What happened in the 1914 1918?
World War I, also known as the Great War, began in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. His murder catapulted into a war across Europe that lasted until 1918.
What was Scotland like 1914?
In the over-crowded tenements of urban Scotland in 1914, disease, chronic complaints and poor nutrition were widespread, affecting people’s life expectancy and health. The 1911 census revealed that about half of the population lived in either one- or two-room houses.
How did WW1 affect Glasgow?
The ‘workshop of the world’ Scottish industry and agriculture became indispensable to the war effort. Hailed as the ‘workshop of the world’, the shipyards, iron foundries, steelworks and engineering shops of Glasgow’s Clydeside churned out battleships, munitions and artillery.
How did WW1 affect Scotland?
WWI produced an enormous inflation in demand for the products of Scottish heavy industry. (All sectors experienced a period of huge expansion) • Coal mines were taken under the control of the Government which led to an increase in safety standards, higher wages for workers and very little unrest.
Who won the First World War?
The Allies won World War I after four years of combat and the deaths of some 8.5 million soldiers as a result of battle wounds or disease. Read more about the Treaty of Versailles.
How many Scottish soldiers died in ww2?
To mark the 69th anniversary of Victory in Europe (VE) Day BBC Scotland has created an ONLINE DATABASE of 21,740 of the 57,000 Scots who died during World War Two.
What was Scotland like before ww1?
There was a great desire for land reform in Scotland. The British Army was limited in size before the war. Scottish soldiers had been integral part of the army in previous centuries and were distinct, in terms of dress and tradition (they wore kilts and carried bagpipes into war).
What conditions did Scottish soldiers faced in the trenches?
Conditions in the trenches could be exceptionally harsh. Soldiers had to contend with unimaginable levels of mud which was particularly bad during winter and which led to conditions such as trench foot, the nuisance of rats and lice as well as the more obvious threats of enemy fire and ‘going over the top’.
Who was in jail in Scotland in 1914?
Events from the year 1914 in Scotland . 21 February – Militant suffragette Ethel Moorhead, imprisoned in Calton Jail, Edinburgh, for attempted fire-raising, becomes the first in Scotland to suffer force-feeding while on hunger strike; four days later she is released on health grounds.
What was the name of the German airship that bombed Edinburgh in 1916?
Read more about his story in our special feature. On the night of 2-3 April 1916 two German airships, the L14 and the L22, dropped 23 bombs on Leith and the City of Edinburgh. The events of that night are recorded in the files of the Home and Health Department.
How did the First World War affect Scotland?
Scotland’s People and the First World War. The First World War took a devastating toll of Scots who put on uniform and served in the armed forces, and it subjected their families at home to enormous anxiety, suffering and grief.
Who was in charge of Lerwick post office during World War 1?
On Sunday 1 November 1914 the entire staff of Lerwick Post Office were arrested under orders from Lieutenant-Colonel H C Evans, Officer Commanding the HM Forces in Shetland during the First World War, and detained without charge for several days.