What are 2 main differences between kwashiorkor and marasmus?

What are 2 main differences between kwashiorkor and marasmus?

Kwashiorkor, a severe protein deficiency, causes fluid retention and a protruding abdomen. On the other hand, the condition marasmus, which results from severe calorie deficiency, leads to wasting and significant fat and muscle loss (5). Undernutrition can also result in micronutrient deficiencies.

Is kwashiorkor acute or chronic?

Marasmic kwashiorkor is caused by acute or chronic protein deficiency and chronic energy deficit and is characterized by edema, wasting, stunting, and mild hepatomegaly. The distinction between kwashiorkor and marasmus is frequently blurred, and many children present with features of both conditions.

What 2 aspects are deficient with marasmus?

Marasmus is a condition primarily caused by a deficiency in calories and energy, whereas kwashiorkor indicates an associated protein deficiency, resulting in an edematous appearance.

What is the pathophysiology of kwashiorkor?

Children with kwashiorkor were found to have profoundly low levels of albumin and, as a result, became intravascularly depleted. Subsequently, antidiuretic hormone (ADH) increases in response to hypovolemia, resulting in edema. Plasma renin also responds aggressively, causing sodium retention.

What are the signs of marasmus?

Symptoms of Marasmus

  • Weight loss.
  • Stunted growth.
  • Dry skin and eyes.
  • Brittle hair.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Lower immunity.
  • Stomach infection and lactose intolerance.
  • Respiratory infections.

What are symptoms of marasmus?

What is the treatment of marasmus?

Initial treatment of marasmus often includes dried skim milk powder mixed with boiled water. Later, the mixture can also include a vegetable oil such as sesame, casein, and sugar. Casein is milk protein. The oil increases the energy content and density of the mixture.

What are the prevention of kwashiorkor?

Kwashiorkor can be prevented by making sure you eat enough calories and protein-rich foods. Dietary guidelines from the Institute of Medicine recommend that 10 to 35 percent of adults’ daily calories come from protein.

What is the prevention of marasmus?

Prevention. The best way to prevent marasmus is to have an adequate intake of calories and protein, preferably from a healthful, well-balanced diet.

Can marasmus be cured?

Oral hydration may be sufficient. Infections are common among children with marasmus, so treatment with antibiotics or other medications is standard. Treating infections and any other health issues can help give them the best chance of recovery.

What are signs of marasmus?

What’s the difference between a kwashiorkor and a marasmus?

Marasmus is severe malnutrition characterized by energy deficiency. Kwashiorkor is a protein deficiency disorder with adequate energy intake, whereas Marasmus is inadequate energy intake including proteins. Let us have a clear look into the major differences between the Kwashiorkor and Marasmus.

What happens to a child who has kwashiorkor?

Children who develop kwashiorkor may not reach their full potential for height. If a child doesn’t get treatment early on, they may develop permanent mental and physical disabilities. Both conditions can lead to death if they’re left untreated.

What are the signs and symptoms of marasmus?

Starvation is a form of this disorder. The symptoms of marasmus include: You’re at an increased risk for marasmus if you live in a rural area where it’s difficult to get food or an area that has a food shortage. Babies, including babies who aren’t breast-fed, young children, or older adults also have an increased risk for marasmus.

What causes malnutrition and what causes marasmus?

Marasmus is a type of malnutrition primarily caused by a deficiency in calories and energy. There is a severe deficiency of nearly all nutrients, especially protein, carbohydrates, and lipids. It is commonly seen in the following areas: Negative energy balance causes marasmus, and this can be due to factors such as: