What is parachute wing loading?

What is parachute wing loading?

Wing-loading is a number indicating the load per unit of surface of a parachute. When wing-loading increases, the parachute tends to fly faster but is also more sensitive on inputs and requires more and more experience to by piloted safely.

How do you calculate wing loading on a parachute?

Wing Loading Defined: Wing loading is the ratio of how much weight is carried by how much parachute. To calculate wing loading, simply take the total exit weight (including the main, reserve and container), then divide this figure by the area of the canopy.

How do you calculate wing loading?

To calculate wing loading, divide the mass of the bird or plane by the total area of the upper surface of its wings: wing loading = body mass (kg)/wing area (m2).

How is Exit weight calculated in skydiving?

A typical jumper’s exit weight will be about 20 to 25 pounds more than his or her body weight. In this article, the weight given for a jumper is his or her exit weight. Wing loading is equal to your exit weight in pounds divided by your canopy’s surface area in square feet.

How does wing loading affect stall speed?

Effect on performance. Wing loading is a useful measure of the stalling speed of an aircraft. Wings generate lift owing to the motion of air around the wing. Larger wings move more air, so an aircraft with a large wing area relative to its mass (i.e., low wing loading) will have a lower stalling speed.

Where is the wing root?

The wing root is the part of the wing on a fixed-wing aircraft or winged-spaceship that is closest to the fuselage, and is the junction of the wing with the fuselage (not with a nacelle or any other body).

What size paraglider wing do I need?

So, if a wing’s takeoff weight range is 90kg to 110kg, the ideal pilot’s takeoff weight for that wing is between 100kg and 110kg, with the sweet spot being 105kg. A pilot with a takeoff weight under 100kg should go with a smaller wing with a favorable weight range matching their Takeoff Weight.

Is higher wing loading better?

By increasing the wing loading the average speed achieved across country can be increased to take advantage of strong thermals. With a higher wing loading, a given lift-to-drag ratio is achieved at a higher airspeed than with a lower wing loading, and this allows a faster average speed across country.

Is wing loading constant?

Like stall speed, wing and power loading values are not constant and change with flight conditions. At the same airplane’s Normal-category max takeoff weight of 2550 pounds, wing loading and power loading decrease proportionately by approximately 14 percent.

How big is a skydiving parachute?

Expert skydivers use parachutes that range in size from 80 square feet to 200 square feet. Newbies and expert divers use parachute sizes that are based on weight. However, some experts use parachutes that are small for their weight to gain a faster descent.

How much does a parachute weigh?

The T-10D main parachute is a parabolic-shape and has a nominal diameter of 35 feet (11 m) with 30 suspension lines. The entire assembly weighs 31 pounds (14 kg). Paratroopers can be dropped from an aircraft at a maximum speed of 173 mph (150 kn), at a minimum of 500 ft (150 m).