How would you describe Papilloedema?

How would you describe Papilloedema?

Papilledema, also known as papilloedema, is optic disc swelling that is secondary to elevated intracranial pressure. In contrast to other causes of optic disc swelling, vision usually is well preserved with acute papilledema.

Why does papilledema increase ICP?

The cause of high ICP and papilledema in these cases is more likely due to impaired CSF absorption resulting from blockage of the arachnoid granulations by increased CSF protein produced by these and other tumors. A similar mechanism might be at work causing papilledema in the Guillain–Barré syndrome.

Why papilledema occurs in hypertension?

Papilledema occurs when increased pressure from the brain and cerebrospinal fluid is placed on the optic nerve. This causes the nerve to swell as it enters the eyeball at the optic disc. There are some serious medical conditions that can cause this increased pressure to develop, including: head trauma.

How do you reduce swelling in the optic nerve?

If doctors rule out a life-threatening cause for your papilledema, they might recommend weight loss and a diuretic (water pill) called acetazolamide. This drug helps bring down the pressure inside your head by lessening the amount of fluid in your body as well as the amount of fluid your brain makes.

How long does it take for papilledema to resolve?

After the cause of papilledema is identified and treated, and any pressure increase in the spinal fluid has returned to normal, optic disk swelling gradually will go away over six to eight weeks.

How do you treat a swollen optic nerve?

Optic neuritis usually improves on its own. In some cases, steroid medications are used to reduce inflammation in the optic nerve. Possible side effects from steroid treatment include weight gain, mood changes, facial flushing, stomach upset and insomnia. Steroid treatment is usually given by vein (intravenously).