Who won independence for Argentina and Chile?

Who won independence for Argentina and Chile?

San Martín
Chile won its formal independence when San Martín defeated the last large Spanish force on Chilean soil at the Battle of Maipú on April 5, 1818. San Martín then led his Argentine and Chilean followers north to liberate Peru; and fighting continued in Chile’s southern provinces, the bastion of the royalists, until 1826.

Why did Chile fight for independence?

It developed in the context of the Spanish American Wars of independence, a military and political process that began after the formation of self-government juntas in the Spanish-American colonies, in response to the capture of King Ferdinand VII of Spain by Napoleonic forces in 1808.

Why did the Argentine War of independence happen?

The Argentine independence movement began in 1806, when British attacks on Buenos Aires were repelled by local militia with little help from Spain. Several years of hard fighting followed before the Spanish royalists were defeated in northern Argentina.

What is 25 de Mayo in Argentina?

Veinticinco de Mayo (May 25th) is a national holiday to commemorate the 1810 revolution that resulted in the first Argentine government, and independence from Spain. A national holiday that shuts down businesses and stripes the city with sky blue and white, the colors of a revolution.

Who helped free Chile?

José de San Martín
One of the most-dramatic chapters in the 19th-century struggle for Latin American independence from Spanish rule occurred 200 years ago, in January and February 1817, when the liberation of Chile was won by the improbable crossing of the Andes Mountains by a force of revolutionaries under the command of José de San …

Who helped Chile gain independence?

Who ruled Chile before independence?

Chile remained a colony of Spain for close to 300 years until Napoleon Bonaparte’s conquest of Spain weakened the country’s imperial grip on their South American colonies. Under Spanish colonial rule, northern and central Chile were part of the Viceroyalty of Peru.

Who ruled Argentina before independence?

United States Recognition of Buenos Ayres, 1823. The United States recognized the Government of Buenos Ayres (predecessor of Argentina) on January 27, 1823, when Caesar Rodney was appointed as American Minister Plenipotentiary to that government. Buenos Ayres had declared independence from Spain on July 9, 1816.

When did Argentina gain its independence?

July 9, 1816