What is Plataea in ancient Greece?
Plataea, ancient city of Boeotia, Greece. It was situated on a triangular ledge 1,000 feet (300 m) above sea level, on the northern side of Mount Cithaeron below the modern village of Plataiaí. Nonetheless, the city was attacked by Thebans (431), then by Spartans (429), who finally razed it in 427.
How many Greeks died at Plataea?
Plutarch, who had access to other sources, gives 1,360 Greek casualties, while both Ephorus and Diodorus Siculus tally the Greek casualties to over 10,000.
What happened to Plataea?
The Battle of Plataea was a land battle between Greeks and Persians near the small town of Plataea in Boeotia in 479 BCE. Following up their naval victory at the Battle of Salamis in September 480 BCE against the same enemy, the Greeks again defeated an invading army sent by the Persian ruler Xerxes I (r.
What is Plataea known for?
Battle of Plataea In 479 BC Plataea was the site of the final battle that repelled the second Persian invasion of Greece. According to Herodotus, the Spartan general Pausanias led an allied Greek defense against Mardonius’ Persian forces.
Why did the Greeks win at Plataea?
The Battle of Plataea was the final land battle during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It was a decisive victory for the Greeks as it ended that war….Battle of Plataea.
|Date||August 479 BC|
|Result||Decisive Greek victory.|
|Territorial changes||Persia loses control of Attica and Boeotia.|
What is the meaning of Plataea?
an urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city. a defeat of the Persian army by the Greeks at Plataea in 479 BC. synonyms: battle of Plataea. example of: pitched battle.
What was the last war in Greece?
The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …
What year did Sparta declare war on Athens?
Sparta and its allies became increasingly jealous and distrustful of Athens. Finally, in 431 BC, when Sparta and Athens ended up on different sides in a conflict over the city of Corinth, Sparta declared war on Athens. The first Peloponnesian War lasted for 10 years.
What is the Greek city state with the strongest military?
The Spartans were widely considered to have the strongest army and the best soldiers of any city-state in Ancient Greece. All Spartan men trained to become warriors from the day they were born. The Spartan Army fought in a Phalanx formation.
How do you spell Thermopylae?
Thermopylae (/θərˈmɒpɪliː/; Ancient Greek and Katharevousa: Θερμοπύλαι (Thermopylai) [tʰermopýlai], Demotic Greek (Greek): Θερμοπύλες, (Thermopyles) [θermoˈpiles]; “hot gates”) is a place in Greece where a narrow coastal passage existed in antiquity. It derives its name from its hot sulphur springs.
Why was the Delian League often referred to as the Athenian League?
The League’s modern name derives from its official meeting place, the island of Delos, where congresses were held in the temple and where the treasury stood until, in a symbolic gesture, Pericles moved it to Athens in 454 BC.