What is the marasmus disease?

What is the marasmus disease?

Marasmus is a type of protein-energy malnutrition that can affect anyone but is mainly seen in children. You can get marasmus if you have a severe deficiency of nutrients like calories, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. ‌ It is more common in developing countries, like in some areas of Asia and Africa.

What causes marasmus?

Nutrient deficiency is the main cause of marasmus. It occurs in children that don’t ingest enough protein, calories, carbohydrates, and other important nutrients. This is usually due to poverty and a scarcity of food.

What is the main difference between marasmus and kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor, a severe protein deficiency, causes fluid retention and a protruding abdomen. On the other hand, the condition marasmus, which results from severe calorie deficiency, leads to wasting and significant fat and muscle loss (5). Undernutrition can also result in micronutrient deficiencies.

Is kwashiorkor a disease?

Kwashiorkor, also known as “edematous malnutrition” because of its association with edema (fluid retention), is a nutritional disorder most often seen in regions experiencing famine. It is a form of malnutrition caused by a lack of protein in the diet.

What are the symptoms of marasmus Class 7?

What are the Symptoms of Marasmus?

  • Weight loss.
  • Chronic diarrhoea.
  • Dehydration.
  • Dizziness.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Measles.
  • Respiratory infections.
  • Brittle hair and dry skin.

How is kwashiorkor and marasmus treated?

Treatment of marasmus

  1. Correct water and electrolyte balance. Use a nasogastric tube.
  2. Treat infections.
  3. Provide dietary support.
  4. Counsel parents and plan the future, including immunization and diet supplements.
  5. Add frequent small feeds.
  6. Use a liquid diet.
  7. Prevent hypothermia.
  8. Give vitamin A and folic acid.

What are the risk factors of marasmus?

Risk factors for marasmus include:

  • Chronic hunger.
  • Contaminated water supplies.
  • Inadequate food supplies.
  • Other vitamin deficiencies (vitamin A, E or K)
  • Poor, unbalanced diet lacking in grains, fruits and vegetables, and protein.

What is marasmus What are the symptoms of marasmus Class 6?

Marasmus is a type of wasting. In a child, the main symptom of marasmus is a failure to grow, known as stunted growth. In adults and older children, the main symptom may be wasting, or a loss of body tissue and fat. An older child with wasting may have standard height for their age.