What are the contributing factors of corruption in the government?
Causes of public sector corruption
- Country size.
- Country age.
- Resource curse.
- Political instability.
- Lack of rule of law.
- Failure of governance.
- Size of government.
What is the main anti corruption law in the Philippines?
– It is the policy of the Philippine Government, in line with the principle that a public office is a public trust, to repress certain acts of public officers and private persons alike which constitute graft or corrupt practices or which may lead thereto.
How does corruption affect good governance?
Corruption, in turn, can prevent good governance principles and structures from being put in place, or enforced. Violations of the principles of transparency, accountability and rule of law appear to be most closely associated with corruption.
What is the effect of corruption in the society?
In a nutshell, corruption increases inequality, decreases popular accountability and political responsiveness, and thus produces rising frustration and hardship among citizens, who are then more likely to accept (or even demand) hard-handed and illiberal tactics.
What is the punishment for corruption in Philippines?
Punishments for corrupt acts include imprisonment of up to ten years, a fine, removal from office, and/or confiscation of property. The Anti-Money Laundering Act criminalizes money laundering and organized crime.
What is the most important environmental law enacted in the Philippines?
REPUBLIC ACT 8749 PHILIPPINE CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1999 The law aims to achieve and maintain clean air that meets the National Air Quality guideline values for criteria pollutants, throughout the Philippines, while minimizing the possible associated impacts to the economy.
Is corruption good or bad in health care?
Corruption in the health sector has severe consequences for access, quality, equity, efficiency, and efficacy of health care services – the five dimensions of health system performance. Globally, corruption in the health sector is estimated to cost more money than what would be required to achieve UHC.
How does bad governance affect people?
Weak governance is a driver of disaster risk, and is linked to many other risk drivers such as poverty and inequality, poorly planned urban development, and globalised economic development. This reflects how risk is valued against a backdrop of broader social and economic concerns.
How can we prevent corruption?
Preventing public sector corruption
- Codes of conduct.
- Systems of rewards and incentives.
- Human resources management.
- Citizen and stakeholder participation.
- Open government and e-government.
- Managing conflicts of interest.
- Compliance-friendly environment.