Why was the Hatch Act initiated quizlet?
In 1939, Congress approved landmark legislation known as the Hatch Act to limit the political activities of Federal employees, employees of the District of Columbia and certain employees of state and local governments.
What is the importance of the Hatch Act?
The Hatch Act generally applies to employees working in the executive branch of the federal government. The purpose of the Act is to maintain a federal workforce that is free from partisan political influence or coercion. or undertake any partisan political activity.
What is the difference between patronage and the merit system?
Patronage is a system in which jobs and promotions are awarded for political reasons rather than for merit or competence. Merit principle is the idea that hiring should be based on entrance exams and promotion ratings to produce administration by people with talent and skill.
How did the Pendleton Act reform the system of hiring?
How did the Pendleton Act reform the system of hiring and firing federal employees? a. It required hiring and firing decisions to be based on partisan loyalty rather than merit. It continued to allow hiring on the basis of merit, but made firing federal employees easier.
Why is it difficult for the president and Congress to control the bureaucracy?
Controlling the bureaucracy can be difficult for the following reasons: Size: The president cannot monitor everyone or even every group within the bureaucracy, so much of what bureaucrats do goes unmonitored. Civil service laws: Firing bureaucrats, even for incompetence, is very difficult.
What is the purpose of the Hatch Act as amended quizlet?
What is the purpose of the Hatch Act? To prohibit government employees from active participation in partisan politics.
What is an independent regulatory commission quizlet?
What is an Independent Regulatory Commission? A government agency responsible for some sector of the economy, making and enforcing rules to protect the public interest. It also judges disputes over these rules.
How does the president exercise control over the federal bureaucracy?
The president influences control over the bureaucracy by: appointing agency directors and subheads (with Senate approval) issuing executive orders compelling an agency to do/not do something. increasing or decreasing an agency’s budget (through the Office of Management and Budget)
What is the purpose of the Hatch Act as amended?
The Hatch Act of 1939, An Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities, is a United States federal law. Its main provision prohibits civil service employees in the executive branch of the federal government, except the president and vice president, from engaging in some forms of political activity.
What is the purpose of a bureaucracy quizlet?
What is the purpose of a bureaucracy? The purpose is the efficient administration of rules, regulations, and policies. Governments, businesses, and other institutions such a colleges an universities.
How did the Hatch Act reinforce reforms initiated under the Pendleton Act?
How did the Hatch Act reinforce reforms initiated under the Pendleton Act? Arthur became president and passed the Pendleton Act that made hiring and promotion merit-based rather than patronage-based. In 1993, the Hatch Act was passed and prohibited civil service employees from acting in partisan politics while on duty.
What is the main purpose served by government corporations?
As defined in this report, a government corporation is a government agency that is established by Congress to provide a market-oriented public service and to produce revenues that meet or approximate its expenditures.
What does the pig represent in the spoils system?
The pig most likely represents the gluttony of Jackson taking the jobs of others and giving them to his own supporters. Likewise, the dollar signs show the greed of taking money and jobs for his friends.
How can bureaucrats and bureaucracies be held accountable?
In these three ways, then – appointments, reorganization, and monitoring by the Office of Management and Budget – the president helps rein in those big bureaucratic Clydesdales and holds the bureaucracy accountable for its actions.
Who does the bureaucracy answer to?
Most directly, the president controls the bureaucracies by appointing the heads of the fifteen cabinet departments and of many independent executive agencies, such as the CIA, the EPA, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. These cabinet and agency appointments go through the Senate for confirmation.
What is the spoils system in US history?
Spoils system, also called patronage system, practice in which the political party winning an election rewards its campaign workers and other active supporters by appointment to government posts and with other favours.
What practice became known as the spoils system?
In politics and government, a spoils system (also known as a patronage system) is a practice in which a political party, after winning an election, gives government civil service jobs to its supporters, friends (cronyism), and relatives (nepotism) as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep …
How did the spoils system develop?
How did the spoils system develop? As more and more citizens became eligible to vote, party leaders changed their tactics to appeal to more voters by developing highly organized systems to learn what the voters wanted and to make sure they voted the “right way”. It was supported by both the Democrats and the Whigs.
Under what circumstances are bureaucrats most likely to exercise administrative discretion?
Under what circumstances are bureaucrats most likely to exercise discretion? When an agency is implementing a law that contains ambiguity.
What are possible negative effects of the spoils system?
Critics said that the Spoils System led to corruption by federal officials. Bribes and special favors became lucrative during the future administrations. Political power was abused for the benefit of the ruling party. Public projects, franchises, contracts, cases, and taxes were influenced by political favors.
What are the 5 major problems with the bureaucracies?
There are five major problems with bureaucracies: red tape, conflict, duplication, imperialism, and waste.
- Red tape is the existence of complex rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
- Conflict exists when some agencies work at cross-purposes with other agencies.
How do the courts hold the bureaucracy accountable?
Both Congress and the president exercise direct oversight over the bureaucracy by holding hearings, making appointments, and setting budget allowances. Citizens exercise their oversight powers through their use of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and by voting.
Under what circumstance are bureaucrats most likely to exercise discretion quizlet?
Under what circumstance are bureaucrats most likely to exercise discretion? when an agency is implementing a law that contains ambiguity.