What is a parallel cite in legal writing?
Parallel citations are used when the same case is printed in two or more different reporters. In other words, a parallel citation references location information for more that one source of a case. Rules 10.3. 1 and 10.3.
How do you write a parallel citation?
A parallel citation is when reported cases are found in one of several reporters with a volume and page number. [i] For example: 213 [volume] Mich App [reporter] 389 [first page], 401 [page cited].
Do Supreme Court cases need parallel citations?
United States Supreme Court case citations frequently have parallel citations. United States Reports (U.S.) is the official reporter, but there are often citations to the Supreme Court Reporter (S. and U.S. Supreme Court Reports, Lawyer’s Edition (L. Ed.).
What is a parallel legal?
Parallel litigation is a scenario in which different courts are hearing the same claim(s). In the United States, parallel litigation (and the “race to judgement” that results)is a consequence of its system of “dual sovereignty, in which both state and federal courts have personal jurisdiction over the parties.
What is the difference between an official and unofficial reporter?
The official reporter is the reporter that should be cited when submitting documents to the court in that jurisdiction. Unofficial Reporters also reproduce the reported cases within a given jurisdiction.
What is a public domain citation format?
A public domain citation system assigns official numbers to documents such as court decisions sequentially as they are issued….” Under the public domain citation system, each successive decision of a particular court of law or even administrative tribunal, is assigned a number, issued sequentially.
How are parallel citations separated?
In some situations only one ID or reporter citation is required. In others, two or more should be provided in “parallel”—i.e., in succession—separated by commas.
How do you cite district court decisions?
A citation to a district court case in the Federal Supplement includes the following six elements:
- Name of the case (underlined or italicized and abbreviated according to Rule 10.2)
- Volume of the Federal Supplement.
- Reporter abbreviation (“F.
- First page of the case.
- Name of the court (abbreviated according to Rule 10.4)
What is the difference between a reporter and a digest?
This digest feature provides citations to cases that have definded legal legal terms and phrases. Organized like a dictionary — look up the term alphabetically; you will find cases that DEFINE THOSE WORDS. Reporters contain the full text of published court opinions.