What happened in Nanjing China 1937?
In late 1937, over a period of six weeks, Imperial Japanese Army forces brutally murdered hundreds of thousands of people–including both soldiers and civilians–in the Chinese city of Nanking (or Nanjing).
Why was the attack on Nanjing significant?
Seventy years ago this December 13th, the Japanese Imperial Army began its seizure of Nanjing, the capital of the Republic of China. Japanese troops killed remnant Chinese soldiers in violation of the laws of war, murdered Chinese civilians, raped Chinese women, and destroyed or stole Chinese property on a scale that …
How many Chinese were killed in Nanking?
More than 300,000 Chinese civilians had been killed. The time period of the massacre is not clearly defined, though the period of unruly carnage lasted well into 6 weeks after, until early February 1938. Thousands were led away and mass-executed in excavations known as “Ten Thousand Corpse Ditches”.
Who won the battle of Nanking?
|Battle of Nanking
|Japanese soldiers stand atop the ruins of Nanking’s Zhongshan Gate on December 13 with Zijinshan in the background.
|Date December 1–13, 1937 Location Nanking and surrounding areas Result Japanese victory Fall of Nanking Nanking Massacre
|China Supported by: Soviet Union
How many people died to Japanese war crimes?
Some historical estimates of the number of deaths which resulted from Japanese war crimes range from 3 to 14 million through massacre, human experimentation, starvation, and forced labor that was either directly perpetrated or condoned by the Japanese military and government.
Why did the Japanese want Nanking?
The Nanking Massacre was carried out according to the Japanese army’s interpretation of the imperial rescript. Such a legal interpretation was rooted in the idea that Japan had to educate the Chinese and transform China by killing its people in order to pursue a Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere led by Japan.
What did Japan do to China?
The massacre occurred over a period of six weeks starting on December 13, 1937, the day that the Japanese captured Nanjing. During this period, soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army murdered tens or hundreds of thousands of disarmed combatants and unarmed Chinese civilians, and perpetrated widespread rape and looting.
Did Japan apologize for WWII?
August 15, 2020: At a memorial ceremony to mark the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II and the war dead, Emperor Naruhito expressed “deep remorse” over Japan’s wartime past and he stated “I earnestly hope that the ravages of war will never again be repeated”.