What is the meaning of paleontological?

What is the meaning of paleontological?

Definition of ‘paleontological’ 1. the study of fossils to determine the structure and evolution of extinct animals and plants and the age and conditions of deposition of the rock strata in which they are found.

Who coined the term palaeontology?

Henri Marie Ducrotay
Before the 1600s While the term ‘palaeontology’ was officially coined only in 1822 by the famed French zoologist, Henri Marie Ducrotay, there were significant documented observations made way before his time.

What is paleobotany explain with example?

Paleobotany focuses on plant fossils, including algae, fungi, and related organisms, as well as mosses, ferns, and seed plants. For example, the location of coal deposits (which are the remains of giant tree ferns) in what is now Pennsylvania indicates the warmer climate that must have existed then.

What does ecologist mean?

1 : a branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their environments. 2 : the totality or pattern of relations between organisms and their environment. 3 : human ecology.

Who is the father of Indian paleontology?

Birbal Sahni FRS (14 November 1891 – 10 April 1949) was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent. He also took an interest in geology and archaeology. He founded what is now the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany at Lucknow in 1946.

What does paleobotany mean?

Paleobotany, which is also spelled as palaeobotany, is the branch of botany dealing with the recovery and identification of plant remains from geological contexts, and their use for the biological reconstruction of past environments (paleogeography), and the evolutionary history of plants, with a bearing upon the …

What is the dictionary definition of paleontology?

English Language Learners Definition of paleontology. : the science that deals with the fossils of animals and plants that lived very long ago especially in the time of dinosaurs. See the full definition for paleontology in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Keep scrolling for more.

Is there any overlap between archaeology and paleontology?

Paleontology also has some overlap with archaeology, which primarily works with objects made by humans and with human remains, while paleontologists are interested in the characteristics and evolution of humans as a species.

How did paleontology discover the history of life on Earth?

In the years since, paleontology has sought to discover the entire history of life on earth, from the era of single-celled organisms up into the human era. Paleontologists continue to make remarkable discoveries, such as that a huge meteorite that fell in the Gulf of Mexico wiped out the dinosaurs—all except the birds, the only surviving dinosaurs.

Which is the most specialised subdivision of paleontology?

As knowledge has increased, paleontology has developed specialised subdivisions. Vertebrate paleontology concentrates on fossils from the earliest fish to the immediate ancestors of modern mammals.