the available literature and other sources, what precedes the actual writing of a paper is drafting an outline. Most types of essays follow the same basic pattern:

  • Introduction in which the general idea on the topic is conveyed which is meant to grab the readers’ attention. The topic is defined, and a thesis statement is formulated. When writing about abortion, the topic can be expressed as “Abortion should be prohibited,” and the thesis statement would be “Abortion should be prohibited because it denies the fetus its human rights.”
  • Body of the essay which consists of arguments linked to the thesis, backed with supporting evidence. Counterarguments should also be included followed by refuting evidence. Termination of pregnancy is such a controversial and debatable topic that it offers an abundance of possible claims and counterclaims to choose from. It is important to use only those that can be directly linked to the thesis.
  • Conclusion in which the thesis is restated, all the information is summarized and connected to the thesis.


Tons of written materials are readily available wherever you look. So what can you do to make your essay stand out from the multitude of similar essays and appeal to the audience? Well, first of all, you should determine who your audience or target group (or possibly a target person) is. It can be your high school teacher or a college professor who assigned you a writing project and who will grade your work afterward. It can be a group of classmates or peers or another social group. The tactic you will employ depends primarily on who you are writing for. If it is your teacher, your essay should instigate him to give you a good grade, if it is a person in charge of college admission, your aim is to convince them to admit you to college. But in the case of these two examples, there is not an issue of whether they would actually read your paper. They are required to do it; it is in their job description. Other audiences, however, are a completely different story. Since they are not obliged to read your essay, and can easily skip it and find something else to read, you need to catch their attention and make them interested in what you have to say.

Luckily, abortion is a topic which never ceases to be popular or widely debated. Nevertheless, you would need a good essay hook. A hook is a sentence or a phrase that attracts attention by presenting intriguing information which makes you want to continue reading and find out more about it. Consequently, you decide to read the essay through, which is exactly what the author wanted you to do. The hook is also dependent on who your audience is and what they want to read about. Do they simply want to be entertained, or do they need instruction on how to do something or how to resolve an issue? Or are they looking for answers to a particular question? When you have determined what your audience expects to get from reading your essay, you should try to formulate your hook in the way that corresponds to the readers’ needs best. There is no simple formula how to do this. Just come up with one or two strong sentences to start your essay with, and you will successfully grab your readers’ attention.

It is also necessary to determine the purpose of your essay. The purpose basically depends on the type of essay you are planning to write, whether it is an argumentative essay, a persuasive essay, a research study or any other kind which was previously discussed throughout this paper. In certain types of essays, the main purpose is to describe the subject in detail; in others, it is to persuade the audience to look at an issue from your particular point of view. A successful hook would be able to elicit an emotional response, and the type of emotions involved would depend on how you want your audience to feel after reading your essay, what is the desired effect that you aim to accomplish. In order to come up with a good hook for your abortion essay, it is always a good idea to read a few abortion essays written in a similar way, to evaluate them critically to determine what caught your attention and to find an advantage for yourself.

Some of the possible hooks for an abortion essay would be:

  • Is abortion a murder?
  • Whose child gets to be born?
  • Abortion – a solution to overpopulation
  • You are poor – get an abortion
  • It is your body – why should the government decide?


The selection of a suitable topic is essential when planning to write an argumentative essay. Abortion being an extremely popular subject, there is almost no way you could go wrong. It all comes down to actually choosing a topic that suits you, that is in line with your personal opinions and points of view so that you can argue it convincingly. When it comes to abortion, there are two opposed fractions with basically no middle ground between them. They are the pro-life and pro-choice advocates. If you are not assigned to write from a particular position, simply go ahead and choose the one that is the closest to how you actually feel about the subject. Then you can decide to focus on different angles, including the religious point, the health issues argument, the legal aspects of abortion, the human rights issue, etc. Examples of good topics are: “Should abortion be fully legalized?”, “Is abortion a violation of human rights?”, “Is abortion morally right?”


The conclusion serves the purpose of recapitulating all that has previously been said in the course of the assignment. If your essay was rather long, then it is useful to summarize in short what has already been said on the subject. On the other hand, if your essay was a shorter one, you could just give a concise review of your argument. This is your chance to round up your major ideas, connect them all together and provide a closure for the subject you have been writing on, without completely shutting the discussion down, but rather creating a basis for continued thinking on the subject. When writing on abortion, there is an abundance of possible topics to choose from, such as:

  • Should the government have a say in ending a pregnancy?
  • Should a woman be required to undergo an abortion in specific cases?
  • How many abortions are women allowed to have in her lifetime?

Regardless of the specific content you decided to write about, the conclusion should contain a powerful message, perhaps putting the subject of the essay in a larger context or talking about the possible implications of the debated issue. The conclusion should make an impression on the audience; compel them to look at the problem from your perspective.

To become proficient in writing a high quality essay on abortion, the best policy is to adhere to the advice provided to you throughout this article, and combine what you have learned with reading several example essays that exist on the subject. It should equip you with tools necessary to get the structure of the essay just right, expand your knowledge on the topic as well as your vocabulary that you could later put to good use in your own paper, teach you how to use proper grammatical constructions and well-composed sentences. Apart from that, examples are indicative of the way a good essay should look like, what it consists of, where and how to formulate your thesis statement, how to secure a natural and logical flow of ideas, how to use a hook, how to link all the pieces of evidence and all the arguments to the thesis, and finally, how to write a strong conclusion that will convince your readers in the idea you are trying to put through.

There is absolutely no reason to start everything from scratch. Why waste time and energy on creating something that already exists, and has already been optimized by others? You can simply use the existing essays as sources of ideas, and make your own original work of art. You can combine solutions provided in multiple papers to accomplish the desired result. Also, if you experience a writer’s block, you are temporarily unable to come up with fresh and original ideas, or lack time to do it, feel free to turn to the free essays on abortion available online. They will give you a much-needed push start, which you can later build on and make it original and stylish. All different types of essays on abortion, including the argumentative essay, the persuasive essay, the research paper, the expository essay, the satirical essay and the cause and effect essay can be found on the internet.


A possible way to address the issue of abortion is to look at it from a positive or a negative point of view. Depending on what you decide, you would either demonstrate its advantages or disadvantages. If you write from the advantages perspective, you will accentuate its good sides presenting them from various angles. From the legal point of view, it is much better to have permissive legislation that allows abortion on broad grounds so that women carrying unwanted children would not have to resort to illegal and unsafe procedures done by unskilled people in unsanitary conditions. Also, a woman should not be coerced to give birth to a child when the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest. From the social perspective, if a woman is too young, or still in school and with no income of her own, it would be better for her to postpone childbearing until she has finished school or found a decent job. This would potentially be beneficial for the child as well, as he/she would have better chances of growing up in a stimulating and loving environment. There is also the issue of terminating a pregnancy on medical grounds, when the mother’s or the baby’s life is in danger.

If you are writing from the disadvantages perspective, you would want to describe the possible risks involved in the procedure, both immediate and long-term. The potential consequences can be physical, such as surgical complications, profuse bleeding, and damage to reproductive organs and later infertility; or psychological, such as acute stress response as well as post-traumatic stress disorder, intense guilt, remorse, depression and possibly even suicide. Abortion is frowned upon in many societies, often making the women who resort to it victims of stigmatization and social marginalization.

The issue of abortion can also be discussed in terms of philosophical questions it raises. Our modern society has still not reached a consensus when this sensitive issue is concerned. It remains a highly controversial topic. If you would want to argue it in a philosophical way you would need to formulate a plausible thesis, come up with arguments to support it and anticipate any possible counterarguments so that you can prepare a defense against them. You would need to create a comprehensive list of pros and cons and discuss each one of them in view of your thesis. An excellent philosophical essay on abortion has been written by Carl Sagan. He tries to ascertain at what moment is it considered that a fetus is a human being whose life should be preserved. He also raises the question of how it can be murder to kill a newborn infant, but not murder if it was killed just a day before. Was it not human then? Was the crime any less then? These are some of the most difficult questions to answer, and every profession involved in the issue has dealt with them in ways they can use in practice. Courts have ruled on the matter and stuck to their rulings; the medical profession has strict policies on when and on what grounds abortions can be performed. But the philosophical question of the value of human life, or indeed when the human life begins, remains open.

After having read these instructions and advice on how to write an essay on abortion, if you need further assistance, please contact our custom writing services, and a high-quality essay will be provided for you.

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How To Write a Biography

April 29, 2021
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Writing a biography is an exciting chance to learn interesting facts about someone else’s life. This person could be a historical figure, a Hollywood actress, an artist, a politician, an inventor – the list goes on and on. In order to write a great biography, you will need to choose a subject that you find interesting; plus, it should have had some sort of lasting impact on the world.

If you’re writing a biography for school, or simply interested in learning more about a certain person, follow this guide to create an engaging, informative and well-written story.

Let’s take it step by step to give you a clear idea of what it takes to write a biography that will get you an A+:

Getting started

  1. Choosing your subject

In essence, any biography is simply an account of another person’s life – which is why the first and the most important step is choosing your subject. When deciding on whose life to research, whether it be a family member or a historical figure, there are several factors to consider.

The wisest way to start is to determine how much material is available on this subject. If it looks like it may take longer to find information on this person than to write their biography, you may want to consider having a backup.

Remember, you’re telling this person’s story and the more detailed you can be, the better so that your readers can feel as if they are watching this person’s life unfold before their eyes. Make sure you pick someone with a story worth telling.

  1. Get permission

Before you get started, make sure you get the thumbs up from the person you plan to write about. Most school students usually neglect this step (and some professors may even choose to ignore it as well); however, when writing a biography that is to be published, violating this rule may have drastic consequences.

Contact the subject of your biography directly, via email or telephone to get permission; then, schedule an interview. If you cannot schedule an interview right away, make a plan to do some initial research.

If you do not get your subject’s permission to write about them, you may need to choose a different subject.

If the person you have chosen is no longer alive, you will not need to ask permission.

  1. Make an outline

Another key to writing a biography is knowing what you will write about. Generally, you want to do this at the beginning (or during) your research so you can decide what details your piece will include. Will it cover the person’s entire life, or will it focus on a specific portion of their career?

Often, biographies tell the story of a subject’s life chronologically. To outline your biography, you should start by introducing their early life and childhood. Next, follow with adulthood and then the later or current parts of their life.

An example outline may include the following:

Childhood and early life

  • Details about their family
  • Where they grew up
  • Details of their education
  • Information about their upbringing


  • Later education
  • Key relationships with others
  • Information about their career
  • Accomplishments and achievements

Current situation in life

  • Mention their current situation
  • Details of their later years in life
  • Information on their death, if applicable
  • Reflect on their impact

Unless otherwise instructed, your outline should follow the standard essay format, which includes an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. This outline will help you organize your thoughts, the information you gathered and help you decide where you want to start your research.

  1. Conduct research

Now that you’ve chosen your subject and made your outline, the real fun begins! It’s important that you research your subject as thoroughly as possible. You can use the Internet, conduct interviews with other people and use any other resources you can find, such as reading books and watching documentaries online or on YouTube.

If your subject is in your community, the best way to conduct your research will be by contacting them directly. To help you formulate a list of questions, consider the following:

  • Why is this person’s life worth writing about?
  • Why do I feel strongly about this person?
  • Why should others feel strongly about this person?
  • How has this person made a difference in the world?

It can also be helpful to learn about your subject from the perspective of others. The more insight you gather, the better you will be able to tell this person’s full story. While you may not use all the information you gather, you can highlight some ideas you think are most important.

Drafting your biography

  1. Format chronologically

Now that you’ve collected all of your research, it’s finally time to write! Just as your subject’s life moves chronologically, your biography should, too. Look back at both your outline and the timeline you created and keep them handy along the way.

Ask yourself what the most impressive thing you learned about this person was. From there, you can circle important facts that you want to highlight throughout your biography.

  1. Write the introduction

This is, obviously, the first thing your reader will learn about this person, and it’s your chance to get them enthusiastic about reading the rest of your biography. To engage your reader, try one of these “attention-grabbing” introduction styles:

  • A quote either directly from or about your subject
  • Startling information about your subject
  • An interesting story or anecdote about your subject
  • A notable accomplishment your subject has made

Next, you will want to follow up with 2-3 sentences of background information that will give context to your biography. This can include important dates, locations or historical moments. In your final sentence, you will introduce your thesis statement – a general statement that explains what you will be writing about. Further on, you will build your body paragraphs on this very statement. A good tip here would be to make the thesis controversial – this way, it has higher chances of getting the reader emotionally involved (and, as a result, interested) in your story.

  1. Body paragraphs

The body paragraphs are exactly what they sound like – they are what truly form the bulk of your biography. In the body, you will want to cover all the important facts, fun tidbits and other relevant information you uncovered in your research.

If you are not sure how to structure your body paragraphs, try choosing three points you think are most important to the story, then follow each of those points with supporting facts. The following are some core components of all body paragraphs:

  • A clear, concise topic sentence
  • Evidence and supporting details
  • Examples
  • A concluding sentence that wraps up and ties it all together

Having well-written body paragraphs is essential to successfully create an engaging biography. As you’re writing, make sure that each sentence and paragraph is clear and cohesive so that your reader can move effortlessly through your narrative and fully immerse themselves in the story.

  1. Conclusion

The conclusion brings closure to your biography and to the reader through a summary of the points made throughout your biography. Given that the conclusion is the last thing your reader will remember about your biography and the person you are describing, it should leave a lasting (preferably, positive – unless your goal is to prove otherwise) impression.

In your final paragraph, rather than simply restating your thesis statement, try to look deeper and reflect on your subject’s legacy to the world. For example, you may want to consider the following questions:

  • Who or what did they have a major influence on?
  • What kind of contributions have they made?
  • Why is their work still relevant today?
  • How will they be remembered?

The best biographies often do more than just recreate a person’s life; they offer little-known facts, opinions and even new ways of thinking about the subject. Do your best to dig deeper and discover what truly makes this person special.

The finishing touches

  1. Proofread

Once your first draft is completed, go back and check your work for any spelling, grammar or punctuation errors. You can highlight any mistakes you catch, then try reading your essay backward for any flaws you may have missed.

Once you’ve double checked spelling and grammar, go back and edit any awkward or wordy sentences. Read your story aloud and listen for anything that sounds incorrect or unclear. By proofreading thoroughly, you can ensure your work reads as clearly and smoothly as possible.

  1. Get feedback

In addition to asking others to proofread your biography, you should also ask for overall feedback. Have them read the essay once all the way through, then again to add any notes or initial feedback they may have. To get the best feedback possible, consider asking the following questions:

  • Did you understand the purpose of the biography?
  • Do you feel as if you learned something after reading the biography?
  • Was the structure easy to follow?

You may have more specific questions; however, this provides a good starting point for the reviewer to give his or her opinions. It’s important that you are open to feedback and willing to make all the necessary changes to make your final version your best.

  1. Cite your sources

This is where all your initial organization will come in handy. Most websites, books, articles, etc. will include sources, or you can site each of them directly. If you use any direct quotes, be sure to give the appropriate credit where it is due to avoid copyright issues.

Depending on your preference or specific directions, you can find various guides on how to cite your sources for different styles such as MLA, APA or Chicago Style.

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Observation Essay Writing Tips & Topics

April 29, 2021
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Just as the above quote emphasizes, listening and observing are two key factors for gaining new information and add to your personal experience. This can be easily applied to writing observation essays, for example. Observation, inference and fact are the three concepts every student that wants to write a good observation essay has to memorize. The ability to write a good observation essay makes the difference between a writer and a true wizard of words. And in order to achieve such a state you need to make use of all the senses available to you:

  • Sight
  • Touch
  • Taste
  • Hearing
  • Smell

If the goal of your essay is to leave an unforgettable mark on the memory of the reader, you can easily achieve that through buying personalized academic papers from a top writing company in the United States.

Outlining Example of an Observation Essay

Continue reading the below guidelines in order to have an example of an outline for any observation essay.

Personal Experience

There’s nothing better to help you describe a situation than going through such an experience yourself. The connection between your personal experience and the subject of your observation essay has to be at a high level in order to be able to share that certain experience with others. That’s why you first need to choose carefully the topic of the essay you’re going to cover.

For Example: when you decide to write an essay on how thrilling downhill biking is, mentioning a handful of statistics and details about how it gets your adrenaline pumping. If you never got on a bike and ride your way down a forest road, you won’t be able to share that experience with others. If you want to support your claim, you must always write from experience. Go to the stadium before writing a piece on a local football team or listen to the entire album before reviewing it.

Taking notes is a vital part of sharing experience, that’s why you will always need to have a good method of writing things down or record them. From the recorded info, you can start writing the first draft of the essay. Make sure to capture the whole process: from going through the security checks, finding your seat, how did the game make you feel, all the way to how it felt being surrounded by all those angry fans that their team just lost. Make sure to also include all your impressions here and also pick some criteria to rate: atmosphere, utilities at the stadium, security lever, etc.

Every time your personal intake of things suffers a modification, make notes about what the change was and when did it happen. Keeping a chronological order of events will help you to reconstruct the journey in the essay. In order to have a complete view on things, take some notes of a friend’s opinion that went with you or ask a supporter sitting next to you about his experience.

Create a Sketch

An outline or sketch is very important to keep your paper logical and structured This is very useful in case you ever get stuck or lost while reconstructing the essay. You may change your final draft, but you must stick to the prepared outline. If your teacher requires, make a separate page with a detailed outline. In case you encounter any kind of issues when writing the outline or any other part of your essay, never hesitate to access professional writing services.


Here’s where you should give your audience the opportunity to catch a glimpse of what they’re about to read in the rest of the article. Start with a thesis statement that will serve as the essay’s fundament. Then create a catch sentence to get the attention of your readers. You can also give them some insight into the reason you chose that specific observation topic.

Three-Paragraph Body

The body of the observation essay has the same structure as any other assignment. The most used structure and what experts recommend is having a three-paragraph body with support arguments. The next step is arranging your notes according to the previously-prepared outline on which you will add the details Keep in mind:

“Details create the big picture.” Sanford I. Weil


You need to keep this section as simple and straight-forward as possible.Instead, to a summary of your arguments, appeal again to your thesis sentence and then use a call-to-action to finish the paper in such a manner that it will leave a strong impression. A rhetorical action is perfect at the end of your paper. You might think you’re done but you still have one more page to write. This final page of your observation essay must be a complete bibliography where you write down all your sources and references.

Editing and Proofreading

Finishing the actual paper doesn’t mean you’re done with everything. Before submitting your paper, you need to do some proofreading. Naturally, this can’t be done by you as the subjectivism can affect the results. Instead, you should ask someone else to do that for you. Or you can just place an order with an online writing and proofreading service, that assists college students all-round the English-speaking world!

They will be able to assist you with very important aspects regarding your observation essay like:

  • Grammar mistakes
  • Punctuation and Spelling
  • Uniqueness

15 Examples of Observation Essay Topics

In order to write a high-quality observation essay, students need to possess other two skills. Organization skills and a rich vocabulary are the skills needed. Remember, your goal is not to deliver a message but share your experience with the audience. with your audience. That’s why it is very important to carefully choose your topic. If you need some inspiration, check out some free, useful examples of observation essays.

You can use this list of 15 topics as a starting idea for your essay:

  1. Important aspects of tattoo and body piercing
  2. How is important tolerance?
  3. Can death result from video games?
  4. The importance of independence and freedom
  5. The Modern World and the meaning of money
  6. Leadership developed through sports
  7. Meeting my favourite Rockstar
  8. The thrills of downhill biking
  9. Books appropriate for any age
  10. New club in the city
  11. Buying the perfect wedding or birthday gift
  12. The definition of “loyalty”
  13. Healing through music, myth or fact?
  14. Achieving success through writing
  15. The personality traits of personal idols

Some Useful Tips for Observation Essay Writing

  1. Don’t forget the personal touch. Allowing the audience to add your experience to theirs and identifying with it is your main goal.
  2. Always have something to take notes on. The importance of putting the events on paper as fresh as possible is of extreme importance.
  3. Avoid using a lot of unnecessary words just to make your essay longer. If you manage to reduce the amount of transitional & introductory words in your essay, you will get a lot more clear topic and thesis statement.
  4. Always appeal to personal experience by using the situations you faced during your entire life. It helps the readers to identify themselves with you or, at least, to know you better.
  5. The descriptive narrative and the observation essay have a lot in common so feel free to use the human senses. Try to provoke a reaction that appeals to one of these five during your essay.
  6. Remain objective at all times.
  7. Don’t forget about the Bibliography at the end.

Keep in mind: you can always emphasize the importance of the selected topic by sharing personal lessons learned. If at any time, you need any help with the essay itself or with proofreading and editing it, you can always order online academic guidance from a trustworthy company.

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What Response Essays Are and How to Tackle Them

April 29, 2021
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Writing a response essay might seem like a challenging task at first. Firstly, you need to understand to a great extent what the study that you are responding to is talking about and then make sure that you write an insightful, true to the source essay about it. Even if you need to write a response essay as part of your homework for faculty studies or high school assignments or you want to exercise your argumentative skills, it might seem like a lot of work at first. However, having in mind a clear structure of your future response essay is essential.

Before beginning to go through the main structure points that you need to check when writing a response essay, there are some tips that you need to know and that will help you lay your thoughts on paper in a more efficient way. First of all, after reading the essay or the article that you are responding to, you need to settle on whether you want to attack the ideas presented in that article or to agree with them. Based on that, you will structure the components of your response essay. For example, if your response essay is talking about protecting the environment and you want to show your agreement with the ideas presented in the original essay, then you should build your response essay around the idea of consolidating the thoughts in the main source.

Secondly, it is important that your readers clearly understand your position after reading your response essay. This means that you need to expose all possible arguments which might strengthen or attack the ideas presented in the main article. In order for you to achieve a strong position, it might be helpful to also expose a personal experience that can be related to the topic you are writing an essay about. This will not only make your argument points stronger but will also help your readers empathize with your writing. Also, it is important that you keep in mind that your response essay should be a response to something you have read, something that is a hot topic at the moment in various social contexts or something that has been debated for a long time and you want to present a new approach to things.

You also have to keep in mind that the more knowledge you show to your audience in your response essay about the author and the topic that is being debated, the more credibility you will gain. This is why it is important to also present a context in your response essay, such as details about the author and the paper you are choosing to respond to. Finally, after debating the ideas of the original text, you can also choose to talk about the effectiveness of the source text. It can be about how the main paper managed to reach the audience, if the writing style was effective, and how the author you are responding to had chosen to expose their ideas.

If we were to summarize the main points you should keep in mind before starting to tackle the components of a response essay, these would be:

  1. Make sure to clearly expose your position regarding the article or paper you are responding to
  2. Don’t forget to expose the personal experiences or thoughts that might help you relate to the matter in question and your reader to empathize with your way of writing
  3. Prove that you have knowledge about the author of the main text and can put your response essay in a context
  4. Evaluate the main text’s effectiveness and how it managed to reach the audience

Get Started: Write an Introduction

One important thing when writing a response essay is the way you structure the introduction. This is one of the key parts of your essay, as it embodies the topic you are about to debate and the premises you are basing your essay on. The introduction will make your audience decide if they want to keep reading your response essay or not. This is why it is important that you keep in mind the following tips:

  • Introduction is all about catching your audience’s attention
  • It should provide a brief description of the topic
  • You should be able to briefly summarize your thesis
  • Don’t forget to give a short description of the author and the article you are responding to

It might be the case that the source article that you are about to discuss contains several parts or has different ideas which can be debated and your response article refers only to a part of them. In this case, don’t forget to also mention this. Do not forget that you need to keep it short and catchy.

How to Make Your Introduction Catchy – Introduction Ideas

Writing a catchy introduction that will make your reader read the whole response article is challenging. This is why you will find here some ideas to start with, such as:

  • Making use of a statistic: some puzzling conclusion that researchers might have reached at some point and which is relevant to the topic you are about to respond to.
  • Citing someone who is related to the area of expertise of your topic or is known for having deep knowledge about the topic. The more popular the person you are citing is, the more efficient your introduction will be.
  • Story-telling or reproducing a dialogue might also help, provided they are relevant and short.
  • Starting with a question or with a situation regarding the topic you are about to talk about might also be a good introduction idea.

You might even want to combine some of these ideas and write your introduction based on an example and a statistic or any other possible combination. Whatever you choose, make sure it stays to the point and is catchy to the eye of the reader.

How You Can Connect Introduction to Conclusion

Another important aspect that you need to consider when writing your introduction to the response essay is that you need to somehow connect it to the conclusion. In order for you to achieve a perfectly cyclic response essay, you need to find a way to make the two feel correspondent. This will help your response essay have a “frame” and will help your writing style be more efficient.

It might be a bit difficult at first to start with an introduction and end with a conclusion that are connected, mostly if you want to write very long and thorough response essays. However, one important suggestion that might help is to always make sure that before starting off your response essay, you are clear about the ideas and position you want to present. This will help you avoid changing your position as you advance in writing your essay and make your introduction and conclusion connected, giving a sense of symmetry to your text.

Below you can find some examples of how you can connect your introduction with the conclusion:

  • If you are writing about the usage of mobile devices in our everyday life, you could start your introduction by exposing a real-life experience, maybe someone who is driving to work on a normal day and is stuck in traffic. You could start by asking your readers what they would do on their phones as they wait in traffic and end with several possible outcomes of this scenario.
  • If you are choosing to present an essay about a personal experience and you start with an introduction about how a certain day started in your life, you could end your essay with how that day ended. This way, you will make sure you keep your readers connected to the story and have their attention all throughout the essay.
  • If you decide to write about any other topic, such as a topic of national importance or even an environmental topic, you could start by stating the facts to which you want to draw the attention and end with the facts about the current situation or how it can be improved.

How to Write a Strong Thesis

After making sure that you have caught your readers’ attention, it is all about making it clear to them what your position regarding the source article is. However, you should also provide a context to your response article by mentioning details about the author and the main ideas in the article that you have chosen to respond to. It can be that you are choosing to respond only partially, to a few of the ideas presented there, so this is the reason why it is important to clearly state the ideas of the article you want to respond to. Make sure to give an account of whatever it is debated in the article, by presenting the information in an objective way. At this point, it is more important for your readers to understand what you are trying to agree or disagree with than hear your personal opinion. Also, exposing the ideas of the source text in an objective, impersonal way will help your readers decide for themselves if the position you are taking is one that they would take or not.

Afterwards, it is vital that you expose what is known as “thesis statement” by allocating one paragraph in which you clearly state if you agree or disagree with the main topic presented in the source text. This should start with “I agree/I don’t agree with” and should be followed by a short and powerful message about the main reason why you are taking this position regarding that text.

The next step is to talk more about the reasons you are considering attacking or agreeing with the ideas presented in the original text. This can be done by either reviewing what the author is saying or just expanding on the main ideas. You can, for example, try to understand why the author has reached a certain conclusion that you are debating by trying to relate it to the author’s background or career. It can be that the author has chosen to promote oil drilling because they work in a factory that wants to make this process a sustainable one. It is important that you stay true to your debate and present the situation from both points of view: yours and the author’s.

How to Respond to Articles – Ideas

After tackling the introduction and the conclusion, the main body of your response essay is left to deal with. This is mainly the way in which you choose to present the source text and where you are standing regarding it. It is up to you if you choose to agree or disagree, however, what you have to keep in mind is that you need to be consistent and stay true to the topic you have chosen to debate.

One way to do that is to map the main three components of the response essay, namely, the introduction, body, and conclusion. Here are some helpful suggestions on how to structure your responding ideas:

  • Whether you agree or disagree, you can state 3 or more reasons for which you are doing so. Make sure to start each new paragraph and allocate enough space for your ideas to be clearly distinguished and stated.
  • If you are partially agreeing or disagreeing, make sure to always mention that so that your readers will clearly understand your position.
  • It is always important to see how the author’s ideas managed to reach the audience and in which ways the ideas were brought forward.

How to Better Structure the Body of the Response Essay

Make sure to utilize evidence to back-up your thesis. In order to do this, you can use quotes, author tags or simply rely on other readings and give references.

Make sure that you achieve a personal voice throughout the text. This can be done by differentiating yourself from the author and using author tags.

By using author tags, you communicate to your readers the fact that it is the author you are responding to who has a certain idea or it is their article that makes this reference. You can use any of these suggestions when talking about someone’s article:

  • The author mentions
  • The author refers to
  • The author is suggesting
  • The author writes
  • The author asks
  • The author recommends
  • The author is presenting
  • The author points out
  • The author relates
  • The author pleads
  • The author denies
  • The author’s remarks point to
  • The author explains

Write a Conclusion Your Readers Won’t Forget

One important thing to keep in mind when writing a conclusion to your response essay is that you shouldn’t repeat the arguments in the same form in which you have presented them in the body. Offering a conclusion to your response article is still needed, as this will help your readers make a clear decision whether they agree or disagree with the ideas presented in your response essay.

Besides making sure that your essay is built around a very powerful introduction and a conclusion that sums up the main ideas of your position regarding this essay, you can also:

  • Present the topic that you have been debating throughout the essay in a broader perspective; for example, if the topic you are tackling is national, you can connect this topic to the situation in other countries worldwide
  • Promote an organization or an event that has some influence on the topic you have been responding to
  • Present the current situation of the topic you are talking about and ring the alarm if anything needs to be done about it
  • Summarize how your arguments shed a new light on the topic

A Brief Summary of How a Response Essay Should Look Like

Keeping everything in mind, the essential parts of a response essay and the main suggestions that you have to keep in mind when starting to write are:

  1. Introduction
    • Paragraph 1: The first part of the introduction which needs to be vivid, catchy and reflect the point you are about to make.
    • Paragraph 2: Provide a context to your response essay: details about the source-text and the author and what the main points in the article are.
  2. Body
    • State your position regarding the ideas presented in the introduction and if you agree with the author’s take on the matter or not.
    • Clearly mention if you are going to question the author’s position or expand on the author’s account of the facts.
    • Give clear arguments pro or against the matter and allocate one paragraph to each of these arguments.
    • Use statistics, story-telling, research findings, scientific discoveries, and any other tools suggested in this article.
  3. Conclusion
    • Provide an insightful and catchy conclusion that correlates with the introduction you have chosen for your response essay.
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How to Write an Informative Essay Outline

April 29, 2021
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Students write informative essays with a purpose of conveying information or educating their audience on a particular topic. Devoid of a writer’s personal attitude on the subject, it focuses on objective facts and evidence. It is neither meant to argue a point nor to convince the reader of a particular position validity. Being objective by nature, it allows readers to learn something new without having to consider the writer’s opinion on this subject.

It also usually comes with a preset word count, therefore necessitating a careful selection of information to present. Not every piece of information will find its way into the final version of an essay. You should carefully scrutinize all facts and include only the most relevant ones. Conciseness is desirable in this type of essay. The writer needs to stay on topic, to present information comprehensively but briefly without diverging into digressions or treating the subject too broadly. Drafting an informative essay outline before actually attempting to compose an essay itself helps writers organize their thoughts and make a plan on how to communicate all gathered information most efficiently.

One can organize informative essays into 5 or more paragraphs with a typical structure:


  • Formulating a hook designed to grab people’s attention
  • Defining your topic.
  • Presenting some general information to put the topic into a context and facilitate its comprehension, as well as its main implications.
  • Relaying any pertinent information necessary for understanding an essay.
  • Formulating a thesis statement in a clear an unambiguous manner, limiting the scope of an essay – determining what it will and will not encompass. A thesis statement is a principle idea
  • around which your essay will revolve. Written in a sentence or two, it elucidates the issue in question and offers criteria upon which it will be studied and evaluated.

Body of the essay

  • Contains three or more paragraphs.
  • Serves the purpose of backing up your thesis statement with factual information.
  • Each paragraph introduces a new piece of information (one) which is accompanied by examples or scientific evidence intended to reinforce the claim given in a thesis statement.
  • Thesis statement is briefly mentioned in each body paragraph to remind readers of the topic and keep them focused
  • All information you provide throughout the body of your essay proves why your thesis statement is true. Body paragraphs are meant to cover all the critical angles and leave nothing vague or indeterminate.
  • You can provide illustrative case examples for all arguments given in body paragraphs to help readers understand it better and relate to it more.


  • Brings an essay to an end, wrapping up everything said, and offers a closing argument to make an impression on the reader.
  • Briefly reiterates your thesis statement and major points made in your body paragraphs. This doesn’t include a word-for-word repetition but rather paraphrasing meant to remind readers of the subject discussed in a paper.
  • Recommends more in-depth examination of the topic in future essays, or its broadening to other related areas.
  • Highlights strong points of the information presented while at the same time acknowledging possible limitations.

Useful tips to consider when writing an informative essay outline

  • Extensive research provides a solid foundation upon which one can build an informative essay. Gathering all pertinent information and making a selection of the most appealing ones to present is a crucial element on a preparation phase that precedes writing tahe paper. This helps writers gain in-depth knowledge on their subjects. It’s impossible to write convincingly and professionally on a topic with which a person is not well-acquainted.
  • You should construct your informative essay on facts not opinions. Therefore, you need to collect an abundance of those in advance. Your essay should sound convincing, which you achieve by presenting credible information derived from trustworthy sources. Ideally, those should be articles from scientific magazines, books, or – on some occasions – tertiary sources (encyclopedias, textbooks, etc.)
  • It is best to create and modify your outline, even more than once, during the research phase of a writing project. It helps writers not to forget any important points they meant to make, or not to leave out any relevant piece of information. In this phase no attention needs to be paid to the style of writing, an outline is merely a tool to facilitate management of information. Gathering facts and organizing them in a meaningful way is a primary task any outline has to accomplish.
  • Although informative essays are all about conveying information, this should not be done in a dull and uninteresting way. Reader’s attention can be caught by formulating your thesis statement in a remarkable fashion so as to instill interest and motivate your audience to continue reading. Going slightly off trail set by standardized statements usually given in this sort of papers can go a long way in securing readers’ attention.
  • Not resorting to platitudes or overused expressions that have already lost meaning, is another point to consider. Creating original formulations instead is highly recommended. This is perhaps more demanding or time-consuming, but it always pays off.
  • Using transitional words and phrases to assure a natural flow of ideas throughout an essay is beneficial. After having written the first body paragraph, the following one can start with words like “additionally,” “moreover,” “correspondingly,” “furthermore,” etc. Your conclusion can begin with “given these points,” “all things considered,” “on balance” etc. Essay writers are well-advised to stay away from words that state the obvious, i.e. that an essay has come to an end. Therefore, formulations like “in conclusion,” “to summarize”, “to conclude” etc. are best avoided.
  • Opinions have no place in informative essays. Even if tempted to give a personal view of a subject, writers should refrain from doing so and save their attitudes and opinions for other types of papers, such as argumentative or persuasive essays.
  • When presenting reasons to back up a thesis statement in body paragraphs, it’s always wise to start with the most appealing point. Your aim is to engage readers, make them interested, and so, you should appear knowledgeable and well-informed on the subject.
  • Writing a conclusion is critically important in determining how your readers will remember an essay and the information that it provided. If construed in a notable and impression-making way, it stays with your audience longer and even has a potential to inspire them for taking a particular action.

Things to avoid when writing an informative essay outline

  • Starting an essay without a defined topic. It leaves readers in doubt concerning the actual content of the matter that you are going to discuss. Make sure your positions is crystal clear.
  • Giving overly detailed information in the Introduction section exceeding the length of a single paragraph allocated to this part of an essay. Keep it short and simple.
  • Formulating the thesis statement too broadly, failing to narrow down the scope of the essay.
  • Listing a multitude of reasons to back the thesis statement instead of opting to choose only the most pertinent ones and to discuss them in more detail.
  • Introducing new evidence in the conclusion of the essay. This should be decisively discouraged. The conclusion serves the purpose of restating the thesis statement and reformulating some of the essential information given on the topic to provide closure.
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How to Write an Exemplification Essay

April 29, 2021
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Anyone deep into their academic careers will have encountered at least three major forms of disease – descriptive, narrative, and argumentative. Yet, the word exemplification essay may catch many off-guard. Now, you are not only about to learn the basics of an exemplification essay but also the way to come up with a great essay on your own.

What is an Exemplification Essay?

The words ‘exemplification essay’ may scare or put a few off, but it is actually quite simple for those who are already familiar with the argumentative type of essays. In an argumentative essay, an individual is trying to prove a point with the help of examples. Even though these examples, which may be in the form of facts or numbers, will come a long way towards helping an individual ascertain the argument, but incorporating them in the best possible way is extremely tough.

Tips For Choosing Great Exemplification Essay Titles

The key aspect in any exemplification essay is the topic and it should be in the form of an argumentative essay. Ideally, the topic should be in such a way that the writer can present two sides of an argument. It does not make for a great essay if the writer has to choose one side alone.

Furthermore, the topic should be in such a way that there are several key facts and figures that are capable of backing up the argument laid down by the essay writer. In essence, the writer should not be looking to persuade the reader with a topic. Instead, they should be laying down the facts which in turn would do the work.

Some of the idea titles for this type of an essay are:

  • Are the gun regulations in the United States firm enough?
  • Should one pursue a college degree over real world experience?
  • Should marijuana be decriminalised?

Such topics will enable the writer to come up with both sides of the argument. At the same time, it is better to avoid the topics that are one-sided, touch on something personal, or describe the process.

For the purpose of explanation, we would take up the task of writing an exemplification essay about the best X-Men character – Professor X. One should remember that this is not the kind of topic that I writer would encounter in this form an essay, but we have chosen this topic in order to provide an easy explanation.

Steps Towards Coming up with an Exemplification Essay

The crucial element in an essay is that it should not get people dive into the topic straight away. Of course, this can be viewed as a positive by some, but it is certainly not the best bet. Instead, a writer can always do a bit of planning in order to come up with an essay. Writers commonly adopt a four step process in order to come up with the best essay of this kind. They are:

Brainstorm and Plan

The process of brainstorming and planning can be included under the same process, as they are more or less similar. Here, the writer should come up with the relevant ideas for the project and note them down. This will help them get acknowledged with the writing process in a much better way. Now comes the process of planning the content, which can be done by writing down a short outline of the body section. This will include all the primary points that the writer intends to say along with the arguments that come in support.

It is essential that the outline or plan has an introduction and conclusion parts. These enhance the core of the content. It is essential that the essay has three or four bulletin points that provide the core aspects in a clear and defined manner. These can have the subheadings, which are likely to contain the facts and figures necessary to support the argument, in order to enhance the content even further. At the end of the brainstorm and plan session, the outline should ideally look like:


  1. Hook
  2. Thesis statement

Powers are being mimicked through telepathy

  1. Foreign languages can be learnt in an instant
  2. Possesses alien communication abilities
  3. Manipulation of others’ mind

Invisibility by introducing illusion into others Leader in Enhancing the Mutant-Human Relationships

  1. Xavier’s school started for Gifted Youngsters
  2. The X-Men team of heroes was formed


Now, let us look at the various aspects in detail.


The introduction is one of the important parts of the essay, as it creates the first impression necessary to keep the interest over the course of the essay. The inexperienced writers often make a mistake with regard to coming up with the correct introduction – in terms of format and content. Usually, the introduction should be split up into two parts – the hook and the statement for the thesis. In such a way, the writer will be acknowledging the contents of the essay straightaway and this would make a huge impression.

The ‘hook’ comprises of the content that tries to keep the reader engaged. The statement for the thesis is made up of the explanation for the essay. It also provides a small description about the various aspects in the body paragraph. An appropriate introduction for this essay would be:

“A lot of people think about possessing the mutant superhuman powers. However, they fail to realise the immense responsibility that accompanies such special talents. Professor Xavier is someone who rises above other mutants in terms of the accomplishments. He stands tall compared to the compatriots. Professor X relies upon one key power in order to replicate all other powers, and this has helped him become the leader for the friendly relationships between humans and mutants.”

Body Paragraph

The body paragraph content occurs just below the introduction. Usually, the essays adopt a five paragraph format that is considered as the gold standard, but the writer need not adopt this structure unless they have been specifically instructed. The plan and outline created just before the start of writing the essay comes into the play at this stage.

A writer simply cannot create the blanks, and they have to stick with several points. One of the key elements in the body paragraph is the use of human relations. This provides the personal touch that is required behind the success of an exemplification essay topics. Here is a perfect example of the body structure that is suitable for this exemplification essay:

“Professor Xavier has made huge steps in terms of enhancing the relationship between humans and mutants. He has been able to do this through the work with the team of heroes and mutant children. His School for Gifted Youngsters focuses on helping the mutant teens and children to overcome the urge to misuse their powers and to use it in such a way that it benefits others. Xavier also concentrated on keeping these gifted youngsters away from humans during their teens, at time when their hormones could have produced erratic consequences. The X-Men – team of superheroes run by Professor Xavier – is primarily intended to create a good relationship between humans and mutants. It is used to show that humans can coexist with mutants without any fear.”


The conclusion takes up the same level of importance – if not more – as that of the introduction part. The writer will be summarising every point made in the body paragraph in this section. However, it is quite possible for a writer to overdo this section and go along with repeating the thesis statement over and over again. This is one of the primary reasons behind the failure of an exemplification essay. Instead, the writer should focus on a brief summary that helps finish the essay in an eloquent manner. It is imperative that the essay feels complete once the writer is done with the conclusion part.

A top conclusion for this essay would be:

“Even though plenty of people fear at the powers within mutants, there is no doubt that people can actually benefit from these powers. The benefits can be vice versa, as Professor Xavier has been able to prove this using telepathy. The powers and the influences provided by him have helped enhance the relationship between mutant communities and humans. Xavier and his mutant heroes regularly fight against the prejudices placed on his people.”

Unlike in the introduction aspect, this section is not split up into further segments. Therefore, the writer should be precise and offer a great summary.

Final Thoughts

Now you’ve got a pretty rough idea on how to write an exemplification essay. Follow our tips and remember that practice makes perfect. In other words, you will need time and practice to understand the fine dynamics behind a great structure and wording that wows the reader. Don’t be scared of the word ‘exemplification’, all you have to do is follow some guidelines. Happy writing!

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History Essay Topics

April 29, 2021
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Being granted the liberty of choosing your own history essay subject may seem like a splendid idea at first. However, as you begin your search, you might find this to be quite puzzling. It goes without saying that choosing a subject to write a history essay about is a fairly simple task in itself. Nevertheless, if you wish to receive a good grade, you’ll need to opt for a flawless history essay topic! This is where we come in. We’ve numbered some of the best history essay subjects you could ever hope to find, and we’ve classified them based on the time periods they refer to. In our opinion, each and every one of these topics is a splendid choice for your history essay!

Feel free to choose a topic and write a history essay from scratch all by yourself. However, in case you encounter difficulties and you feel like you require a sample paper, don’t hesitate to ask for our help! Just contact our support team, tell us how your essay needs to look like and / or submit an order. If you want to write the essay yourself, we believe it would be wise to choose a universal subject or issue. Afterwards, the ultimate thing to do is to narrow the topic down according to the guidelines provided by your professor. The subjects listed on this page are somewhat universal and may not work so great if you want to come up with a flawless history essay. As such, we think it would be a good idea to shape the subject in accordance to your necessities. If you’re not sure what you should do here, you can always hire our writers to help you out by placing an order for a sample essay.

Now take a look at our list of history essay topics for each significant historical era.

Ancient Egypt

  1. Present the political structure of ancient Egypt
  2. Describe the social habits of ancient Egyptians
  3. Discuss the structure of labor in ancient Egypt
  4. Present the evolution of ancient Egypt
  5. How the Americans discovered ancient Egypt
  6. Deities and spirituality in ancient Egypt
  7. The buildings and architectural style of the Egyptians
  8. Geographical and agricultural aspects regarding ancient Egypt

Ancient Greece

  1. The cultural and artistic aspects of the ancient Greek society
  2. Ancient Athenian myths
  3. Famous ancient Greek scholars
  4. Ancient Greek housing and architecture
  5. Ancient Greek mythology and legends
  6. The Pantheon and the spiritual side of ancient Greece
  7. Agricultural aspects regarding ancient Greece
  8. The historical evolution of the Acropolis

Ancient Rome

  1. How Rome was established and how it evolved
  2. The expansion of the Roman Empire and the influence they exerted on other ancient civilizations
  3. Crucial historical events that led to the collapse of the Roman Empire
  4. The attributions of the Roman emperor Julius Caesar regarding life in the Empire
  5. The military forces of the Roman Empire
  6. The Governmental organization of Ancient Rome
  7. Spiritualities and deities of Ancient Rome

The Dark Ages

  1. The Dark Ages as a period of progress
  2. Existence and mortality in the Dark Ages
  3. Knighthood in the Dark Ages
  4. Comparison between the Dark Ages and the Age of Enlightenment
  5. The holy wars that took place in the Dark Ages: motivations and outcomes
  6. Creative writing in the Dark Ages
  7. Religion in the Dark Ages and the Inquisition
  8. Financial resources in the Dark Ages

The History of the United States of America

  1. The Atlantic territories before the arrival of the settlers
  2. The colonial times
  3. Discuss the way in which the European settlers and the Native Americans interacted with one another
  4. How Puritanism influenced American ethics
  5. The factors and outcomes of the American Revolutionary War
  6. George Washington’s role and actions in the War of Independence
  7. The British people throughout the era of colonialism
  8. The time of the Great Depression
  9. The US’ involvement in the Second World War
  10. The Vietnam War

The history of South America

  1. The times before the colonization
  2. The Aztec and Mayan civilizations
  3. South America throughout the colonial times (1521-1810)
  4. Notable South American Settlements
  5. How Guatemala was colonized
  6. The autonomy of South American countries: Mexico, Haiti, Brazil
  7. The war between the United States and Mexico
  8. How slavery was abolished
  9. The 1989 American occupation

We hope that the historical subjects we’ve listed out here will prove useful to you when you start writing your history essay. Of course, we cannot possibly offer you a complete list of subjects, seeing as there are too many historical events to choose from. We’ve tried to come up with some universal topics that can be approached in a history essay. We hope you like our ideas! In case you cannot find your subject here, feel free to have a talk with our staff and place an order for a customized history essay on your particular subject. Our essay writers will make sure to devise a flawless history essay that complies with each and every one of your requirements! Your trust in us will be an honor!

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How To Write A Good Introduction

April 29, 2021
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Writing a powerful introduction can be quite challenging. This is mostly because the introduction is placed at the beginning of your writing – so, it plays a crucial role in your reader’s decision on whether or not to keep reading whatever it is that you have written. This is why, should your introduction fail to captivate your reader’s attention, the rest of your writing will most likely be in vain.

A successful introduction, on the other hand, gives the reader a short glimpse at the subject you are writing about and at your argument on this subject. As we have already pointed out, this information needs to be presented in a way that gets your reader interested in reading the rest of what you have written.

Given this, writing a solid and successful introduction may seem like a difficult thing to do. However, if you break this task down into several essential aspects and keep in mind some practical tips for each one, a good introduction is quite achievable! Here we go:

1. Start off with something general, but make it easy to move on to more precise points.

If you don’t have a vast experience in formal writing, it is easy to get confused as to how general you should speak in your introduction. For example, writing about the Russian-Georgian conflict in 2008 may easily get you carried away into the depth of the history of the Russian Empire up to its end and the formation of the USSR with its consequent fall-apart and the international relationships that arose afterward. Obviously, this is not what your introduction should be like, because you will only get your reader overwhelmed with information and confused as to what your writing is actually about. No reader ever wants to be confused – they always want to know exactly what the further read will be about. Readers like to be prepared to the information that they are about to receive, and this is your ultimate mission when you are writing your introduction. Your mission is not to share every piece of knowledge on the subject there is to know. So, when you start off with general information, only mention the bits closely and directly relevant to your thesis statement.

2. Set up the background, but keep it neutral – for now.

Here, your task is to give your reader a bit of background information on the subject, so that the issue that you will be discussing in the main body of your writing can be viewed in a context. Remember, however, that the introduction is not the place where you begin your argument – save that for the main body paragraphs. This requirement may seem vague, but, in reality, all you need to do is to ask yourself a few quite simple questions: something like – “does this information substantiate my claim?”, or “does this information support an opinion?” The answer should be no. The information on the introduction should not bias your reader or make you look biased this early. If, however, the answer is yes, it does not mean that you should leave this bit of information out altogether. It only means that it does not belong in the introduction, but rather its proper place in one of your main body paragraphs.

3. Introduce your main statement.

In most writings, your main statement should be placed somewhere among the final sentences of your introduction, just before you move on to the main body of your writing. So typically, you will make no mistake by putting your main statement in the last sentence of your introduction, thus setting a smooth narrative transition between the latter and the main body where your argument points and their supporting evidence are. However, if you clearly see that your main statement fits better elsewhere – for example, in the sentence before the last one in your introduction, you should place it there without a doubt.

4. Keep the information relevant.

Sometimes, it can be advised to start off with a joke or a rhetoric question to hook up your reader. However, it only makes sense when this joke or question is directly and obviously relevant to the subject-matter of your writing. If your essay is about a well-known politician, you are welcome to include an anecdote from his or her biography. If you are writing on a controversial topic, you are more than welcome to start off with a rhetoric question to the point. If you are writing about a historical event and you have the urge to start off with a joke about how you hated your history classes when you studied it at your elementary school, then it is obviously not such a good idea. The same principle applies regardless of what exactly you start off with – stats, quotes, general information, etc.

5. Do not try to replicate what has already been done.

Suppose you have stumbled upon a great essay that was written some time ago and covers a similar topic. The author decided to start off with defining something s/he was talking about in that essay, and it was quite effective. It may be tempting to repeat this scheme and start your own essay with a definition. It is true that some time ago starting essays with definitions was a quite popular trend, but then this device went overused and became a cliché. Nobody likes a cliché; so try to avoid such temptations. Clichés make your reader like you are about to say something that has already been said a thousand time before, so even if they continue reading your writing, it will be with this predisposition to boredom.

6. Don’t start with an introduction.

Just because your introduction is the first thing that your reader will read, it does not mean that it also has to be the first thing that you write. It is quite challenging to introduce something that is not yet written, so – unless you have a clear and detailed outline of your entire writing in your head – you will probably have a hard time writing an introduction to your writing before you have the writing to talk about. Many essay writers complain that starting off is the toughest part of the writing process. It is the most common place to encounter a writer’s block. Well, the obvious way to dodge this writer’s block is to go on to writing other parts of what you have to write, such as the main body or even the conclusion, and then return to your introduction when you’re ready.

7. Hook your reader.

Upon reading your introduction, your audience needs to be left with a feeling of curiosity about the rest of your writing. They should see how relevant it is to their interests or even their lives. You can also add some shock value to your main statement and leave your reader wondering how in the world you will support such an argument. Either way, remember that your task is to engage the reader.

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How to Write a Short Essay

April 29, 2021
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Writing a short essay is essentially the same as writing a normal essay with one key difference: length. A short essay should be around 500 words, or one page double-spaced. Because of its brevity, a short essay needs an interesting topic to capture the reader’s attention. It should not be on a complex subject as this might require more explanation. When faced with the difficulty of writing a short essay, the very first step should be to create an outline. This will allow you to organize your thoughts when the topic is large or when you have not developed your argument thoroughly. This should be the first step in writing any essay effectively.


The introduction will be one of the most important parts of your short essay. This should introduce your topic and convey the main idea without going into great detail. As mentioned above, the topic of the short essay should be interesting. The introduction should be an extension of your interesting subject and grab your reader’s attention. This can be done in many different ways such as quotes, a question, or a critical fact. For example, if you are writing an essay on the violence in video games, you might start “Have video games created a generation more prone to aggression and stereotypes?”. A well-written introduction will also contain your main argument, also known as a thesis statement, that sums up your essay in one to two sentences. This should outline your essay without being overbearing to the reader. One of the easiest ways to write a thesis is to break up your main argument into parts and list them in your thesis. This also creates a structure for your body paragraphs which helps out your organization and lets the reader know exactly which assertions are coming next.

Body Paragraphs

The Body paragraphs are the main parts of the essay. This is where you get to develop your argument by analyzing your topic and giving facts. This will be the time to use the research that you’ve done on the topic as you use quotes, numbers, and other articles. Use these to strengthen your argument and as a means to give examples. Make sure these pertain to your topic and not something parallel to avoid confusion from your reader. Your body paragraphs should follow your outline and have cohesion between them. Try not to jump between topics. That will make your argument harder to follow and confuse the reader. One of the easiest ways to go between paragraphs is using transition sentences at the end of your body paragraphs. This sums up your previous idea and connects it with your next idea.

Each paragraph should contain a different argument. In a short essay, developing your argument with a small amount of space to work with can be difficult. Because of this, each argument should be short and concise. Here are some tips for developing a well-written body paragraph in a short essay:

  • Be clear and try not to complicate your point by using overly complex words or explanations
  • Sometimes understanding the opposing views can help you strengthen your own
  • Making sure your arguments flow is more important than ordering them from strongest to weakest
  • If possible, discuss your strongest point first as it can help with the brevity of a short essay

Ordering your points from strongest to weakest could help your reader understand your point of view better. Even though this is true, do not sacrifice flow for the possibility to win over your reader. A well thought out argument will convince the reader your in your point of view regardless of order. This is why the outline of your argument is a critical first step.


The first sentence in your conclusion should be a restatement of the thesis. This will connect your introduction and your conclusion as well as remind the reader of your main idea. With short essays, the next step that should follow is a summary of your body paragraphs. This should briefly describe your main points in one to two sentences each. A clear conclusion can help the reader analyze your arguments altogether in one short paragraph. With longer essays, this could also be used as a callback between early arguments which could be pages apart.

After finishing the conclusion, be sure to check your work. Going over your paper can help you catch grammatical errors, syntax errors, and any incorrect sentences that might hurt your argument. Rereading your essay can help you become a better essay writer as the more mistakes you catch, the less you’ll end up making them. Lastly, make sure what you’ve written makes sense. Even a well-written essay can lose its comprehension due to over-editing.

With all three components finished, and your essay edited, you should have a well-written short essay. The most important way to get better at writing short essays is practicing. With more practice, writing essays will become easier, and you can continue with longer and longer papers. Remember, there is no one right way to write an essay. The most important thing is to convince your audience that what you are writing is important. These are just helpful tools to do just that more effectively.

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Writing a Cause and Effect Essay Outline

April 29, 2021
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What Defines a Cause and Effect Essay?

An author writes a cause and effect paper in an effort to examine and determine the reasons for, as well as the consequences of, a specific event or action in order to gain a better understanding of the event/process in question. Most curriculums include this type of essay writing because it’s a great way to assess your ability to understand the logic behind various actions or events.

Being able to understand the logic behind cause and effect in your everyday life, and also throughout the world, will benefit you as a writer and will help you avoid a whole range of potential problem in the future. If you often find yourself questioning why something happened, then learning how to write a cause and effect essay will not only improve your writing but also your inherent ability to comprehend.

One of the most important factors in successful writing is knowing how to create an outline. A lot of students choose to ignore an essay outline, simply because they think that writing one takes too much of their precious time. The idea, however, is utterly wrong. Yes, sketching a cause and effect outline takes a bit of time. But, it saves even more time on the writing (and even editing) process. Just think about it – when you sit down to writing, you already have a detailed plan of action. The only thing left is to stick to it. This way, you eliminate all possible distractions and, as a result, write a logical, easy to follow paper. And the last one is what saves some more time on editing & proofreading – no need to rewrite any parts that fall out of the essay flow. Convinced yet? Great, let’s go over all the steps you need to know to write a great cause and effect essay.

Different Types of Cause and Effect Essay

It’s important you first draft the structure before you start working on your essay. Planning ahead is vital to writing a good paper, and creating a structure first will get you there. Remember, you don’t have to waste time trying to reinvent the wheel here; almost every type of essay structure has already been developed and accepted in the academe.

For the most part, there are three different types of cause and effect papers. The main difference between those lies in the number of causes and/or the number of effects, of course. That is, it all depends on how complicated the process/event you are describing is. The and the connections between causes and effect also matter a lot. Let’s go over the three different types of cause and effect essays:

Many causes, one effect

This type of paper shows how a number of different causes can contribute to a specific effect. The purpose of this essay type is to analyze a variety of different reasons that can come from different fields and show how they are responsible for causing a certain effect. For example, if you were to write about global warming, you could show how pollution, overpopulation, and deforestation have all contributed to this problem. If you can examine the issue from different standpoints and base your reasoning on different factors, the essay will only become more impressive and interesting to read.

Here is an example of how to structure this type of cause and effect essay:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
    • Cause number 1
    • Cause number 2
    • Cause number 3 (etc.)
    • The effect due to the causes
  3. Conclusion

One cause, many effects

For this type of cause and effect paper, you will write about the different effects that were caused by one specific decision, problem, or event. It’s important that you do your research in order to demonstrate that you have an in-depth understanding of the topic. Remember this is not an argumentative essay where you are trying to persuade the reader. Simply state the facts and show how or why it happened due to the effects.

Here is how you should structure this type of cause and effect essay:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
    • The cause
    • Effect number 1
    • Effect number 2
    • Effects number 3 (etc.)
  3. Conclusion

Chain of causes and effects

For most people, this may be the most difficult type of cause and effect essay to write. Here you will need to show how a series of actions and consequences will lead to a specific conclusion. Although it can be challenging to write, it is often the most interesting and rewarding type of cause and effect essay.

Here is how you should structure this type of cause and effect essay:

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
    • Cause number 1
    • Effect number 1 = Cause number 2
    • Effect number 2 = Cause number 3
    • Effect number 3 = Cause number 4 (etc.)
  3. Conclusion

Example of Cause and Effect Essay Outline

For a better idea of what a cause and effect outline can look like in practice, take a look at the example below. This sample essay focuses on the causes of divorce. So, as you might already understand, it’s going to be ‘many causes, one effect’ type of essay:

  • Introduction: The US has one of the highest divorce rates in the world due to a number of factors, including money, lack of communication and unrealistic expectations.
  • Body:
    • Causes:
      1. Money plays an influential role in our lives, and when one spouse has different spending habits than the other, this can cause a lot of problems. When you’re always working to barely make ends meet, it can cause stress that affects the relationship. (Include statistics about the rates of divorce for couples in different income brackets.)
      2. A lack of communication can quickly lead to frustration and resentment from both parties. Causes: Not talking enough to your partner, insulting one another and yelling at your partner.
      3. Many people may come from single-parent homes or families where parents hid their problems from children, which, in turn, lead to unrealistic expectations from marriage. The excess of romance movies that only show the good can also play a factor in this.
    • Effect: Unless couples can overcome these difficulties together, divorces will continue to be a big problem in the United States. (Add a prognosis about the divorce rates for the next ten years.)
  • Conclusion: Money, lack of communication and unrealistic expectations continue to be some of the top reasons people get divorced today. Unless couples put in the effort and seek professional help when these problems arise, divorce rates will continue to remain high. (Give some examples of how married couples can tackle these issues.)

If you noticed, we used a blended strategy in this essay. When we talked about unrealistic expectations, it’s logical to talk about how the media plays a role in setting unrealistic goals. If you are discussing how to resolve relationship issues, it’s vital that you mention how a therapist can help with this problem.

Now That I’ve drafted the Structure, How do I Start Writing?

To make the writing process even easier, we suggest you start by doing the appropriate research. When you collect all the information you need, structuring each paragraph will no longer seem challenging. Depending on how many statements you plan to discuss in your essay (as well as the cause and effect chain you have in mind), you may not end up with the normal five-paragraph essay. It’s normal for a cause and effect paper, so no need to worry about that.

Now, let’s take a closer look and what you write in all of the structural parts described above.

Introduction: Here you will introduce the topic to the reader. Most people will be able to tell if you know what you are writing about from your thesis statement. To keep your audience’s attention, you need to show how and why the subject of your paper is relevant today. If for instance, you are writing about the conflicts in the Middle East, you can state how the global change towards renewable energy has affected its economy. Also, don’t forget about a thesis statement (that is, the main idea you are going to prove in your paper). It is normally presented in the final sentence of your introduction.

Body: For the body, it’s important that you provide the reader with all the facts that you’ve gathered about what causes prompted the effects. If you did your research, you shouldn’t run into any problems here. However, there are some things you should keep in mind when writing the paper. Try to keep each paragraph around the same length; it not only looks better but is also easier to read. It’s also important that you don’t include unconvincing or weak causes just to reach your word count. Readers will immediately realize that, and your essay will lose credibility.

It’s important that the causes are related to the effects, especially if you are writing a chained cause and effect paper. Give examples to illustrate how the cause applies to the final result. If you don’t take the time to prepare an outline, writing the body can become a difficult and time-consuming task.

Conclusion: Here, you will summarize the thesis statement that you presented at the beginning of your essay. If you have a real understanding of the subject, then you should have no problem writing an effective conclusion. Sometimes you will find that when you write the conclusion, you may find some logical inaccuracies in your essay’s body.

Common Mistakes and Tips


  • Pay special attention to the type of language you use for your essay. Since these types of essays are academic, you’ll want to avoid using informal writing. However, you may also want to avoid using complicated constructions and obscure vocabulary that will make your paper hard to read.
  • It’s important that you become familiar with the theme and all the research material you’ve collected in order to express your own thoughts and opinions on the subject. By using your critical thinking skills, you will be able to compose own arguments about the issue. Using the ideas and words of the researchers can become obvious to the reader.


  • Don’t expect to write a good essay if you haven’t done proper research. It’s important to investigate the topic and read what others have written about it before. Readers will always be able to tell if you know what you are writing about or if you simply pretend to know.
  • Don’t allow your paper to become absurd. This is a mistake that can happen to both advanced and beginner students. Advanced students will sometimes try to put in too much information and write everything they know about the cause and effect essay topic, including history facts, ideas, and theories. On the other hand, beginner students may not know enough to write a convincing and exciting cause and effect essay. Stick to the main idea and ensure that your paper is clear, concise and logical.
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