What is the difference between cephalocele and encephalocele?

What is the difference between cephalocele and encephalocele?

Cephalocele is a generic term defined as a protrusion of the meninges with or without brain tissue through a defect in the skull. A meningocele is a protrusion of only meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). An encephalocele is a protrusion of meninges, CSF, and brain tissue.

What are the symptoms of encephalocele?

What are the symptoms of an encephalocele?

  • neurologic problems.
  • hydrocephalus: cerebrospinal fluid accumulated in the brain.
  • spastic quadriplegia: paralysis of the limbs.
  • microcephaly: an abnormally small head.
  • ataxia: uncoordinated muscle movement.
  • developmental delay.
  • vision problems.
  • mental and growth retardation.

Can encephalocele be misdiagnosed?

This case highlights the uncommon site of anterior encephalocele; misdiagnosis and mismanagement of which could result in dreaded complications such as meningitis and cerebrospinal fluid leaking fistula formation.

What is cephalocele?

A cephalocele is defined as a herniation of cranial contents through a defect in the skull. Cephaloceles are classified according to their contents and location.

Is encephalocele serious?

An encephalocele can be life-threatening. How serious it is, the treatment and the baby’s chance of living depend on where it is on the skull. Babies with an encephalocele often have chromosome, brain and facial problems as well.

Is encephalocele curable?

Treatment. Encephalocele is treated with surgery to place the protruding part of the brain and the membranes covering it back into the skull and close the opening in the skull. However, neurologic problems caused by the encephalocele will still be present. Long-term treatment depends on the child’s condition.

Is encephalocele compatible with life?

Fetuses with an encephalocele are likely to die before birth. Approximately 21 percent, or 1 in 5, are born alive. Of those born alive, only 50 percent will survive.

How long can you live with encephalocele?

For children with encephalocele, the survival prob- ability up to 1 day of age was 77.1% [95% CI 68.1, 86.1], whereas the survival probability up to 20 years of age was 67% (Table 3).

Is encephalocele a disorder?

What is Encephalocele? Encephalocele is a rare type of birth defect of the neural tube that affects the brain. The neural tube is a narrow channel that folds and closes during the third and fourth weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord.