What is social comparison theory Festinger?
Social comparison theory was first proposed in 1954 by psychologist Leon Festinger and suggested that people have an innate drive to evaluate themselves, often in comparison to others. As she evaluates her skills and progress, she will compare her performance to other students in the class.
What kind of comparison is a metaphor?
A metaphor is a figure of speech that is used to make a comparison between two things that aren’t alike but do have something in common. Unlike a simile, where two things are compared directly using like or as, a metaphor’s comparison is more indirect, usually made by stating something is something else.
What is a metaphor direct comparison?
A metaphor is also a literary device that makes a comparison between two different things. But unlike an analogy, it’s a direct comparison. For example, ‘My sister is the devil.” Now, we know that your sister isn’t exactly the devil.
Who proposed social comparison theory?
Such social comparison may be based on a variety of criteria like intelligence, looks and economic status. The social comparison theory was first proposed by American social psychologist Leon Festinger in his 1954 paper “A theory of social comparison processes”.
What is Festinger theory?
Festinger’s theory proposes that inconsistency among beliefs or behaviours causes an uncomfortable psychological tension (i.e., cognitive dissonance), leading people to change one of the inconsistent elements to reduce the dissonance or to add consonant elements to restore consonance.
How does social comparison influence yourself?
Upward and Downward Comparisons Influence Our Self-Esteem. When we are able to compare ourselves favorably with others, we feel good about ourselves, but when the outcome of comparison suggests that others are better or better off than we are, then our self-esteem is likely to suffer.
What is difference between analogy and metaphor?
Metaphor is a type of analogy, but where analogy is identifying two things as similar, a metaphor claims a comparison where there may not be one. It is then up to the listener to create meaning out of this comparison. For example “ that sound goes through me like nails down a blackboard”.
Is analogy a type of metaphor?
Metaphor is a type of analogy, but where analogy is identifying two things as similar, a metaphor claims a comparison where there may not be one. It is then up to the listener to create meaning out of this comparison.