What was England like in the 18th century?

What was England like in the 18th century?

Cities were dirty, noisy, and overcrowded. London had about 600,000 people around 1700 and almost a million residents in 1800. The rich, only a tiny minority of the population, lived luxuriously in lavish, elegant mansions and country houses, which they furnished with comfortable, upholstered furniture.

What happened in England in the 18th century?

18th century. The 18th century was characterised by numerous major wars, especially with France, with the growth and collapse of the First British Empire, with the origins of the Second British Empire, and with steady economic and social growth at home.

How was the society in 18th century?

Societal Makeup. The makeup of society was changing in the 18th century, but there was still opposition from the rigidly hierarchical established powers of the day. Indeed, despite some changes, at 1800, the nobility and traditional landed aristocracy still held the political power in most of Western Europe.

What was England called in the 18th century?

The Kingdom of Great Britain
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called Great Britain, was a sovereign state in Western Europe from 1 May 1707 to 31 December 1800.

Why was Britain so powerful in the 18th century?

Prosperity and Growth: The Eighteenth Century was a very prosperous time for Britain and its overseas colonies. Britain gained this new power in part by fighting many wars against other European colonial powers, including Spain, the Netherlands, and especially France.

Why was the 18th century called the Age of Reason?

The 18th century is commonly called the Age of Reason because the philosophical trends at that time stressed the superiority of reason over superstition and religion.

Why is the UK so rich?

In 2019, the UK was the fifth-largest exporter in the world and the fifth-largest importer. The service sector dominates, contributing 79% of GDP; the financial services industry is particularly important, and London is the second-largest financial centre in the world.