# What is a matched pairs design?

## What is a matched pairs design?

“A matched pairs design is a special case of a randomized block design. It can be used when the experiment has only two treatment conditions; and subjects can be grouped into pairs, based on some blocking variable. Then, within each pair, subjects are randomly assigned to different treatments.”

### How does a matched pairs design work?

A matched pairs design is an experimental design where participants having the same characteristics get grouped into pairs, then within each pair, 1 participant gets randomly assigned to either the treatment or the control group and the other is automatically assigned to the other group.

Why is matched pairs design better than independent groups?

Matched Pairs Design The tailored participant-matching process reduces the risk of participant variables (individual differences) from affecting results between conditions. Different participants need to be recruited for each condition, which is difficult and expensive.

What is the goal of a matched pair design cite examples?

The goal of matched pair design is to reduce the chance of an accidental bias that might occur with a completely random selection from a population. Suppose, for example, we wanted to test the effectiveness of some drug on a group of volunteers.

## What is the difference between matched pair and block design?

A matched pairs design is a special case of the randomized block design. It is used when the experiment has only two treatment conditions; and participants can be grouped into pairs, based on one or more blocking variables. Then, within each pair, participants are randomly assigned to different treatments.

### How do you find the critical value of matched pairs?

To determine the appropriate critical value we need the sample size, which is equal to the number of matched pairs (n=8) and our one-sided level of significance α=0.05. For this example, the critical value is 1, and the decision rule is to reject H0 if the smaller of the number of positive or negative signs < 1.

What is matched-group design?

MATCHED-GROUP DESIGN: “Matched-group design is used in some psychological experiments where two separate groups are identified using factors of the individual units before then applying the experiment .”.