How do you classify hemorrhagic shock?
History and Physical
- Class 1: Volume loss up to 15% of total blood volume, approximately 750 mL.
- Class 2: Volume loss from 15% to 30% of total blood volume, from 750 mL to 1500 mL.
- Class 3: Volume loss from 30% to 40% of total blood volume, from 1500 mL to 2000 mL.
- Class 4: Volume loss over 40% of total blood volume.
What is a class 4 hemorrhage?
Class IV Hemorrhage involves loss of >40% of circulating blood volume. The limit of the body’s compensation is reached and aggressive resuscitation is required to prevent death.
What is the classification of hypovolemic shock?
Hypovolemic shock is divided into four subtypes (2): Hemorrhagic shock, resulting from acute hemorrhage without major soft tissue injury. Traumatic hemorrhagic shock, resulting from acute hemorrhage with soft tissue injury and, in addition, release of immune system activators.
What is ATLS protocol?
The goal of the primary survey, as directed by the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocol, is to identify and expediently treat life-threatening injuries. The protocol includes the following: Airway, with cervical spine precautions. Breathing. Circulation.
What does hemorrhagic shock feel like?
|Symptoms||anxiety, confusion, decreased or no urine output, cool and clammy skin, sweating, weakness, pallor, rapid breathing, unconsciousness|
|Causes||severe dehydration or blood loss|
|Treatment||replacement of fluids, surgery to repair cause of bleeding|
What are the six types of shock?
The main types of shock include:
- Cardiogenic shock (due to heart problems)
- Hypovolemic shock (caused by too little blood volume)
- Anaphylactic shock (caused by allergic reaction)
- Septic shock (due to infections)
- Neurogenic shock (caused by damage to the nervous system)