How does the limbic system affect emotions?

How does the limbic system affect emotions?

The limbic system helps the body respond to intense emotions of fear and anger by activating the fight or flight response. This response is also sometimes called the fight, flight, or freeze response, thanks to new evidence suggesting the role of freezing in response to danger.

Is Papez circuit the limbic system?

The Papez circuit is a fundamental component of the limbic system. It is a closed neural circuitry that starts and ends in the hippocampus. It is also known as the medial limbic circuit.

Which brain sites are included in the Papez circuit of emotion?

James Papez worked on the anatomical substrates of emotion and described a circuit, mainly composed of the hippocampus, thalamus and cingulum, and published his observations in 1937.

What part of the limbic system is responsible for emotions?

Amygdala: Limbic structure involved in many brain functions, including emotion, learning and memory. It is part of a system that processes “reflexive” emotions like fear and anxiety.

Is the hippocampus white or gray matter?

While important, the projections from the hippocampus have been relatively understudied. Throughout the majority of its anterior to posterior extent, the hippocampus is enveloped on its superior surface by white matter emanating from within the hippocampus.

What parts of the brain are contained in the limbic system?

There are several important structures within the limbic system: the amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, basal ganglia, and cingulate gyrus. The limbic system is among the oldest parts of the brain in evolutionary terms: it can be found in fish, amphibians, reptiles and mammals.

What are the components of limbic system?


  • Limbic cortex. Cingulate gyrus. Parahippocampal gyrus.
  • Hippocampal formation. The dentate gyrus. Hippocampus. Subicular Complex.
  • Amygdala.
  • Septal area.
  • Hypothalamus.