## What are the assumptions for an ANOVA test?

The factorial ANOVA has a several assumptions that need to be fulfilled – (1) interval data of the dependent variable, (2) normality, (3) homoscedasticity, and (4) no multicollinearity.

## Does repeated measures ANOVA assume normality?

The assumption of normality of difference scores is a statistical assumption that needs to be tested for when comparing three or more observations of a continuous outcome with repeated-measures ANOVA. Repeated-measures ANOVA should not be conducted when the assumption of normality of difference scores is violated.

**What does repeated measures ANOVA tell you?**

The repeated measures ANOVA compares means across one or more variables that are based on repeated observations. A repeated measures ANOVA model can also include zero or more independent variables. Again, a repeated measures ANOVA has at least 1 dependent variable that has more than one observation.

**What are the basic assumptions for conducting two-way Anova?**

Assumptions of the Two-Way ANOVA The populations from which the samples are obtained must be normally distributed. Sampling is done correctly. Observations for within and between groups must be independent. The variances among populations must be equal (homoscedastic).

### What are the three assumptions of one-way Anova?

What are the assumptions of a One-Way ANOVA?

- Normality – That each sample is taken from a normally distributed population.
- Sample independence – that each sample has been drawn independently of the other samples.
- Variance Equality – That the variance of data in the different groups should be the same.

### When repeated measures are used which assumption is violated?

assumption of sphericity

Unfortunately, repeated measures ANOVAs are particularly susceptible to violating the assumption of sphericity, which causes the test to become too liberal (i.e., leads to an increase in the Type I error rate; that is, the likelihood of detecting a statistically significant result when there isn’t one).

**What is the nonparametric equivalent of repeated measures ANOVA?**

The Friedman test

Introduction. The Friedman test is the non-parametric alternative to the one-way ANOVA with repeated measures. It is used to test for differences between groups when the dependent variable being measured is ordinal.

**When should a repeated measures ANOVA be used?**

Repeated measures ANOVA is used when you have the same measure that participants were rated on at more than two time points. With only two time points a paired t-test will be sufficient, but for more times a repeated measures ANOVA is required.

#### Is two-way ANOVA the same as two factor ANOVA?

A one-way ANOVA only involves one factor or independent variable, whereas there are two independent variables in a two-way ANOVA. In a one-way ANOVA, the one factor or independent variable analyzed has three or more categorical groups. A two-way ANOVA instead compares multiple groups of two factors.