What are the three layers of the peritoneum?
The peritoneum is comprised of 2 layers: the superficial parietal layer and the deep visceral layer. The peritoneal cavity contains the omentum, ligaments, and mesentery. Intraperitoneal organs include the stomach, spleen, liver, first and fourth parts of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, transverse, and sigmoid colon.
What are the major folds of the peritoneum?
The peritoneum folds into five key components (see below): the greater omentum, the lesser omentum, the falciform ligament, the small bowel mesentery, and the mesocolon. The folds extend over the viscera and also line the abdominal cavity.
What is fold of peritoneum called?
A peritoneal ligament is a double fold of peritoneum that connects viscera together or connects viscera to the abdominal wall. An example is the hepatogastric ligament, a portion of the lesser omentum, which connects the liver to the stomach.
What are the functions of peritoneal folds?
Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity
|Definition||Serous membrane lining viscera and abdominal cavity wall|
|Function||Protection of the abdominopelvic organs Connect organs with each other Maintain the position of organs by suspending them with ligaments Prevent friction while organs move|
|Clinical relations||Ascites, peritonitis|
Which is the largest peritoneal fold?
a) The greater omentum:- Is the largest peritoneal fold, contains adipose tissue, from attachments along the stomach and duodenum, the greater omentum extends downward anterior to the small intestine and extends upward and attaches to the transverse colon.
What organ is not covered by the visceral peritoneum?
Some organs protrude into the abdominal cavity, but are not encased in visceral peritoneum. The kidneys lay in this type of position and are said to in a retroperitoneal location.
What exactly is peritoneum?
Your peritoneum is the tissue that lines your abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in your abdomen. A liquid, peritoneal fluid, lubricates the surface of this tissue. Disorders of the peritoneum are not common. They include.
What 2 organs are most visible in the peritoneal cavity?
The cavity is dominated by the liver (large, brown organ at anterior of cavity) and the small intestine, but the large intestine may be visible.
Where is the peritoneal cavity located in the body?
The peritoneal cavity is a potential space defined by the diaphragm, walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities, and abdominal organs. A single layer of parietal peritoneum lines the abdominal wall, the diaphragm, the ventral surface of the retroperitoneal viscera, and the pelvis.
Does peritoneal grow back?
When traumatized, whether by surgery or due to inflammatory processes, a series of responses come into action to regenerate the injured part of the peritoneum.