What is the confluence model?
The confluence model is a general framework for understanding developmental processes by tracing the mutual influences between the individual and his or her social environment as they unfold over time to shape some characteristic of personality.
What does confluence theory states?
a controversial theory that intelligence of siblings is correlated with family size. According to this model, average intelligence generally declines as the number of children in a family increases. Intelligence is also held to decline with birth order.
Who made the confluence model?
86). The confluence model was initially proposed by Zajonc and Markus (1975) as an explanation for a striking pattern in the relationship between birth order, family size (i.e., number of siblings), and intellectual performance observed in a study by Belmont and Marolla (1973).
What is confluence theory of creativity?
According to the investment theory, creativity re- quires a confluence of six distinct but interrelated re- sources: intellectual abilities, knowledge, styles of thinking, personality, motivation, and environment.
Who is the father of creativity?
The man nicknamed “the father of creativity” was psychologist E. Paul Torrance. In the 1940s he began researching creativity to help improve American education. In order to encourage creativity, we needed to define it—to measure and analyze it.
Who developed theory of creativity?
In his book Imagination and Creativity in Childhood (1995/1930), Vygotsky goes further and develops his theory of creativity. The book describes how Vygotsky regards the creative process of the human conscious- ness, the link between emotion and thought, and the role of the imagination.
What is Torrance’s 4 criteria of creativity?
Torrance, the “Father of Creativity” talked about four elements to creativity: Fluency (# of ideas), Flexibility (variety of ideas), Originality (uniqueness of ideas), and Elaboration (details of ideas).
What is the last stage of creative thinking?
Verification stage: This is the final stage of the creative process. It’s when the hard work happens.
What are the five stages of creativity?
The creative process model has traditionally been broken down into the following five stages of creativity: preparation, incubation, insight, evaluation, and elaboration (although creatives’ definition of each step, and occasionally the names, can vary).