What are the collateral ligaments of the knee?

What are the collateral ligaments of the knee?

The collateral ligaments of the knee are located on the outside part of your knee joint. They help connect the bones of your upper and lower leg, around your knee joint. The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) runs on the outer side of your knee. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) runs along the inside of your knee.

How many collateral ligaments are in the knee?

There are two collateral ligaments, one on either side of the knee, that limit side to side motion of the knee. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is found on the side of the knee closest to the other knee. The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is found on the opposite side of the knee.

How is collateral ligament in knee treated?

Most LCL injuries can be treated at home with:

  1. Rest and protecting your knee.
  2. Ice or a cold pack.
  3. Wrapping your knee with an elastic bandage (compression).
  4. Propping up (elevating) your knee.
  5. Anti-inflammatory medicine.

What is the medial collateral ligament of the knee?

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a wide, thick band of tissue that runs down the inner part of the knee from the thighbone (femur) to a point on the shinbone (tibia) about 4 to 6 inches from the knee.

Should I wear a knee brace for MCL injury?

Build up to regular movement and normal exercise levels slowly to help prevent a further injury. A doctor or physical therapist will be able to advise on when to return to usual activities. They may recommend wearing a knee brace to support the joint and ligaments following an MCL tear.

What ligaments are in the anatomy of the knee?

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL)
  • Lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
  • What ligament of the knee is intracapsular?

    The posterior cruciate ligament is an intracapsular ligament together with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) because it is located inside the knee joint. Both are isolated from the synovial cavity filled with fluid, with the synovial membrane wrapped around them.

    What are the ligaments in the back of the knee?

    The posterior cruciate ligament, located in the back of the knee, is one of several ligaments that connect the femur (thighbone) to the tibia (shinbone). The posterior cruciate ligament keeps the shinbone from moving backwards too far.

    What are the symptoms of a ligament injury?

    Pain is, of course, one of the most common signs of a torn ligament, though pain can be accompanied by bruising, swelling, immobility, and even a popping sound when the ligament tears.