What is a Mosaicplasty?
Mosaicplasty is a surgical technique to repair the defect by transplanting healthy bone and cartilage from non-weight bearing areas of the knee. It is indicated to treat small cartilage defects of less than 2 cm in young active adults less than 45 years of age.
What is a floating bone in the ankle?
The “floating ankle” is an underappreciated pattern of injury that results from violent trauma and/or blast injuries in military personnel. It is characterized by an intact ankle mortise with a distal tibia fracture and an ipsilateral foot fracture, creating instability around the ankle.
What is a microfracture of the ankle?
Microfracture is a surgical option used to treat damaged cartilage, most commonly in the knee, but it can also be performed on the hip, ankle or shoulder joints. Microfracture is a surgery method that treats smaller articular cartilage injuries.
What is osteochondral mosaicplasty?
Mosaicplasty involves the transfer of multiple small osteochondral plugs to a region of chondral or osteochondral defects. The use of multiple small grafts allows for maintenance of donor-site integrity and contouring of the new surface.
What is an ACI procedure?
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is a relatively new, state-of-the-art procedure used to treat isolated full-thickness (down to bone) articular cartilage defects of the knee. It has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for cartilage defects located at the end of the femur bone (thigh).
Does a chipped ankle bone need a cast?
Treatments for a broken ankle If you have a very minor break, you may not need any treatment. For a more serious break, you may need: a special boot to help support your ankle. a plaster cast to hold your ankle in place while it heals.
How is a chipped bone in the ankle treated?
Mild ankle breaks can be treated with a walking boot, cast, or splint. These treatments keep the bone in place as it heals. For more serious injuries, you’ll need to get surgery before using a boot, cast, or splint.
How long does a ankle microfracture last?
Traditional rehabilitation regimes prevent full weight bearing for up to 8 weeks. The latest scientific evidence suggests this is not necessary. After 2 weeks, the boot can be removed for Rehabilitation Exercises detailed below and physiotherapy, as often as you feel comfortable.
How long is recovery from microfracture ankle?
Weight bearing is usually limited for 6 to 8 weeks, then gradually progressed over time. It may take 4 to 6 months before one can return to sport activities, and even longer to return to competition. Professional athletes may be sidelined up to a year after microfracture surgery.
What does osteochondral mean?
Medical Definition of osteochondral : relating to or composed of bone and cartilage.
When is microfracture surgery needed?
Microfracture is a surgical technique that has been developed to treat chondral defects, which are damaged areas of articular cartilage of the knee. It is a common procedure used to treat patients with full thickness damage to the articular cartilage that goes all the way down to the bone.