What is a retrograde Urethrography used for?
A retrograde urethrogram (RUG) is a diagnostic procedure performed most commonly in male patients to diagnose urethral pathology such as trauma to the urethra or urethral stricture.
How do you do retrograde Urethrography?
Use gauze sling around distal penis to apply traction. o Insert balloon catheter and gently inflate (max 3 cc) to occlude urethral lumen and apply traction. o Use fingers to secure catheter, occlude urethral lumen, and apply traction. Inject contrast slowly to opacify the urethra.
Which of the following conditions would be an indication for a retrograde Urethrography?
We recommend retrograde urethrography in male patients with a pelvic fracture or significant lower abdominal or perineal trauma without a fracture when associated with gross hematuria, a bloody urethral discharge, inability to void, swelling, ecchymosis or hematoma of the perineum or penis, or a “high-riding” or boggy …
When is a retrograde Urethrogram used?
It is used when there is suspicion of urethral trauma, such as a history of trauma to the area followed by pain, inability to void urine, or the presence of blood at the urethral meatus, a scrotal hematoma, or free-floating prostate on rectal examination.
Is retrograde Urethrogram safe?
Urethrograms are safe procedures. While there is a small risk of urinary tract infection, this is minimised by doing the procedure under sterile conditions and following strict infection control practices. If x-ray contrast is administered, there is a small risk of an allergic reaction.
How long does a retrograde Urethrogram take?
How long does a urethrogram take? Overall, the study will take between 30–60 minutes.
Why is a retrograde pyelogram performed?
Why might I need a retrograde pyelogram? You may need a retrograde pyelogram if your healthcare provider thinks something is blocking your kidneys or ureters. It is also used to find a possible causes of blood in your urine. This may be a tumor, stone, blood clot, or narrowing (strictures).
How is a retrograde pyelogram done?
A retrograde pyelogram is performed by injecting dye into a thin tube (catheter) into opening of ureter (tube draining kidney into bladder). This can be used to outline ureter/kidney anatomy and assist in placement of the stent.
What are the dangers of a cystoscopy?
Complications of cystoscopy can include:
- Infection. Rarely, cystoscopy can introduce germs into your urinary tract, causing an infection.
- Bleeding. Cystoscopy might cause some blood in your urine.
- Pain. After the procedure, you might experience abdominal pain and a burning sensation when you urinate.
What does a retrograde pyelogram show?
A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging study of the renal system using X-ray technology, usually with contrast dye. It shows pictures of the structures of the kidneys, ureter, bladder, urethra—all parts of the urinary tract.
Is cystoscopy considered surgery?
Cystoscopy is a surgical procedure. This is done to see the inside of the bladder and urethra using a thin, lighted tube.