What does id mean as a footnote?

What does id mean as a footnote?

immediately proceeding cited authority
“Id.” is an all-purpose short form citation that may be used for any cited authority except internal cross-references. “Id.” always refers to the immediately proceeding cited authority, either in the same footnote or the previous footnote so long as it is the only authority cited in the proceeding footnote.

Is ID same as Ibid?

Id., (Latin, short for “idem” and “eadem”, “the same”) refers to another page in the previous citation. Ibid., (Latin, short for “ibidem”, meaning “the same place”) refers to the exact same location in the previous citation.

What does id stand for in citation?

immediately preceding
“Id.” is the short form used to refer to the immediately preceding citation. The main purpose of “id.” is to save space and reduce the amount of citation clutter.

What does id mean in an article?

the same
idem is a Latin term meaning “the same”. It is commonly abbreviated as id., which is particularly used in legal citations to denote the previously cited source (compare ibid.). It is also used in academic citations to replace the name of a repeated author.

Do you use ID in footnotes?

generally. For law review articles, “use id. when citing the immediately preceding authority within the same footnote or within the immediately preceding footnote when the preceding footnote contains only one authority.” Footnote 2 also cites to the same case, so id.

How many times in a row can you use ID?

The rule against using “id.” more than 5 consecutive times is usually found in a journal’s style guide; it’s not a BB rule. Rule 10.9 is about citing cases–not using id. (which is found in rule 4.1).

How many times can you use ID in a row?

What does et seq mean?

and the following
Et seq. is the abbreviation of a range of Latin phrases, all deriving from the Latin verb sequor, which means to follow. means “and the following” and denotes a list or series of items that continues from the item cited just prior to the “et seq.” abbreviation.