Is exostosis and osteochondroma the same?

Is exostosis and osteochondroma the same?

Osteochondromas can develop as a single tumor (osteocartilaginous exostosis) or as many tumors (multiple osteochondromatosis). Because symptoms and treatment options may vary depending on which form a patient has, this article discusses them separately.

What is an osteochondroma?

Osteochondroma is an overgrowth of cartilage and bone that happens at the end of the bone near the growth plate. Most often, it affects the long bones in the leg, the pelvis, or the shoulder blade. Osteochondroma is the most common noncancerous bone growth. It most often occurs between ages 10 and 30.

Does exostosis go away?

An exostosis may require no treatment at all. But in some cases, treatment may be necessary. For surfer’s ear: In more serious cases, surfer’s ear can be treated by an operation known as canalplasty.

Should I worry about osteochondroma?

Always consult your child’s physician if you have concerns. The following are the most common symptoms of osteochondromas: a hard, painless mass; the mass can be painful if nearby muscles or tissues rub over the osteochondroma and become inflamed. different limb lengths.

Is exostosis a bone spur?

An exostosis is an extra growth of bone that extends outward from an existing bone. Common types of exostoses include bone spurs, which are bony growths also known as osteophytes. An exostosis can occur on any bone, but is often found in the feet, hip region, or ear canal.

Should an osteochondroma be removed?

Osteochondromas that are not causing problems do not need to be removed. However, if any osteochondroma is causing pain or getting much bigger, your doctor may recommend surgical removal.

Is exostosis cancerous?

Osteochondroma is the most common type of non-cancerous (benign) bone tumor. An osteochondroma is a hard mass of cartilage and bone that generally appears near the growth plate (a layer of cartilage at the ends of a child’s long bones).

When to remove a cartilage cap for osteochondroma?

If the lesion is causing pain or neurologic symptoms due to compression it should be excised at the base. As long as the entire cartilage cap is removed there should be no recurrence. Patients with many especially large osteochondromas should have regular screening exams and radiographs to detect malignant transformation early.

What causes pain on the stalk of osteochondromas?

Clinically, osteochondromas present with pain due to mechanical irritation or a painless mass. A fracture can occur through the stalk of the lesion which also causes pain. Plain films are normally enough to diagnose osteochondromas.

What do you need to know about hereditary osteochondromas?

Summary Summary. Listen. Hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO), also called hereditary multiple exostoses, is a genetic disorder that causes the development of multiple, cartilage-covered tumors on the external surfaces of bones (osteochondromas).

What kind of surgery is needed for solitary osteochondroma?

If malignant transformation occurs (~1% in solitary osteochondromas and ~5-25% with hereditary multiple exostoses) then the resultant chondrosarcoma is usually of low grade (67-85% of cases), and surgery is usually curative (70-90%) 3,5. Limb-sparing wide local excision usually suffices.