What happens if a CSF leak goes untreated?
CSF leaks occur when there is a breakdown in this barrier. The dura can be damaged by certain surgeries, head trauma, and tumors. Leaks sometimes occur spontaneously. Untreated CSF leaks can lead to life-threatening meningitis, brain infections, or stroke.
Can CSF leak into sinuses?
When there is a hole in the dura surrounding the brain in addition to damage to the bone around the sinuses, CSF can leak directly into the sinuses. The leak can either drain through the ear or the nose, depending on where the dura is damaged.
How can you tell if you have a CSF leak?
Diagnosing a CSF leak includes an analysis of the nasal fluid for a protein called beta-2 transferrin which is most only found in cerebrospinal fluid. CT and MRI scans may also be require to determine the location and severity of the leakage.
Where does your head hurt with a CSF leak?
The pain is often worse at the back of the head, and may be accompanied by some neck discomfort and nausea.
Should you go to the ER for a CSF leak?
If a CSF leak is suspected, you should see a physician as soon as possible. If symptoms of meningitis (high fever, light sensitivity, neck stiffness) are suspected, you should go to the emergency room.
Can CSF leaks come and go?
Patients who have had a CSF leak have described the fluid as having a salty or metallic taste. Dr. Frank P.K. Hsu, chair of the department of neurological surgery at UC Irvine Health, said that the fluid may also “come and go.”
When is CSF leak an emergency?
What is treatment for cerebrospinal fluid leak?
Conservative treatment may be done to decrease pressure and allow the leak to heal on its own.
What are the symptoms of cerebrospinal fluid leak?
Symptoms of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak: When a CSF leak occurs, it may cause any or all of the following symptoms: headache. nasal drainage. meningitis. visual disturbances.
What causes cervical fluid to leak?
Some patients may develop a CSF leak after having surgery on the brain, spinal cord or head. Other causes of a cerebrospinal fluid leak include cervical bone spurs, epidural anesthesia and epidural steroid injections.
What is cerebrospinal fluid leak?
Cerebrospinal fluid leak. A cerebrospinal fluid leak ( CSF leak) is a medical condition where the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain or spinal cord leaks out of one or more holes or tears in the dura mater.