What is a hash function MCQS?

December 19, 2021
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What is a hash function MCQS?

MCQ – Hashing Function in Data Structure. Explanation: In a hash table, there are fewer array positions than the keys, so the position of the key in the array has to be computed, this is done using the hash function.

What is the hash of a password?

When a password has been “hashed” it means it has been turned into a scrambled representation of itself. A user’s password is taken and – using a key known to the site – the hash value is derived from the combination of both the password and the key, using a set algorithm.

Why is hash used?

Hashing is used to index and retrieve items in a database because it is faster to find the item using the shorter hashed key than to find it using the original value. The hash function is used to index the original value or key and then used later each time the data associated with the value or key is to be retrieved.

What are the inputs for hash function?

The input to a hash function is a file or stream of any size and the output is a fixed-size digital representation of the file that is normally less than 1KB and serves as the fingerprint of the original file (often called the message digest). It is impossible to reconstruct the original file with only the fingerprint.

Which is the most secure hashing algorithm?

SHA-256 algorithm

What is hash function?

A hash function is any function that can be used to map data of arbitrary size to fixed-size values. The values returned by a hash function are called hash values, hash codes, digests, or simply hashes. The values are usually used to index a fixed-size table called a hash table.

What are the different types of hash functions?

Types of Hashing There are many different types of hash algorithms such as RipeMD, Tiger, xxhash and more, but the most common type of hashing used for file integrity checks are MD5, SHA-2 and CRC32. MD5 – An MD5 hash function encodes a string of information and encodes it into a 128-bit fingerprint.

What is a hash function Sanfoundry?

This set of Data Structure Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Hash Tables”. Explanation: A hash table is used to implement associative arrays which has a key-value pair, so the has table maps keys to values. 2.

Can a hash be decrypted?

No, they cannot be decrypted. These functions are not reversible. There is no deterministic algorithm that evaluates the original value for the specific hash. It is relative easy to calculate MD5 and SHA1 hashes over a big number of inputs and use that to create a reverse lookup table.

Which is not a property of hash function?

Which of the following is not possible through hash value? Explanation: As the hash functions are irreversible and has pre-image resistance property, therefore it is almost impossible to obtain the original data form its hash value.

How is hash function calculated?

With modular hashing, the hash function is simply h(k) = k mod m for some m (usually, the number of buckets). The value k is an integer hash code generated from the key. If m is a power of two (i.e., m=2p), then h(k) is just the p lowest-order bits of k.

Can two passwords have same hash?

This question already has answers here: When hashing passwords, two passwords can produce the same hash, so if a user inputs someone else’s username but his own password, there is a possibility that he will be able to login to that other account.

What is a hash function quizlet?

hash. function that takes a variable-length string (message) and compresses and transforms it into a fixed-length value.

How do you create a hash table?

Hashing is implemented in two steps:

  1. An element is converted into an integer by using a hash function. This element can be used as an index to store the original element, which falls into the hash table.
  2. The element is stored in the hash table where it can be quickly retrieved using hashed key. hash = hashfunc(key)

How do you prevent hash collisions?

Chaining is a technique used for avoiding collisions in hash tables. A collision occurs when two keys are hashed to the same index in a hash table.

How does password hash work?

Hashing turns your password (or any other piece of data) into a short string of letters and/or numbers using an encryption algorithm. If a website is hacked, the hackers don’t get access to your password. Instead, they just get access to the encrypted “hash” created by your password.

What is a hash function in cyber security?

Hash functions are extremely useful and appear in almost all information security applications. A hash function is a mathematical function that converts a numerical input value into another compressed numerical value. The input to the hash function is of arbitrary length but output is always of fixed length.

Is hashing secure?

It is widely used in authentication systems to avoid storing plaintext passwords in databases, but is also used to validate files, documents and other types of data. Incorrect use of hashing functions can lead to serious data breaches, but not using hashing to secure sensitive data in the first place is even worse.

What changes a hash value?

The contents of a file are processed through a cryptographic algorithm, and a unique numerical value – the hash value – is produced that identifies the contents of the file. If the contents are modified in any way, the value of the hash will also change significantly.