How do you treat scrub typhus?
Scrub typhus should be treated with the antibiotic doxycycline. Doxycycline can be used in persons of any age. Antibiotics are most effective if given soon after symptoms begin.
Which medicine is best for typhus?
The most effective therapy for all three kinds of typhus is the antibiotic doxycycline. A single dose of doxycycline has proved effective against epidemic typhus. Doxycycline also works quickly on other strains of the disease. For the best results, you should take it as soon as possible after your symptoms start.
How long does scrub typhus last with treatment?
Scrub typhus lasts for 14 to 21 days without treatment. Severe infections may be complicated by interstitial pneumonia, pulmonary edema, congestive heart failure, circulatory collapse, and a wide array of signs and symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction, including delirium, confusion, and seizures.
Can scrub typhus reoccur?
This complication seems to occur as a result of slow development of the immunity. “Late relapse”, i.e., recurrence of scrub typhus several months or years after the initial O. tsutsugamushi infection, is surely possible.
How do you detect scrub typhus?
To confirm the diagnosis, doctors may do an immunofluorescence assay, which uses a sample from the rash (biopsy). Or they may use the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique to enable them to detect the bacteria more rapidly. Doctors may do blood tests that detect antibodies to the bacteria.
Can scrub typhus cause death?
Mortality for epidemic typhus that goes untreated can range from 10 to 60 percent, and mortality from untreated scrub typhus can range up to 30 percent. Endemic/murine typhus is rarely deadly, even without treatment.
What is the incubation period of scrub typhus?
It affects people of all ages and even though scrub typhus in pregnancy is uncommon, it is associated with increased foetal loss, preterm delivery, and small for gestational age infants. After an incubation period of 6-21 days, onset is characterized by fever, headache, myalgia, cough, and gastrointestinal symptoms.