What is Intracorporeal lithotripsy?
Intracorporeal lithotripsy to treat urolithiasis means the fragmentation and removal of urinary calculi. These procedures are performed through endoscopes in the urinary tract.
What is pneumatic lithotripsy?
1, 2, 3 Pneumatic lithotripsy uses vibrating mechanical force to break the stone. It may have a lower risk of ureteral perforation when compared with laser lithotripsy, but it is associated with a higher rate of stone pushback into the renal pelvis.
What is ultrasonic lithotripsy?
Ultrasonic lithotripsy uses high frequency sound waves delivered through an electronic probe inserted into the ureter to break up the kidney stone. The fragments are passed by the patient or removed surgically.
Is shock wave lithotripsy painful?
Shock wave lithotripsy is a safe treatment to get rid of kidney stones. Passing even tiny kidney stone fragments can hurt — sometimes a lot. If you have shock wave lithotripsy, expect to feel some discomfort as stone fragments pass in the days and weeks after treatment.
What are the complications of lithotripsy?
Complications of lithotripsy may include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Bleeding around the kidney.
- Obstruction of the urinary tract by stone fragments.
- Stone fragments left that may require more lithotripsies.
What is the difference between ESWL and lithotripsy?
In conclusion, ESWL as an outpatient procedure does not require analgesia or anesthesia; it remains the first line therapy for proximal ureteral stones while ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy as a surgical procedure requires general anesthesia, hospitalization and much more costs.
What is the difference between lithotripsy and laser?
Compared to extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, holmium laser lithotripsy has been shown to have higher success rates and decreased chance of steinstrasse (a complication of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy in which fragments of the stones block the ureter).
Can lithotripsy damage other organs?
Risks of lithotripsy You can develop infection and even kidney damage when a stone fragment blocks the flow of urine out of your kidneys. The procedure can damage your kidneys, and they may not work as well after the procedure. Possible serious complications may include high blood pressure or kidney failure.
When is lithotripsy not recommended?
Contraindications for lithotripsy include, but are not limited to, the following: Pregnant patients. Patients on “blood thinners” or patients with bleeding disorders. Aspirin or other blood thinners must be discontinued for at least 1 week prior to lithotripsy.
What is the success rate of lithotripsy?
How successful is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy? In those patients who are thought to be good candidates for this treatment, about 70 to 90 percent are found to be free of stones within three months of treatment.