What is the doctrine respondeat superior?
Overview. A legal doctrine, most commonly used in tort, that holds an employer or principal legally responsible for the wrongful acts of an employee or agent, if such acts occur within the scope of the employment or agency.
Which doctrine is based on the principle of respondeat superior?
The above legal doctrine holds an employer or the principal legally responsible/ liable for the wrongful acts of an employee or agent when it occurs within the scope of the employment or agency. It is based on the concept of ‘vicarious liability.
What is the doctrine of respondeat superior and why is it important to employers?
Determining When an Employer-Employee Relationship Exists The doctrine of respondeat superior allows the law to hold an employer responsible for the acts of an employee. Therefore, determining when such a relationship exists, and therefore which party may be held liable, is of vital importance.
What are the elements of respondeat superior?
Corporate liability under respondeat superior generally requires three elements: (1) the agent of the corporation committed the crime, (2) while acting within the scope of the agent’s authority, (3) with an intent to benefit the corporation.
What is the doctrine of respondeat superior in tort?
Respondeat Superior Doctrine Law and Legal Definition. Doctrine of Respondeat Superior is a legal doctrine that is commonly used in tort. This principle makes an employer or principal legally responsible for the wrongful acts done by an employee or agent, if such acts occur within the scope of the employment or agency.
What is the legal definition of respondent superior?
Respondeat Superior. [Latin, Let the master answer.] A common-law doctrine that makes an employer liable for the actions of an employee when the actions take place within the scope of employment.
What does the Latin term respondeat superior mean?
The Latin term respondeat superior, which translates as “let the master answer,” refers to a legal doctrine in which an employer may be held responsible for the actions of his employees, when the actions are performed “in the course of employment.”
When was the doctrine of respondent superior established?
The common-law doctrine of respondeat superior was established in seventeenth-century England to define the legal liability of an employer for the actions of an employee. The doctrine was adopted in the United States and has been a fixture of agency law.