What does the external carotid artery supply?

What does the external carotid artery supply?

The internal carotid artery supplies blood to the brain. The external carotid artery supplies blood to the face and neck.

What are the 8 branches of external carotid artery?

The major ECA branches are the superior thyroid, ascending pharyngeal, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, superficial temporal, and maxillary arteries.

Can we palpate external carotid artery?

Carotid Artery Palpation Have the patient turn slightly toward you to relax the neck muscles, and palpate gently between the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and the trachea. Do not go above the thyroid cartilage to avoid inadvertently massaging the carotid sinus.

What are the four major branches of the external carotid artery?


  • superior thyroid artery.
  • ascending pharyngeal artery.
  • lingual artery.
  • facial artery.
  • occipital artery.
  • posterior auricular artery.

How can you tell if you have internal and external carotid arteries?

There is a distinct difference in the spectral Doppler pattern between the external and internal carotid artery. The external carotid artery supplies a “high” resistance vascular bed”, while the internal carotid artery supplies the brain which has a low resistance vascular bed.

How can you tell the difference between internal and external carotid arteries?

The examiner should be able to differentiate the internal carotid artery (ICA) from the external carotid artery (ECA). The ICA is located posterior and lateral to the ECA. The ICA is slightly larger than the ECA. The ECA has branches such as the lingual artery, but the ICA does not.

What kind of doctor do you see for a blocked carotid artery?

Any individual diagnosed with carotid occlusive disease, or who has had a transient ischemic attack (TIA, or mini-stroke) as a result of carotid stenosis or carotid occlusion should be seen by an experienced neurosurgeon.

What carotid artery does not supply the mouth?

Internal Carotid Artery The internal carotid arteries do not supply any structures in the neck, entering the cranial cavity via the carotid canal in the petrous part of the temporal bone. Within the cranial cavity, the internal carotid artery supplies: The brain.

What does external carotid mean?

• EXTERNAL CAROTID (noun) The noun EXTERNAL CAROTID has 1 sense: 1. the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the face and tongue and external parts of the head. Familiarity information: EXTERNAL CAROTID used as a noun is very rare.

What is the origin of the internal carotid artery?

As a branch of the common carotid artery, the internal carotid artery can be traced back to its origins on the aorta. The largest blood vessel in the body, the aorta ascends from the heart and curves at the top of the chest to form the aortic arch.

What is the course of the internal carotid artery?

Course of Internal Carotid Artery. Course: The course of internal carotid artery is divided into 4 parts i.e. Cervical, Petrous, Cavernous and Cerebral . Cervical part. It ascends up in the carotid sheath along with internal jugular vein (lateral to the artery) and vagus nerve ( posterior to artery) in the carotid triangle.

What is normal carotid stenosis?

Carotid stenosis is a progressive narrowing of the carotid arteries in a process called atherosclerosis . Normal healthy arteries are flexible and have smooth inner walls. As we age, hypertension and small injuries to the blood vessel wall can allow plaque to build up.