What is an example of T independent antigens?

What is an example of T independent antigens?

Thymus-independent antigen is an immunogen that can stimulate B cells to synthesize antibodies without participation by T cells….Thymus-independent antigen.

TD antigens TI antigens
Examples Microbial proteins, non-self or alter-self proteins Pneumococcal polysaccharide, lipopolysaccharide, flagella

What is T cell independent antigen?

The non-protein microbial antigens cannot stimulate classical T cell response by themselves, but they are able to elicit the production of antibodies, so that is why we call them T cell or thymus independent antigens.

Which of the following antigen is T dependent?

Thymus-dependent antigens include proteins, polypeptides, hapten-carrier complexes, erythrocytes, and many other antigens that have diverse epitopes. T dependent antigens contain some epitopes that T cells recognize and others that B cells identify.

What are three examples of antigens?

Examples include parts of or substances produced by viruses or microorganisms (such as bacteria and protozoa), as well as substances in snake venom, certain proteins in foods, and components of serum and red blood cells from other individuals.

What is the difference between T cell dependent and independent antigens?

T-dependent antigens can stimulate B cells to become activated but require cytokine assistance delivered by helper T cells. T-independent antigens can stimulate B cells to become activated and secrete antibodies without assistance from helper T cells.

What is thymus dependent and independent antigen?

Antigens that require the help of T cells for B cell activation are thymus-dependent (T-dependent) antigens. Antigens that can stimulate B cells without the help of T cells are thymus- independent (T-independent) antigens.

How do T cells recognize antigens?

How do T cells recognize antigens? Each T cell has a unique T cell receptor (TCR) that recognizes a specific antigen. TCRs recognize an antigen when they bind with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules on the surface of other cells.

Do T dependent antigens generate memory cells?

T cell-dependent activation of B cells involves processing and presentation of protein antigens to helper T cells, activation of the B cells by cytokines secreted from activated TH2 cells, and plasma cells that produce different classes of antibodies as a result of class switching. Memory B cells are also produced.

Are proteins cell dependent antigens?

An antigen that requires the presence of T cell help to stimulate the B cell to secrete antibody. Help is generally supplied in the form of both a contact-dependent signal via CD40 plus specific T cell-secreted cytokines. Generally, protein antigens are T-dependent antigens.

What are antigens examples?

Any substance that induces the immune system to produce antibodies against it is called an antigen. Any foreign invaders, such as pathogens (bacteria and viruses), chemicals, toxins, and pollens, can be antigens. Under pathological conditions, normal cellular proteins can become self-antigens.

What is a self antigen?

Medical Definition of self-antigen : any molecule or chemical group of an organism which acts as an antigen in inducing antibody formation in another organism but to which the healthy immune system of the parent organism is tolerant.

What is dependent antigen?

T-dependent antigen one that requires the presence of helper T cells to stimulate antibody production by B cells; most antigens are T-dependent. T-independent antigen an antigen that can trigger B lymphocytes to produce antibodies without the participation of T lymphocytes. See also T-dependent antigen.