What is the Abbasid Caliphate quizlet?

What is the Abbasid Caliphate quizlet?

Abbasid Caliphate. Descendants of the Prophet Muhammad’s uncle, al-Abbas, the Abbasids overthrew the Umayyad Caliphate and ruled an Islamic empire from their capital in Baghdad from 750 to 1258. Caliphate. Office established in succession to the Prophet Muhammad, to rule the Islamic empire; also the name of that empire …

What is meant by Abbasid Caliphate?

ʿAbbasid caliphate, second of the two great dynasties of the Muslim empire of the caliphate. It overthrew the Umayyad caliphate in 750 ce and reigned as the Abbasid caliphate until it was destroyed by the Mongol invasion in 1258. Fast Facts. Facts & Related Content.

Who were the Abbasids quizlet?

Second dynasty of Islamic Caliphs. Descendants of Al-Abbas, after the Prophet’s uncle. Rise to power marked a return to power of members of the Hashemite clan.

What Empire influenced Abbasid governance?

Power in Baghdad The Abbasids had depended heavily on the support of Persians in their overthrow of the Umayyads, and the geographic power shift appeased the Persian mawali support base.

Who is the Arabic God?

Allah is usually thought to mean “the god” (al-ilah) in Arabic and is probably cognate with rather than derived from the Aramaic Alaha. All Muslims and most Christians acknowledge that they believe in the same god even though their understandings differ.

What is a Caliphate in Islam?

Caliphate, the political-religious state comprising the Muslim community and the lands and peoples under its dominion in the centuries following the death (632 ce) of the Prophet Muhammad.

What city was the political and cultural capital of the Abbasid dynasty quizlet?

The Abbasids made Baghdad their new capital in 762 to be closer to their power base. Located on the Tigris River, Baghdad was considered “a marketplace for the world”. You just studied 12 terms!

How did the Ottoman Empire respond to non Muslims quizlet?

How did the Ottoman Empire respond to non-Muslims? It forced them to become Muslim. It offered them freedom of religion. It forced them to go to India.

What is the difference between an emirate and a caliphate?

As nouns the difference between emirate and caliphate is that emirate is while caliphate is a unified federal islamic government for the muslim world, ruled by an elected head of state or caliph.

Who was the first caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate?

While the Caliph al-Mustarshid was the first caliph to build an army capable of meeting a Seljuk army in battle, he was nonetheless defeated in 1135 and assassinated. The Caliph al-Muqtafi was the first Abbasid Caliph to regain the full military independence of the Caliphate, with the help of his vizier Ibn Hubayra.

Where did the Abbasids get their technology from?

In technology, the Abbasids adopted papermaking from China. The use of paper spread from China into the caliphate in the 8th century CE, arriving in al-Andalus (Islamic Spain) and then the rest of Europe in the 10th century.

What was the textile industry of the Abbasid Caliphate?

Egypt being a center of the textile industry was part of the Abbasid cultural advancement. Copts were employed in the textile industry and produced linens and silks. Tinnis was famous for its factories and had over 5,000 looms. Kasab, a fine linen for turbans and badana for garments of the upper class to name a couple.

How did the Abbasid empire split after Rashid’s death?

After Rashid’s death, the empire was split by a civil war between the caliph al-Amin and his brother al-Ma’mun, who had the support of Khorasan. This war ended with a two-year siege of Baghdad and the eventual death of al-Amin in 813.