What are the critical raw materials?

What are the critical raw materials?

Critical Raw Materials (CRM) are a list of finite materials released by the European Commission that are in scarce global supply. Limited or decreasing access to them are cause for world-wide concern due to their links to technology, industry needs and the environment.

What is EU raw materials?

The European Raw Materials Alliance (ERMA) aims to make Europe economically more resilient by diversifying its supply chains, creating jobs, attracting investments to the raw materials value chain, fostering innovation, training young talents and contributing to the best enabling framework for raw materials and the …

What are the most important raw materials?

The European Commission drew a list (to be updated during Raw Materials Week 2017) of these Critical Raw Materials, now amounting to the following twenty: Antimony, Beryllium, Borates, Chromium, Cobalt, Coking coal, Fluorspar, Gallium Germanium, Indium, Magnesite, Magnesium, Natural Graphite, Niobium, Platinum Group …

What are the critical materials?

What is a “Critical Material?” Any substance used in technology that is subject to supply risks, and for which there are no easy substitutes. Or, in plain English – stuff you really need but can’t always get. CMI focuses on clean energy technologies, in the US, over the next 10 to 15 years.

Why critical raw materials are important?

Why critical raw materials are important Environment – raw materials are closely linked to clean technologies. They are irreplaceable in solar panels, wind turbines, electric vehicles, and energy-efficient lighting.

Where do critical raw materials come from?

For the critical raw materials, their high supply risk is mainly due to the fact that a high share of the worldwide production comes from China (antimony, fluorspar, gallium, germanium, graphite, indium, magnesium, rare earths, tungsten), Russia (PGM), the Democratic Republic of Congo (cobalt, tantalum) and Brazil ( …

What are food raw materials?

There are many different types of raw materials that restaurants, food manufacturers, and processing plants use to create food products. These include raw meat, seafood, and poultry, as well as fruits, vegetables, grains, seeds, nuts, dairy, fungi, and eggs.

Where do raw materials come from?

The term raw material denotes materials in unprocessed or minimally processed states; e.g., raw latex, crude oil, cotton, coal, raw biomass, iron ore, air, logs, water, or “any product of agriculture, forestry, fishing or mineral in its natural form or which has undergone the transformation required to prepare it for …

What are heavy rare earths?

The heavy rare earth elements make up the balance and are significantly less abundant. These comprise europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium and yttrium. Rare earths each have their own individual demand drivers, challenges and technology innovations.

Why are critical raw materials so important?

What is the difference between raw materials and ingredients?

Raw material is any unprocessed or semi-processed material used during manufacturing which includes material, additives & processing aids. While additive is listed as an ingredient because it gets consumed as a part of food, but processing aid doesn’t.

When was the EU list of critical raw materials published?

Methodology on CRMs – in July 2017, the Commission published a revised methodology for establishing the EU list of critical raw materials. The synthesised guidelines build on the methodology used for the lists of CRMs in 2011 and 2014.

What kind of raw materials are used in the EU?

Abiotic: Aggregates, Bismuth, Helium, Lead, Phosphorus, Sulphur; Biotic: Natural cork, Natural teak wood, Sapele wood. However, coking coal, which was on the 2014 list of critical raw materials for the EU, is considered a borderline case.

How many materials are on the EU list?

The 2020 EU list contains 30 materials as compared to 14 materials in 2011, 20 materials in 2014 and 27 materials in 2017. 26 materials stay on the list. Bauxite, lithium, titanium and strontium are added to the list for the first time.

What are the most critical raw materials in the world?

Bauxite, lithium, titanium and strontium are added to the list for the first time. Helium remains a concern as far as supply concentration is concerned, but disappears from the 2020 critical list due to a decline in its economic importance.