What was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact Class 10 in points?
The agreement is called Gandhi-Irwin pact . By this pact Government agreed to release most of the civil disobedience volunteers, against whom there was no allegation of violence. The Congress suspended the Civil Disobedience Movement and agreed to participate in the second Round Table Conference.
When was civil disobedience movement called off?
On January 25, 1931 Gandhiji and all other members of the Congress Working Committee were unconditionally released. On 14 February, 1931 the Delhi pact also known as the Gandhi-Irwin pact took place where Gandhiji on behalf of the Congress agreed to suspend the Civil Disobedience movement.
How did the civil disobedience movement end?
The civil disobedience movement came to end because of the Gandhi-Irwin pact. It was signed by Mahatma Gandhi and the then Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 5 March 1931. Stopping of the civil disobedience movement by the Indian National Congress.
What are the causes nature and effects of civil disobedience movement?
According to Amales Tripathi, the main cause of the Civil Disobedience movement was worldwide economic depression during the period 1929-1930. Young leaders of the Congress became impatient for a movement. The revolutionaries were not sitting idle.
What led to the civil disobedience movement class 10?
1 Answer. The events that led to the Civil Disobedience Movement include: (i) Arrival of Simon Commission consisting of all British members, in 1928 and their report. (ii) Successful peasant movement in Bardoli, Meerut and Lahore conspiracy cases in 1929.
What is the purpose of civil resistance?
Civil disobedience, also called passive resistance, the refusal to obey the demands or commands of a government or occupying power, without resorting to violence or active measures of opposition; its usual purpose is to force concessions from the government or occupying power.
What were the two Round Table Conference Class 10?
Complete answer: The Second Round table conference was the first conference arranged between the British and the Indians, and many delegates of India attended this conference.
What was civil disobedience associated with?
The Salt Satyagraha was a huge civil disobedience movement initiated by Mahatma Gandhi against the salt tax imposed by the British government in India….Thank you.
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What are the effects of civil disobedience movement?
(i) Strengthen the National Movement further. (ii) Create political consciousness and a deep sense of patriotism in the minds of the people. (iii) Bring women out of their homes and make them equal partners in the freedom struggle. (iv) Make people understand the significance of the principles of non-violence.
Is civil disobedience in a democracy morally justified?
Civil disobedience in a democracy is not morally justified because it poses an unacceptable threat to the rule of law. In a democracy, minority groups have basic rights and alternatives to civil disobedience. as freedoms of speech, press, association, and religion.
What was the outcome of Gandhi-Irwin Pact?
Answer. Gandhi agreed to discontinue the Civil Disobedience movement, on behalf of the Indian National Congress. All those detained in connection with the movement were to be released by the government. The ordinance that was promulgated in the wake of the Civil Disobedience Movement was agreed to be withdrawn.
Why is civil disobedience necessary?
Civil disobedience is an important part of a democratic country because it is one of the driving factors that allow individuals to exercise their rights to free speech and speak up against an unfair and unjust government and its laws.
What were the main causes of civil disobedience movement?
CIVIL DISOBEDIANCE movement started mainly due to the SALT SATYAGRAHA which was held by 1930 march 12th near dandi. started SALT SATYAGRAHA OR SALT MARCH with the main ideology of againist the BRITISH LAW on heavy tax on salt.It is a non violent protest.
What was the Gandhi-Irwin Pact 4 marks?
Gandhi-Irwin Pact was a result of successful massive Civil Disobedience Movement. The pact was signed on February 14, 1931. Its salient features were as follows: Viceroy Irwin, on behalf of the government, agreed to release all political prisoners, not convicted of violence, immediately.
What was Gandhi-Irwin Pact explain it?
Gandhi-Irwin Pact, agreement signed on March 5, 1931, between Mohandas K. It marked the end of a period of civil disobedience (satyagraha) in India against British rule that Gandhi and his followers had initiated with the Salt March (March–April 1930).
What are the main features of civil disobedience movement?
The main features are:
- Boycott of foreign made cloth and liquor shops.
- Refusal by peasants to pay revenue and chaukidari taxes.
- Violation of forest law by grazing animals in the reseved forest.
- Deliberalety breaking unjust law like salt tax law.
Why did Mahatma Gandhi decide to call off the civil disobedience movement explain with any three reasons?
Gandhiji decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1931 for the following situation. i) Violent clashes arose due to the arrest of the Congress leaders by the government. iii) The government brutally repressed by attacking and arresting peaceful satyagrahis and beating women and children.