What is meant by co-solvent?

What is meant by co-solvent?

A cosolvent is a substance that is added to a mixture of two or more separate substances that are typically immiscible, in order to make them mixable. Cosolvents are added to increase the solvent power of the primary substance in the mixture.

How do co solvents increase solubility?

This process is known as cosolvency, and the solvents used to increase solubility are known as cosolvent. Cosolvent system works by reducing the interfacial tension between the aqueous solution and hydrophobic solute. It is also commonly referred to as solvent blending [6].

Is water an effective co-solvent?

It is considered that solvent, whose δ-values is approximate to 22.5 MPa1/2, shows good solubility for lignin. The δ value of water is 23.4 (cal/cm3)1/2, and the δ value of THF is 9.5 (cal/cm3)1/2. H2O/THF co-solvent is commonly considered as a good solvent for lignin (Mlynar and Sarkanen, 1996; Hansen, 2007).

Is sorbitol a co-solvent?

Experimentally, methanol is a canonical solubilizing agent for apolar solutes and a protein denaturant in mixed-aqueous solvents; sorbitol represents a canonical “salting-out” or protein-stabilizing cosolvent.

Which co solvents are used to increase the solubility of drug?

Co-solvent solubilization approach has been used to enhance the solubility of seven antidiabetic drugs: gliclazide, glyburide, glipizide, glimepiride, repaglinide, pioglitazone, and roziglitazone.

Is acetone a cosolvent?

Acetone, ethanol, and methanol were selected as cosolvents. Optimal nanoparticles were achieved with ethanol as a cosolvent, and the formation efficiency of the particles was also higher with ethanol as compared with acetone or methanol.

Which solvents are used to increase solubility of drugs?

Cosolvents improve solubility between non-miscible phases, as demonstrated by a solute dissolved in organic solvent but insoluble in water (left).

What type of solvent is THF?

As a solvent It is an aprotic solvent with a dielectric constant of 7.6. It is a moderately polar solvent and can dissolve a wide range of nonpolar and polar chemical compounds. THF is water-miscible and can form solid clathrate hydrate structures with water at low temperatures.

Which co-solvent is used to increase the solubility of drug?

What is the nature of solvent?

A solvent is a molecule that has the ability to dissolve other molecules, known as solutes. A solvent can be solid, liquid or gas. The molecules of the solvent work to put the solute molecules apart. Heat or another chemical process must be applied to the solution to separate the solvent and solute.