Who were Herophilus and Erasistratus?

Who were Herophilus and Erasistratus?

Erasistratus (c310- c250 B.C.) was a disciple and collaborator of Herophilus. He made important contributions in the study and teaching of human anatomy and carried out research at the Museum of Alexandria.

What was Erasistratus famous for?

250 bc), Greek anatomist and physician in Alexandria, regarded by some as the founder of physiology. Known especially for his studies of the circulatory and nervous systems, Erasistratus noted the difference between sensory and motor nerves, but thought that the nerves were hollow tubes containing fluid.

Who is Herophilus and what did he do?

Herophilus, (born c. 335 bc, Chalcedon, Bithynia—died c. 280), Alexandrian physician who was an early performer of public dissections on human cadavers; and often called the father of anatomy.

What were Herophilus accomplishments?

It was in anatomy that Herophilus made his greatest contribution to medical science, conducting important anatomical investigations of the brain, eye, nervous and vascular systems, and the genital organs. He also wrote on obstetrics and gynecology and held an elaborate quantitative theory of the pulse.

Who is the father of ancient anatomy?

anatomist herophilus
Greek anatomist herophilus: the father of anatomy.

Who is the father of anatomy?

Andreas Vesalius
Andreas Vesalius was a Belgian born anatomist and physician, born in 1514 into a family of physicians. He is considered the father of modern anatomy and his work the beginning of modern medicine.

Who was the first person to dissect the human body?

Herophilus of Chalcedon
In the first half of the third century B.C, two Greeks, Herophilus of Chalcedon and his younger contemporary Erasistratus of Ceos, became the first and last ancient scientists to perform systematic dissections of human cadavers.

Who first dissected the brain?

By the middle of the 17th century, copper etching was used for the illustration of the anatomic observations of Thomas Willis and the Oxford school. The first recording of Willis’ brain dissection and observations came in his work, the Cerebri Anatome.