How were the Australian state borders determined?

How were the Australian state borders determined?

In 1787 the boundary of New South Wales was set, in London, as a line through the continent at 135 degrees of longitude. In 1828, the boundary was moved across to 129 degrees of longitude and the western part became Western Australia. In 1836 South Australia took a ‘bite’ from New South Wales.

Why are the state boundaries in Australia are mostly straight lines?

The main reason any state and nation boundary across the world has a straight line is because of the low population density in the said area. Regions that are historically densely populated have non-straight lines as boundaries like states in India, China.

Why did Australia decide to join the colonies together?

Under the draft constitution the colonies would unite as separate states within the Commonwealth, with power shared between a federal—national—Parliament and state parliaments. This would give Australia a federal system of government. This would ensure states with larger populations would not dominate the Parliament.

What was Western Australia originally called?

Swan River Colony
Albany was the first European settlement established in Western Australia. It was settled three years before the Swan River Colony — now known as Western Australia — was claimed in 1829. The Swan River Settlement was later named ‘Perth’ and became Western Australia’s capital city.

Which Australian state is the oldest?

New South Wales (NSW) is Australia’s oldest and most-populous state. New South Wales was originally settled as a penal colony on the shores of Port Jackson where the bustling capital city of Sydney now stands.

Which state has the longest border in Australia?

New South Wales
New South Wales has the longest land border of all the states and territories. It adjoins Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, the Australian Capital Territory and Jervis Bay Territory, making a total of 4 635 kilometres.

Who decided the state borders?

Aside from its western border, which is the Pacific Ocean, California set its northern border along the 42nd parallel and the southern border was settled by the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo with Mexico.

What was Australia like in 1890s?

The 1890s were dominated by class conflict. The end of the long economic boom that had sustained Australia’s rise and prosperity for many settlers since the gold strikes of the early 1850s resulted in a market collapse that tore at the social fabric and fractured the unity of colonial society.

Who named Perth?

Perth was named after the birthplace of Sir George Murray who was British Secretary of State for the Colonies when the city was founded in 1829.