What is the articular surface of the meniscus?

What is the articular surface of the meniscus?

THE MENISCI They are composed of fibrocartilage and are attached to the edge of the medial and lateral tibial plateau beneath the femoral condyles. The menisci cover about two thirds of the articular surface of the tibia.

What is the meniscus in your knee structure and function?

The menisci of the knee are two pads of fibrocartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee joint between the lower leg (tibia) and the thigh (femur). They are concave on the top and flat on the bottom, articulating with the tibia.

Where is meniscus attached?

At its midpoint, the meniscus is firmly attached to the femur and tibia through a condensation in the joint capsule known as the deep medial ligament. The medial meniscus has no direct attachment to any muscle, but indirect capsule connections to the semimembranosus may provide some retraction of the posterior horn.

What type of cartilage is the meniscus in a knee joint?

The meniscus is made from fibrocartilage and acts as a shock absorbing, stabilizing pad between the femur and the tibia. Both meniscus and cartilage tissues lack blood vessels and nerve endings that make repair of these tissues difficult once they are damaged.

Should someone over 65 have meniscus knee surgery?

A new Medicare records study by Johns Hopkins researchers has added to mounting evidence that a common surgery designed to remove damaged, worn ends of the thin rubbery cartilage in the knee joint brings little or no benefit to people over the age of 65.

What is the difference between lateral and medial meniscus?

The menisci — the medial meniscus and lateral meniscus – are crescent-shaped bands of thick, rubbery cartilage attached to the shinbone (tibia). They act as shock absorbers and stabilize the knee. The medial meniscus is on the inner side of the knee joint. The lateral meniscus is on the outside of the knee.

What is the difference between knee cartilage and meniscus?

A layer of articular cartilage covers the end of the thigh bone, the top of the shin bone, and the back of the kneecap. The meniscus is a different type of cartilage that forms a shock absorber between the bones.

Should the patella be replaced in total knee replacement?

Aim: The need to resurface or not the patella during total knee arthroplasty is still an open problem. Some surgeons always recommend to replace the patella, others suggest to not replace routinely the patella and others to replace it only in selected cases.

What is the most common patella injury?

Runner’s knee is one of the more common patella injuries. Cartilage is often injured in kneecap trauma.

Can you get bone spur on top of patella?

Bone spur: Yes you can get a bone spur on top of patella. It can be c onfirmed with a xray.

What is the difference between a meniscus and cartilage?

As nouns the difference between cartilage and meniscus. is that cartilage is (anatomy) a type of dense, non-vascular connective tissue, usually found at the end of joints, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, in the throat and between intervertebral disks while meniscus is a crescent moon, or an object shaped like it.